Myrtaceae

Corymbia K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson, Telopea 6 (1995) 388; ≡ Eucalyptus citriodora Hook. in Mitch., Journ. Trop. Austral. (1848) 235. Distribution: Australia. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Decaspermum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 October 2022
  1. Decaspermum blancoi S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 112; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 155; Scott, Kew Bull. 35 (1980) 404; Type: Vidal 322 (MA, syn), Luzon: Bulacan, Angat. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, BILIRAN, GOLO, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Camarines Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Tayabas, Zambales, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Thickets at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1800m and sometimes found on exposed forested ridges. Native.
  2. Decaspermum microphyllum Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 289; EPFP 3 (1923) 156; Scott, Kew Bull. 35 (1980) 405; Type: BS 34715 Ramos & Edaño (A, BM, K, L, US, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (5-May-20): distinct from Decaspermum vitis-idaea Stapf in broader leaves and quite hairy new growth and outer floral parts (Peter G. Wilson, 5-May-20, pers. comm.). Native.
  3. Decaspermum parviflorum (Lam.) A.J.Scott, Kew Bull. 34 (1979) 66; Scott, Kew Bull. 35 (1980) 409; ≡ Eugenia parviflora Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 200; Type: from Java (lecto). = Decaspermum fruticosum auct. non J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 155. Native.
    • var. parviflorum. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines. Notes: In all or most Philippine islands and provinces, in thickets and secondary forests, 0-2300m. Often common. Native.
  4. Decaspermum philippinum A.J.Scott, Kew Bull. 35 (1980) 408; Type: PNH 12465 Sulit (L, holo), Palawan: Palawan, Mt Victoria (S slopes), dense dwarfed forest on rocky ridge, 800m, 18-May-1950. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Decaspermum vitis-idaea Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4 (1894) 150; Scott, Kew Bull. 35 (1980) 405; Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental (photos). Notes: Thickets along small streams at low elevation, possibly ultramafic geology. Native.

Eucalyptus L’Her.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2020
  1. Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh., Cat. Pl. Horti Camald., ed. 2 (1832) 20. Distribution: Australia. Notes: Invasive in the Philippines (Joshi 2006). Naturalized.
  2. Eucalyptus deglupta Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1849) 83; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 183; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3974. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Zamboanga. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (25-Oct-2020): Listed for Ilocos Norte (Luzon) by Batuyong et al. (2020), but most likely planted there. Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Eucalyptus globulus Labill., Voy. Rech. Pérouse 1 (1800) 153. Distribution: Australia. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Eucalyptus robusta Sm., Spec. Bot. New Holland 4 (1795) 39. Distribution: Australia. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  3. Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm., Spec. Bot. New Holland 4 (1795) 41. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Eugenia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 August 2017
  1. Eugenia aherniana C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 344; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 157; ≡ Jossinia aherniana (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 358; Type: Clemens 619 (PNH, holo, lost), Mindanao, Lanao del Sur, Lake, Lanao, Camp Keithley. = Eugenia melastomoides Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1429; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: Elmer 10750 (A, GH, K, NSW, US, isosyn), Mindanao, Davao, Todaya (Mt Apo), May-1909; Elmer 11013 (A, GH, K, MO, NSW, US, isosyn), Mindanao, Davao, Todaya (Mt Apo), Jun-1909. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Surigao, Zamboanga, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1050m. Native.
  2. Eugenia inaequisepala Peter G.Wilson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 60(2) (2009) 405; ≡ Jossinia brachypoda Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 359, as ‘brachipoda’, nom. illeg.; Type: BS 16403 Reillo (GH, holo; BM, L, US, iso), Mindanao, Zamboanga, Santa Maria, Sep-Oct 1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  3. Eugenia kamelii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 219; EPFP 3 (1923) 168; ≡ Jossinia kamelii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 359; Type: BS 17539 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; US, A, iso), Samar, Cauayan Valley, 26-Mar-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Known only from the type collection. Native.
  4. Eugenia loheri C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 345; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 169; ≡ Jossinia loheri (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 360; Type: Loher 2475 (PNH, holo, lost; M, iso), Luzon: Pampanga, Mt Arayat, Jun-1896; Cuming 1388 (A, para, type fragment and photo of type in BM). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga. Notes: Thickets or forest at low or medium elevation. Known only from three collections (Wilson 2009). Native.
  5. Eugenia montalbanica Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 417; ≡ Jossinia montalbanica (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 360; ≡ Eugenia diospyrifolia auct. non Wall. ex Duthie; Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 39; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; Type: Loher 13307 (PNH, holo, lost; K, M, iso), Luzon, Rizal, Montalban, May-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, PALAWAN, TABLAS. Notes: Known only from three collections. Native.
  6. Eugenia pasacaensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 346; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 173; ≡ Jossinia pasacaense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 360; Type: FB 10467 (PNH, holo, lost; A fragment, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon, Camarines, Pasacao, May-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Sur. Notes: Limestone cliffs near the sea. Native.
  7. Eugenia sargentii Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 290; EPFP 3 (1923) 177; ≡ Jossinia sargentii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 360; Type: Adduru 169 (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, iso), Luzon, Cagayan, Littoe, vicinity of Peñablanca, 5-Jun-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, SAMAR, TICAO. Notes: Forested slopes at low and medium elevation. Native.
  8. Eugenia tulanan Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 201; EPFP 3 (1923) 179; ≡ Jossinia tulanan (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 360; Type: BS 24453 Ramos (PNH, holo, lost; A, K, NSW, NY, iso), Samar, Northern Samar, Catubig River at Pinipisakan, Mar-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Cagayan, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, SAMAR. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Native.
  9. Eugenia uminganensis Peter G.Wilson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 60(2) (2009) 403; ≡ Garcinia heterophylla Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 285; EPFP 3 (1923) 84; ≡ Jossinia heterophylla (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 359; Type: BS 26457 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo (according to L.L.Co); PNH, lost, holo (Wilson 2009); K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Nueva Ecija, Mt Umingan, 13-Aug-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (photos), Pangasinan. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation. Native.
  10. Eugenia uniflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 471; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 356. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Occasionally cultivated in the Philippines, naturalized in Luzon. Surinam cherry. Naturalized.

Kania Schltr.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017
  1. Kania microphylla (Quisumb. & Merr.) Peter G.Wilson, Blumea 28 (1982) 178; ≡ Tristania microphylla Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 36 (1928) 176; Type: BS 4513 Ramos & Edaño (UC, holo; A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: In mossy forest, 1700m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Kania urdanetensis (Elmer) Peter G.Wilson, Blumea 28 (1982) 179; ≡ Mooria urdanetensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 182; ≡ Photinia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2802; Type: Elmer 13694 (UC, holo; L, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, wind-swept mossy ridge, 1600m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Leptospermum J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 March 2018
  1. Leptospermum amboinense Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17 (1827) 1100; ≡ Leptospermum flavescens auct. non Sm.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 184. Distribution: Sumatra to Australia. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: Exposed ridges in high montane cloud forests generally, 1000-2700m. Descending to coastal ultramafics in Ilocos Norte (Burgos) and Surigao del Sur. Native.
  2. Leptospermum javanicum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17 (1827) 1100; Type: from Indonesia (lecto). Distribution: Myanmar to Sulawesi, Philippines. Native.

Metrosideros Banks ex Gaertn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017
  1. Metrosideros halconensis (Merr.) J.W.Dawson, Blumea 23 (1976) 11; ≡ Mearnsia halconensis Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 182; Type: Merrill 5792. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte, MINDORO. Notes: Mossy forests on exposed ridges, 1200-1500m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Osbornia F.Muell.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 August 2017
  1. Osbornia octodonta F.Muell., Fragm. 3 (1862) 31; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 182. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, ?Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines. Native.

