Sapotaceae

Sarcospermaceae

Chrysophyllum L. (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2016

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Chrysophyllum cainito L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 192; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288; Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 26. Distribution: C America, Caribbean. Notes: Cultivated pantropically for its edible fruit. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Chrysophyllum oliviforme L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 11 (1759) 937; Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 27. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Occasionally cultivated at low elevation in the Philippines. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.

Diploknema Pierre

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016
  1. Diploknema ramiflora (Merr.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 184; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 9 (1958) 78; ≡ Madhuca ramiflora (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; ≡ Illipe ramiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 42; Type: FB 189 Barnes. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Zambales. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.

Donella Pierre ex Baill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 October 2017
  1. Donella lanceolata (Blume) Aubrév., Fl. Camb., Laos & Vietn. 3 (1963) 64; ≡ Chrysophyllum lanceolatum (Blume) A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 162, nom. illeg., non Casar.; Vink, Blumea 9 (1958) 28; ≡ Nycterisition lanceolatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 676; Type: from Java. = Chrysophyllum roxburghii G.Don, Gen. Gard. Syst. Dict. 4 (1838) 33; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 187. Distribution: Madagascar, Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. LUZON: Cagayan, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.

Madhuca Buch.-Ham. ex J.F.Gmel.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2022
  1. Madhuca betis (Blanco) J.F.Macbr., Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. N.S. 53 (1918) 18; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 161, pro parte; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 39; ≡ Azaola betis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 402. = Madhuca philippinensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 278; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 166; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 447. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines, Cavite, Isabela, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, MINDORO. Notes: Primary Lowland rainforests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Madhuca burckiana (Koord.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 172; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 453; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 68; ≡ Illipe burckiana Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19 (1898) 518. = Madhuca fusicarpa (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; ≡ Payena fusicarpa Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2820. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. DINAGAT, LUZON: Cagayan, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Surigao. Notes: Primary lowland forests, ascending to 1000m. Native.
  3. Madhuca coriacea (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 180, 264; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 462; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 107; ≡ Illipe coriacea Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 41. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary rainforests. Native.
  4. Madhuca lanceolata (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 276; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 182; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 462; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 110; ≡ Payena lanceolata Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 42; Type: Ahern 493 (NY, US), Dinagat, 1902. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Notes: Probably in lowland forest. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  5. Madhuca mindanaensis (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 175, 264; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 455; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 19; ≡ Bassia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 58; Type: FB 17977 Miranda, Mindanao: Misamis [Lanao del Norte], Mt Catmon, 21-Feb-1913. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Norte. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  6. Madhuca mirandae (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 174; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 460; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 90; ≡ Bassia mirandae Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) 324. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: Forested ridge, c.100m. Native.
  7. Madhuca monticola (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; ≡ Bassia monticola Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 56; ≡ Ganua monticola (Merr.) H.J.Lam, Blumea 7 (1953) 379; H.J.Lam, Blumea 8 (1957) 511. = Ganua boerlageana auct. non (Burck) Pierre ex Dubard; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 427. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Forested peaks and ridges, up to 550m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  8. Madhuca multiflora (Merr.) J.F.Macbr., Contr. Gray Herb. Harvard Univ. N.S. 53 (1918) 18; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 65; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 449; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 65; ≡ Illipe multiflora Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 41. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao, Lanao del Sur, PANAY, POLILLO. Notes: Lowland primary rainforests. Native.
  9. Madhuca oblongifolia (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 166; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 447; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 105; ≡ Bassia oblongifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) 323. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, Quezon. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  10. Madhuca obovatifolia (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 180; ≡ Bassia obovatifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 57; ≡ Ganua obovatifolia (Merr.) Assem, Blumea 7 (1953) 390. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Quezon. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  11. Madhuca palembanica (Miq.) Forman, Checkl. Fl. Pl. Brunei (1997) 439; ≡ Ganua palembanica (Miq.) Assem & Kosterm., Blumea 7 (1954) 482; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995); ≡ Podocarpus palembanicus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 252 (1861) 589. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Notes: Known from Mt Beaufort (Soejarto et al. 7100, F, PNH). Native.
  12. Madhuca platyphylla (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 167; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 449; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 65; ≡ Bassia platyphylla Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 58. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: 70m. Native.

