Proteaceae

Grevillea R.Br. ex Knight (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Grevillea banksii R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. 10 (1810) 176; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 155. Notes: Native of Australia. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Grevillea robusta A.Cunn. ex R.Br., Prot. Nov. (1830) 24; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 155. Notes: Native of Australia. Occasionally cultivated in the Philippines as an ornamental or shade tree. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Helicia Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 April 2024
  1. Helicia danlagunzadii Malabrigo, Eduarte, A.G.Umali, A.B.Tobias & Navidad, PJS 152 (2023) 584; Type: Malabrigo 1605 (LBC, holo; CAHUP, PNH, iso), Palawan: Rizal, Brgy Ransang, Mt Mantalingahan Protected Landscape, 1360m, 25-Jul-2019. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (Malabrigo et al. 2023). Native.
  2. Helicia graciliflora Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 132; EPFP 2 (1923) 99; Type: Mrs. Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Apr & Sep-1907. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental. Notes: 700m. Native.
  3. Helicia loranthoides C.Presl, Epim. (1851) 247; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 100; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 169. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Cagayan, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, NEGROS (photos), PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Helicia paucinervia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 247; EPFP 2 (1923) 100; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific Biodiv. 17 (2024) 12; Type: BS 34610 Ramos & Pascasio (US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte, 300m, 25-Apr-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE (photos), DINAGAT, HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, Surigao, Surigao del Norte. Notes: Along river banks on iron deposits, 300m. Native.
  5. Helicia rigidiflora Sleumer, Blumea 8 (1955) 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 170. ≠ Helicia loranthoides auct. non C.Presl; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 99, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte (photos), MINDORO. Notes: Forests, probably in the higher regions. Fl. May-Jul; fr. Apr. Native.
  6. Helicia robusta (Roxb.) R.Br. ex Blume, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 1 (1834) 220; Sleumer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 184; ≡ Roupala robusta Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 366. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Aurora (photos), Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Sur, Isabela (photos), Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, South Cotabato, Surigao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Native.
    • var. robusta; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific Biodiv. 17 (2024) 12. = Helicia cumingiana C.Presl, Epim. (1851) 246; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 99. = Helicia cumingiana var. parvifolia Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 99. = Helicia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 6; EPFP 2 (1923) 100. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, Surigao, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: Primary and secondary rainforests, on steep slopes and hills, not rarely on clayey ground, also on volcanic sands, along creeks or near swamps, from the lowlands up to 1600(-1900)m, scattered but occasionally common. Fl. throughout the year, mainly May-Aug; fr. mainly Jul-Sep(-Nov). Native.
    • var. integrifolia (Elmer) Sleumer, Blumea 8 (1955) 57; Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1955) 186; ≡ Helicia integrifolia Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2798; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 99. = Helicia integra Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 301; EPFP 2 (1923) 99. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, MINDORO. Native.

Heliciopsis Sleumer

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 August 2021
  1. Heliciopsis artocarpoides (Elmer) Sleumer, Blumea 8 (1955) 83; ≡ Helicia artocarpoides Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1826; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 99. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Norte (photos), PALAWAN. Notes: In rainforest, up to 900m, on well-drained slopes, ridges and steep river banks, apparently scattered. Fl. Feb, Apr-Oct; fr. Oct. Native.

References