Thymelaeaceae

Gonostylaceae

Aquilaria Lam.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018
  1. Aquilaria apiculata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 411; EPFP 3 (1923) 130; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 403; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 11. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Dry and mossy forests, 1100-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Aquilaria brachyantha (Merr.) Hallier f., Meded. Rijksherb. no. 44 (1922) 16; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 244; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 403; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 10; ≡ Gyrinopsis brachyantha Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 313; EPFP 3 (1923) 130. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Twice collected. Low elevation primary forest. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Aquilaria citrinicarpa (Elmer) Hallier f., Meded. Rijks Herb. 44 (1922) 18; ≡ Gyrinopsis citrinicarpa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1631; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 130; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 405; Type: Elmer 13566 (L, NY, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, wooded ridges of Duros Peak, 4000ft, Aug-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Moist compact soil of forested ridges, c. 1300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Aquilaria cumingiana (Decne.) Ridley, J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc, no. 30 (1901) 80; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. i, 6 (1960) 15; ≡ Gyrinopsis cumingiana Decne., Ann. Sc. Nat. ii, 19 (1843) 41; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 131; EPFP 4 (1925) 244; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 405; Type: Cuming 1617 (NY), Mindanao. = Gyrinopsis cumingiana var. pubescens Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1629; Type: Elmer 10981 (L, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, along ridge of Baracatan Creek, 1750ft. Jun-1909. = Gyrinopsis decemcostata Hallier f., Meded. Rijks Herb. 44 (1922) 17; Type: BS 1114 Ramos (L, lecto), Luzon: Laguna, Dahican River, Sep-1912. = Gyrinopsis pubifolia Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 406; Type: BS 75314 (A), Catanduanes: Mt Abucay, 1600m (Note by L.L.Co: elevation most likely in error as no part of Catanduanes reach this elevation), 11-Sep-1928. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  5. Aquilaria filaria (Oken) Merr., J. Arn. Arb. 31 (1950) 283; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 6 (1960) 11; ≡ Pittosporum filarium Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3 (1841) 1299. = Gyrinopsis acuminata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 294; EPFP 3 (1923) 130; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 403; Type: BS 35158 Ramos & Pascasio (US, iso), Dinagat, May-1919. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE, DINAGAT. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  6. Aquilaria malaccensis Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 49; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 130; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 403; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 9. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  7. Aquilaria parvifolia (Quisumb.) Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 12; ≡ Gyrinopsis parvifolia Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 405; Type: BS 76441 Edaño (A, holo; L, type fragment), Luzon: Camarines Sur, Her-it River, Dec-1928. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: A total of four specimens cited by Ding Hou, including Wenzel 1201 (possibly not from Luzon but Leyte or NE Mindanao). Forested slopes, 1000m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  8. Aquilaria urdanetensis (Elmer) Hallier f., Med. Rijksherb. no. 44 (1922) 16; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 10; ≡ Gyrinopsis urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1630; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 131; Quisumb., J. Arnold Arb. 27 (1946) 405; Type: Elmer 14195 (L, NY, U, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. Damp mossy forest, 5250ft, Oct-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Mossy forest on exposed ridges, c. 1700m. Note by L.L.Co: Twice collected. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Daphne L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018
  1. Daphne luzonica C.B.Rob., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35 (1908) 72; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 132; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 35. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Mossy forests on the higher mountains, 2000-2500m. Native.

Enkleia Griff.

  1. Enkleia paniculata (Merr.) Hallier f., Meded. Rijks Herb. 44 (1922) 26; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 244; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 25; ≡ Macgregorianthus paniculatus Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 312; EPFP 3 (1923) 132. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON. Native.

