Simaroubaceae

Ailanthus Desf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017
  1. Ailanthus integrifolia Lam., Dict. 3, 2 (1792) 417; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 218. Distribution: LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN. Native.
    • ssp. integrifolia. = Ailanthus blancoi Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 205; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Native.
  2. Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston, Handb. Fl. Ceylon vi, Suppl. (1931) 41; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 219; ≡ Adenanthera triphysa Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab. (1818) 32. = Ailanthus philippinensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 348. = Hebonga mollis Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 367; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 348. = Hebonga obliqua Radlk., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 366; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 348. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.

Brucea J.F.Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017
  1. Brucea javanica (L.) Merr., J. Arnold Arb. 9 (1928) 3; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 211; ≡ Rhus javanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 265. = Brucea amarissima (Lour.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 18; EPFP 2 (1923) 347; ≡ Gonus amarissimus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 658. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BILIRAN, BONGAO, CABUCAN, CAMIGUIN, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Mountain Province, Rizal, MINDANAO: Misamis, Surigao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Norte, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland open sites and light secondary forests and thickets, also on limestone. Native.
  2. Brucea mollis Wall. ex Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42(2) (1873) 64; Wall., Cat. (1848) No. 8483; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 212. = Brucea macrobotrys Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 19; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. = Brucea stenophylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 274; EPFP 2 (1923) 347. Distribution: Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. BILIRAN, BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS (photos), PALAUI (photos), PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Open forests, often in damp places, 0-1800m, Fl. Jan-Aug. Native.

Eurycoma Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 June 2018
  1. Eurycoma longifolia Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 (1822) 45. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BUCAS GRANDE, DINAGAT, HOMONHON, MINDANAO: Surigao, Surigao del Norte, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. eglandulosa (Merr.) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 206; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 13. = Eurycoma eglandulosa Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 266; EPFP 2 (1923) 346. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, HOMONHON, MINDANAO: Surigao, Surigao del Norte. Notes: Lowland forests on ultramafics. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Picrasma Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 January 2021
  1. Picrasma javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 247; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 347; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 214; Paguntalan et al., Project Tawsi: Sulu Hornbill Project (2020) 42. = Picrasma philippinensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1837. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL (photos), CEBU (photos), LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI. Native.

Quassia L.

  1. Quassia amara L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 552; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 272; EPFP 2 (1923) 346; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199. Distribution: S America. Notes: Cultivated in Malesia, occasionally naturalized. Naturalized.
  2. Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 199; ≡ Samadera indica Gaertn., Fruct. 2 (1791) 352; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 345. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bismarck Arch, India, Madagascar, Myanmar, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Vietnam. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Isabela, MINDANAO: Lanao, Surigao del Norte (photos), PALAUI (photos), PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.

References