Polypodiaceae

Platyceriaceae, Drynariaceae, Grammitidaceae, Loxogrammaceae

Acrosorus Copel.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 20 September 2020
  1. Acrosorus friderici-et-pauli (Christ) Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 159; ≡ Davallia friderici-et-pauli Christ, Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 11 (1895) 202. = Acrosorus exaltatus Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 159. = Acrosorus merrillii Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 136. = Acrosorus symmetricus Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 44. = Acrosorus triangularis (Scort. ex Bedd.) Copel., PJS 3 c (1909) 347; ≡ Polypodium triangulare Scort. ex Bedd., J. Bot. (1887) 324, nom. illeg., non Gmel. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Isabela, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Acrosorus streptophyllus (Baker) Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 480; ≡ Polypodium streptophyllum Baker, J. Bot. 17 (1879) 42. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam. ?MINDANAO, SAMAR. Notes: Recorded for the Philippines by Price (1972); some material so identified belongs to Acrosorus friderici-et-pauli. Occurrence in the Philippines needs confirmation.

Bosmania Testo

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 22 August 2019
  1. Bosmania membranacea (D.Don) Testo, Syst. Bot. 44 (2019) 8; ≡ Microsorum membranaceum (D.Don) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 309; ≡ Polypodium membranaceum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 2; Type: from Nepal. = Microsorum schneideri (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 197; ≡ Polypodium schneideri Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 835. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Native.

Calligrammitis Parris, Sundue, Li Bing Zhang, X.M.Zhou & Ralf Knapp

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2023
  1. Calligrammitis beddomeana (Alderw.) Parris, Sundue, Li Bing Zhang, X.M.Zhou & Ralf Knapp, Phytotaxa 597 (2023) 32; ≡ Oreogrammitis beddomeana (Alderw.) T.C.Hsu, Taiwania 64 (2019) 379; ≡ Radiogrammitis beddomeana (Alderw.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 241; ≡ Polypodium beddomeanum Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 2, 28 (1918) 39; Type: from Sri Lanka. = Radiogrammitis alepidota (M.G.Price) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 241; ≡ Grammitis alepidota M.G.Price, Philip. Agriculturist 57 (1973) 34; Type: Price 2149 (PNH, holo; K, L, US, iso), Luzon: Mt Banahaw. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.

Calymmodon C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 15 April 2022
  1. Calymmodon clavifer (Hook.) T.Moore, Index Fil. 10 (1861) 219; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 665; ≡ Grammitis clavifer Hook., Sec. Cent. Ferns (1860) t. 5. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Misamis Oriental. Native.
  2. Calymmodon cucullatus (Nees & Blume) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 204; ≡ Polypodium cucullatum Nees & Blume, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 11 (1823) 121. = Calymmodon ordinatus Copel., PJS 34 (1927) 267. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Japan, Java, ?Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental (photos), Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  3. Calymmodon gracilis (Fée) Copel., PJS 34 (1927) 266; ≡ Plectopteris gracilis Fée, Mém. Foug. 5 (1852) 230. Distribution: ?Australia, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan, ?Thailand, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  4. Calymmodon gracillimus (Copel.) Nakai ex H.Ito, J. Jap. Bot. 11 (1935) 88; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Polypodium gracillimum Copel., Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1905) 189. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  5. Calymmodon muscoides (Copel.) Copel., PJS 34 (1927) 264; ≡ Polypodium muscoides Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 839. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur. Native.
  6. Calymmodon pectinatus Parris, Fern Gazette 21 (2021) 254; Type: from Moluccas. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Misamis Occidental, PALAWAN. Native.

Chrysogrammitis Parris

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 20 May 2020
  1. Chrysogrammitis glandulosa (J.Sm.) Parris, Kew Bull. 53 (1998) 912; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Ctenopteris glandulosa J.Sm., Hist. Fil. (1875) 185. = Ctenopteris merrittii (Copel.) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 9 (1940) 210; ≡ Polypodium merrittii Copel., PJS 1(Suppl. 4) (1906) 255. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Norte, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  2. Chrysogrammitis musgraviana (Baker) Parris, Kew Bull. 53 (1998) 914; ≡ Polypodium musgravianum Baker, J. Bot. 28 (1890) 108; Chen et al., Phytotaxa 443 (2020) 122; Type: from New Guinea. = Xiphopteris apoensis (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 215; ≡ Polypodium apoense Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 105. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Vietnam. LUZON: Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.

Ctenopterella Parris

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 16 June 2024
  1. Ctenopterella blechnoides (Grev.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 235; ≡ Ctenopteris blechnoides (Grev.) Wagner & Grether, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 23 (1948) 61; ≡ Grammitis blechnoides Grev., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. II. 1 (1848) 320. = Polypodium decorum Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 7. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, ?Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. DINAGAT, GENERAL ISLAND, LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Surigao, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Ctenopterella denticulata (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 235; ≡ Grammitis denticulata Blume, Fl. Javae Fil. (1828) 121. = Ctenopteris solida Kunze in Zoll., Syst. Verz. (1854) 37. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, ?Vietnam. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Sarangani. Native.
  3. Ctenopterella pediculata (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 237; ≡ Ctenopteris pediculata (Baker) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 530; ≡ Polypodium pediculatum Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hooker & Baker) (1868) 455. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.

Dasygrammitis Parris

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 15 April 2022
  1. Dasygrammitis fuscata (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 239; ≡ Ctenopteris fuscata (Blume) Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4 (1846) 425. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur. Native.
  2. Dasygrammitis malaccana (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 239; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Polypodium malaccanum Baker, Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 8 (1894) 129. = Ctenopteris matutumensis Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 528; Type: Copeland s.n. (MICH, holo), Mindanao: Mt Matutum. = Ctenopteris pachycaulis (Copel.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 529; ≡ Polypodium pachycaulum Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 105; Type: Copeland s.n. (MICH, UC), Mindanao: Mt Apo. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines. MINDANAO: Cotabato, South Cotabato. Native.
  3. Dasygrammitis mollicoma (Nees & Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 239; ≡ Ctenopteris mollicoma (Nees & Blume) Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4 (1846) 425; ≡ Polypodium mollicomum Nees & Blume, Nova Acta 11 (1923) 121. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental (photos), Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO. Native.

Dendroconche Copel.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 22 August 2019
  1. Dendroconche linguiforme (Mett.) Testo, Sundue & A.R.Field, Syst. Bot. 44 (2019) 11; ≡ Microsorum linguiforme (Mett.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 111; ≡ Polypodium linguiforme Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2 (1866) 228; Type: from Indonesia. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.

