Violaceae

Afrohybanthus Flicker

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 August 2019
  1. Afrohybanthus enneaspermus (L.) Flicker, Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 47; ≡ Hybanthus enneaspermus (L.) F.Muell., Fragm. Phyt. Austr. 10 (1976) 81; ≡ Ionidium enneaspermum (L.) Vent., Jard. Malm. (1803) t. 27; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 106; ≡ Viola enneasperma L., Sp. PI. (1753) 937. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, ?Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Middle East, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Native.

Rinorea Aubl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 July 2021
  1. Rinorea bengalensis (Wall.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 42; ≡ Alsodeia bengalensis Wall., Trans. Med. Phys. Soc. Calc. 7 (1835) 224. = Rinorea fasciculata (Turcz.) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 104; ≡ Alsodeia fasciculata (Turcz.) Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou. 36 i (1863) 559; ≡ Pentaloba fasciculata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou. 27 ii (1854) 342. = Rinorea glandulosa (Elmer) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 104; ≡ Gelonium glandulosa Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 918. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Zambales. Native.
  2. Rinorea horneri (Korth.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 42; ≡ Alsodeia horneri Korth., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1848) 360. = Rinorea acuminata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 201; EPFP 3 (1923) 103. = Rinorea copelandii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 103. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
  3. Rinorea javanica (Blume) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 42; ≡ Alsodeia javanica (Blume) Miq., FL. Ind. Bat. 1, 2 (1859) 117; ≡ Prosthesia javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 867. = Rinorea formicaria (Elmer) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 104; ≡ Alsodeia formicaria Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1850; Type: Elmer 12886 (A, BM, K, NSW, P, U, US), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, Mar-1911. Distribution: Indochina, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Rinorea macrophylla (Decne.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 42; ≡ Alsodeia macrophylla Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Paris 3 (1834) 468. = Rinorea palawanensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 210; EPFP 3 (1923) 104; Type: BS 252 Bermejos (K, US), Palawan, Dec-1905. = Rinorea macrophylla var. mollis Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 104. Distribution: Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. CEBU, CULION, GUIMARAS, JOLO, PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Rinorea niccolifera Fernando, Phytokeys 37 (2014) 4; Romeroso et al., Biodiversitas 22 (2021) 501; Type: Fernando 3016 (LBC, holo; CAHUP, K, PNH, SING, iso), Luzon: Zambales, Sta. Cruz, Lucapon, 330m, 1-Apr-2012. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, SAMAR. Notes: Ultramafic soils. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Viola L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 November 2021
  1. Viola arcuata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 58; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 104. = Viola semilunaris (Maxim.) W.Becker var. philippinarum W.Becker, Beihefte Bot. Centralbl. 342 (1916) 231; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 106. = Viola toppingii Eimer, LPB 2 (1908) 504. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Java, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  2. Viola betonicifolia Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 37 (1919) 7. Distribution: Australia, China, Himalayas, India, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON, MINDANAO. Native.
    • ssp. betonicifolia. = Viola betonicifolia ssp. nepalensis (Ging.) W.Becker in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 54 (1917) Beibl. 120; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105; ≡ Viola patrinii var. nepalensis Ging., Prodr. 1 (1824) 293. Notes: Distribution as the species.
    • ssp. nova-guineensis D.M.Moore, Fedde Repert. 68 (1963) 82. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra.
  3. Viola diffusa Ging. in DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 293; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: China, Himalayas, Indochina, Japan, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan. Native.
    • ssp. diffusa. = Viola diffusa ssp. tenuis (Benth.) W.Becker, PJS 19 (1921) 714; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105; ≡ Viola tenuis Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 482. Distribution: China, Himalayas, Indochina, Japan, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Mountain Province.
    • ssp. apoensis. = Viola apoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2878; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Davao.
  4. Viola inconspicua Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenz. (1823) 57; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: China, Himalayas, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  5. Viola mearnsii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 201; EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS. Native.
  6. Viola merrilliana W.Becker, Beihefte Bot. Centralbl. 342 (1916) 234; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  7. Viola philippica Cav., Icon. 6 (1800) 19. = Viola edanoi W.Becker, PJS 19 (1921) 722; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 105. Distribution: China, Himalayas, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON, MINDANAO. Native.
  8. Viola rupicola Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 324; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 106. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Viola ramosiana W.Becker, PJS 19 (1921) 716; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 106. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Holotype lost. Isotype in US not agreeing with the original description and may be referable to Viola philippica which also occurs in the type locality of BS 37548. Native.

Literature