Polygonaceae

Antigonon Endl. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 December 2020
  1. Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechy’s Voy. (1841) 308; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 294; ≡ Corculum leptopus (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz, US Dept. Agr. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 282 (1913) 86; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125. Distribution: C America. LUZON, MINDANAO: Agusan. Notes: Cultivated for ornamental purposes. Naturalized.

Coccoloba P.Browne (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 1007; ≡ Polygonum uviferum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 365. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Fallopia Adans. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 December 2020
  1. Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Á.Löve, Taxon 19 (1970) 300; ≡ Polygonum convolvulus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 364; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, China, Eurasia, India, Korea, Middle East, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Widespread weed in temperate countries. 1400m. Weed in gardens. Naturalized.

Muehlenbeckia Meisn. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Muehlenbeckia platyclada (F.Muell.) Meisn., Bot. Zeit. 22 (1865) 313, as 'platyclados'; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 188; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; ≡ Homalocladium platycladum (F.Muell.) L.H.Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2 (1929) 58; ≡ Polygonum platycladum F.Muell., Trans. & Proc. Philos. Inst. Victoria 2 (1858) 73. Distribution: New Guinea, Solomon Isls. Notes: P.B. Pelser (14-Dec-20): I have thus far only seen specimens from plants grown in cultivation, so I here assume that it is not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Persicaria Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 July 2022
  1. Persicaria attenuata (R.Br.) Soják, Preslia 46 (1974) 152; Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 624; ≡ Polygonum attenuatum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 420. Distribution: LUZON, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. attenuata. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON. Native.
    • ssp. pulchra (Blume) K.L.Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 629; Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. (Bot.) 38 (2010) 147; ≡ Persicaria pulchra (Blume) Soják, Preslia 46 (1974) 154; ≡ Polygonum pulchrum Blume, Bijdr. 11 (1826) 530; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 309; Type: from Java. = Polygonum tomentosum auct. non Schrank; Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799) 447; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 187; EPFP 2 (1923) 124; Pancho, Kalikasan 1 (1972) 104. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. In wet inundated sites such as ponds, irrigation ditches, shallow water swamps, lake margins, etc. at low elevation. Sometimes gregarious. Native.
  2. Persicaria barbata (L.) H.Hara, Fl. E. Himalaya (1966) 70; ≡ Polygonum barbatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 362; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. Distribution: LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. barbata. Distribution: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao. Open, inundated sites from sea-level to 1400m. Native.
  3. Persicaria chinensis (L.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 269; ≡ Polygonum chinense L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 363; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 298. Distribution: Bangladesh, China, India, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. In thickets and forest margins, 300-2400m. Native.
  4. Persicaria decipiens (R.Br.) K.L.Wilson, Telopea 3 (1988) 178; ≡ Polygonum decipiens R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; ≡ Polygonum minus Huds. ssp. decipiens (R.Br.) Danser, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 8 (1927) 178. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Middle East, Myanmar, New Guinea, New Zealand, Philippines, Sri Lanka. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: In open wet sites, 1200-1500m. Native.
  5. Persicaria dichotoma (Blume) Masam., Sci. Rep. Kanazawa Univ. 2 (1954) 82; ≡ Polygonum dichotomum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1826) 529. = Polygonum pedunculare Wall. ex Meisn. in DC., Prodr. 14 (1857) 133; Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1718, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Notes: Open wet lands, swamps, etc. at low and medium elevation. In Benguet ascending to 1400m. Native.
  6. Persicaria filiformis (Thunb.) Nakai, Fl. Quelpaert Isl. (1914) 41; ≡ Antenoron filiforme (Thunb.) Roberty & Vautier, Boissiera 10 (1964) 35; ≡ Polygonum filiforme Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 377. = Sunania filiformis var. apoensis (Elmer) Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 37 (1962) 9; ≡ Tovara filiformis var. apoensis (Elmer) Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo 6 (1952) 39; ≡ Tovara apoensis (Elmer) H.L.Li, Rhodora 54 (1952) 25; ≡ Tovara virginiana (L.) Raf. var. apoensis (Elmer) Steward, Contrib. Gray Herb. 5 (1930) 15; ≡ Polygonum apoense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2796; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; Mun & Park, Pl. Syst. Evol. 196 (1995) 154; Type: Alvarez PFB 25230 (BS, US, syn); Clemens 2114 (UC, syn); Clemens 15649 (UC, syn); Elmer 10754 (BS, GH, K, MBG, US, syn), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo. Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao. Notes: Open glens in dense forests, 1000-2000m. Native.
  7. Persicaria glabra (Willd.) M.Gómez, An. Inst. Segunda Ensenanza Habana 2 (1896) 278; Wilson, Kew Bull. 45 (1991) 632; ≡ Polygonum glabrum Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799) 447; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 301. Distribution: Africa, America, Bangladesh, China, India, Java, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Near rice paddies and other open inundated sites, 1200-1800m. Native.
  8. Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (1800) 518; ≡ Polygonum hydropiper L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 122; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 302. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao. Notes: Open inundated sites such as old rice paddies, along streams, etc. 1200-2000m. Native.