Drynaria (Bory) J.Sm.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 23 August 2022
  1. Drynaria aglaomorpha Christenh., Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 299; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Aglaomorpha splendens (J.Sm.) Copel., PJS 6 c (1911) 141; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 158; ≡ Dryostachyum splendens J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 399. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE (photos), LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, NEGROS, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Aglaomorpha splendens). Native.
  2. Drynaria cornucopia (Copel.) Alderw., Bull. Dépt. Agric. Indes Néerl. 21 (1908) 8; ≡ Aglaomorpha cornucopia (Copel.) M.C.Roos, Blumea 31 (1985) 153; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 158; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 665; ≡ Thayeria cornucopia Copel., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 165, t.28. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Quezon (photos), MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, South Cotabato, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Aglaomorpha cornucopia). Native.
  3. Drynaria descensa Copel., PJS 3 c (1908) 36; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Aglaomorpha descensa (Copel.) Hovenkamp & S.Linds., Gard. Bull. Singapore 69 (2017) 150; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 158; Type: Copeland 2061, but also labelled Pteridophyta Philippinensia Exsiccatae 42 (MICH, lecto; B, BM, G, K, L, MU, NSW, S, UC), Luzon: Nueva Ecija. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, HUNDRED ISLS (photos), LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, PANAY (photos). Native.
  4. Drynaria heraclea (Kunze) T.Moore, Index Fil. (1862) 346; ≡ Aglaomorpha heraclea (Kunze) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 117; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 158; ≡ Drynariopsis heraclea (Kunze) Ching, Sunyatsenia 5 (1940) 262; ≡ Polypodium heracleum Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6 (1848) 117. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BASILAN, BOHOL, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur (photos), Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Aglaomorpha heraclea). Native.
  5. Drynaria meyeniana (Schott) Christenh., Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 299; ≡ Aglaomorpha meyeniana Schott, Gen. Fil. (1834) pl.20. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. CATANDUANES, CEBU, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte (photos), Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS (photos). Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Aglaomorpha meyeniana). Native.
  6. Drynaria pilosa (J.Sm. ex Kunze) Christenh., Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 299; ≡ Aglaomorpha pilosa (J.Sm. ex Kunze) Copel., PJS 6 c (1911) 141; ≡ Dryostachyum pilosum J.Sm. ex Kunze, Die Farrnkräuter in kolorirten Abbildungen naturgetreu erläutert und beschrieben 1 (1844) 139. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya (photos), Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Aglaomorpha pilosa). Native.
  7. Drynaria quercifolia (L.) J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 398; ≡ Aglaomorpha quercifolia (L.) Hovenkamp & S.Linds., Gard. Bull. Singapore 69 (2017) 152; ≡ Polypodium quercifolium L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1087; Type: from India. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Malesia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. BALABAC, BASIAO, BASILAN, BOHOL, BONGO, BUSUANGA, CAGAYAN DE SULU, CATANDUANES, CULION, DARAJUAY ISLS, GENERAL ISLAND, GUIMARAS, HAMORAON, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur (photos), Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, PAPAHAG, POLILLO, SAMAR, SAN MIGUEL, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAMLANGON, TAWI-TAWI, TICAO. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. A very common epiphyte or lithophyte in seasonal areas, in open forests, about settlements, etc., usually at low elevation. Native.
  8. Drynaria rigidula (Sw.) Bedd., Ferns Brit. India (1869) pl.314; ≡ Aglaomorpha rigidula (Sw.) Hovenkamp & S.Linds., Gard. Bull. Singapore 69 (2017) 153; ≡ Polypodium rigidulum Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800 (1801) 26; Type: from Java. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, ?Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Pangasinan, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS (photos), PANAY. Native.
  9. Drynaria sagitta (Christ) Christenh., Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 299; ≡ Aglaomorpha sagitta (Christ) Hovenkamp & S.Linds., Gard. Bull. Singapore 69 (2017) 153; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; ≡ Christopteris sagitta (Christ) Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 188; ≡ Selliguea sagitta (Christ) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 45; ≡ Polypodium sagittum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 199; Type: Loher s.n. (P, lecto), Luzon: La Trinidad. = Christopteris copelandii Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier II. 6. (1906) 990. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11 as Selliguea sagitta (Christ) Fraser-Jenk.). Native.
  10. Drynaria sparsisora (Desv.) T.Moore, Index Fil. (1862) 348; ≡ Aglaomorpha sparsisora (Desv.) Hovenkamp & S.Linds., Gard. Bull. Singapore 69 (2017) 153; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 158; ≡ Polypodium sparsisorum Desv., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. 5 (1811) 315; Type: from New Guinea. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BATAN, BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos), POLILLO, SAMAR. Native.
  11. Drynaria speciosa (Blume) Christenh., Phytotaxa 230 (2015) 299; ≡ Aglaomorpha speciosa (Blume) M.C.Roos, Phylogen. Syst. Dryn. (1985) 244; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; ≡ Photinopteris speciosa (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5 6 (1851) 624; ≡ Lomaria speciosa Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 202. = Aglaomorpha acuminata (Willd.) Hovenkamp, Fl. Males., Ser. 2, Pterid. 3 (1998) 13; ≡ Photinopteris acuminata (Willd.) C.V.Morton, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 38 (1963) 31; ≡ Acrostichum acuminatum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 116. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, TAWI-TAWI. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11; as Aglaomorpha acuminata). Native.

Goniophlebium (Blume) C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 31 October 2023
  1. Goniophlebium benguetense (Copel.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1961) 461; ≡ Schellolepis benguetensis (Copel.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 470; ≡ Polypodium benguetense Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 256. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur. Native.
  2. Goniophlebium coadunatum Barcelona & M.G.Price, Fern Gaz. 15 (1999) 261. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Aurora. Native.
  3. Goniophlebium mengtzeense (Christ) Rödl-Linder, PJS 116 (1987) 154; ≡ Polypodium mengtzeense Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 869. Distribution: Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDORO. Native.
  4. Goniophlebium percussum (Cav.) W.H.Wagner & Grether, Occ. Pap. Bishop Mus. 19 (1948) 88; ≡ Schellolepis percussa (Cav.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 470; ≡ Cyathea percussa Cav., Descr. Pl. (1803) 548. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Sur, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Misamis, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Goniophlebium persicifolium (Desv.) Bedd., Ferns br. Ind. Correct. (1870); Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; ≡ Schellolepis persicifolia (Desv.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 470; ≡ Polypodium persicifolium Desv., Berl. Mag. 5 (1811) 316. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Goniophlebium pseudoconnatum (Copel.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 462; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 665; ≡ Polypodium pseudoconnatum Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 161. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  7. Goniophlebium subauriculatum (Blume) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 186; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Polypodium subauriculatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 133. = Goniophlebium tomentellum (C.Chr.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 461; ≡ Schellolepis tomentella (C.Chr.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 470; ≡ Polypodium tomentellum C.Chr., Index Filic. (1906) 570. = Goniophlebium integrum Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 42. = Goniophlebium pallens (Blume) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 186; ≡ Polypodium pallens Blume, Fl. Javae, Fil. (1847) 178. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Pampanga, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  8. Goniophlebium terrestre Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 106; ≡ Schellolepis terrestris (Copel.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 178. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, ?Isabela, Laguna, Quirino. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Lecanopteris Reinw.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 18 June 2022
  1. Lecanopteris deparioides (Ces.) Baker, J. Bot. 19 (1881) 366; NPfl. 328; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; ≡ Davallia deparioides Ces., Atti Ac. Napoli 7 (1876) 13. = Lecanopteris curtisii Baker, J. Bot. 19 (1881) 366; H Gay, Gard. Bull. Sing. 45 (1993) 301. = Lecanopteris pumila Copel., Polyp. Philipp. (1905) 134, nom. illeg., non Blume; Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 499. = Lecanopteris philippinensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. 2, no. 1 (1911) 8. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines to Moluccas, Sumatra. LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: 800-1200m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Lecanopteris lomarioides (Kunze ex Mett.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 123; Johns, Curtis's Botanical Magazine 12 (1995) 89; Perrie et al., Blumea 66 (2021) 246; ≡ Polypodium lomarioides Kunze ex Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 2 (1856) 102; Type: Cuming 242 (K, lecto; BM, L, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya. = Drynaria lomarioides J.Sm., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 397, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Lecanopteris sarcopus (Teijsm. & Binn.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 123; ≡ Polypodium sarcopum Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 29 (1867) 241. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Lecanopteris sarcopus). Native.
  3. Lecanopteris luzonensis Hennipman, Blumea 32 (1987) 311; Perrie et al., Blumea 66 (2021) 246; Type: Hernaez (Hennipman 7820) (U), Luzon: Quezon, near Real. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao del Norte. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Lecanopteris sinuosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 205; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; Perrie et al., Blumea 66 (2021) 246; ≡ Polypodium sinuosum Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 5 (1863) 61; Type: from Peninsular Malaysia. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora (photos), Batangas, Camarines Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos), POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN, TAWI-TAWI. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Lepisorus (J.Sm.) Ching

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 19 May 2024
  1. Lepisorus accedens (Blume) Hosok., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 31 (1941) 477; ≡ Lemmaphyllum accedens (Blume) Donk, Reinwardtia 2 (1954) 409; ≡ Weatherbya accedens (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 191; ≡ Polypodium accedens Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 121. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BASILAN, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Isabela (photos), Kalinga, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  2. Lepisorus carnosus (Hook.) C.F.Zhao, R.Wei & X.C.Zhang, Cladistics 36 (2019) 252; ≡ Lemmaphyllum carnosum (Hook.) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 158; ≡ Drymoglossum carnosum Hook., Gen. Fil. (1841) t.78A. = Lemmaphyllum spathulatum C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 158. Distribution: ?Cambodia, China, India, ?Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.
  3. Lepisorus longifolius (Blume) Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 2 (1955) 151; ≡ Pleopeltis longifolia Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) Add; ≡ Paragramma longifolia (Blume) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 1 (1857) 32. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, ?New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. BASILAN, BILIRAN, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, ?Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  4. Lepisorus mucronatus (Fée) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162 (2010) 35; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Belvisia mucronata (Fée) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis mucronata Fée, Gen. Fil. (1851-1852) 82. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, South Cotabato, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Lepisorus platyrhynchos (Kunze) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162 (2010) 35; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 82; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Belvisia platyrhynchos (Kunze) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis platyrhynchos Kunze, Farrnkräuter 1 (1842) 111. = Belvisia glauca (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis platyrhynchos Kunze var. glauca Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 847; ≡ Hymenolepis glauca (Copel.) C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 6 (1929) 62. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya (photos), Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, MINDORO. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  6. Lepisorus spicatus (L.f.) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162 (2010) 35; ≡ Belvisia spicata (L.f.) Mirb. ex Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Acrostichum spicatum L.f., Suppl. (1781) 444. = Belvisia revoluta (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis revoluta Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 201. Distribution: Africa, Borneo, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, ?Apayao (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  7. Lepisorus thunbergianus (Kaulf.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 88; ≡ Pleopeltis thunbergiana Kaulf., Wesen Farrenk. (1827) 113. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet, NCR, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
  8. Lepisorus validinervis (Kunze) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162 (2010) 36; ≡ Belvisia validinervis (Kunze) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis validinervis Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6 (1848) 122. = Belvisia squamata (Hieron. ex C.Chr.) Copel., Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 (1947) 192; ≡ Hymenolepis squamata Hieron. ex C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 6 (1929) 59. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato. Native.
  9. Lepisorus zippelii (Blume) C.F.Zhao, R.Wei & X.C.Zhang, Cladistics 36 (2019) 251; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; ≡ Microsorum zippelii (Blume) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 308; ≡ Neolepisorus zippelii (Blume) Li Wang, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 162 (2010) 36; ≡ Polypodium zippelii Blume, Fl. Javae Fil. (1829) 172. Distribution: Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.

Leptochilus Kaulf.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 7 September 2020
  1. Leptochilus axillaris (Cav.) Kaulf., Enum. Filic. (1824) 147; ≡ Acrostichum axillare Cav., Ann. Hist. Nat. 1 (1799) 101. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Batangas, Cavite, Laguna, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur, PALAWAN. Native.
  2. Leptochilus bolsteri (Copel.) Parris, Fern Gaz. 20 (2018) 305; ≡ Colysis bolsteri (Copel.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 489; ≡ Polypodium bolsteri Copel., PJS 1(Suppl. 4) (1906) 257. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Native.
  3. Leptochilus decurrens Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 206; ≡ Anapausia decurrens (Blume) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 186. Distribution: Bhutan, Borneo, ?Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur. Native.
  4. Leptochilus dolichopterus (Copel.) Fraser-Jenk. & Amoroso, Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 62; ≡ Polypodium dolichopterum Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 162. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Native.
  5. Leptochilus ellipticus (Thunb.) Noot., Blumea 42 (1997) 283; ≡ Colysis elliptica (Thunb.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 333; ≡ Polypodium ellipticum Thunb., Fl. Jap. (Thunberg) (1784) 335. Distribution: Australia, Bhutan, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. BATAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Leptochilus fluviatilis (Lauterb.) Liang Zhang & Li Bing Zhang, Phytotaxa 374 (2018) 173; ≡ Leptochilus macrophyllus var. fluviatilis (Lauterb.) Noot., Blumea 42 (1997) 289; ≡ Polypodium fluviatile Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44 (1910) 507; Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. ALABAT, BASILAN, BOHOL (photos), LUZON: Apayao, Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Native.
  7. Leptochilus hemionitideus (C.Presl) Noot., Blumea 42 (1997) 285; ≡ Selliguea hemionitidea C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 216. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. BOHOL (photos), LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Native.
  8. Leptochilus insignis (Blume) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 62; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Microsorum insigne (Blume) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16. (1929) 112; ≡ Polypodium insigne Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 127. = Microsorum decurrens (Brack.) Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 3 (1960) 481; ≡ Drynaria decurrens Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 48. ≠ Microsorum palmatum auct. non (Blume) Fée. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, ?Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, ?Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur (photos), Laguna, NCR, Pampanga, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  9. Leptochilus longissimus (Blume) L.Y.Kuo, Taiwania 64 (2019) 378; ≡ Phymatosorus longissimus (Blume) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 459; ≡ Polypodium longissimum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 127. = Microsorum rubidum (J.Sm.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 197; ≡ Drynaria rubida J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 397. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BOHOL, LUZON: Rizal, PANAY. Native.
  10. Leptochilus macrophyllus (Blume) Noot., Blumea 42 (1997) 286; ≡ Colysis macrophylla (Blume) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 147; ≡ Grammitis macrophylla Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 119. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. ALABAT, BOHOL, CEBU, GENERAL ISLAND, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte (photos), Camarines Sur, Isabela (photos), Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI, TICAO. Native.
  11. Leptochilus minor Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich. (1845) 87; ≡ Dendroglossa minor (Fée) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 199; ≡ Colysis minor (Fée) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 176. Distribution: Borneo, India, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, Misamis, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Native.
  12. Leptochilus pedunculatus (Hook. & Grev.) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 62; ≡ Leptochilus macrophyllus (Blume) Noot. var. pedunculatus (Hook. & Grev.) Noot., Blumea 42 (1997) 290; ≡ Ceterach pedunculatum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Filic. (1827) t. 5. = Colysis membranacea (Blume) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 147; ≡ Grammitis membranacea Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 118. Distribution: Bangladesh, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  13. Leptochilus pothifolius (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Fraser-Jenk., Taiwania 53 (2008) 181; ≡ Colysis pothifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 148; ≡ Hemionitis pothifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 13. Distribution: Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, ?Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  14. Leptochilus pteropus (Blume) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 62; ≡ Microsorum pteropus (Blume) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 112; ≡ Polypodium pteropus Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 125, Addenda 3. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao, SAMAR. Native.
    • ssp. pteropus. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Loxogramme (Blume) C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 17 September 2023
  1. Loxogramme antrophyoides (Baker) C.Chr., Mitt. Inst. Hamburg 7 (1928) 163; ≡ Acrostichum antrophyoides Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (1886) 231. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  2. Loxogramme avenia (Blume) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 215; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Grammitis avenia Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 117. = Loxogramme malayana Copel., PJS C 11 (1916) 46. Distribution: Cambodia, China, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  3. Loxogramme chinensis Ching, Sinensia 1 (1929) 13. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  4. Loxogramme conferta Copel., Polyp. Philipp. (1905) 68. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Loxogramme cuspidata (Zenker) M.G.Price, Amer. Fern J. 74 (1984) 61; ≡ Grammitis cuspidata Zenker, Pl. Ind. 1 (1835) t. 2. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  6. Loxogramme dimorpha Copel., LPB 2 (1908) 407. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  7. Loxogramme ensifrons Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 11 (1913) 16. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: J.F. Barcelona (17-Sep-23): Known from the Philippines from R.S.Williams 2251 (US). Native.
  8. Loxogramme forbesii Copel., PJS C 9 (1914) 232. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. Native.
  9. Loxogramme parallela Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 182; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047. Distribution: Borneo, India, Japan, Java, Philippines, Sri Lanka. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, South Cotabato, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  10. Loxogramme scolopendrioides (Gaudich.) C.V.Morton, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 38 (1973) 242; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Grammitis scolopendrioides Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1828) 310. = Loxogramme scolopendrina (Bory) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 215; ≡ Grammitis scolopendrina Bory, Dup. Voy. Bot. 2 (1828) 257. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  11. Loxogramme subselliguea (Baker) Alston, Journ. of Bot. 77 (1939) 289; ≡ Polypodium subselligueum Baker, J. Bot. 28 (1890) 107. = Loxogramme major Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 106. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Loxogramme remotefrondigera (Hayata) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. 2 (1917) 27; ≡ Polypodium remote-frondigerum Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 5 (1915) 1323. Distribution: ?Philippines, Taiwan.

Micropolypodium Hayata

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 1 June 2019
  1. Micropolypodium pulogense (Copel.) A.R.Sm., Novon 2 (1992) 422; ≡ Xiphopteris pulogensis (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 215; ≡ Polypodium pulogense Copel., PJS C 6 (1911) 148. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.

Microsorum Link

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 7 September 2020
  1. Microsorum congregatifolium (Alderw.) Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 2 (1955) 178; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 159; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Pleopeltis congregatifolia Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 2 (1920) 166. = Microsorum mindanaense (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium mindanaense Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 994. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  2. Microsorum heterocarpum (Blume) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 295; ≡ Polypodium heterocarpum Blume, Fl. Javae Fil. (1829) 167. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BOHOL, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Norte, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Microsorum heterolobum (C.Chr.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium heterolobum C.Chr., Index Filic. (1906) 532. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Sur, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon. Notes: Probably a hybrid. Native.
  4. Microsorum longissimum J.Sm. ex Fée, Mem. Foug., Gen. Filic. (1850-1852) 268. = Microsorum sablanianum (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium sablanianum Christ, PJS C 2 (1907) 177. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, BOHOL, GENERAL ISLAND, LUBANG, LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Native.
  5. Microsorum monstrosum (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 159; ≡ Polypodium monstrosum Copel., LPB 1 (1906) 78. = Bathmium undulatum Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 287; ≡ Drynaria undulata J.Sm., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 397, nom. inval., nom. nud. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Microsorum pentaphyllum (Baker) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium pentaphyllum Baker, Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 5 (1891) 478. = Microsorum curranii (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium curranii Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 114. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, PALAWAN. Native.
  7. Microsorum punctatum (L.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 111; ≡ Acrostichum punctatum L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 2 (1763) 1524. = Microsorum validum (Copel.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 295; ≡ Polypodium validum Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 191. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BABUYAN ISLS, BALABAC, BASIAO, BATAN, BATANES, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, CEBU, DARAJUAY ISLS, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines Norte, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SABTANG, SAMAR. Native.
  8. Microsorum samarense (J.Sm.) Bosman, Leiden Bot. Ser. 14 (1991) 102; ≡ Diblemma samarensis J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 399. = Microsorum tenuilore (Kunze ex Mett.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 113; ≡ Polypodium tenuilore Kunze ex Mett., Pol. 86 (1857) n. 150. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, BOHOL, BUAD, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan (photos), Batangas, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao, Lanao del Norte, Misamis, SAMAR. Native.
  9. Microsorum sarawakense (Baker) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 295; Holttum, Rev. Fl. Malaya 2 (1955) 175; ≡ Polypodium sarawakense Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22 (1886) 228. = Microsorum rizalense Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 42. = Colysis fluviatilis (Lauterb.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 319. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya (photos), Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Possibly present

  1. Microsorum musifolium (Blume) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 112; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 159; ≡ Polypodium musifolium Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 134. Distribution: Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, ?Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, SAMAR. Notes: Pelser (5-Feb-2023): The record by Rufila et al. (2022) from Mt Malambo, Davao del Sur remains to be verified.

Neocheiropteris Christ

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 1 June 2019
  1. Neocheiropteris ensata (Thunb.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 4 (1933) 109; ≡ Microsorum ensatum (Thunb.) H.Ito, J. Jap. Bot. 11 (1935) 96; ≡ Polypodium ensatum Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2 (1794) 341. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.

Oreogrammitis Copel.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2023
  1. Oreogrammitis adspersa (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 255; ≡ Grammitis adspersa Blume, Fl. Javae Filices (1830) 115. = Polypodium sessilifolium Hook., Sp. Fil. 4 (1863) 168, nom. illeg., non Liebm; Type: Cuming 222 (K, lecto; BM, CGE, isolecto), Luzon. = Polypodium paucisorum Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 137; Type: Merrill 5964 (MICH, lecto), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Oreogrammitis caespitosa (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 257; ≡ Grammitis caespitosa Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 115. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur. Native.
  3. Oreogrammitis congener (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 258; ≡ Grammitis congener Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 115. = Grammitis brevipila Copel., Brittonia 1 (1931) 69; Type: Williams 1581 (NY, holo; MICH, UC, iso), Luzon: La Trinidad. = Grammitis duplopilosa Copel., Brittonia 1 (1931) 69; Type: Williams 1582 (NY, holo; UC, iso), Luzon: Mt Santo Tomas. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, NEGROS. Native.
  4. Oreogrammitis curtisii (Baker) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 47; ≡ Themelium curtisii (Baker) Parris, Kew Bull. 59 (2004) 225; ≡ Ctenopteris curtisii (Baker) Copel., PJS 81 (1953) 103; ≡ Polypodium curtisii Baker, J. Bot. (1881) 367; Type: from Indonesia. = Oreogrammitis blechnifrons (Hayata) T.C.Hsu, Taiwania 64 (2019) 379; ≡ Themelium blechnifrons (Hayata) Parris, Kew Bull. 59 (2004) 224; ≡ Polypodium decrescens var. blechnifrons Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4 (1914) 245; Type: from Taiwan. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Kalinga, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  5. Oreogrammitis dolichosora (Copel.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 258; ≡ Grammitis dolichosora (Copel.) Copel., PJS 80 (1952) 188; ≡ Polypodium dolichosorum Copel., PJS 1(Suppl. 2) (1906) 159; Type: Copeland 1524 (MICH, lecto; K, NSW, UC, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, PANAY. Native.
  6. Oreogrammitis fasciata (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 259; ≡ Grammitis fasciata Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 116. Distribution: Borneo, Java, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao del Sur. Native.
  7. Oreogrammitis fenicis (Copel.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 259; ≡ Grammitis fenicis Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18 (1942) 224; Type: Ramos BS 80147 (MICH, holo; K, PNH lost, SING, UC, iso), Batanes. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, BATANES, LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO, NEGROS, SIBUYAN. Native.
  8. Oreogrammitis halconensis (Copel.) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 48; ≡ Themelium halconense (Copel.) Parris, Kew Bull. 59 (2004) 225; ≡ Ctenopteris halconensis (Copel.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 533; ≡ Grammitis halconensis (Copel.) Christenh., Global Flora 4 (2018) 50; ≡ Polypodium halconense Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 138; Type: Merrill 5976 (MICH, lecto), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam. LUZON: Abra, Ifugao, MINDANAO: Sarangani, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.
  9. Oreogrammitis jagoriana (Mett.) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 49; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Radiogrammitis jagoriana (Mett.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 242; ≡ Grammitis jagoriana (Mett.) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10 (1941) 284; ≡ Polypodium jagorianum Mett., Linn. 36 (1869) 128; Type: Jagor 835 (B, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon. = Polypodium christii Copel., Polyp. Philipp. (1905) 118; Type: Copeland 1520 (MICH, lecto; BM, KYO, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. BATANES, BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  10. Oreogrammitis knutsfordiana (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 262; ≡ Grammitis knutsfordiana (Baker) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18 (1942) 224; ≡ Polypodium knutsfordianum Baker, J. Bot. 28 (1890) 107. = Polypodium setosum var. calvum Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 136; Type: Merrill 5965 (MICH), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Aurora, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, MINDORO. Native.
  11. Oreogrammitis locellata (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 262; ≡ Grammitis locellata (Baker) Copel., Occ. Pap. Bishop Mus. 15 (1939) 86; ≡ Polypodium locellatum Baker, J. Bot. 28 (1890) 108. = Grammitis stenocrypta Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 220. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya. Native.
  12. Oreogrammitis loheriana (Christ) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 49; ≡ Themelium loherianum (Christ) Parris, Kew Bull. 59 (2004) 225; ≡ Grammitis loheriana (Christ) Copel., PJS 80 (1952) 213; ≡ Polypodium loherianum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 197; Type: Loher 1131 (P, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Mar-1897. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.
  13. Oreogrammitis marivelesensis (Copel.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 263; ≡ Grammitis marivelesensis Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18 (1942) 224; Type: Copeland 215 (MICH, holo), Luzon: Mt Mariveles. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  14. Oreogrammitis merrillii (Copel.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 263; ≡ Grammitis merrillii (Copel.) Copel., PJS 80 (1952) 224; ≡ Polypodium merrillii Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 188; Type: Merrill 754 (US, lecto; PNH lost, isolecto), Palawan: Iwahig River. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  15. Oreogrammitis oncobasis (M.G.Price) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 264; ≡ Grammitis oncobasis M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 17 (1990) 274; Type: Price 3376 (MICH, holo), Luzon: Mt Burnay. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Zambales. Native.
  16. Oreogrammitis padangensis (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 264; ≡ Grammitis padangensis (Baker) Copel., PJS 80 (1952) 212; ≡ Polypodium padangense Baker, J. Bot. 18 (1880) 213. = Polypodium durum Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 837; Type: Elmer 11689 (MICH, lecto), Mindanao: Mt Calelan. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur. Native.
  17. Oreogrammitis pilosiuscula (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 265; ≡ Grammitis pilosiuscula Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 115. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sumatra. Native.
  18. Oreogrammitis reinwardtii (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 266; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Grammitis reinwardtii Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) Add. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  19. Oreogrammitis scabristipes (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 267; ≡ Grammitis scabristipes (Baker) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18 (1942) 223; ≡ Polypodium scabristipes Baker, J. Bot. 28 (1890) 108. = Grammitis bulbotricha (Copel.) Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 219; ≡ Polypodium bulbotrichum Copel., PJS 40 (1929) 309; Type: Copeland’s Pteridophyta Philippensia Exsiccata 136 (MICH, lecto; BM, BO, K, SING, UC, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Pulog. = Grammitis limapes Copel., 46 (1931) 218. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur. Native.
  20. Oreogrammitis setigera (Blume) T.C.Hsu, Taiwania 64 (2019) 379; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Radiogrammitis setigera (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 244; ≡ Polypodium setigerum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 123. = Grammitis intromissa (Christ) Parris, Fern Gaz. 12 (1981) 180; ≡ Polypodium intromissum Christ, Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 11 (1896) 440. = Polypodium heanophyllum Copel., PJS 40 (1929) 310; Type: Copeland’s Pteridophyta Philippensis Exsiccata 158 (MICH, lecto; BM, K, SING, UC, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Matutum. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, South Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  21. Oreogrammitis subpinnatifida (Blume) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 51; ≡ Radiogrammitis subpinnatifida (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 245; ≡ Xiphopteris subpinnatifida (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 215; ≡ Grammitis subpinnatifida Blume, Fl. Javae Fil. (1828) 118; Type: from Java. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  22. Oreogrammitis sumatrana (Baker) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 269; ≡ Grammitis sumatrana (Baker) Copel., PJS 66 (1935) 105; ≡ Polypodium sumatranum Baker, J. Bot. 18 (1880) 214. = Polypodium pleiosoroides Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 189; Type: Copeland 1011 (PNH, ?lost), Mindanao: Mt Apo. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, South Cotabato, NEGROS. Native.
  23. Oreogrammitis taxodioides (Baker) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 51; ≡ Themelium taxodioides (Baker) Parris, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 739; ≡ Ctenopteris taxodioides (Baker) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 219; ≡ Polypodium taxodioides Baker, J. Bot. 17 (1879) 42; Type: from Borneo. = Polypodium pulcherrimum Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 841; Type: Elmer 11355 (MICH, lecto; BM, BO, E, K, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Calelan, Aug-1909. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO. Native.
  24. Oreogrammitis tenuisecta (Blume) T.C.Hsu, Taiwania 64 (2019) 379; ≡ Themelium tenuisectum (Blume) Parris, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 740; ≡ Ctenopteris tenuisecta (Blume) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. (1875) 185; ≡ Polypodium tenuisectum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 134. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Pampanga, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS. Native.
  25. Oreogrammitis torricelliana (Brause) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 270; ≡ Grammitis torricelliana (Brause) Parris, Fern Gaz. 12 (1981) 180; ≡ Polypodium torricellianum Brause, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1912) 45. = Grammitis microtricha Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 105; Type: Copeland s.n. (MICH, lecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato. Native.
  26. Oreogrammitis yoderi (Copel.) Parris & Sundue, Phytotaxa 436 (2020) 51; ≡ Themelium yoderi (Copel.) Parris, Kew Bull. 52 (1997) 739; ≡ Ctenopteris yoderi (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 219; ≡ Polypodium yoderi Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 161; Type: Yoder s.n. (MICH, lecto), Panay: Antique, Mt Madiaas, Apr-1905. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Cotabato, South Cotabato, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.

Phymatosorus Pic.Serm.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 23 June 2024
  1. Phymatosorus commutatus (Blume) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 459; ≡ Microsorum commutatum (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; Rufila et al., Ruhuna J. Science 13 (2022) 159; ≡ Polypodium commutatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828). = Microsorum phanerophlebium (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 196; ≡ Polypodium phanerophlebium Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 163. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BOHOL, LUZON: Bulacan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  2. Phymatosorus membranifolius (R.Br.) S.G.Lu, Guihaia 19 (1999) 27; ≡ Microsorum membranifolium (R.Br.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10 (1941) 239; ≡ Polypodium membranifolium R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 147. = Polypodium plukenetii C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 21. = Microsorum nigrescens (Blume) Copel., Occ. Pap. Bishop Mus. 14 (1938) 74; ≡ Phymatosorus nigrescens (Blume) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 459; ≡ Polypodium nigrescens Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 126. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CATANDUANES, CEBU, GUIMARAS, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
  3. Phymatosorus scolopendria (Burm.f.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 460; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; ≡ Phymatodes scolopendria (Burm.f.) Ching, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 2 (1933) 63; ≡ Microsorum scolopendria (Burm.f.) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 16 (1929) 112; ≡ Polypodium scolopendria Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 232. Distribution: Africa to Pacific Ocean and Australia, Philippines. BASIAO, BASILAN, BATAN, BOHOL, CAGAYAN DE SULU, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, DALUPIRI, DARAJUAY ISLS, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SABTANG, SAMAR, SIBUTU, SUMALUC. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Epiphytic or lithophytic in exposed sites and disturbed forests at low elevations, even on coastal bluffs subjected to salt spray. Common. Native.

Platycerium Desv.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 11 October 2020
  1. Platycerium coronarium (D.Koenig ex O.F.Müll.) Desv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6 (1827) 213; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 80; ≡ Osmunda coronaria D.Koenig ex O.F.Müll., Naturforsch. Halle 21 (1785) 107. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, JOLO, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR, TICAO. Notes: High canopy epiphyte in lowland primary dipterocarp forests. Also cultivated as an ornamental. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Platycerium grande (A.Cunn. ex Hook.) J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 402; ≡ Alcicornium grande (A.Cunn. ex Hook.) Underw., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 32 (1905) 594; ≡ Neuroplatyceros grandis (A.Cunn. ex Hook.) Fée, Mém. Foug., 2. Hist. Acrostich. (1845) 103; ≡ Acrostichum grande A.Cunn. ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 1 (1830) 240. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?MASBATE, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, SAN MIGUEL, TICAO. Notes: Also reported by Copeland (1960) from S LUZON (Mt Cristobal), possibly in error. Majestic crown epiphyte in forest, lowland to 1000m. Also cultivated as an ornamental. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Podosorus Holttum (Endemic)

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 1 August 2019
  1. Podosorus angustatus Holttum, Kew Bull. 20 (1966) 455; Type: H. Gutierrez 61-142. A monotypic Philippine endemic genus known only from the type (Gutierrez, H. 61-142), Luzon: Isabela, San Mariano, Brgy Disulap, along creek in Dipterocarp forest. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Only from the type. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Prosaptia C.Presl

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2023
  1. Prosaptia alata (Blume) Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 2, 5 (1905) 127; ≡ Davallia alata Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 230. = Prosaptia toppingii Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 158. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Prosaptia ancestralis Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 385. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Native.
  3. Prosaptia barathrophylla (Baker) M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 17 (1990) 276; ≡ Ctenopteris barathrophylla (Baker) Parris, Fern Gaz. 12 (1980) 118; ≡ Polypodium barathrophyllum Baker, J. Bot. (1891) 107. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Philippine material with the following two names are referable to this species: Prosaptia khasyana (Hook.) C.Chr. & Tardieu and Ctenopteris khasyana (Hook.) Holttum. Native.
  4. Prosaptia celebica (Blume) Tagawa & K.Iwats., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 24 (1969) 61; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Ctenopteris celebica (Blume) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18 (1942) 225. = Ctenopteris pseudoarticulata (Copel.) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16 (1955) 51; ≡ Polypodium pseudoarticulatum Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 160. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Camarines Norte (photos), Ifugao, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  5. Prosaptia contigua (G.Forst.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 166; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Trichomanes contiguum G.Forst., Prod. (1786) 84. = Prosaptia pinnatifida C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 166. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. BASILAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS. Native.
  6. Prosaptia cryptocarpa Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 158; Type: Copeland 1557, Mindanao: Zamboanga, San Ramon. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Davao Oriental, South Cotabato, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Native.
  7. Prosaptia davalliacea (F.Muell. & Baker) Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 12 (1931) 404; ≡ Polypodium davalliaceum F.Muell. & Baker, J. Bot. (1890) 108. = Prosaptia linearis Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 115. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur. Native.
  8. Prosaptia micropora (Copel.) Parris, Kew Bull. 65 (2010) 123; ≡ Ctenopteris microcarpa Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 531. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato. Native.
  9. Prosaptia multicaudata (Copel.) Parris, Kew Bull. 50 (1995) 166; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Ctenopteris multicaudata (Copel.) Copel., PJS 81 (1953) 112; ≡ Polypodium multicaudatum Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 160. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato. Native.
  10. Prosaptia negrosensis (Copel.) M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 17 (1990) 276; ≡ Ctenopteris negrosensis (Copel.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 527; ≡ Polypodium negrosense Copel., LPB 2 (1908) 409. = Ctenopteris spongiosa (Copel.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 527; ≡ Polypodium spongiosum Copel., PJS 40 (1929) 308. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Native.
  11. Prosaptia nutans (Blume) Mett., Reise Novara 1 (1870) 214; ≡ Ctenopteris nutans (Blume) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. (1875) 185; ≡ Polypodium nutans Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 128. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, PANAY. Native.
  12. Prosaptia obliquata (Blume) Mett., Novara Reise Bot. Exped. 1 (1870) 214; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Ctenopteris obliquata (Blume) Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 111; ≡ Polypodium obliquatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 128. Distribution: Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  13. Prosaptia pectinata T.Moore, Index Fil. (1861) 298. = Prosaptia leysii (Baker) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10 (1941) 242; ≡ Polypodium leysii Baker, J. Bot. (1879) 66; Type: Burbidge 175 (K, holo), Jolo: Bu’ut Timangtangis. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. JOLO. Native.
  14. Prosaptia urceolaris (Hayata) Copel., PJS 40 (1929) 311; ≡ Polypodium urceolare Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 6 (1916) 324. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Native.
  15. Prosaptia venulosa (Kunze) M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 16 (1987) 197; ≡ Ctenopteris venulosa Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) (1846) 425; ≡ Polypodium venulosum Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 128, nom. illeg., non Desv. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.

Pyrrosia Mirbel

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 November 2023
  1. Pyrrosia lanceolata (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12 (1931) 245; ≡ Acrostichum lanceolatum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1067. = Pyrrosia varia (Kaulf.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12 (1931) 302. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. APULIT, BASIAO, BASILAN, BATAN, BATANES, BILIRAN, BOHOL, CABUCAN, CAGAYAN DE SULU, CAGBALETE, CAMIGUIN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, CATANDUANES, CEBU, CULION, GENERAL ISLAND, GUIMARAS, LEYTE, LUBANG, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MALAMAWI, MANGSEE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, PAPAHAG, POLILLO, ROMBLON, SAMAR, SIBUTU, SUMALUC, TAGANAK, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Epiphytic or lithophytic, usually at low elevation. Native.
  2. Pyrrosia longifolia (Burm.f.) C.V.Morton, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 36 (1946) 168; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; ≡ Acrostichum longifolium Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 228. = Pyrrosia acrostichoides (G.Forst.) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 (1935) 69; ≡ Cyclophorus acrostichoides (G.Forst.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6 (1851) 130; ≡ Polypodium acrostichoides G.Forst., Prod. (1786) 81. = Cyclophorus acrostichoides var. gracilis Copel., LPB 1 (1907) 234. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BABUYAN ISLS, BASILAN, BOHOL, BUCAS GRANDE, BUCAS ISLS, CAMIGUIN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, CATANDUANES, CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Sarangani, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIARGAO, SIBUTU, SIBUYAN. Native.
  3. Pyrrosia nummulariifolia (Sw.) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 (1935) 47; ≡ Cyclophorus nummulariifolius (Sw.) C.Chr., Index Filic. (1903) 200; ≡ Acrostichum nummulariifolium Sw., Syn. Fil. 191 (1806) 419. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, ?Cambodia, China, India, ?Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BOHOL, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Aurora (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Kalinga, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Native.
  4. Pyrrosia piloselloides (L.) M.G.Price, Kalikasan 3 (1974) 176; Bada et al., J. Tropical Biol. & Conservation 20 (2023) 115; ≡ Drymoglossum piloselloides (L.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 227; ≡ Pteropsis piloselloides (L.) Desv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6 (1827) 218; ≡ Pteris piloselloides L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 2 (1763) 1530. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, ?Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, MINDORO (photos), PANAY. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Epiphytic on tree trunks and branches or epilithic on outcrops and boulders along rivers and streams at low elevation. Common. Native.
  5. Pyrrosia porosa (C.Presl) Hovenkamp, Blumea 30 (1984) 208. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Rizal. Native.
  6. Pyrrosia rasamalae (Racib.) K.H.Shing, Amer. Fern J. 73 (1983) 78; ≡ Polypodium rasamalae Racib., Pterid. Buit. (1899) 99. = Pyrrosia lanuginosa (Giesenh.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 472; ≡ Niphobolus lanuginosus Giesenh., Niph. (1901) 190. Distribution: Borneo, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Apayao, Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: South Cotabato, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Native.
  7. Pyrrosia samarensis (C.Presl) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 (1935) 49; ≡ Cyclophorus samarensis (C.Presl) C.Chr., Index Filic. (1905) 200; ≡ Gyrosorium samarense C.Presl, Epim. Bot. (1851) 140. = Pyrrosia philippinensis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 43, nom. illeg., nom. superfl. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Aurora (photos), Batangas, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, PONEAS, SAMAR. Native.
  8. Pyrrosia sphaerosticha (Mett.) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 (1935) 62; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Polypodium sphaerostichum Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. (Polypodium) (1857) 130. = Cyclophorus pseudolingua Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 2, 11 (1913) 6. = Sphaerostichum acrostichoides C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6 (1851) 135. Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Sur (photos), Kalinga, Laguna, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato (photos), Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Native.
  9. Pyrrosia splendens (C.Presl) Ching, Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 1 (1935) 68. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, BOHOL, CATANDUANES, GENERAL ISLAND, LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, SAMAR. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Scleroglossum Alderw.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 7 September 2020
  1. Scleroglossum minus (Fée) C.Chr., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 4 (1929) 29; ≡ Vittaria minor Fée, Mém. Foug. 3 (1851) 23. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, CEBU, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Kalinga, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Sarangani, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  2. Scleroglossum pusillum (Blume) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg Ser. 2, 7 (1912) 39; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Vittaria pusilla Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 199. = Pleurogramme loheriana Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 1006. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, ?Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte (photos), Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao Oriental (photos), Davao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Scleroglossum sulcatum (Kuhn) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg Ser. 2, 7 (1912) 39; ≡ Vittaria sulcata Kuhn, Linn. 36 (1869) 68. = Scleroglossum intermedium (Copel.) Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 480; ≡ Monogramma intermedia Copel., PJS 1, Suppl. 4 (1906) 255. Distribution: Borneo, China, India, ?Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. NEGROS. Native.

