Tectariaceae

Arthropteridaceae

Arthropteris J.Sm. ex Hook.f.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 18 August 2019
  1. Arthropteris articulata (Brack.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. Tert. (1934) 26; ≡ Lastrea articulata Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 191. = Arthropteris wollastonii (Ridl.) Holttum, Blumea 14 (1966) 229; ≡ Polypodium wollastonii Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9 (1916) 262. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.
  2. Arthropteris palisotii (Desv.) Alston, Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 30 (1956) 6; ≡ Aspidium palisotii Desv., Berl. Mag. 5 (1811) 320. = Arthropteris obliterata (R.Br.) J.Sm, Cat. cult. ferns (1827) 62; ≡ Nephrodium obliteratum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 148. = Arthropteris glabra Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 178. = Arthropteris repens (Brack.) C.Chr., Bull. Bishop Mus. 177 (1943) 48; ≡ Nephrolepis repens Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 209. = Nephrolepis trichomanoides J.Sm. ex C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 44; Type: Cuming 101 (L, P), Philippines. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.

Ctenitis (C.Chr.) C.Chr.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 22 November 2022
  1. Ctenitis aciculata (Baker) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 292; ≡ Nephrodium aciculatum Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (1886) 226. Distribution: Borneo, Java, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO. Native.
  2. Ctenitis atrorubens Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 29. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Notes: Only known from the type. Native.
  3. Ctenitis boholensis Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 18. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL. Native.
  4. Ctenitis bulusanica Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 19. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  5. Ctenitis decurrentipinnata (Ching) Tardieu & C.Chr., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 7 (1938) 86; ≡ Dryopteris decurrentipinnata Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 2 (1931) 195. Distribution: China, Philippines, Vietnam. LUZON. Native.
  6. Ctenitis erythradenia Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 29. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  7. Ctenitis humilis Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 22. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, MINDORO. Native.
  8. Ctenitis paleolata Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 24. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: c. 2400m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  9. Ctenitis pallens (Brack.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 155; ≡ Lastrea pallens Brack., Wilkes. Expl. Exp. Bot. (1854) 197. = Ctenitis rizalensis (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 125; ≡ Dryopteris rizalensis Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2, 6 (1906) 1001. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Zamboanga, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Terrestrial under moist forest shade, 400-1200m. Native.
  10. Ctenitis propinqua (J.Sm. ex C.Presl) Copel., Blumea 31 (1985) 18; ≡ Lastrea propinqua J.Sm. ex C.Presl, Abh. Kön. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 38. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon. Native.
  11. Ctenitis setosa (C.Presl) Holttum, Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. 1968 (1969) 20; ≡ Lastrea setosa C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 400. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
  12. Ctenitis silvatica Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 20. = Ctenitis vilis auct. non (Kunze) Ching; Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. Native.
  13. Ctenitis subglandulosa (Hance) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 302; ≡ Alsophila subglandulosa Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 5 (1866) 253. = Ctenitis rhodolepis (Clarke) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 8 (1938) 300; ≡ Nephrodium rhodolepis C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1 (1880) 526. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.
  14. Ctenitis subobscura (Christ) Holttum, Fern Gaz. 12 (1984) 320; ≡ Phegopteris subobscura Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 836. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO. Native.

Excluded

  1. Ctenitis subconnexa (Christ) Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 17. A mislocalization to the Philippines by Holttum (1991). Notes: The locality Batjan is in Halmahera (of the Moluccas).
    • var. subconnexa.
    • var. alstonii Holttum, Blumea 31 (1985) 17.