Psidium L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2017
  1. Psidium guajava L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 470; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 155. = Psidium cujavillus Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 114; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 154. Distribution: Pantropic. Notes: Introduced from tropical America, thoroughly naturalized throughout the Philippines, usually very common in thickets and secondary forests, low elevation to at least 1500m. Guava. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.

Rhodamnia Jack

Incertae sedis

  1. Rhodamnia sp.; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995). Distribution: Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Kown from Mt Victoria, Trident Mine area (Swedish Match-Hilleshog 1722). Native.

Rhodomyrtus (DC.) Rchb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 March 2018
  1. Rhodomyrtus surigaoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2344; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 156; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2439. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, DINAGAT, LUZON: Ifugao, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Surigao, Surigao del Norte. Notes: In forests at low elevation, ascending to 1600m on Mt Urdaneta. Native.
  2. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk., Flora Beibl. 2 (1842) 35; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 156; ≡ Myrtus tomentosa Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2 (1789) 159; Type: from China (lecto). Distribution: BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Apayao, Ilocos Norte, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. tomentosa. Distribution: Tropical & Subtropical Asia. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Apayao, Ilocos Norte. Notes: In thickets at low elevation. Naturalized.

Syzygium Gaertn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 5 October 2022
  1. Syzygium abbreviatum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 372; ≡ Eugenia abbreviata auct. non Urb.; Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2776; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 156; Type: Elmer 14263 (GH, MO, NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known from 3 collections. Mossy forests, c. 2200m. Native.
  2. Syzygium abulugense Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 373; ≡ Eugenia propinqua Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 315; EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: BS 13911 Ramos (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. This is a different species than Syzygium propinquum Vieill. ex Guillaumin. Native.
  3. Syzygium acrophilum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 373; ≡ Eugenia acrophila C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 156. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Nueva Vizcaya, Zambales. Notes: Mossy forests, 2000-2700m. Native.
  4. Syzygium acuminatissimum (Blume) DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 261; ≡ Acmena acuminatissima (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 19 (1938) 12; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 361; ≡ Myrtus acuminatissima Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 1088. = Eugenia attenuatifolia Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 299; EPFP 3 (1923) 158; Type: BS 30314 Ramos. = Eugenia cumingiana S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 173; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 260; Type: Vidal 325 (MA, syn), Luzon: Bosoboso; Vidal 1410 (MA, syn), Luzon: Zambales, Infanta, Malapaitan. = Eugenia saligna auct. non (Miq.) C.B.Rob.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 176. = Eugenia eucaudata Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3808. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. CAMIGUIN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Rizal, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, SIBUYAN. Notes: In most or all provinces in Luzon. Common in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  5. Syzygium affine Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 373; Type: BS 22295 Ramos (A, holo; US, K, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon. Native.
  6. Syzygium albayense Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 374; Type: Cuming 913 (K, holo; BM, iso; type fragment & carbon rubbings at A). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  7. Syzygium alcinae (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mém. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 18 (1939) 194; PJS 79 (1951) 375; ≡ Eugenia alcinae Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 216; EPFP 3(1923) 157; Type: Merrill 9224 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. CULION, LUZON, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: Dry thickets and forested slopes at low elevation. Synonym of Syzygium leucoxylon Korth. (WCSP 2017)? Native.
  8. Syzygium alvarezii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 375; ≡ Eugenia alvarezii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 390, excl. BS 18379 Alvarez; EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Type: FB 18353 Alvarez (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, ?Quezon (photos), MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Chiefly in the mossy forests on ridges and peaks, 1000-2400m. Native.
  9. Syzygium angulare (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 375; ≡ Eugenia angularis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1434; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Type: Elmer 12080 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forest, c. 450m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  10. Syzygium angulatum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 375; ≡ Eugenia angulata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 354; EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Type: R.S. Williams 2164 (NY 2 sheets, US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 600 feet. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: Forests up to 750m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from 2 collections cited in the original publication; three collections from Palawan (Victoria Peaks area) may belong here (Soejarto et al. (1995) Checklist Palawan Fl. Pl.). Native.
  11. Syzygium antisepticum (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 159; ≡ Caryophyllus antisepticus Blume in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 262. = Syzygium glaucicalyx (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; ≡ Eugenia glaucicalyx Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 166. = ?Eugenia grata Wight, Ill. 2 (1841) 15; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 233. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CULION, LUZON: Bataan, Laguna, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation, ascending to 600m. According to Merrill (1950), “…may be the Philippine representative of the Indo-Malaysian Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) DC. [Eugenia spicata Lam.], although as Henderson notes, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 233, it is closer to the allied Syzygium gratum Wall. [Eugenia grata Wight], which extends from Assam and Myanmar to Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. The Philippine form is an inland, usually sylvan species, rather than a coastal one.”. Native.
  12. Syzygium antonianum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 375; ≡ Eugenia antoniana Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1425; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Type: Elmer 11621 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, primary forests, c. 1800m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  13. Syzygium apoense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia apoensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1901; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Type: Elmer 11594 (MO, NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1800m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  14. Syzygium aqueum (Burm.f.) Alston, Ann. Bot. Gard. Peradeniya 11 (1929) 204; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia aquea Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 114; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 157; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 53. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BASILAN, DINAGAT, MINDANAO, SAMAR. Notes: Introduced to the Philippines for its edible fruits. Naturalized in thickets and forests at low and medium elevation. Naturalized.
  15. Syzygium arcuatinervium (Merr.) Craven & Biffin, Blumea 51 (2006) 135; ≡ Cleistocalyx arcuatinervius (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 18 (1937) 333; Merr., PJS 79(1950) 363; ≡ Eugenia arcuatinervia Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 104; EPFP 3 (1923) 158; Type: Meyer 2598 (PNH, holo, lost), Luzon: Bataan, Lamao Forest Reserve, forests, c. 600m. = Eugenia sibulanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3808, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Isabela, La Union, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Surigao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  16. Syzygium astronioides (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia astronioides C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 393; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 158. = Eugenia bakeri Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2355; Type: Elmer 14031 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, SIARGAO. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  17. Syzygium attenuatum (Miq.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 185; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia attenuata (Miq.) Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plant. 40 (1909) 121; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 238; ≡ Jambosa attenuata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1) (1855) 437. = Eugenia purpuricarpa Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1435; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: Elmer 12818 (GH, NY, US, iso). Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Notes: Forested ridges at or above 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1949, p. 121), suggests that the Philippine Syzygium clavellatum (Merr.) Merr., Syzygium clementis (C.B.Rob.) Merr., Syzygium rosenbluthii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., and Eugenia purpuricarpa Elmer, all belonging to the Syzygium attenuatum group, may represent but a single species. Native.
  18. Syzygium balerense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia balerensis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 346; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 159. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Camarines Norte. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  19. Syzygium bankense (Hassk.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 160; PJS 79 (1951) 377; ≡ Microjambosa bankensis Hassk., Hort. Bogor. Descr. (1858) 276. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
    • var. bankense. = Eugenia besukiensis (Hassk. ex Miq.) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. As. Soc. 77 (1977) 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 160; ≡ Microjambosa besukiensis Hassk. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 311. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
  20. Syzygium barnesii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 377; ≡ Eugenia barnesii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 1(1906) Suppl. 104; EPFP 3 (1923) 159; C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 360; ≡ Jambosa barnesii Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 37; Type: FB 140 Barnes (A, K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan, Mount Mariveles. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Primary forests, 500-750m. Native.
  21. Syzygium bataanense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 377; ≡ Eugenia bataanensis (Merr.) Merr., PJS 1(1906) Suppl. 104; C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 399; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 159; ≡ Jambosa bataanensis Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 36; Type: Merrill 3761 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Bataan, Mount Mariveles. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan, MINDORO. Notes: Primary forests, 500-1000m. Native.
  22. Syzygium benguetense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 377; ≡ Eugenia benguetensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 374; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 159. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province. Notes: Forests, 1500-2000m. Native.
  23. Syzygium bernardoi (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 378; ≡ Eugenia bernardoi Merr., PJS 18 (1921)304; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 159; Type: FB 27074 Bernardo. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  24. Syzygium blancoi (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 378; ≡ Eugenia blancoi Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 160; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 160. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON: Camarines, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  25. Syzygium bordenii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 378; ≡ Eugenia bordenii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 47; EPFP 3 (1923) 160. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, Pangasinan, Rizal, Tarlac, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Primary lowland forests, often common. Native.