Selliguea Bory

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 22 September 2023
  1. Selliguea albidosquamata (Blume) Parris, Pl. Mt. Kinabalu (1992) 152; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22047; ≡ Crypsinus albidosquamatus (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 207; ≡ Polypodium albidosquamatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 132. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Aurora (photos), Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  2. Selliguea caudiformis (Blume) J.Sm., Ferns Brit. For. (1866) 97; ≡ Polypodium caudiforme Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1829) 122. = Selliguea calophlebia (Copel.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 508; ≡ Polypodium calophlebium Copel., PJS 2 c (1907) 140. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Selliguea elmeri (Copel.) Ching, Sunyatsenia 5 (1940) 260; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Selliguea feei Bory var. elmeri (Copel.) Tagawa, (1956); ≡ Polypodium elmeri Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1905) 191. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur (photos), Misamis Oriental, NEGROS. Native.
  4. Selliguea enervis (Cav.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10 (1941) 239; ≡ Crypsinus enervis (Cav.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 207; ≡ Polypodium enerve Cav., Descr. Pl. (1802) 245. = Selliguea kamborangana (C.Chr.) M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 16 (1987) 198; ≡ Polypodium kamboranganum C.Chr., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7 (1934) 306. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Abra, Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga-Apayao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Native.
  5. Selliguea glauca (Brack.) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 56; ≡ Crypsinus glaucus (Brack.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Phymatodes glauca (Brack.) J.Sm., Ferns Brit. For. (1866) 94; ≡ Drynaria glauca Brack., U.S. Expl. Exp. 16 (1854) 54. = Drynaria glauca J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 397, nom. inval., nom. nud. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS. Native.
  6. Selliguea hastata (Thunb.) Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 44; ≡ Crypsinus hastatus (Thunb.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Phymatopteris hastata (Thunb.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 462; ≡ Polypodium hastatum Thunb., Linn. Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 935. Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Russia, Taiwan, Tibet. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Epiphytic or lithophytic, c. 2400m. Native.
  7. Selliguea heterocarpa (Blume) Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 125; ≡ Grammitis heterocarpa Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 2 (1829) 11. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao, SAMAR. Native.
  8. Selliguea lagunensis (Christ) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 55; ≡ Crypsinus lagunensis (Christ) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Phymatopteris lagunensis (Christ) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 463; ≡ Polypodium lagunense Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 201. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  9. Selliguea moulmeinensis (Bedd.) X.C.Zhang & L.J.He, Taxon 67 (2018) 244; ≡ Pleopeltis moulmeinensis Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India (1867) t.205. = Arthromeris proteus (Copel.) Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 27 (1952) 218; ≡ Polypodium proteus Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 164. = Arthromeris mairei (Brause) Ching, Sunyatsenia 6 (1941) 5; ≡ Polypodium mairei Brause, Hedwigia 64 (1914) 208. Distribution: ?Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Tibet. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11 as Arthromeris mairei). Native.
  10. Selliguea oodes (Kunze) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 89; ≡ Crypsinus oodes (Kunze) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 207; ≡ Polypodium oodes Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) (1846) 421. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato (photos), Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  11. Selliguea pyrolifolia (Goldm.) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 58; ≡ Crypsinus pyrolifolius (Goldm.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Polypodium pyrolifolium Goldm., Nova Acta 19, Suppl. 1 (1843) 453. = Craspedaria nummularia Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 264. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Batangas, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Sarangani, South Cotabato, MINDORO, NEGROS. Native.
  12. Selliguea stenophylla (Blume) Parris, Pl. Mt. Kinabalu (1992) 151; ≡ Crypsinus stenophyllus (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Polypodium stenophyllum Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 124. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Bataan, Ifugao, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, NEGROS, PANAY (photos). Native.
  13. Selliguea taeniata (Sw.) Parris, Pl. Mt. Kinabalu (1992) 152; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Crypsinus taeniatus (Sw.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Phymatopteris taeniata (Sw.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 465; ≡ Polypodium taeniatum Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800 (1801) 26. = Crypsinus ramosii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 43. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BASILAN, BATAN, BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, JOLO, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Native.
  14. Selliguea taeniophylla (Copel.) Parris, Pl. Mt. Kinabalu (1992) 152; ≡ Polypodium taeniophyllum Copel., PJS 7 (1912) 65. = Selliguea lateritia (Baker) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 71; ≡ Polypodium lateritium Baker, Ann. Bot. 5 (1891) 476. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. SAMAR. Native.
  15. Selliguea triloba (Houtt.) M.G.Price, Blumea 43 (1998) 57; Pescuela et al., PJS 153 (2024) 666; ≡ Crypsinus trilobus (Houtt.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Phymatopteris triloba (Houtt.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28 (1973) 465; ≡ Polypodium trilobum Houtt., Natuurl. Hist. 14 (1783) 148. = Selliguea matutumensis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 44. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Ifugao, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  16. Selliguea whitfordii (Copel.) Hovenkamp, Blumea 43 (1998) 60; ≡ Crypsinus whitfordii (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 206; ≡ Polypodium whitfordii Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 4) (1906) 256. = Crypsinus subdimorphus Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 43. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Zambales, PANAY. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Selliguea feei Bory, Dict. Class d'Hist. Nat. 6 (1824) 588. Distribution: China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, ?Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Kalinga-Apayao, Mountain Province, ?Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS.

Thylacopteris Kunze ex J.Sm.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 18 June 2019
  1. Thylacopteris papillosa (Blume) Kunze ex J.Sm., Hist. Fil. (1875) 88; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22048; ≡ Polypodium papillosum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 131. Distribution: Borneo, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BATAN, BOHOL, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Surigao, Surigao del Norte, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.

Tomophyllum (E.Fourn.) Parris

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 16 June 2024
  1. Tomophyllum macrum (Copel.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 247; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22048; ≡ Ctenopteris macra (Copel.) Copel., FFP 3 (1960) 529; ≡ Polypodium macrum Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1905) 189; Type: Copeland 1016 (MICH, lecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Sarangani, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Tomophyllum millefolium (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 247; Galope-Obemio et al., J. Threatened Taxa 14 (2022) 22048; ≡ Ctenopteris millefolia (Blume) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 219; ≡ Polypodium millefolium Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 134. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, South Cotabato. Native.
  3. Tomophyllum minutum (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 247; ≡ Ctenopteris minuta (Blume) Holttum, Rev. Fl. Mal. 2 (1955) 228; ≡ Polypodium minutum Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 130. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur. Native.
  4. Tomophyllum repandulum (Kunze ex Mett.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 248; ≡ Polypodium repandulum Kunze ex Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. (Polypodium) 50 (1857) n.54. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Vietnam. LUZON: Aurora. Native.
  5. Tomophyllum subfalcatum (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 248; ≡ Polypodium subfalcatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 130. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand. MINDANAO: Sarangani. Notes: J.F. Barcelona (22-Sep23): Known from the Philippines from Barcelona & Busemeyer 902 (PNH). Native.
  6. Tomophyllum subsecundodissectum (Zoll.) Parris, Gard. Bull. Sing. 58 (2007) 249; ≡ Ctenopteris subsecundodissecta (Zoll.) Copel., PJS 81 (1953) 114; ≡ Polypodium subsecundodissectum Zoll., Syst. Verz. 38 (1854) 48; Type: Merrill 5971 (MICH, lecto), Mindoro: Mt Halcon. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Tomophyllum inconspicuum (Blume) Parris, Gard. Bull. Singapore 58 (2007) 247; ≡ Polypodium inconspicuum Blume, Enum. Fil. (1828) 130. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, ?Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao.

Xiphopterella Parris

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 10 July 2019
  1. Xiphopterella nudicarpa (P.M.Zamora & Co) Parris, Fern Gaz. 20 (2015) 47; ≡ Acrosorus nudicarpus P.M.Zamora & Co, Nat. Appl. Sc. Bull. Univ. Philipp. 32 (1980) 47; ≡ Xiphopteris nudicarpa (P.M.Zamora & Co) Parris in Parris et al., Pl. Mt Kinabalu 1 (1992) 77. = Grammitis palasaba M.G.Price, Contr. Univ. Mich. Herb. 16 (1987) 196. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

References