Pleocnemia C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 20 July 2019
  1. Pleocnemia brongniartii (Bory) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 350; ≡ Arcypteris brongniartii (Bory) Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 195; ≡ Tectaria irregularis var. brongniartii (Bory) Copel. (1907); ≡ Polypodium brongniartii Bory, Voy. Monde 1 (1828) 263. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Pleocnemia conjugata (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 619; ≡ Aspidium conjugatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 169. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Pleocnemia cumingiana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 410. = Tectaria leuzeana sensu Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: ?Bangladesh, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO. Native.
  4. Pleocnemia irregularis (C.Presl) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 347; ≡ Arcypteris irregularis (C.Presl) Ching, Sunyatsenia 5 (1940) 251; ≡ Tectaria irregularis (C. Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; ≡ Polypodium irregulare C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 25. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Pleocnemia macrodonta (C.Presl. ex Fée) Holttum, Kew Bull. 29 (1974) 348; ≡ Arcypteris macrodonta (C.Presl) Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 194; ≡ Dictyopteris macrodonta C.Presl ex Fée, Gen. Fil. (1852) 267. = Tectaria irregularis sensu Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON, MINDORO, SIBUYAN. Native.
  6. Pleocnemia presliana Holttum, Reinwardtia 1 (1951) 183. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Laguna, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao del Norte, PALAWAN. Notes: Terrestrial, usually in partly shaded area, near sea-level to at least 400m. Native.

Polydictyum C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 19 July 2019
  1. Polydictyum menyanthidis C.Presl, Abh. Kön. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.) (1851) 53; ≡ Tectaria menyanthidis (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 414 1907. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls. Native.