  26. Syzygium borneense (Miq.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1 (1855) 453; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 378; ≡ Eugenia borneensis Miq., Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3, 3 (1850) 24. = Eugenia pseudosubtilis King, Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. No. 12 (1901) 123; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949)204. = Eugenia ixoroides Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1426; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167; Type: Elmer 13165. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests, c. 225m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  27. Syzygium brachyurum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 379; Type: PNH 9768 Lagrimas. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte. Notes: Lowland forest, 100m. Native.
  28. Syzygium brevipaniculatum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia brevipaniculata Merr., PJS11 c (1916) Bot. 23; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 380; Type: BS 23567 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Notes: Primary forests along streams at low or medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  29. Syzygium brittonianum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia brittoniana C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 398; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 160. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Forests, c. 1500m. Native.
  30. Syzygium cagayanense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia cagayanensis Merr., PJS 10c (1915) Bot. 214; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 160. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Forests, c. 300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known from three collections. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  31. Syzygium calcicola (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia calcicola Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 209; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 161. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1300m. Native.
  32. Syzygium calleryanum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia calleryana C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 348; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 161. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: Forests at medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Fruiting materials from Zamboanga peninsula (Ahern s.n.) may prove to belong here. Native.
  33. Syzygium calubcob (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia calubcob C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 364; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 353; EPFP 3 (1923) 161. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. BATAN, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Batan Isls and Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao. Common and widely distributed in thickets and forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  34. Syzygium candelabriforme (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 380; ≡ Eugenia candelabriformis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 375; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 161. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1800m. Native.
  35. Syzygium capoasense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 381; ≡ Eugenia capoasensis Merr., PJS 10 c(1915) Bot. 209; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Type: Merrill 9493. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Exposed ridge-summit mossy forest, c. 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  36. Syzygium cardiophyllum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 381; ≡ Eugenia cardiophylla Merr., PJS 18(1921) 305; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Type: FB 26534 Rola. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: In forests c. 600m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  37. Syzygium casiguranense (Quisumb.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 381; ≡ Eugenia casiguranense Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 337; Type: BS 45464 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; US, NY, iso), Luzon: Aurora, Casiguran. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Forest, low to 600m. Native.
  38. Syzygium cavitense Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 381; Type: BS 22584 Ramos & Deroy (GH, holo; A, US, K, L, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cavite. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  39. Syzygium ciliatosetosum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 382; ≡ Eugenia ciliatosetosa Merr., PJS7 c (1912) Bot. 315; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Type: BS 13974 Ramos (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela, Quezon. Notes: Usually along streams in lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  40. Syzygium cinnamomeum (S.Vidal) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 382; ≡ Eugenia cinnamomea S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 172; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Type: Cuming 846 (syn), Luzon: Albay; Vidal 329 (MA, syn), Luzon, San Mateo. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDORO. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  41. Syzygium clavellatum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 382; ≡ Eugenia clavellata Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 104; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Camarines, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Zamboanga Sibugay, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests, medium elevation. Native.
  42. Syzygium claviflorum (Roxb.) Wall. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2 (1841) 657; Cowan & Cowan Trees N Bengal (1929) 67; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 382; ≡ Eugenia claviflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2 (1832) 488; Hort. Beng. (1814) 37, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 252. Distribution: BATAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
    • ssp. claviflorum. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indochina, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Riau Arch, Singapore, Thailand. BATAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Sorsogon, Zambales, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests. Native.
  43. Syzygium clementis (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 383; ≡ Eugenia clementis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 (1909) Bot. 383; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: ?Camarines, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, PANAY. Notes: Primary forests up to 800m. Native.
  44. Syzygium confertum (Korth.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 18 (1939) 177; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 383; ≡ Jambosa conferta Korth., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1847) 202. = Eugenia calvinii Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1419; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 161; Type: Elmer 12869. = Eugenia densepunctata Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantent. 40 (1900) 97. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests, c. 225m. Note by L.L.Co: Aside from Elmer 12869, type of Eugenia calvinii Elmer, seven other known collections from Palawan. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  45. Syzygium congestum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 383; ≡ Eugenia congesta Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 49; EPFP 3 (1923) 163. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Sorsogon. Notes: Exposed ridge mossy forests, to 2000m. Native.
  46. Syzygium conglobatum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 383; ≡ Eugenia conglobata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 359, nom. illeg., non Sessé & Moc.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163. = Eugenia subsulcata Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3095; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. ALABAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Laguna, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Surigao, Zamboanga, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  47. Syzygium consanguineum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 384; ≡ Eugenia consanguinea Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 163; Type: BS 26995 Ramos (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from 2 collections. Native.
  48. Syzygium consimile Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 384; Type: PNH 6442 Sulit. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Forested slopes, 200-350m. Note by L.L.Co: A fruiting specimen, Whitford 1227 (K) from Luzon (Bataan) apparently belongs here. Native.
  49. Syzygium copelandii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia copelandii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 352; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  50. Syzygium cordatilimbum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia cordatilimba Merr., PJS 27(1925) 40; EPFP 4 (1925) 253. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Rizal, NEGROS. Native.
  51. Syzygium corticopapyraceum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia corticopapyracea Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1405; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163; Type: Elmer 11571. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Notes: Primary forest, c. 1500m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type locality. Native.
  52. Syzygium costulatum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia costulata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 393; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 163. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Laguna (photos), Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation. Native.
  53. Syzygium crassibracteatum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia crassibracteata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 210; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 164; Type: BS 15358 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: In forests, probably c. 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  54. Syzygium crassilimbum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia crassilimba Merr., PJS 27(1925) 41; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; Type: Loher 14208, Luzon: Rizal, Paningtingan. Feb-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  55. Syzygium crassipes (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 385; ≡ Eugenia crassipes C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 361; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 164. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: In the Sierra Madre Range from Cagayan to Quezon; two collections from Palawan cited by Soejarto et al. (1995). Lowland primary forests. Native.
  56. Syzygium crassissimum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 386; ≡ Eugenia crassissima Merr., PJS 10 c(1915) Bot. 211; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 164; Type: BS 15387 Ramos. = Eugenia lumutanensis Merr., nom. inval., in sched. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forests on ridges or peaks, above 1000m. Native.
  57. Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, US Dept. Agr. Bull. 248 (1912) 25; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 386; ≡ Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce, Bot. Excl. Club 3 (1914) 418; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 164; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 182; ≡ Myrtus cumini L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 471. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines, planted and in many regions spontaneous. Primary and secondary forest. Note by L.L.Co: In all probability of prehistoric introduction from Malaya. Java plum. Naturalized.
  58. Syzygium curranii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 386; ≡ Eugenia curranii C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 351; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 164. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Sur, Isabela, Laguna, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  59. Syzygium curtiflorum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 386; ≡ Eugenia curtiflora Elmer, LPB 1 (1908)328; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 164; Type: Elmer 8768. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Quezon. Notes: Primary forests, 900-1400m. Native.
  60. Syzygium davaoense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 386; ≡ Eugenia davaoensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1439; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Type: Elmer 11342. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 1800m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  61. Syzygium decipiens (Koord. & Valeton) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 23 (1942) 281; PJS 79 (1951) 387; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 387; ≡ Eugenia decipiens Koord. & Valeton, Bull. Inst. Bot. Buitenz. 2 (1899) 6; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165. Distribution: Java, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines Norte, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests. Native.
  62. Syzygium densinervium (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 387; ≡ Eugenia densinervia Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 105; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Camarines, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests, 100-600m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
