Tectariaceae

Arthropteridaceae

Arthropteris J.Sm. ex Hook.f.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 6 August 2022
  1. Arthropteris articulata (Brack.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. Tert. (1934) 26; ≡ Lastrea articulata Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 191. = Arthropteris wollastonii (Ridl.) Holttum, Blumea 14 (1966) 229; ≡ Polypodium wollastonii Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9 (1916) 262. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Apayao, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Native.
  2. Arthropteris palisotii (Desv.) Alston, Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 30 (1956) 6; ≡ Aspidium palisotii Desv., Berl. Mag. 5 (1811) 320. = Arthropteris obliterata (R.Br.) J.Sm., Cat. cult. ferns (1827) 62; ≡ Nephrodium obliteratum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 148. = Arthropteris glabra Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 178. = Arthropteris repens (Brack.) C.Chr., Bull. Bishop Mus. 177 (1943) 48; ≡ Nephrolepis repens Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 209. = Nephrolepis trichomanoides J.Sm. ex C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 44; Type: Cuming 101 (L, P), Philippines. = ? Arthropteris beckleri (Hook.) Mett., Reise Novara 1 (1870) 213. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, BASILAN, LUZON: Aurora, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MALAMAWI, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Pelser (6-Aug-22): Arthropteris palisotii forms a species complex that includes plants from the Philippines previously identified as Arthropteris beckleri. Research is needed to resolve this species complex. Native.

Ctenitis (C.Chr.) C.Chr.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 22 November 2022
  1. Ctenitis aciculata (Baker) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 292; ≡ Nephrodium aciculatum Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (1886) 226. Distribution: Borneo, Java, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO. Native.
  2. Ctenitis atrorubens Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 29. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Notes: Only known from the type. Native.
  3. Ctenitis boholensis Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 18. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL. Native.
  4. Ctenitis bulusanica Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 19. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Native.
  5. Ctenitis decurrentipinnata (Ching) Tardieu & C.Chr., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 7 (1938) 86; ≡ Dryopteris decurrentipinnata Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 2 (1931) 195. Distribution: China, Philippines, Vietnam. LUZON: Apayao. Native.
  6. Ctenitis erythradenia Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 29. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Laguna, NEGROS. Native.
  7. Ctenitis humilis Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 22. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, MINDORO. Native.
  8. Ctenitis paleolata Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 24. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: c. 2400m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  9. Ctenitis pallens (Brack.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 155; ≡ Lastrea pallens Brack., Wilkes. Expl. Exp. Bot. (1854) 197. = Ctenitis rizalensis (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 125; ≡ Dryopteris rizalensis Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2, 6 (1906) 1001. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Terrestrial under moist forest shade, 400-1200m. Native.
  10. Ctenitis propinqua (J.Sm. ex C.Presl) Copel., Blumea 31 (1985) 18; ≡ Lastrea propinqua J.Sm. ex C.Presl, Abh. Kön. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 38. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, NEGROS. Native.
  11. Ctenitis setosa (C.Presl) Holttum, Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. 1968 (1969) 20; ≡ Lastrea setosa C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 400. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon. Native.
  12. Ctenitis silvatica Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 20. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  13. Ctenitis subglandulosa (Hance) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 302; ≡ Alsophila subglandulosa Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 5 (1866) 253. = Ctenitis rhodolepis (Clarke) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 300; ≡ Nephrodium rhodolepis C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1 (1880) 526. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.
  14. Ctenitis subobscura (Christ) Holttum, Fern Gaz. 12 (1984) 320; ≡ Phegopteris subobscura Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 836. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO. Native.

Excluded

  1. Ctenitis subconnexa (Christ) Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 17. Notes: A mislocalization to the Philippines by Holttum (1991). The locality Batjan is in Halmahera (of the Moluccas).
    • var. subconnexa.
    • var. alstonii Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 17.

