Primulaceae

Myrsinaceae, Maesaceae, Aegicerataceae

Aegiceras Gaertn.

  1. Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 79; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 255; ≡ Rhizophora corniculata L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 13. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Aegiceras floridum Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 512; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 256. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.

Amblyanthopsis Mez

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 July 2020
  1. Amblyanthopsis philippinensis Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 274; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 266; Type: Merrill 3881, Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests along small streams, c. 800m. Note by P.B. Pelser (19-Jul-20): According to Merrill (1923) perhaps better placed in Discocalyx. Native.

Androsace L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 August 2019
  1. Androsace umbellata (Lour.) Merr., PJS 15 (1919) 237; EPFP 3 (1923) 274; ≡ Primula umbellata (Lour.) Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 191; ≡ Drosera umbellata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 186. Distribution: Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Mountain Province. Notes: Montane forests in shaded moist places, 1300-1500m. Native.

Ardisia Sw.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 May 2022
  1. Ardisia alverezii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 484; EPFP 4 (1925) 250. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CALAYAN, LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan. Notes: Forests at low elevations. Native.
  2. Ardisia basilanensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 153; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 256. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  3. Ardisia brevipetiolata (Merr.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 256; ≡ Ardisia serrata var. brevipetiolata Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 296; Type: Merrill 4049, Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Baco River near base of Mt Halcon. = Ardisia sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1497; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, also reported along streams, 225-550m. Ardisia sibuyanensis is a form with entire leaves. Native.
  4. Ardisia calavitensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 423; EPFP 3 (1923) 256. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  5. Ardisia castaneifolia Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 138; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan. Notes: Probably in forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  6. Ardisia confertiflora Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 213; EPFP 3 (1923) 257; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 290. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN, BATAN, FUGA, MINDORO. Notes: Low elevation thickets. Native.
  7. Ardisia copelandii Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 272; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 290. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao. Notes: Primary forests, 600-1000m. Native.
  8. Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A.DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. 17 (1834) 124; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 291; ≡ Bladhia crispa Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 237. Distribution: Borneo, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Zambales, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Chiefly in the mossy forest, 800-2200m. Native.
  9. Ardisia cumingiana A.DC., Prod. 8 (1844) 136; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257. = Ardisia centenoi S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 30; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 290. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Sur. Notes: Ravines, up to 1500m. Native.
  10. Ardisia curranii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 214; EPFP 3 (1923) 258; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 291. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  11. Ardisia curtiflora Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2778; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 258. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1600m. Native.
  12. Ardisia cymosa Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 689; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 393. = Ardisia cagayanensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 323; EPFP 3 (1923) 256. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation (as Ardisia cagayanensis Merr.). Native.
  13. Ardisia darlingii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 215; EPFP 3 (1923) 258; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 398; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1498; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 258. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
    • var. darlingii. Distribution: LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Mossy forests and ridges c. 800-1800m.
  14. Ardisia diffusa Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 216; EPFP 3 (1923) 258; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental, Zamboanga del Norte. Notes: Forests, probably at medium elevation. Native.
  15. Ardisia elliptica Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. 8 (1798) 119; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia sorsogonensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 264, nom. inval. = Ardisia squamulosa C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1830) 65; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263. = Ardisia pirifolia Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 129; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. = Ardisia verrucosa C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 66; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 265. = Ardisia negroensis Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 411; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, La Union, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: In most or all islands and provinces. Common in primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1000m. According to Merrill (1923), a tree rather than a shrub, not certainly distinct from Ardisia obovata Blume. Note by L.L.Co: Ardisia verrucosa is hardly distinguishable from Ardisia squamulosa. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Ardisia squamulosa). Native.
  16. Ardisia elmeri Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 273; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 258; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292; Type: Elmer 6493 (MO, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, Jun-1904. = Ardisia fragrans Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 664; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 258; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292; Type: Elmer 11647 (US, lecto; BISH, GH, L, MO, NA, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Sep-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Mountain Province, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Humid lower and midmontane forests, damp ravines, 1200-1600m. Native.
