Magnoliaceae

Magnolia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 July 2021

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Magnolia × alba (DC.) Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 96; ≡ Michelia × alba DC., Syst. (1817) 449; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 605. = Michelia × longifolia Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 7; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 152. Notes: Artificial hybrid. Commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries for ornamental purposes. Champakang Puti. Not naturalized?.
  2. Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. (1880) t. 3; Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 96; ≡ Michelia champaca L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 536; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 601. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
    • var. champaca. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Notes: Not native and cultivated in the Philippines and throughout the tropics. Not naturalized?.
  1. Magnolia angatensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 859; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 2 (1878) 243; ≡ Magnolia candollii var. angatensis (Blanco) Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 375; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 585; ≡ Talauma angatensis (Blanco) Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A) (1880) 3; D.Vidal, Cat. Pl. Prov. Manila (Nov. 1880) 17; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 151. = Talauma villariana Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 307; Merr., EPFP 2(1923) 152, pro parte; Type: S. Vidal 5 (K, L, iso), Luzon: Bulacan. = Talauma luzonensis Warb. ex Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1904) 171; Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35(1906) 8; PJS 3 c (1909) Bot. 406; Type: Warburg 11767 (?B). = Talauma grandiflora Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 29 (1905) 13; Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 7; Type: FB 314 Gammill (NY, US, iso), Guimaras: Feb-1904. = Talauma oblongata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 35 (1906) 8; Type: Merrill 1003. Distribution: Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.
  2. Magnolia borneensis Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 366. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Magnolia carsonii Dandy ex Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 348. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
    • var. drymifolia Noot., Blumea 32 (1987) 351; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 573; Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. PALAWAN. Notes: Known in the Philippines from Bartolomé 4815 (PUH). Primary forest along flan ridge, 1500m.
  4. Magnolia elegans (Blume) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Singapore 31 (1978) 129; ≡ Aromadendron elegans Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1825) 10. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Thailand. PALAWAN. Notes: Note: J.V. LaFrankie (pers. comm., 3-Oct-2012) reports seeing two collections of this species from Palawan at PNH. Native.
  5. Magnolia liliifera Baill., Hist. Pl. (Baillon) 1 (1868) 141. = Magnolia candollii (Blume) H.Keng, Gard. Bull. Sing. 31 (1978) 129, as ‘decandollii’, nom. illeg.; Noot., Fl.Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 581. = Talauma reticulata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 249; EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: BS 35187 Ramos & Pascasio (K, L photo, US, iso), Dinagat. = Talauma pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1809; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: Elmer 13192 (L, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak). = Talauma gitingensis Elmer var. glabra Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 189; Type: BS 39436 Ramos (BM, holo; BO, NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Occidental, Mt Calavite, Apr-1921. = Talauma gitingensis Elmer var. rotundata Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 190; Type: Vidal 2554. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BUSUANGA, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, DALUPIRI, LUZON, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Primary forests, 0-200m, but rarely recorded. Native.
  6. Magnolia pachyphylla Dandy, Kew Bull. (1928) 186; Type: FB 3864 Curran (K, holo; NY, US, iso), Palawan, Feb-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Synonym of Magnolia liliifera Baill.?. Native.
  7. Magnolia philippinensis P.Parm., Bull. Sc. Fr. Belg. 27 (1896) 206, 270; Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 97; ≡ Michelia philippinensis (P.Parm.) Dandy, Kew Bull. (1927) 263; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 604. = Michelia cumingii Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 100; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 153; Type: Cuming 783 (MEL, holo; A, BM, K, L, NY, iso). Distribution: Philippines, Thailand. CEBU, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS. Notes: Midmontane forests, ascending to 2100m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Feb. Commonly cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries. Native.
  8. Magnolia platyphylla (Merr.) Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 97; ≡ Elmerrillia platyphylla (Merr.) Noot., Blumea 31 (1985) 102; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 596; ≡ Michelia platyphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 11; EPFP 2 (1923) 153; Type: FB 26866 Tomeldan (K, US, iso), Leyte: May-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga. Notes: Lowland secondary forests. Native.
  9. Magnolia pubescens (Merr) Figlar & Noot., Blumea 49 (2004) 98; ≡ Elmerrillia pubescens (Merr.) Dandy, Kew Bull. (1927) 261; Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 596; ≡ Talauma pubescens Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 133; EPFP 2 (1923) 152; Type: Clemens 686 (BO, PNH, iso), Mindanao: Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Forests, 700-2000m. Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec. Native.

Literature