Manilkara Adans.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 October 2020
  1. Manilkara fasciculata (Warb.) H.J.Lam & Maas Geest., Blumea 4 (1941) 335; ≡ Mimusops fasciculata Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13 (1891) 401. = Manilkara calophylloides H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, Ser. III, 7 (1925) 240; ≡ Mimusops calophylloides Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 337, nom. illeg., non (Bojer) Baill.; EPFP 3 (1923) 288; ≡ Manilkara merrilliana H.J.Lam, Blumea 4 (1941) 334, nom. illeg.; Type: FB 22834 Ponce (L, lecto; BM, K, NY, P, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Surigao, Cadyangao, rather dense forest at about sea level, 20-Aug-1914. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao, SAMAR. Notes: Low elevation forests, coastal forest on limestone. Conservation status: Vulnerable A2cd (Armstrong 2013). Native.
  2. Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 23 (1915) 9; Royen, Blumea 7 (1953) 405; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 239; ≡ Mimusops kauki L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 349; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288. Distribution: Australia, Cambodia, Java, Malaysia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. JOLO, LUZON: Laguna. Notes: Lowland or coastal forest, occasionally montane forest, area of origin unknown, here assumed to be native to the Philippines. Conservation status: Least Concern (Armstrong 2013). Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Manilkara zapota (L.) P.Royen, Blumea 7 (1953) 410; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1925) 218; ≡ Achras zapota L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1190; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 363; EPFP 3 (1923) 283. Notes: Introduced from the Neotropics, now pantropical in cultivation for its edible fruits. Grown in the lowlands. Not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Mimusops L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Mimusops elengi L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 349; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 368; EPFP 3 (1923) 288; Royen, Blumea 6 (1952) 594. = Mimusops parvifolia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 531; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 288. Notes: Indomalesia. Cultivated for fragrant flowers. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.

Palaquium Blanco

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 October 2022
  1. Palaquium abundantiflorum H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 61; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 457. = Palaquium barnesii auct. non Merr.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 278. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MINDORO. Notes: Fl. Jan. Native.
  2. Palaquium barnesii Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1903) 13; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 7 (1925) 67; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 401; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 484. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MASBATE. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Jan. Native.
  3. Palaquium bataanense Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 44; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 37; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 527. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, BATANES, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, MINDANAO: Lanao, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Dry hill forests at low elevation. Recorded at 700-850m in Lanao. Fl. Jan, Mar, Oct; fr. Mar, May, Jun. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Palaquium calophyllum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Pierre ex Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 5 (1886) 28; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 52; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 558; ≡ Isonandra calophylla Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 27 (1864) 35. = Palaquium calophyllum var. philippinense H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 8 (1927) 398. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Native.
  5. Palaquium cuprifolium Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2817; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 77; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 479. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Misamis Occidental, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Humus-covered clay of forested ridges at 300m. Fr. Jul. Native.
  6. Palaquium dubardii Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 868; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 38; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 583. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, MALAPACKUN, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAL, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, 200-600m, on red soil with gravelly subsoil on wooded banks. Native.
  7. Palaquium elliptilimbum Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 46; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 490. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, POLILLO. Native.
  8. Palaquium elongatum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 257; EPFP 3 (1923) 279; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 61; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 551. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Quezon. Notes: In primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  9. Palaquium formosanum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 (1911) 184; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 280; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 472. = Palaquium polyandrum Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Tokyo 30 (1911-12) 185, nom. illeg., non C.B.Rob. = Palaquium paucivenosum H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 101; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; Type: BS 4101 Fenix, Camiguin (SING). Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. BATAN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON. Notes: Known from Luzon from Haenke 434, NY. Native.
  10. Palaquium foxworthyi Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 98; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 530. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU (photos by Pelser & Barcelona), LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Tayabas, Zambales. Notes: Primary forests, ascending to 300m. Native.
  11. Palaquium gigantifolium Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1903) 14; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 75; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 477. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Norte (photos), Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Tayabas, MINDANAO, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Recorded at 1000m in Laguna. Fl. Apr; fr. May. Native.
  12. Palaquium glabrifolium Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 46; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 398; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 583. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Fl. Apr-May. Native.
  13. Palaquium glabrum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 61; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 102; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 531. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  14. Palaquium globosum H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 76; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 478. = Palaquium retusum auct. non Becc.; Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 256; EPFP 3 (1923) 283; EPFP 4 (1925) 245. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Isabela, Pangasinan. Notes: In forests and forested ravines, 300-1200m. Fl. Mar, Nov-Dec; fr. Nov. Native.
  15. Palaquium heterosepalum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 61; EPFP 3 (1923) 280; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 38; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 395. = Palaquium cuneifolium Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 35, 254; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 391; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 585. = Palaquium cuneatum auct. non (Blume) S.Vidal; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; Van Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 586. Distribution: ?Borneo, Philippines. CEBU, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Batangas, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Presence in Borneo: see Van Royen (1960); in primary and secondary forests, or in swamps, 200-1200m. Fl. Dec-Jan; fr. Dec-Mar. Native.
  16. Palaquium lanceolatum Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 403; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 103; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 412; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 541. = Madhuca pacifica Baehni, Boissiera 11 (1965) 36; Type: BS 75240 Ramos & Edaño (SING, holo), Catanduanes, Jul/Sep-1928. = Palaquium pacificum Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 280. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon. Notes: Lowland rainforests. Native.
  17. Palaquium loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 47; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 525; Type: Loher 13396 (K, lecto). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Native.
  18. Palaquium luzoniense (Fern.-Vill.) S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 176; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 526; ≡ Dichopsis luzoniensis Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A) (1880) 125. = Palaquium ahernianum Merr., Philipp. For. Bur. Bull. 1 (1903) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 278. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. GUIMARAS, LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Ilocos Sur, Rizal, Zambales, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Lanao, Surigao, Zamboanga, MINDORO, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Aug-Jan. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  19. Palaquium merrillii Dubard, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 15 (1909) 381; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 96; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 534. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao City, MINDORO, PALAWAN, POLILLO. Native.
  20. Palaquium mindanaense Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1904) 15; EPFP 3 (1923) 281; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 105; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 524; Type: Ahern 837 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; US, isolecto). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Lanao. Notes: Lowland primary rainforests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  21. Palaquium montanum Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3102; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 281; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 59; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 463. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, Laguna, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur. Notes: In forest, c. 1100m. Fl. Jun-Jul. Native.
  22. Palaquium obovatum (Griff.) Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 12 (1890) 511; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; ≡ Isonandra obovata Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 4 (1854) 293. Distribution: India to Malesia. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Rizal, MINDORO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Native.
    • var. orientale H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 84; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 455. = Palaquium celebicum Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 5 (1885) 32; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 279; EPFP 4 (1925) 245. = Palaquium theoideum Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 868; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Rizal, MINDORO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Forested ridges, 1000-1300m. Native.
  23. Palaquium obtusifolium Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 5 (1886) 33; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 100; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 515. = Palaquium negrosense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 63; EPFP 3 (1923) 281; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 99; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 411. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, NEGROS. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  24. Palaquium philippense (Perr.) C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 304; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 59, 255; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 400; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 466; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3975; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2440; ≡ Chrysophyllum philippense Perr., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 2 (1825) 109. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Common in lowland and medium elevation primary forests. Fl. Aug-Sep. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  25. Palaquium pinnatinervium Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2819; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 282; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 55; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 399; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 487. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Notes: Primary forests up to 900m. Fr. Sep. Native.
  26. Palaquium polyandrum C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 212; –Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 282; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 76; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 407; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 485. = Palaquium lepidotum C.B.Rob., ined. = Palaquium wenzelii Merr., ined. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Misamis, Zamboanga, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  27. Palaquium pseudorostratum H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 393; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 586. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. Notes: Record for Philippines: Lay s.n., BM. Native.
  28. Palaquium sorsogonense Elmer ex H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 65; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 401; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283; EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 468. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Quezon, Sorsogon, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests, swampy habitats, riverine forests, etc. Fl. Dec. Native.
  29. Palaquium tenuipetiolatum Merr., Bur. Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 283; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 95; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 410; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 529. = Palaquium vulcanicum Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Misamis, Zamboanga, MINDORO, SIBUYAN. Notes: Common in primary forests and dry hill forests at low and medium elevation. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Palaquium vidalii Pierre ex Dubard, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 15 (1909) 381; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 283; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 106; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 8 (1927) 413; Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 598; Type: Vidal 9 (P, ?lost). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Notes: Known only from original description. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Palaquium pseudocuneatum H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 8 (1927) 391; Slik, Plants of Southeast Asia (2009 onwards); Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, ?Philippines. ?LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser: possibly represented by Ridsdale, Baquiran et al. ISU440 (L), Palanan, Digallorin, Divisina camp site, 16.50 N, 122 26 E, 9-Apr-1992.
  2. Palaquium ridleyi King & Gamble, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 74 (1906) 196. Distribution: ?Philippines, Vietnam to New Guinea.
  3. Palaquium xanthochymum (de Vriese) Pierre ex Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 5 (1885) 30; ≡ Isonandra xanthochyma de Vriese, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 21(1860) 311. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, ?Philippines, Sumatra.

Payena A.DC.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017
  1. Payena leerii (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 40, 2 (1871) 69; H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 137; 261; Brugg, Blumea 9 (1958) 121; ≡ Madhuca leerii (Teijsm. & Binn.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 277; ≡ Azaola leerii Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 6 (1854) 116. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Riau Arch, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, PALAWAN, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.

Planchonella Pierre

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 October 2022
  1. Planchonella chartacea (F.Muell. ex Benth.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 7 (1925) 217; ≡ Achras chartacea F.Muell. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 4 (1868) 281. = Planchonella linggensis (Burck) Pierre, Not. Bot. Sapot. (1890) 35; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 384; ≡ Sideroxylon linggense Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 5 (1885) 15. = Planchonella oxyedra Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 50; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 246. = Sideroxylon pittosporifolium Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 873; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286. Distribution: Malesia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Camarines, Laguna, MINDANAO: Surigao, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  2. Planchonella duclitan (Blanco) Bakh.f., Blumea 12 (1963) 62; ≡ Pouteria duclitan (Blanco) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 283; ≡ Sideroxylon duclitan Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 129; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; EPFP 4 (1925) 245. = Planchonella nitida (Blume) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 62; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 362; ≡ Sideroxylon nitidum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 675. = Sideroxylon balitbitan Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 130. = Sideroxylon ramiflorum Merr., Gov. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 43. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Zamboanga, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  3. Planchonella macrantha (Merr.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; ≡ Pouteria macrantha (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 328; Herrman-Erlee & Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 485; ≡ Lucuma macrantha (Merr.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 225; ≡ Sideroxylon macranthum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1905) 56; EPFP 3 (1923) 286; EPFP 4 (1925) 246; ≡ Bureavella macrantha (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia 3 (1963) 331; Type: T.E. Borden 21736 (FB 2741) (PNH, holo, lost; BO, K, SING, US, iso), Luzon, Bataan, Lamoa River, Mt Mariveles, Mar-1905. = Lucuma dolichosperma H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 223. = Sideroxylon stenophyllum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 258; EPFP 3 (1923) 287. Distribution: Philippines to Moluccas. BALABAC, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, MINDORO, SIBUYAN, TICAO. Notes: Low elevation primary forests, to c. 600 in Mindoro. Native.
  4. Planchonella mindanaensis H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 207; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 414; ≡ Pouteria mindanaensis (H.J.Lam) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 326; ≡ Sideroxylon mindanaense Merr. ex H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 207; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 246. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
  5. Planchonella obovata (R.Br.) Pierre, Not. Bot. Sapot. (1890) 36; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 368; ≡ Pouteria obovata (R.Br.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 324; ≡ Sersalisia obovata R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 529. = Sideroxylon acuminatum Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1487; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284. = Sideroxylon ahernianum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 55; EPFP 3 (1923) 284. = Sideroxylon attenuatum DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 178. = Sideroxylon ferrugineum Hook. & Arn., Bot. Capt. Beechey’s Voyage 6 (1841) 266; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; EPFP 4 (1925) 245. = Sideroxylon merrillii (Dubard) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286; ≡ Planchonella merrillii Dubard, Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille, sér. 2, 10 (1912) 50. = Sideroxylon philippense (Dubard) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; ≡ Planchonella philippensis Dubard, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2 (1911) 82. = Sideroxylon apoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2821; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Thailand. Notes: Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces; beach forests and thickets, lowland to montane forests, ascending to 1350m. Native.
  6. Planchonella ridsdalei (Vink) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; ≡ Pouteria ridsdalei Vink, Blumea 47 (2002) 136; Type: C.E. Ridsdale 1695 (L, holo; K, iso), Mindoro, Mt Halcon area near Paitan, Dulangan Range, 8-May-1986. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO. Native.
  7. Planchonella velutina (Elmer) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 215; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 411; ≡ Pouteria velutina (Elmer) Baehni, Mem. Sapot., Candollea 9 (1942) 380; ≡ Sideroxylon velutinum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1834; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 287; EPFP 4 (1925) 246. = Sideroxylon bulusanense Elmer ex H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 215. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
    • var. velutina. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
    • var. sarcocarpa (Merr.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 215; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 412; ≡ Sideroxylon sarcocarpum Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 29. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  8. Planchonella villamilii (Merr.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 762; ≡ Pouteria villamilii (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 328; Herrman-Erlee & Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 483; ≡ Bureavella villamilii (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia, n.s., 3 (1963) 331; ≡ Sideroxylon villamilii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 59; EPFP 3 (1923) 287; EPFP 4 (1925) 246; Type: A. Villamil, Forest Bureau 19762 (PNH, holo, ?lost; US, iso), Luzon, Laguna, Jun-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Laguna, SIARGAO. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Pleioluma (Baill.) Baehni

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 July 2022
  1. Pleioluma firma (Miq.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 763; De Castro et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3773; ≡ Planchonella firma (Miq.) Dubard, Ann. Mus. Col. Mars. 20 (1912) 59; Merr., EPFP 4 (1925) 245; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 316; ≡ Pouteria firma (Miq.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 284; ≡ Beccariella firma (Miq.) Pierre, Notes Bot. Sapot. (1890) 30; ≡ Chrysophyllum firmum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 579. = Planchonella fragrans (Elmer) H.J.Lam, Proc. 6th Pacific Sc. Congr. Berkeley (1939) 680; ≡ Sideroxylon fragrans Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 871; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285. = Sideroxylon gitingense Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 873; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285. = Sideroxylon angustifolium Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 56; EPFP 3 (1923) 284. Distribution: Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Thailand to Solomon Isls. LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, including over ultramafics, 200-500m; 1000-1150m. Native.
  2. Pleioluma foxworthyi (Elmer) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 764; ≡ Planchonella foxworthyi (Elmer) H.J.Lam, Proc. 6th Pacific Sci. Congr. Berkeley (1939) 678; Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 319; ≡ Sideroxylon foxworthyi Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1836; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 285; Type: Elmer 12824 (PNH, holo, lost; P00648085, lecto; E, FI, G, L, NSW, P, US, Z, isolecto), Palawan, Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Mar-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests, 300-800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Pouteria Aubl. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni, Candollea 9 (1942) 398; ≡ Lucuma campechiana Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3 (1819) 240. Distribution: C America. Notes: Not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.
    • var. nervosa (A.DC.) Baehni, Candollea 9 (1942) 401; ≡ Lucuma nervosa A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 169. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Pouteria sapota (Jacq.) H.E.Moore & Stearn, Taxon 16 (1967) 383; ≡ Calocarpum sapota (Jacq.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 284; ≡ Sideroxylon sapota Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 1. Notes: Introduced to the Philippines during the Spanish colonial times from Mexico. Occasionally planted in Luzon. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Sarcosperma Hook.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 October 2017
  1. Sarcosperma paniculatum (King) Stapf & King, Icon. Pl. 7 (1901) t. 2690; H.J.Lam, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1948) 32; ≡ Bracea paniculata King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 64 (1895) 101. = Apoia macrocarpa (Elmer) Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 605; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; ≡ Discocalyx macrocarpa Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2781. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO. Native.

Sersalisia R.Br.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2013
  1. Sersalisia luzoniensis (Merr.) Swenson, Taxon 62 (2013) 766; ≡ Pouteria luzoniensis (Merr.) Baehni, Mem. Sapot. Candollea 9 (1942) 365; Herrman-Erlee & Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 461; ≡ Lucuma luzoniensis (Merr.) H.J.Lam, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 7 (1925) 227; ≡ Fontbrunea luzoniensis (Merr.) Aubrév., Adansonia 3 (1962) 333; ≡ Sideroxylon luzoniense Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 222; EPFP 3 (1923) 286; EPFP 4 (1925) 246; Type: Foxworthy 127 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Rizal, Jan-1906. Distribution: Java, New Guinea, Philippines. LUBANG, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, TICAO. Native.
    • var. luzoniensis. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines. LUBANG, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, TICAO. Notes: Low and medium elevation thickets and forests. Native.

Xantolis Raf.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2016
  1. Xantolis parvifolia (A.DC.) P.Royen, Blumea 8 (1957) 221; ≡ Sideroxylon parvifolium (A.DC.) Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4 (1880) 124; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 286; ≡ Sapota parvifolia A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 175. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Pangasinan, MINDORO. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.

References