  17. Ardisia geissanthoides Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 412; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 258; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia glauca Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 412; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDORO. Notes: Mossy forest, 1800-2000m. Native.
  18. Ardisia ilocana Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 443; EPFP 3 (1923) 259. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: Forests, 500m. Native.
  19. Ardisia iwahigensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1817; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 259. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Known from Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar = Thumb Peak). Damp primary forests, c. 225m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  20. Ardisia kalimbahin Magtoto, Phytotaxa 525 (2021) 296; Type: PTI-PCWFRI-96 with L.M. Magtoto & L. Udasco (PNH, holo; CAHUP, LBC9579, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed Forest Reserve (PCWFR), Carranglan, Sitio Binbin, 920m, 13-Mar-2021. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Magtoto et al. 2021). Native.
  21. Ardisia keithleyi Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 259; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia oblongifolia Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 219, nom. illeg., non Gamble. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga, NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests, c. 650m. Native.
  22. Ardisia laxiflora Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 153; EPFP 3 (1923) 259; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Lanao del Norte. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  23. Ardisia leytensis Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) 386; Type: Wenzel s.n., Leyte, Dagami, 5-Jun-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Native.
  24. Ardisia loheri Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 152; EPFP 3 (1923) 259; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU, LUZON: Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1200m. Native.
  25. Ardisia longipetiolata Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 259. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte. Notes: Damp primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  26. Ardisia macgregorii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 217; EPFP 3 (1923) 260; Type: BS 1722 McGregor (US, lecto), Cebu: near Toledo. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, SAMAR. Notes: In thickets and forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  27. Ardisia marginata Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 688; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. = Ardisia apoensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 663; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 256. = Ardisia cincta Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 312; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 290. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines. BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation, also on forested ridges to 1200m. Native.
  28. Ardisia mezii Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 440; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 260. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Primary forests, 700-1200m. Native.
  29. Ardisia milleflora Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 410; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental. Native.
  30. Ardisia mindanaensis Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 102; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 260; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao. Notes: Primary forests, 500-1000m. Native.
  31. Ardisia mirandae Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 154; EPFP 3 (1923) 260; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur. Notes: Exposed peaks and ridges in the mossy forest, c. 700m. Native.
  32. Ardisia nigromaculata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 49; EPFP 3 (1923) 260; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Quezon, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1000m. Native.
  33. Ardisia oreophila C.M.Hu, Blumea 47 (2002) 496; Type: Soejarto, Fernando & Sagcal 8828 (L, holo), Palawan: Brookes Point, Mt Mantalingahan. Ridges and slopes of Sindurapi Peak, 1100m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  34. Ardisia palawanensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 220; EPFP 3 (1923) 261. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Undershrub in lowland flat forest. Native.
  35. Ardisia polysticta Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. 1 (1861) 576; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 395; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. = Ardisia jagorii Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 148; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 259. = Ardisia pardalina Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 148; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261. = Ardisia ramosii Merr., PJS 7 (1912) 148; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 395. = Ardisia sinuato-crenata Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 148; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests from low to high elevation, in mossy forest ascending to 2300m (as Ardisia pardalina and Ardisia ramosii). Native.
  36. Ardisia pulchella Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 410; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Mossy forests, 2000-2400m. Native.
  37. Ardisia purpurea Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 684; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. = Ardisia lanceolata Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2 (1824) 275, nom. illeg., non C.F.Gaertn.; Hort. Beng. (1814) 85, nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 259; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 401. = Ardisia clementis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 665; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257. = Ardisia lanaensis Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 411. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BASILAN, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga. Notes: Primary forests, from the lowlands (sometimes near the seashore) to 1100m. Native.
  38. Ardisia pusilla A.DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. 17 (1836) 126. = Ardisia reptans Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 220; EPFP 3 (1923) 262; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Pampanga. Notes: Forested ravines, c. 1350m. Native.
  39. Ardisia pyramidalis (Cav.) Pers., Syn. 1 (1805) 233; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261; ≡ Anguillaria pyramidalis Cav., Icon. 6 (1800) 1. = Ardisia perrottetiana A.DC., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 16 (1841) 95. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: In most islands and provinces in the Philippines. Primary forests at low and medium elevation, often common. Native.
  40. Ardisia racemosopaniculata Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 273; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 262; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, North Cotabato, Surigao del Norte. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1600m. Native.
