Theaceae

Camellia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 April 2024
  1. Camellia lanceolata (Blume) Seem., Trans. Linn. Soc. 22 (1859) 345; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2441; Coritico et al., J. Trop. Biol. & Cons. 19 (2022) 150; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 13; ≡ Calpandria lanceolata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 179; ≡ Thea lanceolata (Blume) Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 2 (1887) t. 119; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 69. = Salceda montana Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 374; Zhao, Phytokeys 193 (2022) 3; ≡ Thea montana (Blanco) Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 27 (1906) 21; ≡ Camellia montana (Blanco) Hung T.Chang & S.X.Ren, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30 (1991) 68; Type: BS 34071 Ramos & Edaño (K, neo; BM, P. US, isoneo), Luzon: Bulacan, Angat, Feb-1919. = Camellia furfuracea subsp. megacarpa (Elmer) T.L.Ming, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 21 (1999) 155; ≡ Camellia megacarpa (Elmer) Cohen-Stuart, Meded. Proefst. Thee 11 (1916) 68; Chang & Ren, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30 (1991) 69; ≡ Thea megacarpa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1842; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 70; Zhao, PhytoKeys 201 (2022) 20; Type: Elmer 12822 (E, lecto; A, BM, E, G, K, MO, NY, P, U, US, isolecto), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar), Mar-1911. = Thea lanceolata var. microphylla Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 69; Type: FB 22401 Alvarez, Luzon: Nueva Ecija. = Thea lanceolata var. stenophylla Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 70; Zhao, PhytoKeys 201 (2022) 18; ≡ Camellia stenophylla (Merr.) Kobuski, Brittonia 4 (1941) 115; Type: BS 33005 Ramos (US, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Bangui to Claveria, Aug-1918. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand to Sumatra. BASILAN, GUIMARAS, HOMONHON, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Primary forests, 700-2000m; often very common. Beech et al. (2017) consider Camellia montana distinct from Camellia lanceolata. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11); Least Concern (Beech et al. 2017). Native.
  2. Camellia mollis (Merr.) Hung T.Chang & S.X.Ren, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30 (1991) 69; ≡ Thea lanceolata var. mollis Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 69; Type: BS 34071 Ramos & Edaño, Luzon: Bulacan, Angat, Feb-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Cagayan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Beech et al. 2017). Native.
  3. Camellia philippinensis Hung T.Chang & S.X.Ren, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30 (1991) 68; Type: BS 39600 Ramos (US, holo; A, iso), Mindoro: Paluan, Apr-1921. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Beech et al. 2017). Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Act. Hort. Petrop. 10 (1887) 195; ≡ Thea sinensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 515; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 70. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Polyspora Sweet

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2019
  1. Polyspora luzonica (S.Vidal) Orel, Peter G.Wilson, Curry & Luu, Willdenowia 43 (2013) 306; ≡ Gordonia luzonica S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 57; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 70; Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 37 (1984) 21; Type: Vidal 63 (MA), Luzon: Tayabas, Monte Banahao. = Gordonia benguetica Burkill, PJS 15 (1919) 478; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 70; Type: FB 5083 Curran (SING, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, Aug-1906. = Gordonia fragrans Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 95. = Gordonia subclavata Burkill, PJS 15 (1919) 478; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71. = Gordonia welborni Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 500; Type: Elmer 9584 (L, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mtns, in forest, elevation 4250ft (1295m), Mar-1908. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. BILIRAN, CEBU (photos), DINAGAT (photos), LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, Surigao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: Primary forests, stream depressions and exposed ridges, 600-1300m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Beech et al. 2017). Native.
  2. Polyspora polisana (Burkill) Orel, Peter G.Wilson, Curry & Luu, Willdenowia 43 (2013) 308; ≡ Gordonia polisana Burkill, PJS 15 (1919) 478; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71; Type: FB 18384 Alvarez (US), Luzon: Ifugao, Mt Polis, Jan-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Mossy forests, 1200-1600m. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Beech et al. 2017). Native.
  3. Polyspora sablayana (Melch.) Orel, Peter G.Wilson, Curry & Luu, Willdenowia 43 (2013) 308; ≡ Gordonia sablayana Melch. in Engl., Pflanzenreich ed. 2, 21 (1925) 137; Type: FB 9757 Merritt (K), Mindoro: Feb/Apr-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Native.

Pyrenaria Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 August 2019
  1. Pyrenaria mindanaensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 407; EPFP 3 (1923) 71. = Tutcheria merrilliana Hung T.Chang & S.X.Ren, Act. Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30 (1) (1991) 70. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao. Notes: Damp forests, c. 1200m. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Beech et al. 2017). Native.

Schima Reinw. ex Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 January 2023
  1. Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot. 5 (1842) 143; ≡ Gordonia wallichii DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 528. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Least Concern (Beech et al. 2017). Native.
    • ssp. crenata (Korth.) Bloemb., Reinwardtia 2 (1952) 172; ≡ Schima crenata Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot. (1842) 143. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
      • var. pulgarensis (Elmer) Bloemb., Reinwardtia 2 (1952) 175; ≡ Schima pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1843; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71; Type: Elmer 13191. ≠ Schima noronhae auct. non Reinw. ex Blume; Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 113. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

References