    • var. densinervium. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
    • var. insulare C.E.Chang, Bull. Taiwan Prov. Pingtung Inst. Agric. 5 (1964) 52. Distribution: ?Philippines, Taiwan. Notes: Not reported for the Philippines in WCSP (2017). Native.
  63. Syzygium diffusiflorum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 387. = Eugenia diffusa Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 301, nom. illeg., non Turrill; EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Type: BS 27155 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: Dry forests at low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  64. Syzygium durum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 387; ≡ Eugenia dura Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 24; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Norte, Sorsogon. Notes: Primary forests at low or medium elevation. Native.
  65. Syzygium ebaloii Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 388, as ‘ebaloii’; Type: Ebalo 930 (A). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Notes: Low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  66. Syzygium ecostulatum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 388; ≡ Eugenia ecostulata Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1428; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Type: Elmer 13102. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland primary forest. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  67. Syzygium elliptifolium (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 388; ≡ Eugenia elliptifolia Merr., PJS 18 (1921)291; EPFP 3 (1923) 165. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, PALAWAN, POLILLO. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the two original collections. Native.
  68. Syzygium elliptilimbum (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 18 (1939) 187; PJS 79 (1951) 388; ≡ Eugenia elliptilimba Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. As. Soc. 77 (1917) 211; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 29; Type: from Borneo. = Eugenia suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 416; Type: BS 43916 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. JOLO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  69. Syzygium escritorii Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 389; ≡ Eugenia euphlebia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 217, nom. illeg., non Hayata; Type: BS 20782 Escritor. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Primary forests, low to medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from this locality. Native.
  70. Syzygium everettii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 389; ≡ Eugenia everettii C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 371; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166. = Syzygium irosinense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 396, nom. inval.; ≡ Eugenia irosinensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166; Type: Elmer 15600 (GH, MO, NY, syn), 15274 (MO, NY, syn), 16341 (syn). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, NEGROS. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Native.
  71. Syzygium fastigiatum (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 18 (1939) 152; PJS 79 (1951) 389; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 389; ≡ Eugenia fastigiata (Blume) Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plant. 40 (1900) 104; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 190; ≡ Calyptranthes fastigiata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 1090. = Eugenia sablanensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 228; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 176; Type: Elmer 8879 (NY, iso). = Eugenia sablanensis var. ramulosa Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1408; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 176; Type: Elmer 11633 (NA, NY, US, iso). Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Indochina, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Primary forests at low and medium elevation, ascending to c. 1200m. Native.
  72. Syzygium fenicis (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 390; ≡ Eugenia fenicis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 355; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166; Type: BS 4065 Fenix. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  73. Syzygium filipes Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 390; Type: BS 34723 Ramos & Edaño (A, holo; US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Allied to Syzygium rostratum (Blume) DC. of Sumatra, Java and Borneo. Native.
  74. Syzygium fischeri (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; ≡ Eugenia fischeri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot.218; EPFP 3 (1923) 166; Type: FB 21755 Fischer. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: The identity of the Surigao specimen is not certain. Native.
  75. Syzygium foxworthyi (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; ≡ Eugenia foxworthyi Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1414; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166; Type: Elmer 11280. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao del Sur, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 850m. Note by L.L.Co: Only known from the type collection. Native.
  76. Syzygium garciae (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2439; ≡ Eugenia garciae (Merr.) Merr. ex C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 399; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166; ≡ Jambosa garciae Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 36; Type: Merrill 2367 (collected by R. Garcia) (GH 2 sheets, K, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Pola. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao, MINDORO. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  77. Syzygium gigantifolium (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; ≡ Eugenia gigantifolia Merr. in C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 350; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166. Distribution: Philippines, Sumatra. BASILAN, CULION, MINDANAO: Lanao, MINDORO, PALAWAN (photos), ?PANAY. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: BS 46224 Edaño from Panay apparently belongs here. Open forests at low elevation. Native.
  78. Syzygium gitingense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 391; ≡ Eugenia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1409; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 166; Type: Elmer 12078, Sibuyan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, up to 450m. Native.
  79. Syzygium glabratum (DC.) Veldkamp, Blumea 48 (2003) 489; ≡ Jambosa glabrata DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 287. = Syzygium gracile (Korth.) Amshoff in Backer & Bakh., Bekn. Fl. Java 4b(98) (1944) 22, nom. illeg.; Blumea 5 (1945) 500; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 392. = Eugenia virens (Blume) Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantent. 40 (1900) 113; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 249; ≡ Clavimyrtus virens Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1850) 113. = Eugenia leptogyna C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 368; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 186. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation, ascending to 1000m. Native.
  80. Syzygium globosum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 392; ≡ Eugenia globosa Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1404; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Type: from Davao (Mt Apo). = Eugenia banaba Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1443; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 159; Type: Elmer 12146, Sibuyan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, c. 225-1200m. Note by L.L.Co: Closely allied to Syzygium balerense. Native.
  81. Syzygium grandifolium Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 98; ≡ Syzygium megistophyllum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402, nom. illeg., non Merr. & L.M.Perry; ≡ Eugenia megalophylla Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 42; EPFP 4 (1925) 253; Type: Loher 13596 (M, lecto; A, PNH lost, UC, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas [now Quezon], Umiray region, May-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  82. Syzygium griseum (C.B.Rob.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1949) 124; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 393; ≡ Eugenia grisea C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 395; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167. Distribution: ?Borneo, Philippines. DINAGAT, GUIMARAS, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Rizal, SAMAR. Notes: Presence in Borneo fide Airy Shaw; primary lowland forests. Native.
  83. Syzygium halophilum (Merr.) Masam., Enum. Phan. Born. (1942) 529; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 393; ≡ Eugenia halophila Merr., EPFP 3 (1923)167; Type: FB 13760 Foxworthy, de Mesa & Villamil (A, type fragment and photo of type from BM; US, iso). = Eugenia maritima Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 212, nom. illeg., non DC. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. ?LEYTE, ?LUZON: ?Cagayan, ?Camarines, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Forests bordering mangrove swamp. Note by L.L.Co: Sterile materials from Luzon: Cagayan and Camarines, and Leyte probably represents the same species. Native.
  84. Syzygium hughcumingii Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 394; Type: Cuming 1498 (A, type fragment & photo of holo from BM). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon. Native.
  85. Syzygium hutchinsonii (Merr. ex C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 395; ≡ Eugenia hutchinsonsii Merr. ex C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 376; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167; Type: FB 4026 Hutchinson (US, iso, type fragment and carbon rubbings in A). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Notes: Lowland forest. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  86. Syzygium ilocanum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 395; ≡ Eugenia ilocana Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 291; EPFP 3 (1923) 167; Type: BS 27420 Ramos (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Bangui, 13-Mar-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte. Notes: Dry forests at low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the two original collections. Native.
  87. Syzygium incarnatum (Elmer) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 195; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 395; ≡ Eugenia incarnata Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1416; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167; Type: Elmer 13231. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forest, c. 225m. Native.
  88. Syzygium incrassatum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 395; ≡ Eugenia incrassata Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 581; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167; Type: Elmer 9187 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban, Mt Banahaw, in woods at 750m, May-1907. = Eugenia camiguinensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 314; EPFP 3 (1923) 161; Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 1175, leg. M Ramos (US, iso), Camiguin, Apr-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Quezon, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO, NEGROS, PALAUI, SAMAR. Notes: Forests at medium elevation, 600-750m. Native.
  89. Syzygium intumescens (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 396; ≡ Eugenia intumescens C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 401; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 167. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Sur, Isabela, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Zambales, MASBATE, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation. Native.
  90. Syzygium isabelense (Quisumb.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 397; ≡ Eugenia isabelensis Quisumb., PJS41 (1930) 339; Type: BS 47218 Ramos & Edaño (US, NY), Luzon: Isabela, San Mariano. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela. Notes: Along forest streams at low elevation, ascending to 700m. Native.
  91. Syzygium iwahigense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 397; ≡ Eugenia iwahigensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1417; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 116; Type: Elmer 12743. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Secondary forests at low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  92. Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston in Trimen, Handbook Fl. Sri Lanka 6, Suppl. (1931) 116; Merr., PJS79 (1950) 397; ≡ Eugenia jambos L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 470; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 352; EPFP 3(1923) 168; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 62. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Of prehistoric introduction in the Philippines, now widely cultivated and naturalized in forests. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.
  93. Syzygium kusukusuense (Hayata) Mori, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. 28 (1938) 504; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 42. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. BATAN. Notes: In thicket, locally rare, Hatusima 28591. Note by L.L.Co: To be compared with Syzygium fastigiatum (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry. Not reported for the Philippines in WCSP (2017). Native.
  94. Syzygium lacustre (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 397; ≡ Eugenia lacustris C.B.Rob., PJS4 c (1909) Bot. 377; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 168; Type: Clemens 299. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  95. Syzygium lancilimbum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 397; ≡ Eugenia lancilimba Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 413; EPFP 3 (1923) 168; Type: BS 36934 Ramos & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos), Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: On river banks at low elevation. Native.
  96. Syzygium leucoxylon Korth., Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1847) 203; Merr. & Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 193; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 398; ≡ Eugenia leucoxylon (Korth.) Miq., Ann. Bot. Ind. 1 (1850) 26; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 235. = Eugenia brevistylis C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 347; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 160. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Riau Arch. DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, TINAGO. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  97. Syzygium leytense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 398; ≡ Eugenia leytensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 329; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 169; Type: Elmer 7263. = Eugenia samarensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 223; EPFP 3 (1923) 176; Type: Merrill Philipp. Pl. 1671 (US, NY, iso). = Eugenia sarcocarpa Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 295; EPFP 3 (1923) 176; Type: Wenzel 1484 (A, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Quezon, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests up to 500m. Native.
  98. Syzygium lineatum (DC.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19 (1938) 109; ≡ Jambosa lineata DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 287. = Syzygium longiflorum C.Presl, Bot. Bemerk. (1844) 70; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 398; ≡ Eugenia longiflora (C.Presl) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 86; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 169; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 159. Distribution: Borneo, Indochina, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand. Notes: Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Primary forests at low and medium elevation, often common. Native.
  99. Syzygium llanosii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 398; ≡ Eugenia llanosii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 220; EPFP 3 (1923) 169; Type: Merrill 9704. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pampanga. Notes: Dense thickets in limestone formation, c. 1300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  100. Syzygium longipedicellatum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 399; ≡ Eugenia longipedicellata (Merr.) C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 349; Merr., EPFP 3(1923) 169; ≡ Jambosa longipedicellata Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 37; Type: Merrill 1046 (K, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora, Baler. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Notes: Lowland forest. Note by L.L.Co: Known from three collections. Native.
  101. Syzygium longissimum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 399; ≡ Eugenia longissima Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 50; EPFP 3 (1923) 169. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Isabela, Zambales. Notes: Forests along streams, 40-900m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  102. Syzygium longistylum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 399; ≡ Eugenia longistyla Merr., PJS 10 c(1915) Bot. 220; EPFP 3 (1923) 169; Type: FB 17910 Barros. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Isabela. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Native.
  103. Syzygium lorofolium Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 399; Type: FB 20889 Escritor (US, holo), Luzon: Quezon, Guinayangan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, SAMAR. Native.
  104. Syzygium luteum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 401; ≡ Eugenia lutea C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 350; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 170; Type: FB 18635 Darling. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, Tayabas. Notes: Forested river banks at low elevation. Native.
  105. Syzygium luzonense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 401; ≡ Eugenia luzonensis (Merr.) Merr., PJS 1(1906) Suppl. 105; C.B.Rob., PJS 4c (1909) Bot. 356; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 170; ≡ Jambosa luzonensis Merr., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 17 (1904) 37. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Quezon. Common in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  106. Syzygium macgregorii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 401; ≡ Eugenia macgregorii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 367; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 170; Type: BS 1279 McGregor. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, CALICOAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Bulacan, Camarines, Camarines Norte, Zambales, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos), POLILLO, SAMAR, TINAGO. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  107. Syzygium mainitense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 401; ≡ Eugenia mainitensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1415; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 170; Type: Elmer 11821. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Cagayan, Isabela, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao del Sur, Surigao, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests up to 1300m. Native.
  108. Syzygium malagsam (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402; ≡ Eugenia malagsam Elmer, LPB 4 (1912)1403; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 170; Type: Elmer 11838. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1200m. Note by L.L.Co: A collection from Mindoro (Mt Halcon, PNH 3261 Edaño) may belong here. Native.
  109. Syzygium mananquil (Blanco) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402; ≡ Myrtus mananquil Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 421; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, Zambales, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Cotabato, Davao, Misamis, Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PUJADA. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Common in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  110. Syzygium martelinoi (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402; ≡ Eugenia martelinoi Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: BS 35630 Martelino & Edaño. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Forests, c. 650m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  111. Syzygium mauritsii Govaerts in Govaerts & al., World Checkl. Myrtaceae (2008) 400; ≡ Syzygium merrillii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402, nom. illeg.; ≡ Eugenia merrillii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 349; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: Merrill 760. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Forests along streams at low and medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known from from 7 collections. Native.
  112. Syzygium megalanthum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402; ≡ Eugenia megalantha C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 374; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: BS 784 Foxworthy, Palawan: Iwahig. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BALABAC, PALAWAN. Notes: Forests along streams at low and medium elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from 3 collections from the type locality. Native.
  113. Syzygium melanostictum (Miq.) Craven & Biffin, Blumea 51 (2006) 138; ≡ Jambosa melanosticta Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1) (1855) 432. Distribution: Java, Philippines. Native.
  114. Syzygium melliodorum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 402; ≡ Eugenia melliodora C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 401; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: McGregor 224. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Isabela (photos), Laguna, Quezon, Tayabas, MINDORO, POLILLO. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Native.
  115. Syzygium merrittianum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia merrittiana C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 369; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 171; Type: BS 5198 Ramos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN DE ALBAY, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Camarines, Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, MINDORO, SIBUYAN. Notes: On slopes and along streams at low and medium elevation. Native.
  116. Syzygium mimicum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia mimica Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 112; EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: Merrill 5034 (NY, syn; US, isosyn), Ahern’s Collector 3431 (US, isosyn). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Bulacan, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Tayabas, Zambales, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: On rocky river banks (typical narrow-leaved form) and on slopes at low and medium elevation. Native.
  117. Syzygium mindorense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia mindorensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 399; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: FB 9820 Merritt. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Forested slopes at low elevation. Native.
  118. Syzygium mirabile (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia mirabilis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 412; EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: BS 36772 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso); BS 37238 Ramos & Edaño (A, isosyn). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  119. Syzygium mirandae (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia mirandae Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 221; EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: FB 21687 Miranda (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines. Notes: Mossy forest, c. 700m. Native.
  120. Syzygium multinerve (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 403; ≡ Eugenia multinervis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 352; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: Cuming 1299 (A, photo of type from BM; K, BM). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Probably in forests at low elevation. Native.
  121. Syzygium multipuncticulatum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 404; Type: PNH 6048 Sulit (A). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Known from Loquilocon, near Wright. Lowland forests, 150m. Note by L.L.Co: Only known with certainty from the type collection; allied to Syzygium mainitense. Native.
  122. Syzygium myrtifolium Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2 (1843) 178; Merr. & Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 182. = Syzygium oleinum Wall. ex Wight, Ill. 2 (1841) 15, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 406; ≡ Eugenia oleina (Wall. ex Wight) Wight, Ill. 2 (1841) 15, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 150. = Eugenia parva C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 341; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 173. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Riau Arch, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand. BOHOL, CEBU (photos), LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Notes: Forested ridges up to 900m. Native.
  123. Syzygium myrtillus (Stapf) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 171; ≡ Eugenia myrtillus Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4 (1894) 153; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 172, pro parte. = Syzygium ugoense (C.B.Rob.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1949) 120; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 419; ≡ Eugenia ugoensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 389; Type: FB 10913 Curran (US, iso). Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  124. Syzygium nervosum A.Cunn. ex DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 260. = Syzygium operculatum (Roxb.) Nied. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(7) (1893) 85; ≡ Cleistocalyx operculatus (Roxb.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 18 (1937) 337; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 363; ≡ Eugenia operculata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1832) 486; Hort. Beng. (1814) 37, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 264. = Eugenia clausa C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 380; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, India, Indochina, Java, Malay Peninsula, ?Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Rizal, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  125. Syzygium nitidum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 221; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 404. = Eugenia benthamii A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 520; EPFP 3 (1923) 159. Distribution: New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Camarines, Isabela, La Union, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, MANGSEE, MINDORO. Notes: Forests at low elevation. This is a different species than Eugenia nitida Vell. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  126. Syzygium oblanceolatum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 405; ≡ Eugenia oblanceolata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 400; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 173; Type: Cuming 1676 (A, typefragment and photo of type from BM). Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, MINDORO, SAMAR. Native.