  41. Ardisia reynosoi Stone, Sida 16 (1994) 263; Type: Argent & Reynoso 89-163 (PNH, holo; AAU, E, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, above Magdiwang on ridge leading to Mayo’s Peak, grassy area above Camp 3, 1400m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Native.
  42. Ardisia rivularis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 262. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: In forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  43. Ardisia romanii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1820; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 262. = Ardisia magnifica Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 413; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  44. Ardisia saligna Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 143; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 262; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. = Ardisia macropus Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 415; EPFP 3 (1923) 260; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, NEGROS, POLILLO. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1000m. Native.
  45. Ardisia samarensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 151; EPFP 3 (1923) 263. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Damp primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  46. Ardisia scabrida Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 118; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294. = Ardisia punctata auct. non Lindl.; Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 439; Type: Elmer 10385 (A, iso?), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mtns, Jun-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis, NEGROS, SULU. Notes: Forests, 600-1300m. Native.
  47. Ardisia scalaris Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 142; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests along streams at low elevation. According to Merrill (1923), very similar to Ardisia saligna Mez. Native.
  48. Ardisia serrata (Cav.) Pers., Syn. 1 (1805) 233; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 263; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 398; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 294; ≡ Anguillaria serrata Cav., Icon. 6 (1800) 2. = Ardisia luzonensis C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 65; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. = Ardisia angustifolia A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 134; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 256. = Ardisia abanii Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 142 (1990) 53. = Ardisia mindorensis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 218; EPFP 3 (1923) 260. = Ardisia oligocarpa Merr., J. Arn. Arb. 35 (1954) 148. = Ardisia oligantha auct. non Baker; Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 146; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 260. = Ardisia whitfordii Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 271; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 265. = Ardisia grandidens Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 137; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 259; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia curtipes Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 372; EPFP 3 (1923) 258. = Ardisia dataensis Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 414. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests from lowland to mossy, on ridges, to 2400m. Data compiled from distribution range of above-cited synonyms, excepting Ardisia abanii Stone and Ardisia oligocarpa Merr. Native.
  49. Ardisia stichantha B.C.Stone, Pacific Sci. 47 (1993) 290; Type: BS 29315 Ramos & Edaño (US, holo), Luzon: Rizal, Mt Susong-Dalaga. Aug-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Native.
  50. Ardisia sulcata Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 112; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 264; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295; Type: Warburg 12286. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Tayabas, SAMAR. Notes: Damp primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  51. Ardisia tayabensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 156; EPFP 3 (1923) 264; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon. Notes: Primary forests at or above 300m. Native.
  52. Ardisia taytayensis Merr., J. Arnold Arbor. 35 (1954) 148. = Ardisia pachyphylla auct. non Dunn; Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 154; EPFP 3 (1923) 260. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BALABAC, PALAWAN. Notes: Dry thickets and borders of forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  53. Ardisia tomentosa C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 66; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 265; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 397; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295. = Ardisia disticha A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 129; ≡ Pimelandra disticha (A.DC.) Fern.-Vill., Nov. App. (1880) 123; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 292. = Ardisia philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 128; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261; Type: Cuming 1467. = Ardisia cuprea Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2777; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 257; Type: Elmer 13287 (C, L, NY 2 sheets, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. = Ardisia peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3764, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Type: Elmer 16615 (C, NA, NY, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin, Mt Bulusan. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao, PANAY. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 450m. Native.
  54. Ardisia villosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2 (1824) 272. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  55. Ardisia warburgiana Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 143; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 265; C.M.Hu, Blumea 44 (1999) 396; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295. = Ardisia proteifolia Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 143; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 261. = Ardisia sibulanensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 662; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 295. = Ardisia membranifolia Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 415; Molina & Buot, J. New Biol. Rep. 9 (2020) 293. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija (photos), Pampanga, Rizal (photos), Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Forests from low elevation to 1700m. Native.
  56. Ardisia yatesii Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 155; EPFP 3 (1923) 266. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Primary forests, 350-400m. Closely allied to Ardisia tomentosa C.Presl. Native.
  57. Ardisia zambalensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 266. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. Notes: Exposed forested ridges, 1000-1400m. Native.

