Putranjivaceae

Drypetes Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 July 2022
  1. Drypetes bawanii (Merr.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 38 (1983) 68; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 21; ≡ Cyclostemon bawanii Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 397; EPFP 2 (1923) 405; Type: FB 25357 Bawan (A, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Atimonan, 12-Apr-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Tayabas. Notes: Lowland forests, along streams and slopes, 100-300m. Native.
  2. Drypetes congestiflora Chun & T.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8 (1963) 275; ≡ Drypetes confertiflora auct. non (Hook.f.) Pax & K.Hoffm.; Merr. & Chun, Sunyatsenia 2 (1935) 259. Distribution: China, Philippines. Native.
  3. Drypetes convoluta Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 19 (1965) 307; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 21; Type: BS 13810 Ramos (K, lecto; A, L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan, Jan-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Native.
  4. Drypetes cumingii (Baill.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 238; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 21; ≡ Cyclostemon cumingii Baill., Étud. Gén. Euph. (1858) 562, as ‘cummingii’; Müll.Arg. in DC., Prodr. 152 (1866) 485; S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 142; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 238; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: Cuming 1695 (G-DC, lecto; BM, G, K, L, M, P, isolecto), Samar. = Cyclostemon iwahigensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1911) 1278; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Levin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 73 (2021) 379; Type: Elmer 12695 (NY, lecto; E, G, HBG, K, L, U, isolecto), Palawan: Palawan, Brookes Point, Addison Peak, Feb-1911. Distribution: China, Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Synonym of Drypetes littoralis (C.B.Rob.) Merr.?. The description of the flowers and No. 13175 of Cyclostemon iwahigensis Elmer in Elmer (1911) do not belong to this species. Native.
  5. Drypetes ellipsoidea (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich Euphorb.-Phyllanthoid.-Phyllanth. (1922) 250; ≡ Cyclostemon ellipsoideus Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 369; EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: Wenzel 828 (A, lecto; BM, GH, US, isolecto), Leyte: Buenavista near Jaro, in forests, c. 500m, 3-Jun-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Notes: Synonym of Drypetes celebica (Boerl. & Koord.) Pax & K.Hoffm.? Native.
  6. Drypetes falcata (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 250; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; ≡ Cyclostemon falcatus Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 415; EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: BS 4033 E. Fenix (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Camiguin de Babuyanes: along the seashore, 22-Jun-1907. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Along the seashore. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  7. Drypetes gitingensis (Elmer) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 250; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; ≡ Cyclostemon gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 912; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: Elmer 12317 (NY, lecto; A, E, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, U, US, isolecto), Sibuyan: Magallanes (=Magdiwang), Mt Giting-giting, Apr-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Lowland forests along streams, c. 300m. Native.
  8. Drypetes globosa (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 247; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; ≡ Cyclostemon globosus Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 478; EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: BS 21362 Escritor (NY, lecto; F, K, L, SING, US, isolecto), Cuyo, 20-Jul-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CUYO ARCHIPELAGO, LUZON: Sorsogon, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland thickets and forests. Native.
  9. Drypetes grandifolia (C.B.Rob.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 245; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; ≡ Cyclostemon grandifolius C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 197; EPFP 2 (1923) 406; Type: FB 6554 Hutchinson (US, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Lumbiag, 40m, 22-Feb-1907. = Drypetes megacarpa (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 6 (1924) 248; ≡ Cyclostemon megacarpus Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 387; EPFP 2 (1923) 407; Type: BS 14953 (A, lecto), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, in forests, Jun-1912. = Cyclostemon ramiflorus Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 387; Type: FB 13640 Curran & Foxworthy (US, lecto), Negros: Negros Occidental, Mt Marapara, on forested ridges, c. 700m, Sep-1909. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: In primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  10. Drypetes heptandra Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 254; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; Type: Whitford & Hutchinson 9336 (US, lecto; L, NY, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Port Banga, Jan/Feb-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Sur, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  11. Drypetes littoralis (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 380; Airy Shaw, Euph. Born. (1975) 103; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; ≡ Cyclostemon littoralis C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 198; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 407; Type: R.S. Williams 377 (NY, lecto; GH, K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan, along the coast at Lamao River, Mt Mariveles, staminate, 30-Dec-1903. = Cyclostemon mindorensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 479; EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: BS 21311 Escritor (NY, lecto; A, F, GH, K, L, P, SING, US, VT, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Naujan, Jul-1913. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Misamis, MINDORO, PALAWAN, ?SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests, also along the seashore. Native.