Tectaria Cav.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 7 September 2020
  1. Tectaria adenophora Copel., LPB 4 (1911) 1151. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?LUZON, SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Tectaria aenigma C.W.Chen & C.J.Rothf., J. Pl. Res. 131 (2017) 74; ≡ Aenigmopteris dubia (Copel.) Holttum, Blumea 30 (1984) 4; ≡ Ctenitis dubia (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Dryopteris dubia Copel., LPB 1 (1907) 235. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Quezon, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Terrestrial, 850-1200m. Native.
  3. Tectaria angulata (Willd.) Copel., Sarawak Mus. J. 2 (1917) 370; ≡ Polypodium angulatum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 185. = Tectaria trifolia (Alderw.) C.Chr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 66 (1934) 49; ≡ Aspidium trifolium Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 7 (1912) 4. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Tectaria aspidioides (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 137; ≡ Heterogonium aspidioides C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 143. Distribution: ?Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDORO, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Tectaria athyriosora M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 113. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Tectaria aurita (Sw.) S.Chandra, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 157; ≡ Stenosemia aurita (Sw.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 237; ≡ Acrostichum auritum Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 2 (1801) 12. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. Native.
  7. Tectaria barberi (Hook.) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 414; ≡ Polypodium barberi Hook., Sp. Fil. 5 (1864) 100. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
  8. Tectaria beccariana (Ces.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 3 (1934) 177; ≡ Polypodium beccarianum Ces., Rendiconti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis. (1877) 30. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  9. Tectaria calcarea (C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 415; ≡ Sagenia calcarea J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 410. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, POLILLO. Native.
  10. Tectaria coadunata (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) C.Chr., Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26 (1931) 331; ≡ Aspidium coadunatum Wall. ex Hook. & Grev., Ic, f. (1831) 202. = Tectaria christii Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 1151. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDORO. Notes: Usually on limestone, c. 1500m. Native.
  11. Tectaria crenata Cav., Descr. Pl. (1802) 250. = Tectaria grandifolia sensu Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  12. Tectaria decurrens (C.Presl) Copel., LPB 1 (1907) 234; ≡ Aspidium decurrens C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 28. = Tectaria peralata Copel., PJS 83 (1954) 98. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Japan, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  13. Tectaria dissecta (G.Forst.) Lellinger, Amer. Fern J. 58 (1968) 156; ≡ Ctenitis dissecta (G.Forst.) Copel., Nov. Fl. Jap. 4 (1938) 91; ≡ Polypodium dissectum G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 81. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan. PALAWAN. Native.
  14. Tectaria dolichosora Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 136. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon, Tayabas. Notes: Steep slopes near summits. Native.
  15. Tectaria griffithii (Baker) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 3 (1934) 180; ≡ Nephrodium griffithii Baker, Syn. Fil. (1867) 300. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao. Native.
  16. Tectaria hilocarpa (Fée) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 175; ≡ Leptochilus hilocarpus Fée, Mém. Foug. 2 (1845) 87. = Hemigramma latifolia (Meyen ex Goldm.) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 406, excl. Hemionitis zollingeri and other latter names based on this; ≡ Gymnopteris latifolia Meyen ex Goldm., Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 1 (1843) 460. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  17. Tectaria laxa (Copel.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis laxa Copel., PJS 83 (1954) 98. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: 80-1100m. Native.
  18. Tectaria lobbii (Hook.) Copel., PJS 10 (1915) 146; ≡ Aspidium lobbii Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 59. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
    • var. lobbii.
  19. Tectaria macleanii (Copel.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 122 (2013) 62; ≡ Tectaridium macleanii Copel., PJS 30 (1926) 329; Type: Maclean & Catatan 84 (PNH, holo, lost; MICH, neo; CAS, isoneo), Luzon: Cagayan (West Mountain, Claveria), 29-Dec-1919. = Tectaridium primitivum Copel., PJS 30 (1926) 329; Wenzel 876 (PNH, holo, lost; F, MO, NY, UC, iso), Leyte: Buenavista (Jaro), 9-Jun-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Isabela, Quezon, PANAY, SAMAR. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  20. Tectaria manilensis (C.Presl) Holttum, Indian Fern J. 1 (1984) 36; ≡ Lastreopsis manilensis (C.Presl) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 12 (1983) 155; ≡ Ctenitis manilensis (C.Presl) Holttum, Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. (1969) 36; ≡ Lastrea manilensis C.Presl., Tent. Pterid. (1836) 76. = Ctenitis loheri (Christ) Copel., FFP 2 (1960) 287; ≡ Athyrium loheri Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 1001. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand. LUZON, PALAWAN. Native.
  21. Tectaria melanocaulos (Blume) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; ≡ Aspidium melanocaulon Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 161. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Vietnam. LUZON, NEGROS. Native.
  22. Tectaria membranacea (Hook.) Fraser-Jenk. & Kholia, Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 2 (2018) 392; ≡ Aspidium membranaceum Hook., Sp. 6 (1864) 105; Type: Cuming s.n. (K, lecto). = Tectaria devexa (Kunze ex Mett.) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 415; ≡ Aspidium devexum Kunze ex Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 237. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  23. Tectaria mesodon (Copel.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis mesodon (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Dryopteris mesodon Copel., PJS 7 (1912) 54. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: 120m. Native.
