Orobanchaceae

Aeginetia L.

Last edited by P.B. Pelser, 9 March 2024
  1. Aeginetia indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 63; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448; Yang & Lu in Huang (ed.), Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 327. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao (photos), Aurora, Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MINDORO (photos), PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Root holoparasite on coarse grasses such as Miscanthus. Sometimes a pest in sugar cane plantation, low to medium elevation. Native.
  2. Aeginetia selebica Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. III, xiii (1933) 89. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. PANAY. Notes: Root holoparasite on Imperata cylindrica. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Aeginetia pedunculata Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3 (1831) 13. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Pakistan, ?Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. ?LUZON: ?Tarlac. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (9-Oct-19): photos by Bren Tuazona and Richard Ongsico possibly represent this species.

Alectra Thunb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 December 2019
  1. Alectra sessiliflora (Vahl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 458; Morawetz & Wolfe, Syst. Bot. 36 (2011) 146; ≡ Gerardia sessiliflora Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 79. = Alectra avensis (Benth.) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 109; EPFP 3 (1923) 441, as ‘arvensis’; Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 583; ≡ Glossostylis avensis Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 49; Type: from Myanmar. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Zambales (photos). Notes: Root hemiparasite. Native.

Buchnera L.

Last edited by P.B. Pelser, 21 November 2023
  1. Buchnera tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 741. ≠ Buchnera urticifolia auct. non R.Br.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442. Distribution: Australia, Philippines. CULION, LUZON: Albay, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao, MINDORO. Notes: Root hemiparasite in low and medium elevation dry grasslands, ascending to 1400m. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Buchnera ciliata Pennell, J. Arnold Arbor. 24 (1943) 263. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, ?Philippines. ?CULION. Notes: Possibly represented in the Philippines by BS 41354 Lopez (L).

Centranthera R.Br.

  1. Centranthera cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s. 24 (1935) 353; Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 585; ≡ Digitalis cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 378. = Centranthera hispida R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 438; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 421; EPFP 3 (1923) 442. Distribution: China, Indochina, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Taiwan. BOHOL, HERMANA MAYOR, ITBAYAT (photos), LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, NCR, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Throughout the Philippines, in most islands and provinces. A root hemiparasite in lowland and medium elevation open grasslands, ascending to 1400m. Native.

Christisonia Gardner

Last edited by P.B. Pelser, 16 May 2024
  1. Christisonia scortechinii Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 73 (1904) 205; Van der Ent & Wong, Bot. Stud. 56 (2015) 28:8; Type: from Malaysia. = Christisonia wightii Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2793; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448; Type: Elmer 9510 (PNH, holo, ?lost), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete, Cuernos Mts. Distribution: Borneo, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan (photos), Laguna (photos), MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, South Cotabato (photos), NEGROS, PALAWAN (photos). Notes: Records of this species from China were misidentified (Ya et al. 2024). Native.

Euphrasia L.

Last edited by P.B. Pelser, 12 December 2019
  1. Euphrasia merrillii Du Rietz, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 25 (1931) 510; Type: Merrill 4720 (NY, holo), Luzon: Benguet, Suyoc to Pauai, Oct/Nov-1905. ≠ Euphrasia borneensis auct. non Stapf; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Root hemiparasite found on exposed ridges, open places, 2400-2700m. Native.
  2. Euphrasia philippinensis Du Rietz, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 25 (1931) 502; Type: Clemens 16412 (NY, holo), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Dec-1925. ≠ Euphrasia borneensis auct. non Stapf; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Exposed sites, 2200m. Native.

Lindenbergia Lehm.

  1. Lindenbergia philippensis (Cham. & Schltdl.) Benth. in DC., Prodr. 10 (1846) 377; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 432; Prijanto, Reinwardtia 7: 552; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3974; ≡ Stemodia philippensis Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 3 (1828) 5. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan (photos), Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Sea-level to 1600m, on cliffs, talus slopes, etc., in towns on stone walls. This genus is non-parasitic and sister to the entire family Orobanchaceae. Native.

Sopubia Buch.-Ham.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 January 2020
  1. Sopubia trifida Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 88; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442; Steenis, Mountain Fl. Java (1972) Pl. 51-2. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya (photos), Pangasinan, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Notes: Root hemiparasite, found chiefly at 1200-2000m on open grassy slopes. Native.

Striga Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 August 2017
  1. Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 466; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 442; ≡ Buchnera asiatica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 630. Distribution: Africa, Asia, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay (photos), Benguet, Cagayan (photos), Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales. Notes: Chiefly at medium elevation, in open grasslands as root hemiparasite on grasses like Imperata. Native.
  2. Striga masuria (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.) Benth. in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1 (1835) 364; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443; Liu in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2, 4 (1998) 627; ≡ Buchnera masuria Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind. (1835) 41. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Nepal, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal. Notes: A root hemiparasite in low and medium elevation open grasslands. Native.
  3. Striga multiflora Benth. in Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1 (1835) 363; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443. Distribution: Australia, Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal. Notes: Low and medium elevation open grasslands, hemiparasitic on the rhizomes or roots of Themeda and other grasses. Native.

References