Discocalyx (DC.) Mez

Last edited by Jayson Mansibang & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 February 2022
  1. Discocalyx angustifolia Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 214; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 266; Type: Gaudichaud 299 (P). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, PANAY. Notes: Low elevation damp primary forests. Native.
  2. Discocalyx angustissima Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 143; EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: BS 10478 Merrill (A, K, NH lost?, US), Luzon: Quezon, Alabat, 76m, 24-Dec-1916. = Discocalyx longissima Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 302; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: BS 34456 Ramos & Pascasio. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests, rocky slopes. Discocalyx longissima is said to differ from Discocalyx angustissima by its entire leaf margin. The type of the former in US has minute teeth. Native.
  3. Discocalyx brachybotrya Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 424; EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: BS 37463 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Low elevation forests along streams. Native.
  4. Discocalyx cybianthoides (A.DC.) Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 213; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 267; ≡ Badula cybianthoides A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 107. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MASBATE, MINDORO. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests, often common. Native.
  5. Discocalyx effusa Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 213; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: Vidal 3163 (K), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Caraballo Mts, Mar-1886. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Low and medium elevation damp primary forests. Native.
  6. Discocalyx euphlebia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 144; EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: BS 17646 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Low elevation damp primary forests. Native.
  7. Discocalyx filipes Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 422; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: BS 1857 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  8. Discocalyx hymenandroides Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 422; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 267; Type: FB 5096 Curran. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Rizal. Notes: Medium elevation damp forests, ascending to 1400m in Benguet. Native.
  9. Discocalyx insignis Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 221; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: FB 7616 Hutchinson, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Agusan River valley near Amparo, in forests, c. 130m, 26-Aug-1907. = Discocalyx congestiflora Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2780; Type: Elmer 13724 (BISH, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, NEGROS. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.
  10. Discocalyx leytensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 485; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; Type: BS 41709 Edaño (US, iso), Leyte: Mt Abucayan. Feb-1923. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: In primary forests. Native.
  11. Discocalyx linearifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 441; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: Elmer 7674 (A, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban, May-1907. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Sorsogon, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIARGAO. Notes: In the Sierra Madre Range from Isabile to Quezon. Native.
  12. Discocalyx longifolia Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 325; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: BS 13181 Foxworthy & Ramos, Luzon: Quezon, Quinatacutan, Mar-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
  13. Discocalyx luzoniensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 145; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: BS 26474 (US, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Mt Umingan, forested slopes between 300-400m, 16-Aug-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija. Notes: Primary forests, c. 350m. Native.
  14. Discocalyx macrophylla Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 222; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: FB 17237 Curran (US, iso), Luzon: Cagayan, near San Vicente, forest at sea level, 8-Mar-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
  15. Discocalyx maculata Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: BS 13967 Ramos, Luzon: Cagayan, Abulug River, in forest, Feb-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Low elevation forests. Native.
  16. Discocalyx merrillii Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 274; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: Merrill 3745 (US, syn), Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles, Jan-1904; Whitford 213 (syn); FB 139 Barnes (syn); FB 1348 Borden (syn), Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles along Lamao River. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1000m. Native.
  17. Discocalyx micrantha Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 146; EPFP 3 (1923) 268; Type: BS 27132 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Burgos. Low elevation forests along stream, 12-Mar-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Isabela, MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Native.
  18. Discocalyx mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 674; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269; Type: Elmer 11294 (PNH, holo, lost; A, GH, MO, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1200m. Native.
  19. Discocalyx minor Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 213; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269; Type: Comision de la Flora Forestal de Filipinas 427 (L, iso), Luzon: Bulacan, Angat. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora (photos), Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. minor. Distribution: LUZON: Apayao, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO. Notes: Low elevation primary forests.
    • var. oligantha Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269; Type: BS 30243 Ramos (US syn); BS 30302 Ramos (syn), Catanduanes. Nov/Dec-1917. Distribution: CATANDUANES. Notes: Low elevation damp primary forests.
  20. Discocalyx montana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 443; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269. = Discocalyx dolichopus Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 417. = Discocalyx crenulata Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 418. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDORO. Notes: Stream gullies and forested slopes, 1000-2000m. Native.
  21. Discocalyx pachyphylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 146; EPFP 3 (1923) 269. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Quezon. Notes: Damp forested slopes at medium elevation, ascending to 1000m. Native.
  22. Discocalyx palawanensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269; ≡ Discocalyx merrillii auct. non Mez; Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1821; Type: Elmer 12825 (PNH, holo, lost; A, MO, US, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), Mar-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BANCALAN, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Low elevation primary forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  23. Discocalyx phanerophlebia Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 425; EPFP 3 (1923) 269; Type: BS 38690. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Forests along streams, 1200-1400m. Native.
  24. Discocalyx philippinensis (A.DC.) Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 212; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 269; ≡ Badula philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 108. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Rizal, PANAY. Notes: Damp ravines and primary forests, extending into the mossy forest, 600-1400m. Native.
  25. Discocalyx psychotrioides Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 442; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 270. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests, 300-800m. Native.
  26. Discocalyx samarensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 147; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: FB 24004 Lasquety, Samar: Northern Samar, San Jose de Buan, along streams, 300m, 7-May-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Lowland forest, 300m. Native.
  27. Discocalyx sessilifolia Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 149; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: FB 20735 Rafael & Ponce (US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte Prov (indicated in label as Butuan Subprovince), near Butuan (according to protologue). Swamp forest at low elevation, 12-Sep-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Swamp forest at low elevation. Native.
  28. Discocalyx stenophylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 148; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: FB 24815 Pascual (US, iso), Luzon: Pangasinan, Mangatarem, among undergrowth in forests, c. 300m, 23-Nov-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests, 300-700m. Native.
  29. Discocalyx suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 420; Type: BS 44293 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Tawi-tawi, damp forests at low elevation, Jul-1924. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  30. Discocalyx tecsonii Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 150; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: FB 24683 Tecson (US, iso), Basilan: Tumakis, in forest, 20m, locally common, teste Tecson, 4-Nov-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental. Notes: Low elevation primary forests, 10-100m. Native.
  31. Discocalyx vidalii Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 213; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: Vidal 423, Luzon: Quezon, Mt Banahaw. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (photos), Quezon. Notes: Perhaps also represented by BS 33312 Ramos, 29288 Ramos & Edaño; from primary forests, c. 300m. Native.
  32. Discocalyx xiphophylla Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 185; Type: BS 45678 Ramos & Edaño, Luzon: Aurora, Mt Alzapan, in forests, c. 1800m, 6-Jun-1925. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Isabela (photos). Notes: Montane forests, c. 1800m. Comments from the original protologue: Belonging to the group of Discocalyx linearifolia Elmer, but totally different in its vegetative and inflorescence characters. Notably differs from Discocalyx angustissima Merr. in its entire leaves. Native.

