Polygonaceae

Antigonon Endl. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 December 2020

Photos
  1. Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechyís Voy. (1841) 308; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 294; --Corculum leptopus (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz, US Dept. Agr. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 282 (1913) 86; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125. Native to Mexico. Not native to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Agusan. Cultivated for ornamental purposes. Naturalized. Photos

Corculum = Antigonon

Fallopia Adans. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 December 2020

Photos
  1. Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Ń.LŲve, Taxon 19 (1970 300; --Polygonum convolvulus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 364; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122. Widespread weed in temperate countries. Not native to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, 1400m. Weed in gardens. Naturalized. Photos

Persicaria Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 August 2021

Photos
  1. Persicaria attenuata (R.Br.) SojŠk, Preslia 46 (1974) 152; --Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 624; --Polygonum attenuatum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 420.
  2. Persicaria barbata (L.) Hara, Fl. E. Himalaya (1966) 70; --Polygonum barbatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 362; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. Photos
  3. Persicaria chinensis (L.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 269; --Polygonum chinense L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 363; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. Bangladesh, China, India, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. Throughout the Philippines. In thickets and forest margins, 300-2400m. Photos
  4. Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson, Telopea 3 (1988) 178; --Polygonum decipiens R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Polygonum minus Huds. ssp. decipiens (R.Br.) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 8 (1927) xxx. Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Middle East, Myanmar, New Guinea, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. In open wet sites, 1200-1500m.
  5. Persicaria dichotoma (Blume) Masam., Sci. Rep. Kanazawa Univ. 2 (1954) 82; --Polygonum dichotomum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1826) 529. --Polygonum pedunculare Wall. ex Meisn. in DC., Prodr. 14 (1857) 133; --Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1718, nom. nud.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123. Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Open wet lands, swamps, etc. at low and medium elevation. In Benguet ascending to 1400m.
  6. Persicaria filiformis (Thunb.) Nakai, Fl. Quelpaert Isl. (1914) 41; --Polygonum filiforme Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 377. --Sunania filiformis (L.) Raf. var. apoensis (Elmer) Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (1962) 9; --Tovara filiformis var apoensis (Elmer) Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 6 (1952) 39; --Tovara apoensis (Elmer) H.L.Li, Rhodora 54 (1952) 25; --Tovara virginiana (L.) Raf. var. apoensis (Elmer) Steward, Contrib. Gray Herb. 5 (1930) 15; --Polygonum apoense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2796; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; --Mun & Park, Pl. Syst. Evol. 196 (1995) 154; --Type: Alvarez PFB 25230 (BS, US, syn); Clemens 2114 (UC, syn); Clemens 15649 (UC, syn); Elmer 10754 (BS, GH, K, MBG, US, syn), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo. China, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Pakistan, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao. Open glens in dense forests, 1000-2000m.
  7. Persicaria glabra (Willd.) M.Gůmez, An. Inst. Segunda Ensenanza Habana 2 (1896) 278; --Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 632; --Polygonum glabrum Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799) 447; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 301. Africa, Americas, Bangladesh, China, India, Java, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Near rice paddies and other open inundated sites, 1200-1800m.
  8. Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (1800) 518; --Polygonum hydropiper L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 302. Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, W, C and N Asia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao. Open inundated sites such as old rice paddies, along streams, etc. 1200-2000m. Photos
  9. Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (180) 519; --Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. 38 (2010) 139; --Polygonum lapathifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 360; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 304. Afghanistan, Africa, W, C and N Asia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos
  10. Persicaria minor (Huds,) Opiz, Seznam 72 (1852); --Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. 38 (2010) 140; --Polygonum minus Huds., Fl. Angl. (1762) 148; --Merr., EPFP2 (1923) 123. W, C, and N Asia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Laos, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  11. Persicaria muricata (Meisn.) Nemoto, Fl. Jap. Suppl. (1936) 173; --Polygonum muricatum Meisn., Monogr. Polyg. (1826) 74; --Park, Brittonia 38 (1986) 401; --Type: from Nepal. --Polygonum strigosum R.Br. var. benguetense (Merr.) Steward, Contrib. Gray Herb. 5 (1930) 90; --Polygonum benguetense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 301; EPFP 2 (1923) 122; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Type: Merrill 9682 (NY, lecto), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, May-1914. China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Open wet sites, 1200-1500m.
  12. Persicaria nepalensis (Meisn.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 277; --Polygonum nepalense Meisn., Monog. (1826) 84; --Wall., Cat. No. 1701; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306; --Type: from Nepal. --Polygonum punctatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1823) 72, nom. illeg., auct. non Elliot; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. Afghanistan, Africa, Bhutan, C Asia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Photos
  13. Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach., Hist. Nat. Veg. 10 (1841) 537; --Polygonum orientale L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 343; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306. Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Bukidnon. Open wet sites at low and medium elevation. Photos
  14. Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 275. --Polygonum perfoliatum L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1005; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 307; --Type: from India. Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Nepal, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Cordillera Highlands, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Sprawling over thickets in ravines, 1300-1600m.
  15. Persicaria posumbu (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross, Beih. Bot. Centralbl., Abt. 2. 37 (1919) 113; --Polygonum posumbu Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Peninsular Malaysia, Russia, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  16. Persicaria praetermissa (Hook.f.) Hara, Fl. E. Himalaya (1966) 73; --Polygonum praetermissum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1886) 47; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 309. Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Ryukyus, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Open swamps, along small streams, etc., 1400-2000m.
  17. Persicaria pubescens (Blume) Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 17 (1941) 335; --Polygonum pubescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1826) 532. --Polygonum roettleri Roth, Nov. Sp. Pl. (1821) 205; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Swampy sites at low elevation.
  18. Persicaria runcinata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49(2) (1913) 277; --Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 73; --R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 310; --Type: from Nepal. Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, New Guinea, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines.