  12. Drypetes longifolia (Blume) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 245; Airy Shaw, Euph. Born. (1975) 103; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 22; Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 88; ≡ Cyclostemon longifolius Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 598. = Cyclostemon bordenii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 26; EPFP 2 (1923) 405; Type: FB 333 P.T. Barnes (US, lecto; F, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan, Lamao River, Feb-1904. = Cyclostemon incarnatus Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2639, as 'incarnata'; Levin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 73 (2021) 379; Type: Elmer 13265 (NY, lecto; A, G, GH, HBG, K, L, P, U, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. = Cyclostemon merrittii Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 913; Type: Elmer 12247 (NY, lecto; BISH, G, HBG, L, MO, US, isolecto), Sibuyan: Magallanes, Mt Giting-Giting, Apr-1910. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BABUYAN ISLS, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: In primary forests at low elevation. Common. Native.
  13. Drypetes maquilingensis (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 240; Airy Shaw, Euph. Born. (1975) 104; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 23; ≡ Cyclostemon maquilingensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 477; EPFP 2 (1923) 407; Type: FB 20877 Villamil (US, lecto), Luzon: Laguna, Mt Makiling, Feb-1914. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Zamboanga. Notes: Lowland forests, ascending to 700m. Native.
  14. Drypetes microphylla (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 237; Airy Shaw, Euph. Born. (1975) 105; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 23; Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 88; ≡ Cyclostemon microphyllus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 27; EPFP 2 (1923) 407; Type: FB 175 P.T. Barnes (US, neo; BM, CAL, F, NY, P, isoneo), Luzon: Bataan, Lamao River, Jan-1904. = Cyclostemon oligophlebium Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 398; EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: FB 12210 R. Rosenbluth (NY, lecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Bongabong River, 21-May-1908. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Sorsogon, MASBATE, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Throughout Luzon. Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  15. Drypetes mindanaensis (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 248; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 23; ≡ Cyclostemon mindanaensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 479; EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: FB 12458 V. Tarrosa (US, lecto; K, NY, P, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Lumbiag, 21-Jul-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Zamboanga. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Synonym of Drypetes sibuyanensis (Elmer) Pax & K.Hoffm.? Native.
  16. Drypetes monosperma (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 255; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 23; ≡ Cyclostemon monospermus Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 76; EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: FB 2802 Meyer (NY, lecto; F, K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, 3-Mar-1905. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, CALAYAN, LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MINDORO. Notes: In primary forests at low and medium elevation ascending to 1300m. Native.
  17. Drypetes ovalis (J.J.Sm.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich Euphorb.-Phyllanthoid.-Phyllanth. (1922) 269; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 23; ≡ Hemicyclia ovalis J.J.Sm., Meded. Dept. Landbouw 10 (1910) 221; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 409. = Drypetes calcicola (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 266; ≡ Cyclostemon calcicola Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 478; Type: Merrill 9430 (US, lecto; BRI, CM, K, isolecto), Palawan: Taytay Bay, on a small limestone island known as Apulit, in dry thickets and crevices and ravines, steep slopes, c. 10m, 31-May-1913. Distribution: Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi. MALAMAWI, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland thickets and forests on limestone. Native.
  18. Drypetes rhakodiskos (Hassk.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 19 (1965) 300; Kew Bull. 27 (1972) 76; Euph. Born. (1975) 106; Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 88. = Cyclostemon palawanensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 480; EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: Merrill 9451(BM, lecto; K, NY, US, isolecto), Palawan: Lake Manguao, on dry forested ridges, c. 80m, 27-Apr-1913. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland dry forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  19. Drypetes sibuyanensis (Elmer) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 247; Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 23 (1969) 59; Euph. Born. (1975) 108; Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 24; ≡ Cyclostemon sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 914; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 408; Type: Elmer 12275 (NY, lecto; A, BISH, BM, E, F, G, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, P, U, US), Sibuyan: Magallanes (Magdiwang), Mt Giting-giting, Apr-1910. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. SIBUYAN. Notes: Lowland forests, c. 225m. Native.
  20. Drypetes subcrenata (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 274; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 24; ≡ Hemicyclia subcrenata (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 409; ≡ Cyclostemon subcrenatus Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 388; Type: FB 21567 Tamesis (A, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Batangas, near Sto Tomas, in forests at c. 200m, 22-May-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BANCALAN, LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Drypetes celebica (Boerl. & Koord.) Pax & K.Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 81 (1922) 272; Airy Shaw, Alphab. Enum. Euph. Philipp. (1983) 21; ≡ Cyclostemon celebicus Boerl. & Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19 (1898) 591. Distribution: New Guinea, ?Philippines, Sulawesi. ?BANCALAN, ?LEYTE, ?LUZON: ?Quezon, ?SAMAR. Notes: Note: these locality records might pertain to Drypetes ellipsoidea (Merr.) Pax & K.Hoffm. Lowland forests.

Putranjiva Wall.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 July 2022
  1. Putranjiva roxburghii Wall., Tent. Fl. Napal. (1826) 61; ≡ Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurus., J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6 (1954) 335. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Known from the Philippines from Barbon, Garcia & Sagcal PPI 6064 (L) and Fox 9213 (L). Native.

References