Embelia Burm.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 December 2019
  1. Embelia bataanensis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 44; EPFP 3 (1923) 271; Type: Merrill 3207 (US, iso), Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles, 21-Oct-1903. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Ravines and forested ridges, 600-1300m. Native.
  2. Embelia coriacea Wall. ex A.DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. 17 (1834) 135; Wall., Cat. (1830) No. 2314, nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 271. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  3. Embelia elliptica Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 426; EPFP 3 (1923) 271; Type: BS 39069 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Streamside thickets, 900m. Native.
  4. Embelia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 45; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; Type: Loher 13845 (PNH, holo, ?lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Mt Oriud, Mar-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Native.
  5. Embelia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 271; Type: BS 20098 McGregor. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Medium elevation thickets or forests. Native.
  6. Embelia nigropunctata Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 271. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Low and medium elevation thickets and forests. Native.
  7. Embelia obtusiuscula Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 422; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 271; Type: Elmer 5881. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Steep slopes in thickets, c. 1200m. Native.
  8. Embelia ovatifolia Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 428; EPFP 3 (1923) 272; Type: BS 39001 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Forested slopes, c. 1200m. Native.
  9. Embelia philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 83; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 272. = Rhamnus lando Llanos, Frag. Fl. Philip. (1851) 57; Fern.-Vill. & Naves in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 41 (1880) 41. = Samara philippinensis S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) 30. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Bulacan, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao. Notes: Medium elevation forests, often common. Native.
  10. Embelia whitfordii Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 113; EPFP 3 (1923) 272; Type: Whitford 453. = Embelia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2783; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 272; Type: Elmer 13745. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Native.

Labisia Lindl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 13 November 2021
  1. Labisia pumila (Blume) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 123; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 266; Sunarno, Blumea 50 (2005) 583; ≡ Ardisia pumila Blume, Catalogus (1823) 44; Type: from Java. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. JOLO, LEYTE, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Notes: Damp primary forests up to 500m. Very rare and local in the Philippines. Native.
    • var. alata (Scheff.) Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich IV, 236 (1902) 172; Sunarno, Blumea 50 (2005) 586; ≡ Ardisia pumila var. alata Scheff., Commentatio de Myrcinaceis archipelagi indici (1867) 92; Type: from Java. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand.
    • var. pumila; Sunarno, Blumea 50 (2005) 586. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand.

Loheria Merr.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2018
  1. Loheria bracteata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 374; EPFP 3 (1923) 270; Type: Merrill 4783. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Mossy forests, 1900-2400m. Native.
  2. Loheria crassifolia (Merr.) Stone, Micronesica 24 (1991) 72; ≡ Amblyanthopsis crassifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 445; EPFP 3 (1923) 266. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Ilocos Norte. Notes: Forested slopes, c. 1000m. Native.
  3. Loheria jubilaria Stone, Micronesica 24 (1991) 74; ≡ Loheria radlkoferi (Mez) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 271, nom. illeg.; ≡ Jubilaria radlkoferi Mez, Fedde Repert. 16 (1920) 421; Type: Merrill 5743 (US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Alag River, Nov-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Notes: Low elevation damp primary forests. Native.
  4. Loheria porteana (Mez) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 271; ≡ Embelia porteana Mez, Pflanzenr. 4, 236 (1902) 302. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Rizal, POLILLO. Notes: Low elevation damp primary forests. Native.

