Marantaceae

Donax Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 June 2021
  1. Donax canniformis (G.Forst.) K.Schum. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 15 (1893) 440; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 248; ≡ Clinogyne canniformis (G.Forst.) K.Schum., Nat. Pflanzenfam., Nachtr. 1 (1897) 96; ≡ Thalia canniformis G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 1. = Clinogyne grandis (Miq.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3 (1883) 651; ≡ Maranta grandis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 616. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines in all islands and provinces. Common in low and medium elevation secondary forests, especially along streams. Native.

Maranta L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 June 2021

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Maranta arundinacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 2; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 163; EPFP 1 (1924) 250. Distribution: C & S America. Cultivated, not naturalized.
    • var. arundinacea. Distribution: America. Notes: Now pantropic in cultivation. Widely grown in the Philippines for its starchy rhizome. Arrowroot, Uraró. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.
    • var. variegata Ridl., Gard. Chron. iii, 9 (1891) 73; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 163; EPFP 1 (1924) 250; ≡ Phrynium variegatum N.E.Br., Ill. Hort. 33 (1886) 125, nom. illeg. Distribution: America. Notes: Cultivated for ornamental purposes. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.

Phrynium Willd.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 June 2021
  1. Phrynium bracteosum (Warb. ex K.Schum.) Suksathan & Borchs., Taiwania 55 (2010) 29; ≡ Phacelophrynium bracteosum Warb. ex K.Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 11 (1902) 123; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 250; Type: Vidal 3976 (K, lecto), Luzon: Albay. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Batangas, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  2. Phrynium fasciculatum (C.Presl) Horan., Prod. Scitam. II (1862); ≡ Monophrynium fasciculatum (C.Presl) K.Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 11 (1902) 68; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 250; ≡ Calathea fasciculata C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 108; Type: BS 34797 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; Plate in Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1830) tab XVI, lecto). = Monophrynium congestum Ridl., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 197; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 250; Type: FB 9548 Curran (PNH, holo, lost). Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  3. Phrynium interruptum (Warb. ex K.Schum.) Suksathan & Borchs., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159 (2009) 394; ≡ Phacelophrynium interruptum Warb. ex K.Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich 11 (1902) 121; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 251; Type: Warburg 12495, 12160, 14585 (B lost, syn); Elmer 14552 (PNH, neo; BO, NY, P, S, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Balusan, Irosin, Oct-1915. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  4. Phrynium minutiflorum Suksathan & Borchs., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159 (2009) 394. = Phacelophrynium cylindricum Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 269; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 251; Type: BS 30503 Ramos (PNH, lost; K, lecto; US, isolecto), Catanduanes, Mt Mariguidon, in damp forest, 23-Nov-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, PANAY. Notes: Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  5. Phrynium pubinerve Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 1 (1827) 38; Type: from Java. = Phrynium philippinense Ridl. in Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 569; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 249. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. ALABAT, BABUYAN ISLS, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO. Notes: Low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  6. Phrynium simplex (Elmer) Suksathan & Borchs., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159 (2009) 394; ≡ Monophrynium simplex Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 276; Merr., EPFP 1 (1924) 250; Type: Elmer 9147 (BO, holo; K, US, iso); Elmer 7611 (K, para). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Camarines Norte (photos), Laguna, Quezon. Notes: Forested slopes near streams, c. 750m. Native.

References