  9. Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre, Fl. Auvergne (Delarbre) ed. 2 (180) 519; Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. 38 (2010) 139; ≡ Polygonum lapathifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 360; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 304. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Bangladesh, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. lanata (Roxb.) Soják, Preslia 46 (1974) 154; Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. 38 (2010) 140; ≡ Polygonum lanatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1832) 285; Type: from India. = Persicaria lanigera (R.Br.) Soják, Preslia 46 (1974) 153; ≡ Polygonum lanigerum R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 419; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; Type: from Australia. Distribution: Australia, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand. LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte. Notes: Open wet sites, near streams, etc. at low to medium elevation. Native.
    • var. lapathifolia. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  10. Persicaria minor (Huds.) Opiz, Seznam 72 (1852); Kantachot et al., Thai For. Bull. 38 (2010) 140; ≡ Polygonum minus Huds., Fl. Angl. (1762) 148; Merr., EPFP2 (1923) 123. Distribution: Bangladesh, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  11. Persicaria muricata (Meisn.) Nemoto, Fl. Jap. Suppl. (1936) 173; ≡ Polygonum muricatum Meisn., Monogr. Polyg. (1826) 74; Park, Brittonia 38 (1986) 401; Type: from Nepal. = Polygonum strigosum R.Br. var. benguetense (Merr.) Steward, Contrib. Gray Herb. 5 (1930) 90; ≡ Polygonum benguetense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 301; EPFP 2 (1923) 122; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Type: Merrill 9682 (NY, lecto), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, May-1914. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Open wet sites, 1200-1500m. Native.
  12. Persicaria nepalensis (Meisn.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 277; ≡ Polygonum nepalense Meisn., Monog. (1826) 84; Wall., Cat. No. 1701; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306; Type: from Nepal. = Polygonum punctatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1823) 72, nom. illeg., non Elliott; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Bhutan, C Asia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.
  13. Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 10 (1841) 537; ≡ Polygonum orientale L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 343; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 306. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Open wet sites at low and medium elevation. Native.
  14. Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49 (1913) 275; ≡ Polygonum perfoliatum L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1005; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 307; Type: from India. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: In the Cordillera Highlands of Luzon. Sprawling over thickets in ravines, 1300-1600m. Native.
  15. Persicaria posumbu (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross, Beih. Bot. Centralbl., Abt. 2. 37 (1919) 113; ≡ Polygonum posumbu Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 71; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Russia, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Davao, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. mearnsii (Elmer) Soják, Preslia 46 (1974) 154; ≡ Polygonum mearnsii Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 289; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 123. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Davao. Native.
  16. Persicaria praetermissa (Hook.f.) Hara, Fl. E. Himalaya (1966) 73; ≡ Polygonum praetermissum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5 (1886) 47; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 309. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Open swamps, along small streams, etc., 1400-2000m. Native.
  17. Persicaria pubescens (Blume) Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 17 (1941) 335; ≡ Polygonum pubescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1826) 532. = Polygonum roettleri Roth, Nov. Sp. Pl. (1821) 205; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Swampy sites at low elevation. Native.
  18. Persicaria runcinata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49(2) (1913) 277; ≡ Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 73; R.J.Johns, Fl. Pl. Papuasia 3 (1989) 51; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 310; Type: from Nepal. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Persicaria maculosa Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2 (1821) 269. = Polygonum persicaria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 361. Distribution: Europe. Notes: Widely naturalized elsewhere. Note by P.B. Pelser (30-Feb-21): Reported for the Philippines by Holm et al. (1991), but no specimens cited. Invasive species (CABI).

Polygonum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 June 2021
  1. Polygonum plebeium R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 420; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 124; Kuo et al. in Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 308. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, C Asia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Isabela. Notes: Open sites along streams at low elevation, ascending to 1400m in Benguet. Native.

Rumex L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 Jun 2021
  1. Rumex acetosella L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 538; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Distribution: Eurasia. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1600-2400m. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.
  2. Rumex crispus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 335; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 121; Liu, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 2 (1996) 314. Distribution: Eurasia. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1400-2400m; native of Eurasia, now widely distributed in the temperate parts of the N hemisphere. Naturalized.

Excluded

  1. Rumex obtusifolius L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 335; Antonio et al., J. Wetlands Biodiversity 10 (2020) 29. Reported for the Philippines by Antonio et al. (2020) from Benguet State University campus, but no specimens cited and likely misidentified according to one of the authors (Jones Napaldet, pers. comm. 7-Dec-20).

Triplaris Loefl. ex L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 May 2015
  1. Triplaris cumingiana Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Petersb. ser. 6, Sc. Nat. 4 (1845) 148. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Planted for lumber. Naturalized.

References