Lysimachia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2017
  1. Lysimachia capillipes Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 26 (1889) 48; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 274; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 179. Distribution: China, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON. Notes: Damp thickets along streams, 1300-1500m. Native.
  2. Lysimachia decurrens G.Forst., Prodr. (1786) 12; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 274; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 185. Distribution: China, Himalayas, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  3. Lysimachia japonica Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 83; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 275; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 182. Native.
    • var. papuana S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. 2, 9, Bot. (1916) 102; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 183. = Lysimachia microphylla Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 221; EPFP 3 (1923) 275. Distribution: Japan, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam.
  4. Lysimachia mauritiana Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 592; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 275; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 183. Distribution: China, Indian Ocean, Japan, Korea, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. BATANES. Notes: Coastal coral rocks and beaches. Native.
  5. Lysimachia sikokiana Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 121; Bentvelzen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 178. = Lysimachia ramosa Wall. ex Duby in DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 65; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 275; Wall., Cat. (1828) No. 1490, nom. nud. Distribution: China, Japan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Mountain Province, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: Mossy forests, damp ravines, 1200-2300m. Native.

Maesa Forssk.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 November 2021
  1. Maesa cumingii Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 49; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 253; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 20; Type: Cuming 1474 (K, lecto; BM, K, W, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur, 1836-1839. = Maesa pachyphylla Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 255; Type: BS 11030 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; BM, lecto; A (fragment), isolecto), Cebu: Hills behind the City of Cebu (Merrill 1912), Mar-1912. = Maesa undulata Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 255; Type: BS 26872 Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto), Luzon: Quezon, near Pagbilao, Mar-1917. Widespread throughout the archipelago; along clearings and streams, secondary growth; 50-900m. Fl. Oct-May; fr. throughout the year. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  2. Maesa davaensis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 341; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 22; Type: BS 49123 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; UC, lecto; A, NY, P, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental, Mati, Dawau Streams, 9-Apr-1927. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Low elevation forests. Fl. & fr. Apr. This species is only known from a single locality, from a single collection made in 1927. Conservation status: Critically Endangered B1a+b(iii) (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  3. Maesa denticulata Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 48; Merr., EPFP 3 (1953) 253; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 23; Type: Warburg 15025 (E, lecto; B, isolecto, lost), Sulu Archipelago: 1888. = Maesa vulcanica Elmer in Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 253, nom. nud.; Voucher: Elmer 14966 (GH, L, PNH, UC), Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin (Mt Bulusan), Nov-1915. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. BATAN, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Batan and Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao. Forest edges, disturbed forests, secondary forests, lowland, submontane and mossy forests; 100-1550m. Fl. Dec-Aug; fr. throughout the year. Conservation status: Least Concern (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  4. Maesa ferruginea Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 254; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 24; Type: BS 7109 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto), Luzon: Abra, Mt Paraga, 7-Feb-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra. Notes: In forest, c. 3000m. Only known from two collections. Fl. Feb, May; fr. May. Maesa ferruginea is only known from Abra Province (c. 4000km2). The narrow distribution range of the species, combined with the forest habitat degradation in the Philippines, suggests that Maesa ferruginea faces a very high risk of extinction in the wild. Conservation status: Endangered B1a+b(iii) (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  5. Maesa gaudichaudii A.DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Sér. II, 16 (1841) 80; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 254; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 25; Type: Gaudichaud s.n. (G- DEL, holo), Luzon: Manila, Dec-1836. = Maesa piscatorum Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 309; Type: BS 19 Foxworthy (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; BO, GH, NSW, NY, PNH lost, isolecto), Luzon: Rizal, Jan-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Forest edges, secondary growth; 100-300m. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  6. Maesa haenkeana Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 32; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 254; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 26; Type: Haenke 471 (PR, lecto; NY, isolecto), Luzon: Sorsogon, 1792. = Maesa embelioides Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 444; Type: Elmer 7459 (B, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, E, L, LE, isolecto), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban, May-1906. = Maesa longipetiolata Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 28; EPFP 3 (1923) 254; Type: BS 23358 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; L, lecto; A, BO, K, NY, P, isolecto), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Pacdal, 5-Aug-1915. = Maesa brunnea Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 321; EPFP 3 (1923) 253; Type: BS 30500 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; A, P, isolecto), Catanduanes: Mt Mariguidon, 14-Nov to 11-Dec-1917. = Maesa cuprifolia Elmer in Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 254, nom. nud.; Voucher: Elmer 16521 (A, K, L, PNH, US), Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin (Mt Bulusan), Jul-1916. = Maesa platyphylla var. minor Elmer in Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 254, nom. nud.; Voucher: Elmer 15558 (A, BO, GH, L), Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin (Mt Bulusan), Nov-1915. = Maesa irosinensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3765, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 37; Type: Elmer 15558 (PNH, holo, lost; US, lecto; A 2 sheets, BO, C, GH, L, MO, NY 2 sheets, isolecto), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Bulusan, Nov-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Albay, Camarines, Quezon, Sorsogon, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland forests; 150-760m. F. Mar-Jul; fr. throughout the year. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  7. Maesa indica (Roxb.) A.DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. 17 (1834) 133; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 29; ≡ Baeobotrys indica Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 230. = Maesa laxa Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 32; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 254; Type: Cuming 983 (P, lecto; BM, E, K 2 sheets: Herb. Benth. & Herb. Hook., LE, MO, W 2 sheets, isolecto), Luzon: Pangasinan, 1836-1839. = Maesa elmeri Mez, PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 271; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 253; Type: Elmer 5925 (US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, Mar-1904. = Maesa grossedentata Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 309; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 255; Type: BS 1769 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto), Luzon: Rizal, Jan-1907. = Maesa ramosii Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 186; Type: BS 47272 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; A, lecto; K, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Isabela, Mt Moises, 4-Mar-1926. Widespread in SE Asia, occurring throughout the Philippines. Secondary forests, mossy forests, and upper pine forests; 100-2000m. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Conservation status: Least Concern (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  8. Maesa manillensis Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 34; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 31; Type: Calléry 2 (P, holo), Luzon: ?Mountain Province, Mt Igorrotes, May-1840. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province. Notes: Forests; 150-1500m. Fl. Feb-Mar, Nov; fr. Aug, Oct, Nov. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  9. Maesa megalobotrya Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 422; EPFP 3 (1923) 255; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 32; Type: Merrill 9176 (PNH, holo, lost; L, lecto; BO, K, NSW, NY, P, isolecto), Palawan: Taytay, Apr-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Closed broad-leaved forests over ultrabasic rock; 490-590m. Fl. Apr; fr. Apr-May. This species has only been collected twice. Conservation status: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  10. Maesa megaphylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 158; EPFP 3 (1923) 255; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 33; Type: Wenzel 1510 (PNH, holo, lost; A 2 sheets, lecto; BM, GH 2 sheets, NSW, PNH, isolecto), Leyte: Tigbao near Tacloban, 3-Aug-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, MINDANAO. Notes: Dry forests; sea level to 600m. Fl. Jun, Aug; fr. Feb, Apr, Aug, Oct. This species is only known from seven collections, the last of which was made in 1923. Conservation status: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  11. Maesa platyphylla Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 667; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 34; Type: Elmer 10570 (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; E, GH 2 sheets, K, L, LE, MO, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, May-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Primary forests; 910-1200m. Only known from two collections. Fl. May; fr. May, July and August. Conservation status: Not Threatened (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  12. Maesa reflexa Utteridge & R.M.K.Saunders, Kew Bull. 55 (2000) 981; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 34; Type: BS 38973 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo; K, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Mt Dumalucpihan, June-July 1920. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Habitat information not available but presumably from montane forests; c. 2350m. Fl. Jun-Jul; fr. Apr, Jun-Jul. Maesa reflexa is known from only two localities (three collections made in 1920 and 1949) from Bukidnon province (c. 9000 km2). The lack of collections from other areas on Mindanao (especially Mt Apo, which has been relatively well collected) implies that this species has a very restricted distribution in specific mountain ranges. Conservation status: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.
  13. Maesa stonei Utteridge & R.M.K.Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 37; Type: PNH 109009 Gutierrez, Yen & Reynoso (PNH, holo; BISH, iso), Mindanao: South Cotabato, Tasaday forest, Jul/Aug-1972. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: South Cotabato. Notes: Dipterocarp forests, c. 1220m. Fl. & fr. Jul-Aug. Maesa stonei is only known from a single locality, in an area which has not been extensively collected; the species is furthermore only known from one collection (dating from 1972). Conservation status: Data Deficient (Utteridge & Saunders 2004). Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Maesa lobuligera Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 310; Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 421; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 39; Type: BS 727 Foxworthy (PNH, holo, lost), Palawan. See Utteridge & Saunders (2004).
  2. Maesa tenera Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 28; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 43. Distribution: China, Indochina, Japan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. BATAN. Notes: In thickets on the ridge of Mt Iraya, 400m. Locally rare. Possibly synonymous with Maesa indica (Roxb.) A.DC. (Utteridge, pers. comm. 2-Jan-18).

