CDFP-derived data for Philippine vascular plants (v. 1 May 2024)

(Data without taxa listed as 'Possibly present' and 'Incertae sedis')


Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
No. of families 40 6 241 287
No. of genera 180 12 1776 1968
No. of endemic genera 1 0 19 20
Total no. of species 1082 42 8984 10108 
    No. of native species 1073 42 8436 9551
    No. of naturalized species 0 547 554
No. of endemic species 274 16 4573 4863
% of endemic species
(of total native species)
25.5% 38.1% 54.2% 50.9%

Progress of photo-documentation of Philippine vascular plant species


Conservation threat status

(Status as per DAO 2017-11 or recommended in literature)

Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
Extinct 0 0  9
Critically endangered 26 6 261 293
Endangered 56 6 268 330
Vulnerable 59 10 375 444
Other threatened species 19  3 108 130
Near threatened 0 0 60  60 
Least concern 1 142 144
Not threatened 0 0 13 13
Data deficient 0 123  124 

Largest families & genera in the Philippines

Family No. of species Genus No. of species
Orchidaceae 1332 Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 208
Rubiaceae 666 Hoya (Apocynaceae) 203
Apocynaceae 398  Syzygium (Myrtaceae) 193
Fabaceae 382 Begonia  (Begoniaceae) 173 
Poaceae 327  Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) 141
Myrtaceae 232 Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) 120
Cyperaceae 203 Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 119
Euphorbiaceae 200 Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) 103
Melastomataceae 192 Ficus (Moraceae) 101
Urticaceae 190 Medinilla (Melastomataceae) 91
Begoniaceae 173 Elatostema (Urticaceae) 85
Gesneriaceae 171 Piper  (Piperaceae) 67
Polypodiaceae 169 Heptapleurum  (Araliaceae) 66
Asteraceae 158 Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) 60 
Phyllanthaceae 157 Ardisia (Primulaceae) 57
Acanthaceae 155 Saurauia (Actinidiaceae) 57
Annonaceae 143 Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae) 52
Primulaceae 143 Pandanus (Pandanaceae) 52
Zingiberaceae 138 Asplenium (Aspleniaceae) 50 
Moraceae 137 Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) 48

Genera endemic to the Philippines

Genus No. of species
Adelmeria (Zingiberaceae) 9
Amesiella (Orchidaceae)
Antherostele (Rubiaceae)
Astrocalyx (Melastomataceae) 1
Ceratocentron (Orchidaceae) 1
Cyrtochloa (Poaceae)
Fenixia (Asteraceae) 1
Gloeocarpus (Sapindaceae) 1
Gongrospermum (Sapindaceae) 1
Greeniopsis (Rubiaceae)
Leptosolena (Zingiberaceae) 1
Malindangia (ined.) (Calophyllaceae) 1
Phragmorchis (Orchidaceae) 1
Podosorus (Polypodiaceae) 1
Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae) 1
Santotomasia (Orchidaceae) 1
Schuitemania (Orchidaceae) 1
Swinglea (Rutaceae) 1
Thaumasianthes (Loranthaceae) 1
Villaria (Rubiaceae) 11

Recommended Citation: Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines