Salicaceae

Including Flacourtiaceae, Samydaceae

Ahernia Merr.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 October 2021

Photos
  1. Ahernia glandulosa Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 107; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 6. China, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (photos). Primary forests up to 600m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec. Photos

Casearia Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2021

Photos
  1. Casearia brevipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 326, nom. illeg., auct. non Benth.; EPFP 3 (1923) 114; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 102. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, LUZON, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte (photos). In forests along streams at low elevation. Photos
  2. Casearia euphlebia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 34; EPFP 3 (1923) 115; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 103. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Low elevation forests. Photos
  3. Casearia fuliginosa (Blanco) Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 262; --EPFP 3 (1923) 115; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 92; --Anavinga fuliginosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 372. --Casearia glauciramea Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1517; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 115. --Casearia nitens Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 412. Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU (photos), DINAGAT, LUZON, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos), MINDORO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN, TICAO, TAWI-TAWI. Rather common in thickets and secondary forests below 250m, also near the sea, often on sandy or gravelly river banks and along creeks. Photos
  4. Casearia grewiifolia Vent., Choix (1803) 48; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 92. Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos
  5. Casearia loheri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 115; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, (1954) 104. --Casearia elliptifolia Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 115. --Casearia paucinervia Merr. & Quisumb., PJS 82 (1953) 331. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests up to 660m. Photos
  6. Casearia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 410; EPFP 3 (1923) 116; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 96. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Once collected. In forests along streams at c. 200m.
  7. Casearia phanerophlebia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 277; EPFP 3 (1923) 116; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 96. --Casearia wenzelii Merr. & Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 54. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, LEYTE, MINDANAO. In primary and secondary forests, on moist soil, c 150-500m. Photos
  8. Casearia philippinensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 116; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 95. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, SAMAR, MINDANAO. In forests along streams from low elevation up to 850m.
  9. Casearia trivalvis (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 275; EPFP 3 (1923) 116; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 91; --Samyda trivalvis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 374; --Type: Mabesa 2 (Merrill Species Blancoanae 893) (US, neo), Luzon: Laguna, Los Baños, 25-Mar-1915. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MARINDUQUE, MINDORO. Primary forests up to 800m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec.
  10. Casearia tuberculata Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1850) 254; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 99. --Casearia hydnocarpoides Quisumb., PJS 76 (1944) 54; --Type: Merrill 9366 (L, isotype fragment and carbon rubbings of leaf), Palawan: Taytay, forested slopes at low elevation, 9-May-1913. Sumatra, Java, Philippines. PALAWAN. Once found in Taytay at low elevation on forested slopes.

Flacourtia L’Her.

Last edited by John Paul Collantes & Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2020

Photos
  1. Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 377; EPFP 3 (1923) 112; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 76; --Gmelina indica Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 132. --Flacourtia sepiaria Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1 (1796) 48; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 334. Africa, India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Philippines, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Zambales, Tarlac, Bataan, Rizal, Batangas, MINDORO. Dry thickets at low elevation.
  2. Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 3 (1797) 290; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 72; --Stigmarota jangomas Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 634. Not known in the wild state, possibly originating from Indo-Myanmar region; now cultivated throughout the tropics around villages as a fruit tree, especially in E Africa, India, SE Asia. Lowlands to 600m. Cultivated only? Photos
  3. Flacourtia rukam Zoll. & Mor., Syst. Verz. (1854) 33; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 113; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 73. --Flacourtia euphlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 324; EPFP 3 (1923) 112. --Flacourtia peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3808. Borneo, Pacific Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, Batangas, Sorsogon, POLILLO, MINDORO, NEGROS, CEBU, DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan, BASILAN. Forests at low and medium elevation. Also cultivated for its edible fruits. Photos
  4. Flacourtia zippelii Slooten, Bijdr. Flac. (1919) 128; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 70. --Flacourtia inermis auct. non Roxb.; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 99. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, New Britain. LUZON, POLILLO, MINDORO, MINDANAO, DINAGAT.