    • ssp. oblanceolatum. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao, SAMAR. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  127. Syzygium obliquinervium (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 405; ≡ Eugenia obliquinervia Elmer, LPB10 (1939) 3768, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Type: Elmer 16117 (A, holo; GH, NY, MO, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Bulusan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  128. Syzygium palawanense (C.B.Rob.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 185; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 376; ≡ Eugenia palawanensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 377; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 173; Type: FB 3503 Curran. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland forests. Note by L.L.Co: The type is the only known Philippine collection. Native.
  129. Syzygium pallidum Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 38; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 407; ≡ Eugenia perpallida Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 106; EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: Merrill 1764 (A, US). = Eugenia pacifica Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3808; Type: Merrill 1764 (A, US, iso), Luzon: Zambales, Subig. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, BASILAN, LUBANG, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines, Cavite, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, Zambales, MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, SIBUYAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: In forests, chiefly at medium elevation, ascending to 1000m. This is a different species than Eugenia pallida Berg. Native.
  130. Syzygium panayense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 407; ≡ Eugenia panayensis Merr., PJS 18(1921) 292; EPFP 3 (1923) 173; Type: BS 32470 McGregor (PNH, holo, ?lost; A,US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Mossy forest, c. 1000m. Native.
  131. Syzygium panduriforme (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408; ≡ Eugenia panduriformis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1412; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 173; Type: Elmer 11246. Distribution: Philippines, ?Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur. Notes: Forested ridges, 1000-1400m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  132. Syzygium pascasioi (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408, as ‘pascasioii’; ≡ Eugenia pascasioi Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 173; Type: BS 35057. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE. Notes: Dry forests at low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  133. Syzygium paucivenium (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408; ≡ Eugenia paucivenia C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 382; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: Cuming 1186 (A, iso). Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal. Notes: Slopes at low and medium elevation. Native.
  134. Syzygium penasii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408; ≡ Eugenia penasii Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 293; EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: FB 26703 Peñas. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CALAYAN, LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Lowland forests, c. 300m. Note by L.L.Co: Only known from the type. Native.
  135. Syzygium peregrinum (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 154; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408; ≡ Jambosa peregrina Blume, Mus. Bot. 1 (1850) 92. = Eugenia tawaensis Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 220. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI (photos). Native.
  136. Syzygium phanerophlebium (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 408; ≡ Eugenia phanerophlebia C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 353; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: BS 3361 Ramos (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  137. Syzygium philippinense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 409; ≡ Eugenia philippinensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 378; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: Merrill 2054 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  138. Syzygium polisense Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 409; Type: PNH 7813 Celestino (A, holo). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Notes: Mossy forest near the summit, 2040m. Note by L.L.Co: Thus far known only from a few collections from this locality. Native.
  139. Syzygium polyanthum (Wight) Walp., Repert. 2 (1843) 180; Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 155; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 409; ≡ Eugenia polyantha Wight, Ill. 2 (1841) 17; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 211. = Eugenia atropunctata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 385; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 158; Type: Cuming 1308 (BM, holo; A, iso). = Eugenia lambii Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1430; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 168; Type: Elmer 13047 (NY 2 sheets, NA, US, iso). Distribution: Borneo, Indochina, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. BALABAC, LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  140. Syzygium polycephaloides (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 410; ≡ Eugenia polycephaloides C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 378; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: FB 10521 Curran (US, iso). Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Common in primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  141. Syzygium pseudocalcicola Craven & Biffin, Blumea 51 (2006) 139; ≡ Cleistocalyx paucipunctatus (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 18 (1937) 336; Merr., PJS79 (1950) 365; ≡ Eugenia paucipunctata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 215, nom. illeg., non Koord. & Valeton; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923)173; Type: Merrill Philipp. Pl. 1709 (PNH, holo, lost; GH, lecto; L, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet, near Baguio. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Thickets, c. 1500m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  142. Syzygium pulgarense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 410; ≡ Eugenia pulgarensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 380; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 174; Type: FB 3882 Curran (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Apparently on exposed ridges at or above 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Only known from the type. Native.
  143. Syzygium punctilimbum (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sc. 18 (1939) 194; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995); ≡ Eugenia punctilimba Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 77 (1917) 217. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Native.
  144. Syzygium purpuriflorum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 411; ≡ Eugenia purpuriflora Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1432; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: Elmer 13117 (NY 2 sheets, NA, syn), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Apr-1911; Elmer 13233 (syn), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, May-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  145. Syzygium ramosii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 411; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2439; ≡ Eugenia ramosii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 349; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: BS 8030 Ramos (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Isabela, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Forests near streams. Native.
  146. Syzygium rigidifolium Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 411; Type: Clemens 16945 (A, holo; K, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Native.
  147. Syzygium rizalense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 412; ≡ Eugenia rizalensis Merr., PJS 18 (1921)302; EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: BS 29280 Ramos & Edaño (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Forests, probably at or above 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  148. Syzygium robertii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 412; ≡ Eugenia robertii Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 106; EPFP 3 (1923) 176. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUBANG, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, SIBUYAN. Notes: Forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1500m. Native.
  149. Syzygium robinsonii (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 412; ≡ Eugenia robinsonii Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 583; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: Elmer 10050 (A, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mtns. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?CEBU, NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1200m. Native.
  150. Syzygium rolfei Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 412; Type: Vidal 2768 (K, ?holo; MA, iso), Panay; Leon. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Native.
  151. Syzygium rosenbluthii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 413; ≡ Eugenia rosenbluthii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 384; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: FB 16890 Rosenbluth (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga. Notes: Exposed ridges, up to 1200m. Native.
  152. Syzygium roseomarginatum (C.B.Rob.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 191; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 413; ≡ Eugenia roseomarginata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 390; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: FB 13975 Merritt & Darling (US, iso). Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna. Notes: Primary forests, 300-700m. Note by L.L.Co: BS 22435 Ramos, a fruiting specimen from Pampanga apparently belongs here. Native.
  153. Syzygium rubropurpureum (C.B.Rob.) Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. (1949) 118; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 413; ≡ Eugenia rubropurpurea C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 358; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175; Type: FB 9465 Whitford & Hutchinson (NY, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.
  154. Syzygium rubrovenium (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 413; ≡ Eugenia rubrovenia C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 358; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 175. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao. Notes: Forests, 700-1300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from 3 collections. Native.
  155. Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 19 (1938) 115, 216; Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 167; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414; ≡ Myrtus samarangensis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 1084. = Eugenia javanica Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 200; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 168; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 74. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Thailand. Notes: Of prehistoric introduction to the Philippines from Malaya, widely scattered in cultivation for its edible fruits (wax jambu). Naturalized in secondary forest and along rivers. Naturalized.
  156. Syzygium santosii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414; ≡ Eugenia santosii Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 294; EPFP 3 (1923) 176; Type: BS 31844 J.K. Santos (A, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Pauai. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Zambales. Notes: Forested slopes, c. 2200m. Native.
  157. Syzygium sessililimbum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414; ≡ Eugenia sessililimba Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: BS 33342 (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: Forested slopes, c. 1000m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  158. Syzygium siderocola (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414, excl. syn. ‘Eugenia similis’ (which is printer’s error for Eugenia sidericola); ≡ Eugenia siderocola Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 303; EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: BS 34521 Ramos & Pascasio (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Along streams, low elevation. Note by L.L.Co: Only known from the original two collections. Native.