Gonystylus Teijsm. & Binn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2019
  1. Gonystylus macrophyllus (Miq.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1947) 9; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 354; ≡ Aquilaria macrophylla Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 356. = Gonystylus bancanus (Miq.) Gilg in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. 1 (1897) 232; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 21; ≡ Aquilaria bancana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 355. = Gonystylus ovatus Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 283; EPFP 3 (1923) 21; Type: FB 26713 Peñas. = Gonystylus philippinensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2674; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 21; Type: Elmer 12520. Distribution: Java, Philippines, Sumatra. CALAYAN, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Surigao, MINDORO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests from low elevation to 1500m. Native.
  2. Gonystylus reticulatus (Elmer) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 21; Airy Shaw, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 354; ≡ Thea reticulata Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2838; Type: Elmer 13478. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao Oriental (photos), Zamboanga. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 900m. Native.

Phaleria Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2021
  1. Phaleria capitata Jack, Mal. Misc. (1822) 59; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 20. = Phaleria cumingii (Meisn.) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 183; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 131; ≡ Drimyspermum cumingii Meisn., Prodr. 14 (1857) 605. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra. Native.
  2. Phaleria coccinea (Gaudich.) F.Muell., Desc. Not. 2 (1885) 9; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 21; ≡ Dais coccinea Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1829) 443. = Phaleria platyphylla Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 131. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. LUZON: Albay (photos), MINDANAO, PANAY. Native.
  3. Phaleria perrottetiana (Decne.) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 183; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 131; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 18; ≡ Drimyspermum perrottetianum Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. II, 19 (1843) 40. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. Native.

Pimelea Banks & Sol.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 December 2021
  1. Pimelea cornucopiae Vahl, En. Pl. 1 (1804) 305; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 46. = Pimelea philippinensis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 345; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 134. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: once collected near Sanches-Mira. Native.

Wikstroemia Endl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2020
  1. Wikstroemia androsaemifolia Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20 (1843) 50. Distribution: Java, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, PANAY. Notes: Presence in the Philippines reported by J.V. LaFrankie, pers. comm. 21-Aug-16. Native.
  2. Wikstroemia brachyantha Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 313; EPFP 3 (1923) 132; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 31. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  3. Wikstroemia indica (L.) C.A.Mey., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sc. St. Petersb. 1 (1843) 357; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 132; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 34; ≡ Daphne indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 357. = Wikstroemia linearifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 680; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 133. = Wikstroemia ovata auct. non C.A.Mey.; S.Vidal, Sinopsis (1883) 229. = Wikstroemia pachyphylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 297; EPFP 3 (1923) 133. = Wikstroemia pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1844; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 133. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BATAN, LUZON: Albay, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: In thickets and secondary growth, also occurring on sand as well as bluffs along the coast, on limestone, ultramafics, and marginal soils. Native.
  4. Wikstroemia lanceolata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 133; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 30. = Wikstroemia angustissima Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 92; EPFP 3 (1923) 132. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Common on forested slopes at low and medium elevation, up to 1300m. Native.
  5. Wikstroemia meyeniana Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 171; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 133; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 33. = Wikstroemia fenicis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 312; EPFP 3 (1923) 132. Distribution: Indochina, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao. Primary humid forests at low and medium elevation, up to c. 400m. Native.
  6. Wikstroemia ovata C.A.Mey., Acad. Imp. Sc. St. Petersb. 1 (1843) 357; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 133; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 31. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Thickets, primary and secondary forests at low and medium elevation up to 800m. Native.
  7. Wikstroemia polyantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 332; EPFP 3 (1923) 133; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 32. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  8. Wikstroemia retusa A.Gray, J. Bot. Brit & For. 3 (1865) 303; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 41. = Wikstroemia indica auct. non C.A.Mey.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 132. Distribution: Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, ?Taiwan. BATAN. Notes: Rocky littoral meadow, locally frequent; presence in Batan: Hatusima 28482, 28754. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  9. Wikstroemia tenuiramis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3 (1861) 354. Distribution: Java, Philippines. LUZON: Albay. Notes: Presence in Albay: Reynoso PPI 21333, Sto. Cristo, Tiwi Side, Mt Malinao (J.V. LaFrankie, pers. comm. 21-Aug-16). Native.

Literature