Pleocnemia C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 August 2022
  1. Pleocnemia brongniartii (Bory) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 350; ≡ Arcypteris brongniartii (Bory) Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 195; ≡ Tectaria irregularis var. brongniartii (Bory) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 417, as 'brogniartii'; ≡ Polypodium brongniartii Bory, Voy. Monde 1 (1828) 263. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, La Union, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga Sibugay, MINDORO, NEGROS, ROMBLON, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Pleocnemia conjugata (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 619; ≡ Aspidium conjugatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 169. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Pleocnemia cumingiana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 410. = Tectaria leuzeana auct. non (Gaudich.) Copel.; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 310, pro parte. Distribution: ?Bangladesh, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. BALABAC, BOHOL, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Batangas, Camarines Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  4. Pleocnemia irregularis (C.Presl) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 347; ≡ Arcypteris irregularis (C.Presl) Ching, Sunyatsenia 5 (1940) 251; ≡ Tectaria irregularis (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; ≡ Polypodium irregulare C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 25. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BILIRAN, BOHOL, CULION, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur, Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  5. Pleocnemia macrodonta (C.Presl ex Fée) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 348; ≡ Arcypteris macrodonta (C.Presl) Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 194; ≡ Dictyopteris macrodonta C.Presl ex Fée, Gen. Fil. (1852) 267. = Tectaria irregularis auct. non (C.Presl) Copel.; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 309, pro parte. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. BABUYAN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Cavite, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, POLILLO, ROMBLON, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Native.
  6. Pleocnemia presliana Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 183. = Pleocnemia leuzeana auct. non (Gaudich.) C.Presl. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Sarangani, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN. Notes: Terrestrial, usually in partly shaded area, near sea-level to at least 400m. Native.

Polydictyum C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 19 July 2019
  1. Polydictyum menyanthidis C.Presl, Abh. Kön. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.) (1851) 53; ≡ Tectaria menyanthidis (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 414. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.