Homalium Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 October 2021

Photos
  1. Homalium barandae S.Vidal ex Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 110; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 53. --Homalium loheri Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 297; EPFP 3 (1923) 110; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 56. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Rizal, Batangas. In forests at low and medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Sleumer’s view that Homalium barandae is a mere tomentose form of Homalium loheri is here supported; the former name has priority.
  2. Homalium bracteatum Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) 37; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 110; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 61. --Homalium curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 297; EPFP 3 (1923) 110. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  3. Homalium foetidum (Roxb.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4 (1860) 37; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 57. --Homalium luzoniense Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 111. --Homalium platyphyllum Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 36; EPFP 3 (1923) 111. New Guinea, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON, CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO. In thickets or rainforests, often along river banks, on clayey or sandy, often stony, whether or not periodically inundated soil, 20-200(-350)m.
  4. Homalium gitingense Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1513; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 110; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 62. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting), DINAGAT (photos by Danilo Tandang), MINDANAO: Surigao. Forests along streams, on reddish soil with a gravelly subsoil, 150m. Photos
  5. Homalium multiflorum Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 35; EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 56. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet, Bataan, Rizal. In forests up to 1500m.
  6. Homalium oblongifolium Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 59. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Once found. Primary forests at low elevation.
  7. Homalium palawanense Regalado, Soejarto & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 57 (2000) 317; --Type: Soejarto, Fernando and Sagcal 8790 (PNH, holo; A, E, F, L, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Mantalingahan, Sindurapi Peak. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Montane forest, 800-1150m.
  8. Homalium panayanum Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 55. --Homalium obovatum Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 37; EPFP 4 (1925) 253. Borneo (Sabah), Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN, GUIMARAS, SIBUYAN. On ridges in forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1400m. Photos
  9. Homalium ramosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 61. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Once found. Forested slopes, c. 450m.
  10. Homalium samarense Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 199; EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 59. --Homalium polillense Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 38; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; --Type: Loher 14535. --Homalium villosum Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 37; EPFP 3 (1923) 112. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, POLILLO, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low elevation.
  11. Homalium villarianum S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 142; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 111; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 61. --Homalium sorsogonense Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 325. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay (photos), MINDANAO, ?PANAY, ?SAMAR. Forests up to 400m. Photos

Osmelia Thwaites

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 October 2021

Photos
  1. Osmelia philippina (Turcz.) Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5 Suppl. 2 (1861) 89, as ‘philippinensis’; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 114; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 79; --Stachycrater philippinus Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(1) (1858) 465. --Osmelia conferta Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5 Suppl. 2 (1861) 89; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 113. --Osmelia celebica Koord., Meded. Lands Plant. 19 (1899) 624; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 113. --Osmelia subrotundifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2655; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 114. --Dichapetalum spicatum Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 299. --Osmelia bartletii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 246. --Osmelia euspicata Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2653. Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Philippines. CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Agusan, Surigao, PANAY, SAMAR, TABLAS. Lowland forests, ascending to 500m. Photos

Salix L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 October 2021

Photos
  1. Salix tetrasperma Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1 (1795) 66; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 22; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 107. Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Bulacan, Rizal, BOHOL, MINDANAO. In forests in swamps and near streams at low and medium elevation. Photos

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Salix babylonica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1017; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 109. China, Korea. LUZON. Known from one sterile specimen. Cultivated, not naturalized. Photos

Scolopia Schreb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 October 2021

Photos
  1. Scolopia luzonensis (C.Presl) Warb. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 6a (1893) 30; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 109; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 11; --Dasianthera luzoniensis C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 90. --Scolopia saeva auct. non (Hance) Hance; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 109. Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines. CATANDUANES, GUIMARAS, LUZON, MASBATE, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PANAY. Dry thickets and secondary forests, up to 680m, often common on clayey soil or along the beach, also on limestone. Fl. Sep-Mar; fr. Apr-Jun. Photos
  2. Scolopia spinosa (Roxb.) Warb. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3, 6a (1893) 29; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 110; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 10. Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. PALAWAN.

Incertae sedis:

  1. Scolopia oldhamii Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. v 5 (1966) 206; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 109. China, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. Not accounted for in Sleumer (1954).

Xylosma G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 October 2021

Photos
  1. Xylosma luzonensis (C.Presl) Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat. iv, 8 (1857) 229; --Merr., EPFP   3 (1923) 112; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 68; --Prockia luzonensis C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 94. --Flacourtia lanceolata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 455; EPFP 3 (1923) 113. --Xylosma cumingii Clos, Ann. Sc. Nat. IV, 8 (1857) 231. Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Sulawesi, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, La Union, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Thickets and (mostly secondary) forests at low elevation, ascending to c. 1700m.
  2. Xylosma palawanensis Mend., PJS 93 (1964) 514; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 944b; --Type: PNH 80778 Gutierrez (PNH, syn; A, L, K, US, isosyn); PNH 80769 Gutierrez  & Espiritu (PNH, syn; A, L, K, US, isosyn). Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. On limestone hill. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Xylosma suluensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 324; EPFP 3 (1923) 112; --Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1954) 66. Borneo, Moluccas, Philippines. CEBU (photos), TAWI-TAWI. Thickets behind the beach forest. Photos

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Jacobs, M. 1954. Salicaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 107-110

Kiger, RW. 1984. Exclusions from Samyda Jacq. (Flacourtiaceae). Taxon 33: 445-468.

Sleumer, H. 1954. Flacourtiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 1-106

Sleumer, H. 1954. Florae Malesianae Precursores VII. New Malaysian Flacourtiaceae. Blumea 7: 484-497

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 15 December 2021