Magnoliaceae

Magnolia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 July 2021

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Magnolia × alba (DC.) Figlar, Proc. Int. Symp. Magnoliac. 1 (2000) 21; Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 96; ≡ Michelia × alba DC., Syst. (1817) 449; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 605. = Michelia × longifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 7; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 152. Notes: Artificial hybrid. Commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries for ornamental purposes. Champakang Puti. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. (1880) t. 3; Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 96; ≡ Michelia champaca L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 536; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 601. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Cultivated, not naturalized.
    • var. champaca. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Notes: Not native and cultivated in the Philippines and throughout the tropics. Not naturalized? Cultivated, not naturalized.
  1. Magnolia angatensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 859; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 2 (1878) 243; ≡ Magnolia candollii var. angatensis (Blanco) Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 375; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 585; ≡ Talauma angatensis (Blanco) Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A) (1880) 3; D.Vidal, Cat. Pl. Prov. Manila (Nov. 1880) 17; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 151. = Talauma villariana Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 307; Merr., EPFP 2(1923) 152, pro parte; Type: S. Vidal 5 (K, L, iso), Luzon: Bulacan. = Talauma luzonensis Warb. ex Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 171; Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35(1906) 8; PJS 3 c (1909) Bot. 406; Type: Warburg 11767 (?B). = Talauma grandiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 13; Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 7; Type: FB 314 Gammill (NY, US, iso), Guimaras: Feb-1904. = Talauma oblongata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 8; Type: Merrill 1003. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.
  2. Magnolia borneensis Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 366. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Magnolia carsonii Dandy ex Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 348. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
    • var. drymifolia Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 351; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 573; Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. PALAWAN. Notes: Known in the Philippines from Bartolomé 4815 (PUH). Primary forest along flan ridge, 1500m. Native.
  4. Magnolia elegans (Blume) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Singapore 31 (1978) 129; ≡ Aromadendron elegans Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1825) 10. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Thailand. PALAWAN. Notes: Note: J.V. LaFrankie (pers. comm., 3-Oct-2012) reports seeing two collections of this species from Palawan at PNH. Native.
  5. Magnolia liliifera (L.) Baill., Hist. Pl. (Baillon) 1 (1868) 141; ≡ Liriodendron liliiferum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 755. = Magnolia candollii (Blume) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 31 (1978) 129, as ‘decandollii’, nom. illeg.; Noot., Fl.Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 581. = Talauma reticulata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 249; EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: BS 35187 Ramos & Pascasio (K, L photo, US, iso), Dinagat. = Talauma pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1809; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: Elmer 13192 (L, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak). = Talauma gitingensis Elmer var. glabra Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 189; Type: BS 39436 Ramos (BM, holo; BO, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Occidental, Mt Calavite, Apr-1921. = Talauma gitingensis Elmer var. rotundata Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 190; Type: Vidal 2554. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BUSUANGA, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, DALUPIRI, LUZON, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Primary forests, 0-200m, but rarely recorded. Native.
  6. Magnolia pachyphylla Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 186; Type: FB 3864 Curran (K, holo; NY, US, iso), Palawan, Feb-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Synonym of Magnolia liliifera Baill.? Native.
  7. Magnolia philippinensis P.Parm., Bull. Sc. Fr. Belg. 27 (1896) 206, 270; Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 97; ≡ Michelia philippinensis (P.Parm.) Dandy, Kew Bull. (1927) 263; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 604. = Michelia cumingii Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 100; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 153; Type: Cuming 783 (MEL, holo; A, BM, K, L, NY, iso). Distribution: Philippines, Thailand. CEBU, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS. Notes: Midmontane forests, ascending to 2100m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Feb. Commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries. Native.
  8. Magnolia platyphylla (Merr.) Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 97; ≡ Elmerrillia platyphylla (Merr.) Noot., Blumea 31 (1985) 102; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 596; ≡ Michelia platyphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 11; EPFP 2 (1923) 153; Type: FB 26866 Tomeldan (K, US, iso), Leyte: May-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay, NEGROS. Notes: Lowland secondary forests. Native.
  9. Magnolia pubescens (Merr.) Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 98; ≡ Elmerrillia pubescens (Merr.) Dandy, Kew Bull. (1927) 261; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 596; ≡ Talauma pubescens Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 133; EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: Clemens 686 (BO, PNH, iso), Mindanao: Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Surigao del Sur. Notes: Forests, 700-2000m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec. Native.

References