Tectaria Cav.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 9 January 2023
  1. Tectaria adenophora Copel., LPB 4 (1911) 1151. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LUZON: Zambales, SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Tectaria aenigma C.W.Chen & C.J.Rothf., J. Pl. Res. 131 (2017) 74; ≡ Aenigmopteris dubia (Copel.) Holttum, Blumea 30 (1984) 4; ≡ Ctenitis dubia (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Dryopteris dubia Copel., LPB 1 (1907) 235. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Quezon, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Terrestrial, 850-1200m. Native.
  3. Tectaria angulata (Willd.) Copel., Sarawak Mus. J. 2 (1917) 370; ≡ Polypodium angulatum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 185. = Tectaria trifolia (Alderw.) C.Chr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 66 (1934) 49; ≡ Aspidium trifolium Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 7 (1912) 4. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BASILAN, BOHOL, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  4. Tectaria aspidioides (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 137; ≡ Heterogonium aspidioides C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 143. Distribution: ?Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. BOHOL, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, MINDORO, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Tectaria athyriosora M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 113. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Tectaria aurita (Sw.) S.Chandra, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 157; ≡ Stenosemia aurita (Sw.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 237; ≡ Acrostichum auritum Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 2 (1801) 12. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BOHOL, JOLO, LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, Zamboanga Sibugay, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
  7. Tectaria barberi (Hook.) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 414; ≡ Polypodium barberi Hook., Sp. Fil. 5 (1864) 100. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand. SAMAR, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  8. Tectaria beccariana (Ces.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 3 (1934) 177; ≡ Polypodium beccarianum Ces., Rendiconti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis. (1877) 30. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. BASILAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  9. Tectaria calcarea (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 415; ≡ Sagenia calcarea J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 410. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Bulacan, POLILLO, SAMAR. Native.
  10. Tectaria coadunata (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) C.Chr., Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26 (1931) 331; ≡ Aspidium coadunatum Wall. ex Hook. & Grev., Ic, f. (1831) 202. = Tectaria christii Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 1151. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, MINDORO. Notes: Usually on limestone, c. 1500m. Native.
  11. Tectaria crenata Cav., Descr. Pl. (1802) 250. = Tectaria grandifolia (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 413; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 314, pro parte. = Cardiochlaena sinuosa Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 316. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  12. Tectaria decurrens (C.Presl) Copel., LPB 1 (1907) 234; ≡ Aspidium decurrens C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 28. = Tectaria peralata Copel., PJS 83 (1954) 98. = Cardiochlaena alata Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 315. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Japan, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, GENERAL ISLAND, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, ROMBLON, SAMAR, SIARGAO. Native.
  13. Tectaria dissecta (G.Forst.) Lellinger, Amer. Fern J. 58 (1968) 156; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22048; ≡ Ctenitis dissecta (G.Forst.) Copel., Nov. Fl. Jap. 4 (1938) 91; ≡ Polypodium dissectum G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 81. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan. BATAN, BATANES, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, MULIGI, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  14. Tectaria dolichosora Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 136. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon, Tayabas. Notes: Steep slopes near summits. Native.
  15. Tectaria griffithii (Baker) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 3 (1934) 180; ≡ Nephrodium griffithii Baker, Syn. Fil. (1867) 300. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. CAMIGUIN, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Bataan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Surigao, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao. Native.
  16. Tectaria hilocarpa (Fée) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 175; ≡ Leptochilus hilocarpus Fée, Mém. Foug. 2 (1845) 87. = Hemigramma latifolia (Meyen ex Goldm.) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 406, excl. Hemionitis zollingeri and other latter names based on this; ≡ Gymnopteris latifolia Meyen ex Goldm., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 1 (1843) 460. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  17. Tectaria laxa (Copel.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis laxa Copel., PJS 83 (1954) 98. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: 80-1100m. Native.
  18. Tectaria lobbii (Hook.) Copel., PJS 10 (1915) 146; ≡ Aspidium lobbii Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 59. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
    • var. lobbii. Native.
  19. Tectaria macleanii (Copel.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 122 (2013) 62; ≡ Tectaridium macleanii Copel., PJS 30 (1926) 329; Type: Maclean & Catatan 84 (PNH, holo, lost; MICH, neo; CAS, isoneo), Luzon: Cagayan (West Mountain, Claveria), 29-Dec-1919. = Tectaridium primitivum Copel., PJS 30 (1926) 329; Wenzel 876 (PNH, holo, lost; F, MO, NY, UC, iso), Leyte: Buenavista (Jaro), 9-Jun-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Isabela, Quezon, Tayabas, PANAY, SAMAR. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  20. Tectaria manilensis (C.Presl) Holttum, Indian Fern J. 1 (1984) 36; ≡ Lastreopsis manilensis (C.Presl) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 155; ≡ Ctenitis manilensis (C.Presl) Holttum, Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. (1969) 36; ≡ Lastrea manilensis C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 76. = Ctenitis loheri (Christ) Copel., FFP 2 (1960) 287; ≡ Athyrium loheri Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 1001. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand. LUZON: Rizal, PALAWAN. Native.
  21. Tectaria melanocaulos (Blume) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22048; ≡ Aspidium melanocaulon Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 161. = Cardiochlaena subpinnatifida Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 315. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Vietnam. BOHOL, LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Native.
  22. Tectaria membranacea (Hook.) Fraser-Jenk. & Kholia, Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 2 (2018) 392; ≡ Aspidium membranaceum Hook., Sp. 6 (1864) 105; Type: Cuming s.n. (K, lecto). = Tectaria devexa (Kunze ex Mett.) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 415; ≡ Aspidium devexum Kunze ex Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 237. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao, Zamboanga del Norte, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
