Pentaphylacaceae

Adinandra Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 July 2020
  1. Adinandra apoensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2833, as 'apoense'; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 72; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 43; Type: Elmer 11265 (A, F, GH, L, MO, NA, NY, US), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. = Adinandra merrillii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2834; Type: Elmer 14088 (A, F, GH, L, MO, NA, NY, US), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, Oct-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon (photos), Davao. Native.
  2. Adinandra elliptica C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) 206; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 72; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 36; Type: R.S. Williams 1369 (A, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Sablan, 18-Nov-1904. = Adinandra robinsonii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2836; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Type: Elmer 11461 (A, F, GH, L, MO, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.
  3. Adinandra leytensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 377; EPFP 3 (1923) 72; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 41; Type: Wenzel 760 (A, F, MO, US), Leyte: Masaganap, near Jaro, in forest, 600m, 27-May-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Native.
  4. Adinandra loheri Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 318; EPFP 3 (1923) 72; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 40; Type: Loher 5604 (K, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Mt Oriud, primary forests at medium elevation, Dec-1905. = Adinandra rostrata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 316; EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Type: BS 1567 Ramos (A, L, MO, NY, iso), Luzon: Laguna, Dahican River, 13-Sep-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal. Native.
  5. Adinandra luzonica Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 29; EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 35; Type: Whitford 446 (F, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan, Mt Mariveles, Lamao River, on exposed wind-swept ridges, 1200m, 21-Jul-1904. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Mountain Province, Zambales, NEGROS. Native.
  6. Adinandra macgregorii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 319; EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 38; Type: BS 8425 McGregor (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Pauai, in forest, 2100m, Jun-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.
  7. Adinandra maquilingensis Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 317; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 39; Type: BS 13650 Ramos (F, US, iso), Luzon: Laguna, Mt Makiling, Sep-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon. Native.
  8. Adinandra nigropunctata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 320; EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 42; Type: BS 15355 Ramos (US, iso), Leyte: Dagami, in forests, 13-Aug-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: According to Kobuski (1947), very closely allied and perhaps conspecific with Adinandra apoensis Elmer from Mindanao. Native.

Cleyera Thunb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 May 2018
  1. Cleyera japonica Thunb., Nov. Gen. Pl. (1783) 69. Distribution: China, Korea, Myanmar, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. montana (Merr.) Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 44; ≡ Adinandra montana Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 363; EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Type: FB 4558 Mearns & Hutchinson (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental, Mt Malindang, May-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quirino, Rizal, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis Occidental. Native.

Eurya Thunb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 November 2021
  1. Eurya amplexicaulis S.Moore, J. Bot. 37 (1899) 168; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 74. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: Mossy forests on ridges, 1500-2400m. Native.
  2. Eurya buxifolia Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 74. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Mossy forests, 1500-2500m. Native.
  3. Eurya chinensis R.Br., Narr. Journey China (1818) 379. Native.
    • ssp. flava (Merr. ex Melchior) de Wit, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg III, 17 (1947) 346; ≡ Eurya flava Merr. ex Melchior in Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 21 (1925) 148. Distribution: BATAN, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN.
  4. Eurya coriacea Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 74; Kobuski, Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 25 (1938) 340; Type: FB 18052 Curran, Merritt & Zschokke. = Eurya pachyphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) 309; EPFP 3 (1923) 74; Type: BS 26579 Ramos & Edaño. = Eurya pachyrhachis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 75; Type: BS 26579 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet, Camarines, Laguna, Mountain Province, Zambales. Notes: Ridge mossy forests, 1000-2700m. Native.
  5. Eurya gnaphalocarpa Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formos. 8 (1919) 7; Kobuski, Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 25 (1938) 332. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON, SABTANG. Native.
  6. Eurya japonica Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 101. Native.
    • ssp. nitida (Korth.) T.Yamaz., J. Jap. Bot. 70 (1995) 271; ≡ Eurya nitida Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. 3 (1840) 115. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls. BATANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: In Luzon from Ilocos Norte to Sorsogon. Mossy forests, exposed ridges and ravines, 1000-2000m.
  7. Eurya trichocarpa Korth. in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. 3 (1840) 114. = Eurya acuminata auct. non DC.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 74. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, MINDORO. Notes: Montane forests especially on ridges, chiefly 1000-1500m. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Eurya obovata (Blume) Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. 3 (1840) 118; ≡ Geeria obovata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 125. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, ?Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra.

Ternstroemia Mutis ex L.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 May 2018
  1. Ternstroemia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1480; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 42 (1961) 273; Type: Elmer 12397 (A, lecto; BO, GH, L, isolecto), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (Magdiwang), densely wooded ravine near a creek, c. 500m, May-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Isabela, Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Native.
  2. Ternstroemia philippinensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 196; EPFP 3 (1923) 72; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 42 (1961) 265; Type: BS 20477 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, Feb-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
    • var. philippinensis. Distribution: LUZON: Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN.
    • var. megacarpa (Merr.) Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 42 (1961) 267; ≡ Ternstroemia megacarpa Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 309; EPFP 3 (1923) 71; Type: M.S. Clemens s.n. (BO, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur, Camp Keithley, Sep/Oct-1907. Distribution: MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur.
  3. Ternstroemia toquian (Blanco) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 19; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71; Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 42 (1961) 270; ≡ Llanosia toquian Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 319; Voucher: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 720, leg. M. Ramos (US), Luzon: Pampanga, Mt Arayat, 180m, 24-Feb-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Swampy places. Native.
  4. Ternstroemia urdanetensis (Elmer) Kobuski, J. Arnold Arb. 28 (1947) 46; J. Arnold Arb. 42 (1961) 268; ≡ Adinandra urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2837, as 'urdanetense'; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 73; Type: Elmer 14078 (A, F, GH, L, MO, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, Oct-1912. = Ternstroemia epiphytica Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 73. = Ternstroemia gymnanthera auct. non (Wight & Arn.) Sprague; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 71. = Ternstroemia japonica auct. non (Thunb.) Thunb.; Dyer in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1 (1874) 280; Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 324. = Adinandra coriacea Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 322; Type: Elmer 7438 (NY, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban, in forests at 900m, May-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao Oriental, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Mossy forests, 900-2000m. Native.

Literature