  24. Tectaria mindanaensis (Holttum) C.W.Chen & C.J.Rothf., J. Pl. Res. 131 (2017) 74; ≡ Aenigmopteris mindanaensis Holttum, Blumea 30 (1984) 7. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  25. Tectaria multicaudata (C.B.Clarke) Ching, Sinensia 2 (1931) 20; ≡ Nephrodium multicaudatum C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1 (1880) 540. = Tectaria malayensis (Christ) Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 416; ≡ Aspidium malayense Christ, PJS 2 c (1907) 187. Distribution: Bangladesh, ?Cambodia, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO. Native.
  26. Tectaria nayarii Mazumdar, Phytotaxa 153 (2014) 298; ≡ Heterogonium pinnatum (Copel.) Holttum, Sarawak Mus. J. 5 (1949) 163; ≡ Stenosemia pinnata Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl.) (1906) 146; Type: Copeland 1601 (MICH, holo), Mindanao: Zamboanga, San Ramon, 300ft, 8-Jan-1905. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Native.
  27. Tectaria polymorpha (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 413; ≡ Aspidium polymorphum Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 54. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, PALAWAN. Native.
  28. Tectaria psomiocarpa S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 122 (2013) 63; ≡ Psomiocarpa apiifolia (J.Sm. ex Kunze) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 521; ≡ Polybotrya apiifolia J.Sm. ex Kunze Farnkr. 1 (1844) 142; Type: Cuming 26 (MICH, holo; E, MO, P, iso), Luzon: 1936-1940. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Terrestrial in forest, from near sea-level to c. 450m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  29. Tectaria ramosii (Copel.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 46; ≡ Ctenitis ramosii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 24. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, SAMAR. Notes: Possibly near sea-level to c. 300m. Native.
  30. Tectaria repanda (Willd.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 80; ≡ Aspidium repandum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 216. = Tectaria crenata sensu Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, ?Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. Native.
  31. Tectaria sagenioides (Mett.) Christenh., Phytotaxa 10 (2010) 58; ≡ Heterogonium sagenioides (Mett.) Holttum, Sarawak Mus. J. 5 (1949) 161; ≡ Ctenitis sagenioides (Mett.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124; ≡ Aspidium sagenioides Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 2 (1858) 397. = Ctenitis obscura (Hook.) Copel., FFP (1960) 287; ≡ Heterogonium obscurum (Hook.) Holttum, Kalikasan 4 (1975) 218; ≡ Polypodium obscurum Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1862) 237. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  32. Tectaria samariana S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 225; ≡ Heterogonium lobulatum Holttum, Blumea 35 (1991) 557; Type: Price & Hernaez 399 (K, holo; MICH, iso), Samar: western Samar. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Only known from the type. Native.
  33. Tectaria siifolia (Willd.) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 414; ≡ Polypodium siifolium Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 196. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
  34. Tectaria stalactica M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 116. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, POLILLO. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  35. Tectaria subaequalis (Rosenst.) Copel., PJS 9 c (1914) 5; ≡ Aspidium subaequale Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12 (1913) 176. = Tectaria profereoides (C.Chr.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 226; ≡ Heterogonium profereoides (C.Chr.) Copel.; ≡ Aspidium profereoides C.Chr., PJS 2 (1907) 158. = Heterogonium aspidioides sensu Holttum, Kalikasan 4 (1975) 224, pro parte. Distribution: Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. MINDANAO, MINDORO. Native.
  36. Tectaria sulitii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 26. = Tectaria loheri Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 25. = Tectaria grandifolia sensu Copel. (1960), pro parte. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Rizal, MINDANAO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: According to Holttum (1991), there may be intermediates between this species and Tectaria crenata. Native.
  37. Tectaria suluensis Holttum, Blumea 35 (1991) 556; Type: Kondo & Edaño 38624 (K, holo; SING, US, iso), Sulu: Siasi. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, SULU. Native.
  38. Tectaria tabonensis M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 118. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  39. Tectaria taccifolia (Fée) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 175; ≡ Hemigramma taccifolia (Fée) Copel., PJS 37 (1928) 406; ≡ Leptochilus taccifolius Fée, Mém. Foug. 2 (1845) 89. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Native.
  40. Tectaria trichotoma (Fée) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25 (1973) 180; ≡ Aspidium trichotomum Fée, Mém. Foug. 5 (1852) 295. = Tectaria balabacensis (Christ) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 37; ≡ Ctenitis balabacensis (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 124. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam. BALABAC, LUZON: Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Petrophytic along rivers and streams in forests, 100-200m. Native.
  41. Tectaria trifida (Fée) M.G.Price, Amer. Fern J. 64 (1974) 31; ≡ Microsorum trifidum Fée, Mém. Foug. (1852) 269. = Tectaria irrigua (J.Sm. ex C.Presl) Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 413; ≡ Aspidium irriguum C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 62. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR. Native.
  42. Tectaria weberi Copel., PJS 2c (1912) 54; ≡ Aspidium weberi (Copel.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. (1913) 9. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  43. Tectaria wenzelii (Copel.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 178 (2014) 227; ≡ Heterogonium wenzelii (Copel.) Holttum, Fl. Malesiana, Ser. 2, Pterid. 2 (1991) 111; ≡ Ctenitis wenzelii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 25. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: Only known from the type. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Literature