Excluded

  1. Maesa membranacea A.DC., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Sér. II, 16 (1841) 80; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 39; Type: from Vietnam, 1836-1837, Gaudichaud, number not cited (G-DEL 2 sheets, syn). See Utteridge & Saunders (2004).
  2. Maesa philippinensis Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60 (1913) 24; Utteridge & Saunders, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 145 (2004) 39; Type: from Peninsular Malaysia. Malacca, 1839-1840, Cuming 2286 (L, iso). This is Maesa ramentacea (Roxb.) A.DC., see Utteridge & Saunders (2004).

Myrsine L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2018
  1. Myrsine amorosoana Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 126; ≡ Rapanea retusa Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 297, nom. illeg., non Aiton; EPFP 3 (1923) 274; Type: Merrill 5734 (US, lecto; K, NY, isolecto). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO, NEGROS, SIBUYAN. Notes: Mid- to high-montane mossy forests, 1400-2825m. Native.
  2. Myrsine apoensis (Elmer) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 125; ≡ Rapanea apoensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 669; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: Elmer 10629 (A, lecto; BISH, GH 2 sheets, K, L, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, May-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, North Cotabato. Notes: High-montane mossy forest, 1666-2900m. Native.
  3. Myrsine aralioides (Philipson) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 152; ≡ Rapanea aralioides Philipson, J. Bot. (London) 78 (1939) 104; Type: from Sabah. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, Surigao, PALAWAN. Notes: 150-200m in Palawan. Seen at c. 1200m on Mt Hamiguitan. On ultramafics. Native.
  4. Myrsine avenis (Blume) A.DC., Trans. Linn. Soc. 17 (1834) 107; Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 144; ≡ Rapanea avenis (Blume) Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 357; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; ≡ Ardisia avenis Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 691; Type: from Java. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: Hill to mossy forests and wind-swept ridges, (300-)1400-2400m. Native.
  5. Myrsine cruciata (Philipson) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 130; ≡ Rapanea cruciata Philipson, J. Bot. (London) 77 (1939) 105; Type: from Mt Kinabalu, Sabah. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Zambales, PALAWAN. Notes: At least recorded between 490-815m in Palawan, on presumably ultramafic habitat. Native.
  6. Myrsine densiflora Scheffer, Comm. Myrs. Archipelago Ind. (1876) 50; Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 132. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. BATAN, DINAGAT, LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales, MINDANAO: Surigao, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  7. Myrsine fastigiata (Elmer) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 149; ≡ Rapanea fastigiata Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 670; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: Elmer 11447 (GH, lecto; A, K, L, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, 2000m, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao. Notes: Low to high montane sites, but most conspicuous at 2000-2500m. Native.
  8. Myrsine glandulosa (Elmer) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 154; ≡ Rapanea glandulosa Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2784; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: Elmer 14148 (A, lecto; BISH, GH, L, K, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran, Mt Urdaneta, 1524m, Oct-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, NEGROS. Notes: Montane forests, 1350-2242m. Native.
  9. Myrsine medeciloae Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 122; ≡ Rapanea angustifolia Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 429; Type: BS 33243 Ramos (A, lecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Mt Nagapatan, Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Ilocos Norte, Zambales. Notes: Non Myrsine angustifolia (A.DC.) D.Dietr., nec Myrsine angustifolia E.Meyer ex Schimper (nom. nud.), nec Myrsine angustifolia Heller, nec Myrsine angustifolia (Mez) Hosaka. Submontane mossy forests, 1000-1800m. Native.
  10. Myrsine mindanaensis (Elmer) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 140; ≡ Rapanea mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 671; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: Elmer 11332 (K, lecto; A, BISH, GH, L, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines Sur, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, North Cotabato. Notes: Low to high montane forests, 895-2200m. Native.
  11. Myrsine oblongibacca (Merr.) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 129; ≡ Rapanea oblongibacca Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: BS 33256 Ramos (A, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Mt Palimlim, Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Rizal. Notes: Possibly a submontane species at perhaps 800-1500m elevation. In Ilocos Norte and Dinagat possibly growing on ultramafics. Native.
  12. Myrsine penibukana (Philipson) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 147; ≡ Rapanea penibukana Philipson, London J. Bot. 78 (1939) 105; Type: from Mt Kinabalu, Sabah. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Rizal. Notes: 1000-1200m. Native.
  13. Myrsine peregrina (Mez) Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 136; ≡ Rapanea peregrina Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16 (1920) 424; Type: M.S. Clemens 917 (US, lecto; A, isolecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur, Camp Keithley, Lake Lanao, Jun-1907. = Rapanea venosa Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 672, nom. illeg., non (A.DC.) Mez; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 274; Type: Elmer 11445 (GH, lecto; A, BISH, K, L, NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, 2000m, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, North Cotabato, South Cotabato, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: Submontane and montane mossy forests, up to 2800m. Native.
  14. Myrsine philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 94; Pipoly, Sida 17 (1996) 141; ≡ Rapanea philippinensis (A.DC.) Mez in Engl., Pflanzenreich 9 (1902) 364; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 273; Type: Cuming 869 (G, holo; fragm. in A; K 2 sheets, L, iso), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CUYO ARCHIPELAGO, GUIMARAS, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Camarines Norte, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Coastal forests and secondary vegetation, on sands and mangrove swamps, sea level to 305m. Native.

Literature