  23. Tectaria mesodon (Copel.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis mesodon (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Dryopteris mesodon Copel., PJS 7 (1912) 54. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte. Notes: 120m. Native.
  24. Tectaria mindanaensis (Holttum) C.W.Chen & C.J.Rothf., J. Pl. Res. 131 (2017) 74; ≡ Aenigmopteris mindanaensis Holttum, Blumea 30 (1984) 7. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  25. Tectaria multicaudata (C.B.Clarke) Ching, Sinensia 2 (1931) 20; ≡ Nephrodium multicaudatum C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1 (1880) 540. = Tectaria malayensis (Christ) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; ≡ Aspidium malayense Christ, PJS 2 c (1907) 187. Distribution: Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Surigao, SAMAR. Native.
  26. Tectaria nayarii Mazumdar, Phytotaxa 153 (2014) 298; ≡ Heterogonium pinnatum (Copel.) Holttum, Sarawak Mus. J. 5 (1949) 163; ≡ Stenosemia pinnata Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl.) (1906) 146; Type: Copeland 1601 (MICH, holo), Mindanao: Zamboanga, San Ramon, 300ft, 8-Jan-1905. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BOHOL, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN. Native.
  27. Tectaria polymorpha (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 413; ≡ Aspidium polymorphum Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 54. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, PALAWAN. Native.
  28. Tectaria psomiocarpa S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 122 (2013) 63; ≡ Psomiocarpa apiifolia (J.Sm. ex Kunze) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 521; ≡ Polybotrya apiifolia J.Sm. ex Kunze, Farnkr. 1 (1844) 142; Type: Cuming 26 (MICH, holo; E, MO, P, iso), Luzon: 1936-1940. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Terrestrial in forest, from near sea-level to c. 450m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  29. Tectaria ramosii (Copel.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 46; ≡ Ctenitis ramosii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 24. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, SAMAR. Notes: Possibly near sea-level to c. 300m. Native.
  30. Tectaria repanda (Willd.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 80; ≡ Aspidium repandum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 216. = Tectaria crenata auct. non Cav.; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 312, pro parte. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, ?Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. BOHOL, CEBU, LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur. Native.
  31. Tectaria sagenioides (Mett.) Christenh., Phytotaxa 10 (2010) 58; ≡ Heterogonium sagenioides (Mett.) Holttum, Sarawak Mus. J. 5 (1949) 161; ≡ Ctenitis sagenioides (Mett.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Aspidium sagenioides Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 2 (1858) 397. = Ctenitis obscura (Fée ex Christ) Copel., FFP (1960) 287; ≡ Heterogonium obscurum (Fée ex Christ) Holttum, Kalikasan 4 (1975) 218; ≡ Phegopteris obscura Fée ex Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 196; ≡ Polypodium obscurum Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 237, nom. illeg., non Mett. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, NEGROS, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: P.B. Pelser (8-Jan-23): Some sources appear to suggest that the basionym of Ctenitis obscura and Heterogonium obscurum is Nephrodium obscurum T.Moore, but the protologue of this name refers to Aspidium obscurum Blume, which appears to be a Thelypteridaceae species instead. Native.
  32. Tectaria samariana S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 225; ≡ Heterogonium lobulatum Holttum, Blumea 35 (1991) 557; Type: Price & Hernaez 399 (K, holo; MICH, iso), Samar: western Samar. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Only known from the type. Native.
  33. Tectaria siifolia (Willd.) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 414; ≡ Polypodium siifolium Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 196. = Dryomenis phymatodes Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 225. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, MULIGI. Native.
  34. Tectaria stalactica M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 116. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, POLILLO. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  35. Tectaria subaequalis (Rosenst.) Copel., PJS 9 c (1914) 5; ≡ Aspidium subaequale Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12 (1913) 176. = Tectaria profereoides (Christ) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 226; ≡ Heterogonium profereoides (Christ) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 61; ≡ Aspidium profereoides Christ, PJS 2 c (1907) 158. = Heterogonium aspidioides auct. non C.Presl; Holttum, Kalikasan 4 (1975) 224, pro parte. Distribution: Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, MINDORO. Native.
  36. Tectaria sulitii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 26. = Tectaria loheri Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 25. = Tectaria grandifolia auct. non (C.Presl) Copel.; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 314, pro parte. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: According to Holttum (1991), there may be intermediates between this species and Tectaria crenata. Native.
  37. Tectaria suluensis Holttum, Blumea 35 (1991) 556; Type: Kondo & Edaño 38624 (K, holo; SING, US, iso), Sulu: Siasi. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, SIARGAO, SIASI, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Native.
  38. Tectaria tabonensis M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 118. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, PALAWAN, PANAY. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  39. Tectaria taccifolia (Fée) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 175; ≡ Hemigramma taccifolia (Fée) Copel., PJS 37 (1928) 406; ≡ Leptochilus taccifolius Fée, Mém. Foug. 2 (1845) 89; ≡ Gymnopteris taccifolia J.Sm., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 403, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Type: Cuming 357, Mindoro. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CULION, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
  40. Tectaria trichotoma (Fée) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25 (1973) 180; ≡ Aspidium trichotomum Fée, Mém. Foug. 5 (1852) 295. = Tectaria balabacensis (Christ) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis balabacensis (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam. BALABAC, LUZON: Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Petrophytic along rivers and streams in forests, 100-200m. Native.
  41. Tectaria trifida (Fée) M.G.Price, Amer. Fern J. 64 (1974) 31; ≡ Microsorum trifidum Fée, Mém. Foug. (1852) 269. = Tectaria irrigua (J.Sm. ex C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 413; ≡ Aspidium irriguum J.Sm. ex C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 62. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Rizal, SAMAR. Native.
  42. Tectaria weberi Copel., PJS 2c (1912) 54; ≡ Aspidium weberi (Copel.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. (1913) 9. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte. Native.
  43. Tectaria wenzelii (Copel.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 227; ≡ Heterogonium wenzelii (Copel.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 111; ≡ Ctenitis wenzelii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 25. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: Only known from the type. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

References