  159. Syzygium simile (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414; ≡ Eugenia similis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 106; EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: Whitford 413 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Zambales, MASBATE, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS. Notes: Forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  160. Syzygium speciosissimum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 414; ≡ Eugenia speciosissima C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 348; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: FB 10865 Curran (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 2000m. Native.
  161. Syzygium squamiferum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 415; ≡ Eugenia squamifera C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 373; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: FB 8243 Curran & Merritt (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. Notes: Forests, c. 300m. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  162. Syzygium striatulum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 415; ≡ Eugenia striatula C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 397; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: Cuming 1046. (NY, iso). = Eugenia neei Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 301; EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: BS 27156 Ramos (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Burgos. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, CULION, LUZON: Albay, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Zambales. Notes: Dry forests or slopes along streams at low and medium elevation. Native.
  163. Syzygium subcaudatum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 415; ≡ Eugenia subcaudata Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 21; Type: BS 23324 (NY, US, iso). = Eugenia myrtillus auct. non Stapf; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 172, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Sorsogon. Native.
  164. Syzygium subfalcatum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 415; ≡ Eugenia subfalcata C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 382; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 177; Type: Cuming 1049 (BM). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, ?Zambales. Native.
  165. Syzygium subfoetidum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; ≡ Eugenia subfoetida C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 360; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: BS 685 Foxworthy (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1000m. Native.
  166. Syzygium subrotundifolium (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; ≡ Eugenia subrotundifolia C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 362; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: BS 3594 Fenix (US, iso), Batan Isls. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tayabas, POLILLO. Notes: Thickets and secondary forests, especially along the seashore. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  167. Syzygium subsessile (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; ≡ Eugenia subsessilis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 360; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: R.S. Williams 2748 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, NEGROS. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  168. Syzygium subsessiliflorum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; ≡ Eugenia subsessiliflora Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: Merrill Philipp. Pl. 1679 leg. Ramos (GH, NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  169. Syzygium sulcistylum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; ≡ Eugenia sulcistyla C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 368; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: FB 15873 Bacani (A US, iso), Luzon: Benguet. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet. Notes: According to Merrill (1950), BS 28051 Fenix, from Apayao, is probably a narrow-leaved form of this species. Forests, c. 1000m. Native.
  170. Syzygium sulitii Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 416; Type: PNH 7766 Sulit (A, holo). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Dwarfed forests at the summit, 2700m. Native.
  171. Syzygium surigaense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 417; ≡ Eugenia surigaensis Merr., PJS 18(1921) 297; EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: BS 34686 Ramos & Pascasio (A, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Lowland forests along streams. Note by L.L.Co: Known only from the type. Native.
  172. Syzygium tayabense (Quisumb. & Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 417; ≡ Eugenia tayabensis Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 175; Type: BS 45691 Ramos & Edaño (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino. Native.
  173. Syzygium taytayense (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 417; ≡ Eugenia taytayensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 368; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: Merrill 9201 (NY, US, iso). Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Note by L.L.Co: Known from five collections. Native.
  174. Syzygium tenuipes (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 417; ≡ Eugenia tenuipes Merr., PJS 4 c (1912) Bot. 316; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: FB 19608 Curran. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, ?Isabela (photos), Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDORO, ?PANAY (photos). Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  175. Syzygium tenuirame (Miq.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 418; ≡ Eugenia spicata Lam. var. tenuiramis (Miq.) M.R.Hend., Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 252; ≡ Jambosa tenuiramis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1) (1855) 437. = Eugenia nitidissima Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 213; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 172; Type: Wenzel 922 (A, NY, US, iso), Leyte. Distribution: ?Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines Norte, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Surigao, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Forested slopes and ridges, 300-900m. Native.
  176. Syzygium toppingii (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 418; ≡ Eugenia toppingii Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1407; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: Elmer 11181 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo. = Eugenia puncticulata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 381. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur. Notes: Primary forests, up to 750m. Note by L.L.Co: Closely allied to Syzygium balerense. Native.
  177. Syzygium trianthum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 419; ≡ Eugenia triantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 224; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 178; Type: FB 20558 Miranda (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  178. Syzygium triphyllum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 419; ≡ Eugenia triphylla C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 371; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga. Notes: Along streams in lowland forests. Native.
  179. Syzygium tripinnatum (Blanco) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 419; ≡ Eugenia tripinnata (Blanco) C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 357; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179; ≡ Myrtus tripinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 421. = Eugenia peninsula Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3769, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Type: Elmer 15421 (syn); Elmer 15441 (A, MO, NY, syn); Elmer 15968 (NY, syn); Elmer 15991 (MO, NY, syn). Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Cagayan, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Lanao, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  180. Syzygium tula (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 419; ≡ Eugenia tula Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 297; Merr.,EPFP 3 (1923) 179; Type: FB 27540 de Mesa (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Surigao, Zamboanga, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  181. Syzygium urdanetense (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 420; ≡ Eugenia urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7(1914) 2365; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179; Type: Elmer 13784 (E, K, L, MO, NA, NY, P, U, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. = Eugenia capizensis Merr., PJS 18 (1921) 305; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 161; Type: BS 35584 Martelino & Edaño (A, K, P, US, iso), Panay: Capiz, Mt Salibongbong. = Eugenia caudatifolia Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 211; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 162; Type: Wenzel 1062 (GH, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BUCAS GRANDE, CATANDUANES, DINAGAT, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Camarines Norte, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte, Surigao, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation up to 900m. Native.
  182. Syzygium vaccinifolium Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 420; ≡ Eugenia vaccinioides Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2350; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179; Type: Elmer 13760 (MO, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Exposed ridges in mossy forest, 1000-1700m. The name Syzygium vaccinioides is occupied by Syzygium vaccinioides Merr. & L.M.Perry. Native.
  183. Syzygium valdepunctatum Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 420; Type: BS 26144 Babaran (A, holo; K, US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  184. Syzygium vernonioides (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 421; ≡ Eugenia vernonioides Elmer, LPB 7(1914) 2352; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179; Type: Elmer 13826 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, NEGROS. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 1600m. Native.
  185. Syzygium vidalianum (Elmer) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 421; ≡ Eugenia vidaliana Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 584; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179, excl. syn. Eugenia williamsii; Type: Elmer 9161 (A, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban. = Eugenia sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) 22; Type: BS 23373 Ramos (P), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Pocdal, 1-Aug-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  186. Syzygium vulcanicum Elmer ex Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 422; Type: Elmer 16997 (A, holo; GH, US, iso). = Eugenia bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1925) 3135, nom. inval., nom. nud.; LPB 10 (1939) 3808. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Known from three collections. Native.
  187. Syzygium wenzelii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 423; ≡ Eugenia wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 380; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 180; Type: Wenzel 770 (A, US, iso), Leyte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Surigao, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests, c. 500m. Native.
  188. Syzygium whitfordii (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 423; ≡ Eugenia whitfordii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 49; EPFP 3 (1923) 180; Type: Whitford 468 (NY, US, syn). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Camarines, Laguna, Nueva Ecija (photos). Notes: Primary forests, 150-600m. Native.
  189. Syzygium williamsii (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 423; ≡ Eugenia williamsii C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 365; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 179; Type: R.S. Williams 2128 (NY 2 sheets; US, syn), Mindanao: Zamboanga. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, LUZON: Bataan, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Native.
  190. Syzygium xanthophyllum (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 424; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3974; ≡ Eugenia xanthophylla C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 370; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 180. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LUZON: Abra, Apayao, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, Zambales, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Lowland forests. Native.
  191. Syzygium xiphophyllum (Merr.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 424; ≡ Eugenia xiphophylla Merr., PJS 18(1921) 298; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 180; Type: FB 24060 Acuña. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao, Zamboanga. Notes: Forested slopes at low elevation. Native.
  192. Syzygium zamboangense (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 423; ≡ Eugenia zamboangensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 379; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 180; Type: FB 9473 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, iso). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Surigao, Zamboanga. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arn. Arb. 19 (1938) 215; Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 18 (1939) 154; PJS 79 (1951) 401; Merr., PJS 79 (1951) 401; ≡ Eugenia malaccensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 470; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 170; Henderson, Gard. Bull. Sing. 12 (1949) 46. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Note by L.L.Co: Cultivated in most parts of the Philippines for its edible fruits (Malay apple), although nowhere naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Possibly present