Possibly present:

  1. Persicaria maculosa Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2 (1821) 269. --Polygonum persicaria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361. Native to Europe, widely naturalized elsewhere. Note by P.B. Pelser (30-Feb-21): Reported for the Philippines by Holm et al. (1991), but no specimens cited. Invasive species (CABI). Photos

Polygonum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 June 2021

Photos
  1. Polygonum plebeium R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; --Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. Africa, Andaman Isls, C Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela. Open sites along streams at low elevation, ascending to 1400m in Benguet.

Rumex L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 Jun 2021

Photo
  1. Rumex acetosella L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 538; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Native of Eurasia. Not native to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1600-2400m. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos
  2. Rumex crispus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 335; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; --Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Native of Eurasia, now widely distributed in the temperate parts of the N hemisphere. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1400-2400m. Photos

Excluded:

  1. Rumex obtusifolius L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 335; --Antonio et al., J. Wetlands Biodiversity 10 (2020) 29. Reported for the Philippines by Antonio et al. (2020) from Benguet State University campus, but no specimens cited and likely misidentified according to one of the authors (Jones Napaldet, pers. comm. 7-Dec-20). Photos

Triplaris Loefl. ex L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2015

Photos

  1. Triplaris cumingiana Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Petersb. ser. 6, Sc. Nat. 4 (1845) 148. Native to neotropics. Not native to the Philippines. Planted for lumber. Photos

Non-naturalized cultivated plants:

  1. Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 1759 1007; --Polygonum uviferum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 365. Photos
  2. Muehlenbeckia platyclada (F.Muell.) Meisn., Bot. Zeit. 22 (1865) 313, as 'platyclados'; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; --Homalocladium platycladum (F.Muell.) L.H.Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2 (1929) 58; --Polygonum platycladum F.Muell., Trans. & Proc. Philos. Inst. Victoria 2 (1858) 73. New Guinea, Solomon Isls. Not native to the Philippines. P.B. Pelser (14-Dec-20): I have thus far only seen specimens from plants grown in cultivation, so I here assume that it is not naturalized. Photos

Literature

Antonio, JM, MM Bacate, JL Butag, SM Ladoan, GD Vicente & JT Napaldet. Vascular plant diversity in Benguet State University La Trinidad main campus, Philippines: a status report and a database to support the attainment of sustainable development. Journal of Wetlands Biodiversity 10: 21-42

Backer, CA & RC Bakhuizen van den Brink. 1963. Polygonaceae. Flora of Java 1: 219-226.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Danser, BH. 1927. Die Polygonaceen Niederlšndisch-Ostindiens. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique du Buitenzorg ser. 3, 8: 117-261.

Hara, H. 1962. Sunania Rafin. versus Tovara Adanson. Journal of Japanese Botany 37: 6-12

Holm, LG, JV Pancho, JP Herberger & DC Plucknett. 1991. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Malabar, Florida: Krieger.

Kantachot, C, P Chantaranothai & DA Simpson. 2010. A synopsis of the genus Persicaria (Polygonaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest. Bull. 38: 128-149

Kim, S-T & MJ Donoghue. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of Persicaria (Persicarieae, Polygonaceae). Systematic Botany 33: 77-86

Liu, HY. 1996. Polygonaceae. In Huang, TC (ed.) Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed., 2 (1996) 294-315. (Polygonum by CF Kuo, HY Liu & YP Yang).

Park, C-W. 1986. Nomenclatural typifications in Polygonum section Echinocaulon (Polygonaceae). Brittonia 38: 394-406.

Sanchez, A, TM Schuster, JM Burke & KA Kron. 2011. Taxonomy of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): a new tribal classification. Taxon 60: 151-160.

Steward, AN. 1930. The Polygonaceae of eastern Asia. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium 5: 1-129.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 8 August 2021