Verbenaceae

Citharexylum L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 January 2021
  1. Citharexylum spinosum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 625. Distribution: America. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Grown in the Philippines for ornamental purposes. Naturalized.

Duranta L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 January 2021
  1. Duranta erecta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 637. = Duranta repens L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 637; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 399; EPFP 3 (1923) 381. Distribution: Neotropics. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Quezon. Notes: Widely grown in the Philippines for ornamental purposes. Naturalized.

Lantana L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 June 2021
  1. Lantana camara L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 627; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 380; Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 420. Distribution: Caribbean. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.

Petrea L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Petrea volubilis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 626; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 400; EPFP 3 (1923) 381. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Cultivated in the Philippines for ornamental purposes but not naturalized.

Phyla L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2021
  1. Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene, Pittonia 4 (1899) 46; Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 421; ≡ Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 2 (1803) 15; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 398; EPFP 3 (1923) 381; ≡ Verbena nodiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 20. Notes: Widely distributed in the warmer regions of the World. Native.
    • var. nodiflora. Notes: Throughout the Philippines, possibly represented by native and naturalized lineages (Gross et al. 2017). Low and medium elevations, common weed in open waste places.

Priva Adans. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017
  1. Priva lappulacea (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1806) 139; ≡ Verbena lappulacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 19. Distribution: America. BOHOL. Notes: Possibly naturalized. Reported from photos by Danilo Tandang. Naturalized.

Stachytarpheta Vahl (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 August 2014
  1. Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1 (1804) 208; ≡ Verbena cayennensis Rich., Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1 (1792) 105. Distribution: Neotropics. Naturalized.
  2. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl, Enum. 1 (1804) 206; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 399; EPFP 3 (1923) 381; Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 424; ≡ Verbena jamaicensis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 19. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Widely distributed in the warmer regions of the world. Naturalized.

Verbena L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 October 2016
  1. Verbena officinalis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 627; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 380; Yang et al., Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 425. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, W Asia. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Weedy in open waste places in and about towns to an elevation of c. 800m. Naturalized.
    • var. africana (R.Fern. & Verdc.) Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 20 (2002) 82; ≡ Verbena officinalis ssp. africana R.Fern. & Verdc., Bol. Soc. Brot. II, 62 (1989) 305. Distribution: Africa, Australia, China, Europe, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand.
    • var. officinalis. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, W Asia.

Literature