Stemonuraceae

Codiocarpus Howard

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018
  1. Codiocarpus merrittii (Merr.) Howard, Brittonia 5 (1943) 56; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 43; ≡ Stemonurus merrittii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 240; EPFP 2 (1923) 489. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: Lowland primary forests, under partial shade up to 200m, on clayey soil or fertile humus. Native.

Gomphandra Wall.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 November 2021
  1. Gomphandra bracteata Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 713. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Gomphandra coi Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 720. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Notes: Over limestone; lowland dipterocarp forest; streamside forest on ultramafic soil; 30–50 m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Gomphandra conklinii Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 192. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Notes: Secondary forest, clay loam, 1525-1705m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Gomphandra cumingiana (Miers) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 46; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 27; ≡ Stemonurus cumingianus Miers, Contrib. Bot. 1 (1852) 92. = Gomphandra agusanensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; ≡ Stemonurus agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2689. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. ALABAT, BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Primary mixed dipterocarp forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  5. Gomphandra dinagatensis Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 724. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  6. Gomphandra fernandoi Schori & Utteridge, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 715. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, DINAGAT, LEYTE, MINDANAO, SAMAR. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  7. Gomphandra flavicarpa (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30; ≡ Stemonurus flavicarpus Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2691. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao. Notes: Primary forests, (700-)1200-2200m. Native.
  8. Gomphandra fuliginea (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 24; ≡ Urandra fuliginea Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 491. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Thickets, 1400-1700m. Presumed extinct. Native.
  9. Gomphandra halconensis Schori, Blumea 55 (2010) 191. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Notes: Primary forest and cloud forest, Mt Halcon, on gravel/sand, 1200-1300m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  10. Gomphandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 31. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Notes: Low elevation primary forest, 200m. Known only from the type. Presumed extinct. Native.
  11. Gomphandra luzoniensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; ≡ Urandra luzoniensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) 242. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. Native.
    • ssp. luzoniensis Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 31. Distribution: LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MARINDUQUE, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Common in primary forests under partial shade or along forest edges at low elevation, rarely to 850m.
    • ssp. septentrionalis Schori & Utteridge, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 717. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. BATAN. Notes: Common in primary forests under partial shade or along forest edges at low elevation, rarely to 850m.
  12. Gomphandra mappioides Valeton, Crit. Overz. Olacin. (1886) 227; ≡ Gomphandra apoensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 29; ≡ Stemonurus apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2690. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests along streams, c. 900m. Found on limestone. Native.
  13. Gomphandra oblongifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 491; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 31. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.
  14. Gomphandra oligantha Sleumer, Notizbl. Berl.-Dahl. 15 (1940) 238; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 30. = Gomphandra pauciflora (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 491, nom. illeg., non Craib; ≡ Urandra pauciflora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 243. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Common in Mt Guiting-Guiting NP. Fruit yellow. Native.
  15. Gomphandra psilandra Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 721. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  16. Gomphandra ultramafiterrestris Schori, Kew Bull. 67 (2012) 725. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Part of Gomphandra luzoniensis complex, leaves small and thick, male stamens 9 mm long, fruit slightly orange-beige. Fl. & fr. May. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Medusanthera Seemann

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017
  1. Medusanthera laxiflora (Miers) Howard, J. Arn. Arb. 21 (1940) 470; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 46; ≡ Gomphandra laxiflora (Miers) Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 211; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 490; ≡ Stemonurus laxiflorus Miers, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2 10 (1852) 111. = Gomphandra glabra Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 277; EPFP 2 (1923) 490. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland rainforest understorey, 0-300m. Native.

Stemonurus Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018
  1. Stemonurus gitingensis (Elmer) Sleumer, Blumea 17 (1969) 261; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 61; ≡ Urandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1476. = Stemonurus secundiflorus auct. non Blume; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, 225-600m. Fr. Mar-Apr. Native.
  2. Stemonurus umbellatus Becc., Malesia 1 (1877) 115; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1971) 62. = Stemonurus hallieri (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 489; ≡ Urandra hallieri Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 194. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Surigao, Zamboanga. Notes: Low elevation primary forests in Mindanao. Native.

Literature