  1. Syzygium capitatum (Merr.) Merr. & L.M.Perry, Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sc. 18 (1939) 150; ≡ Eugenia capitata Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 77 (1917) 208. Distribution: Borneo, ?Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Known from Brooke’s Pt, Malalung River. Note by L.L.Co: Five uncertainly named specimens from C-S Palawan by Soejarto et al. (1995).

Tristaniopsis Brongn. & Gris

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 November 2021
  1. Tristaniopsis decorticata (Merr.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh., Austral. J. Bot. 30 (1982) 439; ≡ Tristania decorticata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 51; EPFP 3 (1923) 183. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao, PALAWAN, POLILLO. Notes: Primary forests, chiefly at low and medium elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Tristaniopsis flexuosa Fernando & Peter G.Wilson, Telopea 24 (2021) 346; Type: E.S. Fernando 4186 (PNH, holo; LBS, NSW, iso), Dinagat: Loreto, Mt Redondo, 876m, 1-Sep-2016. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT. Conservation status: Critically Endangered B1ab(ii,iii)+2ab(i,ii,iii) (Fernando & Wilson 2021). Native.
  3. Tristaniopsis littoralis (Merr.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh., Austral. J. Bot. 30 (1982) 439; ≡ Tristania littoralis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 317; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 183. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, PALAWAN, SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Forests behind mangroves, but also ascending to 500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Tristaniopsis micrantha (Merr.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh., Austral. J. Bot. 30 (1982) 439; ≡ Tristania micrantha Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 288; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 183. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Camarines, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur, SAMAR. Notes: Forested slopes, 100-400m. Native.
  5. Tristaniopsis oblongifolia (Merr.) Peter G.Wilson & J.T.Waterh., Austral. J. Bot. 30 (1982) 439; ≡ Tristania oblongifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 430; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 183. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Quezon, PALAWAN. Notes: Forest on ultramafics, near sea-level to 200m. Up to 400m on Mt Binuang. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Uromyrtus Burret

Incertae sedis

  1. Uromyrtus sp. Distribution: MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Photos by Melanie Schori from Mt Hamiguitan are the only known record of this genus in the Philippines.

Xanthomyrtus Diels

  1. Xanthomyrtus diplycosiifolia (C.B.Rob.) Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 415; PJS 79 (1951) 355; Scott, Kew Bull. 33 (1979) 477; ≡ Eugenia diplycosiifolia C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 347; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 165; Type: FB 13403 Klemme (K, US, iso). = Xanthomyrtus aureus (Elmer) Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 415; ≡ Eugenia aurea Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1400; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 158; Type: Elmer 11253 (BM, K, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Quirino, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS. Notes: Primary mossy forest, 1000-1800m. Native.

Xanthostemon F.Muell.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 18 November 2020
  1. Xanthostemon bracteatus Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 289; EPFP 3 (1923) 182; Type: FB 26500 de Mesa & Magistrado (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte, Paracale. Low hills, 30m, 1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Camarines, Camarines Norte, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Xanthostemon fruticosus Peter G.Wilson & Co, Sida 18 (1998) 283; Type: Co 3583 (A, holo; PNH, PUH, CAHUP, L, KEP, US, CANB, iso), Luzon: Isabela, Divilacan, Aubarede Peninsula, Lanay Spring, c. 17 km NNW of Palanan Point. On coastal ultramafic scrub. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Stunted scrub vegetation from near the coast to c. 1000m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Xanthostemon philippinensis Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 289; EPFP 3 (1923) 182; Type: FB24812 de Mesa (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte, Paracale, 40m, Nov-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Camarines, Camarines Norte, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Xanthostemon speciosus Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 6 (1904) 10; Merr., J. Arn. Arb. 33 (1952) 159; Type: Merrill 682 (NY, US, iso), Culion: Feb-1903. Distribution: BUSUANGA, CULION, MANAMOC, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland thickets and scrub, also open pyrogenic grasslands with scattered trees. On Palawan commonly seen on ultramafics, on Busuanga and Manamoc on chert. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  5. Xanthostemon verdugonianus Náves ex Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1880) Bot. 82; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 183; J. Arn. Arb. 33 (1952) 160. Distribution: BUCAS GRANDE, DINAGAT, HOMONHON, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao del Sur, SIARGAO, SIBUYAN. Notes: Lowland and medium elevation forests and regrowths on ultramafics. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

References