CDFP-derived data for Philippine vascular plants (v. 1 July 2024)

(Data without taxa listed as 'Possibly present' and 'Incertae sedis')


Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
No. of families 40 6 242 288
No. of genera 180 12 1779 1971
No. of endemic genera 1 0 19 20
Total no. of species 1083 42 8992 10117 
    No. of native species 1075 42 8440 9557
    No. of naturalized species 0 550 557
No. of endemic species 274 16 4573 4863
% of endemic species
(of total native species)
25.5% 38.1% 54.2% 50.9%

Progress of photo-documentation of Philippine vascular plant species


Conservation threat status

(Status as per DAO 2017-11 or recommended in literature)

Pteridophytes Gymnosperms Angiosperms Total
Extinct 0 0  9
Critically endangered 26 6 264 296
Endangered 56 6 272 334
Vulnerable 59 10 381 450
Other threatened species 19  3 108 130
Near threatened 0 0 63  63 
Least concern 1 142 144
Not threatened 0 0 13 13
Data deficient 0 124  125 

Largest families & genera in the Philippines

Family No. of species Genus No. of species
Orchidaceae 1333 Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae) 208
Rubiaceae 667 Hoya (Apocynaceae) 203
Apocynaceae 398  Syzygium (Myrtaceae) 193
Fabaceae 382 Begonia  (Begoniaceae) 173 
Poaceae 329  Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) 141
Myrtaceae 232 Dendrochilum (Orchidaceae) 120
Cyperaceae 203 Psychotria (Rubiaceae) 120
Euphorbiaceae 200 Cyrtandra (Gesneriaceae) 103
Melastomataceae 192 Ficus (Moraceae) 100
Urticaceae 190 Medinilla (Melastomataceae) 91
Begoniaceae 173 Elatostema (Urticaceae) 85
Gesneriaceae 171 Piper  (Piperaceae) 67
Polypodiaceae 169 Heptapleurum  (Araliaceae) 66
Asteraceae 158 Nepenthes (Nepenthaceae) 60 
Phyllanthaceae 156 Ardisia (Primulaceae) 57
Acanthaceae 155 Saurauia (Actinidiaceae) 57
Annonaceae 144 Elaeocarpus (Elaeocarpaceae) 52
Primulaceae 143 Pandanus (Pandanaceae) 52
Zingiberaceae 137 Asplenium (Aspleniaceae) 50 
Moraceae 136 Glochidion (Phyllanthaceae) 48

Genera endemic to the Philippines

Genus No. of species
Adelmeria (Zingiberaceae) 9
Amesiella (Orchidaceae)
Antherostele (Rubiaceae)
Astrocalyx (Melastomataceae) 1
Ceratocentron (Orchidaceae) 1
Cyrtochloa (Poaceae)
Fenixia (Asteraceae) 1
Gloeocarpus (Sapindaceae) 1
Gongrospermum (Sapindaceae) 1
Greeniopsis (Rubiaceae)
Leptosolena (Zingiberaceae) 1
Malindangia (ined.) (Calophyllaceae) 1
Phragmorchis (Orchidaceae) 1
Podosorus (Polypodiaceae) 1
Reutealis (Euphorbiaceae) 1
Santotomasia (Orchidaceae) 1
Schuitemania (Orchidaceae) 1
Swinglea (Rutaceae) 1
Thaumasianthes (Loranthaceae) 1
Villaria (Rubiaceae) 11

Recommended Citation: Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines