CDFP-derived data for Philippine vascular plants (v. 1 February 2024)

(Data without taxa listed as 'Possibly present' and 'Incertae sedis')


Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
No. of families 40 6 241 287
No. of genera 180 12 1771 1963
No. of endemic genera 1 0 19 20
Total no. of species 1080 42 8964 10086 
    No. of native species 1073 42 8418 9533
    No. of naturalized species 0 546 552
No. of endemic species 274 16 4564 4854
% of endemic species
(of total native species)
25.5% 38.1% 54.2% 50.9%

Progress of photo-documentation of Philippine vascular plant species


Conservation threat status

(Status as per DAO 2017-11 or recommended in literature)

Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
Extinct 0 0  9
Critically endangered 26 6 254 286
Endangered 56 6 260 322
Vulnerable 59 10 361 430
Other threatened species 19  3 108 130
Near threatened 0 0 58  58 
Least concern 1 136 138
Not threatened 0 0 13 13
Data deficient 0 82  83 

Largest families & genera in the Philippines

Family No. of species Genus No. of species
Orchidaceae 1331 Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 207
Rubiaceae 663 Hoya (Apocynaceae) 203
Apocynaceae 398  Syzygium (Myrtaceae) 192
Fabaceae 379 Begonia  (Begoniaceae) 170
Poaceae 327  Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) 141
Myrtaceae 231 Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) 120
Cyperaceae 203 Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 119
Euphorbiaceae 200 Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) 103
Melastomataceae 192 Ficus (Moraceae) 101
Urticaceae 190 Medinilla (Melastomataceae) 91
Gesneriaceae 171 Elatostema (Urticaceae) 85
Begoniaceae 170 Piper  (Piperaceae) 67
Polypodiaceae 169 Heptapleurum  (Araliaceae) 66
Asteraceae 158 Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) 59 
Phyllanthaceae 157 Ardisia (Primulaceae) 57
Acanthaceae 154 Saurauia (Actinidiaceae) 57
Annonaceae 143 Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae) 52
Primulaceae 143 Pandanus (Pandanaceae) 52
Zingiberaceae 138 Asplenium (Aspleniaceae) 50 
Moraceae 137 Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) 48

Genera endemic to the Philippines

Genus No. of species
Adelmeria (Zingiberaceae) 9
Amesiella (Orchidaceae)
Antherostele (Rubiaceae)
Astrocalyx (Melastomataceae) 1
Ceratocentron (Orchidaceae) 1
Cyrtochloa (Poaceae)
Fenixia (Asteraceae) 1
Gloeocarpus (Sapindaceae) 1
Gongrospermum (Sapindaceae) 1
Greeniopsis (Rubiaceae)
Leptosolena (Zingiberaceae) 1
Malindangia (ined.) (Calophyllaceae) 1
Phragmorchis (Orchidaceae) 1
Podosorus (Polypodiaceae) 1
Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae) 1
Santotomasia (Orchidaceae) 1
Schuitemania (Orchidaceae) 1
Swinglea (Rutaceae) 1
Thaumasianthes (Loranthaceae) 1
Villaria (Rubiaceae) 11

Recommended Citation: Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines