Smilacaceae

Smilax L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 6 May 2021

Photos
  1. Smilax aspericaulis Wall. ex A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1 (1878) 195. --Smilax bracteata C.Presl var. verruculosa (Merr.) T.Koyama, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 10 (1957) 18; Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 13 (1960) 12; --Smilax verruculosa Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 173; EPFP 1 (1922) 209. --Smilax williamsii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 173; EPFP 1 (1922) 209. Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan,Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao del Sur Note by P.B. Pelser (16-Aug-15): Smilax williamsii is considered a distinct species in the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.
  2. Smilax bracteata C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 131; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 207. Photos
  3. Smilax china L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1029; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 208.
  4. Smilax elmeri Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 6; EPFP 1 (1922) 208. Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon. Forested ridges to 1000m.
  5. Smilax erecta Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 5; EPFP 1 (1922) 208; --Type: BS 28560 Ramos & Edaño, Luzon: Tayabas Prov, Mt Binuang, May-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Forested slopes at low or medium elevation.
  6. Smilax leucophylla Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1827) 18; --Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 96; EPFP 1 (1922) 208. Borneo, China, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Moluccas, Philippines. CULION, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN.
  7. Smilax loheri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 294; EPFP 1 (1922) 208. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Rizal. Mossy forest at or above 900m.
  8. Smilax lucida Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 5; EPFP 1 (1922) 209; --Smilax lanceifolia Roxb. var. lucida (Merr.) T.Koyama, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 13 (1960) 26. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Isabela.
  9. Smilax luzonensis C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 131; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 209. Cambodia, India, Java, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao, PANAY. Forests at medium elevation.
  10. Smilax pygmaea Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 339; EPFP 1 (1922) 209. --Smilax menispermoidea A.DC. var. randaiensis (Hayata) T.Koyama; --Smilax randaiensis Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1) (1911) 362. Borneo, Taiwan, Philippines.
  11. Smilax riparia A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1 (1878) 55.
  12. Smilax sumatrensis (A.DC.) P.Li & C.X.Fu, Phytotaxa 117 (2013) 59; --Heterosmilax sumatrensis A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1 (1878) 42. --Heterosmilax borneensis A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1 (1878) 42; --Koyama, Brittonia 36 (1984) 203. Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. BALABAC, TAWI-TAWI.

Possibly present:

  1. Smilax megacarpa A.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1 (1878) 186. Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam. ?Philippines. Note by P.B. Pelser (16-Aug-15): reported for the Philippines in the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families; presence needs to be confirmed.

Literature

Koyama, T. 1960. Materials towards a monograph of the genus Smilax. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum 13: 1-61.

Koyama, T, 1984. A taxonomic revision of the genus Heterosmilax (Smilacaceae). Brittonia 36: 184-205.

Qi, Z, P Li & C Fu. 2013. New combinations and a new name in Smilax for species of Heterosmilax in Eastern and Southeast Asian Smilacaceae (Liliales). Phytotaxa, 117: 58-60

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 6 May 2021