Lythraceae

Including Punicaceae, Sonneratiaceae

Ammannia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 November 2020

Photos
  1. Ammannia auriculata Willd., Hort. Berol. 1 (1806) t. 7; --Type: from Egypt. --Ammannia multiflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 447; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 136; --Type: from India. --Ammannia auriculata Willd. var. arenaria (Kunth) Koehne in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 1 (1880) 245; --Ammannia arenaria Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 6 (1824) 190. --Ammannia auriculata Willd. forma hyrcanica Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. 1 (1880) 245; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 135. Warmer parts of the world. Africa, tropical and subtropical N & S America, W Asia to S China, N Australia. LUZON: La Union (Lete 497), Abra, Pampanga.
  2. Ammannia baccifera L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 175; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 343; EPFP 3 (1923) 135; --Type: from China. Africa, S & SE Asia, Australia. Photos
  3. Ammannia coccinea Rottb., Pl. Hort. Univ. (Havn.) Programm. Descr. (1773) 7; --De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Males. 1, 22 (2016) 12; --Type: from Jamaica (neo). N, C & S America. Naturalized elsewhere, incl. Philippines. LUZON. Photos

Possibly present:

  1. Ammannia octandra L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 127. India, Java, Sri Lanka. Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice fields, but no specimens cited and not mentioned for the Philippines by De Wilde & Duyfjes (2016).

Cuphea P.Browne [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2017

Photos
  1. Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F.Macbr., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8 (1930) 124; --Lythrum carthagenense Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 2(1760) 2; --Type: from Barbados. South and Central America. Not native to the Philippines. Photos

Duabanga Buch.-Ham.

Photos
  1. Duabanga moluccana Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 109; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 139; --Backer & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 288. Borneo, Philippines, Talaud, Sulawesi, E Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali; Lombok; Sumbawa), Moluccas (Halmahera; Ternate; Bacan; Ambon; Seram), New Guinea. Widespread in the Philippines. Photos

Lagerstroemia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 January 2020

Photos
  1. Lagerstroemia celebica Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 127; --De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Males. 1, 22 (2016) 29; --Type: from Sulawesi (lecto). --Lagerstroemia piriformis Koehne in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 4 (1883) 23; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 137; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 248; --Type: Cuming 1675 (B, holo, lost; BM, K, L, iso), Philippines. --Lagerstroemia batitinan S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 139; --Lagerstroemia piriformis forma batitinan (S.Vidal) Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 254; --Type: Vidal 356 bis (A, lecto; K, L, isolecto), Luzon: Laguna prov., near San Antonio. --Lagerstroemia inopinata Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 238; --Type: Ahern’s collector (Decades of Philip. Forest Flora no. 204) (A, holo; US, iso), Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso. --Lagerstroemia alatulata Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 242; --Type: PNH 8173 Sulit (A, holo; PNH, iso), Luzon: Laguna prov., Mt Makiling. Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, New Guinea, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Philippines. SAMAR, LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, Laguna, Rizal, Quezon, LEYTE (Tacloban & Palo; Ormoc: Lake Danao), MINDANAO: Agusan, Cotabato, Misamis, Surigao, Davao Oriental (Mati), Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, PANAY: Iloilo. Photos
  2. Lagerstroemia paniculata (Turcz.) S.Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 115; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 137; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 228; --Pterocalymma paniculata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 19 (1846) 508; --Type: Cuming 1188 (A, holo, ex LE; E, L, NY, SING, iso), Philippines. --Lagerstroemia piriformis auct. non Koehne; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 137, pro parte. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (San Mariano), Aurora (Casiguran), Rizal (Montalban), Laguna (Mt Makiling), Camarines Sur. Photos
  3. Lagerstroemia pterosepala Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 230; --Type: BS 21959 Adduru (A, holo; L, UC, US, iso), Luzon: Abra prov. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Sur.
  4. Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers., Syn. 2 (1807) 72; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 137; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 264; --Type: from China (lecto). Borneo, Cambodia, China (Yunnan), India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO, SAMAR. Mostly in secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack, Malay Misc. 1 (1820-22) 38; --Type: from Peninsular Malaysia (neo). Photos
  2. Lagerstroemia indica L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1076; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 136; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 190; --Type: from China (lecto). Himalayan regions, China, Indochina and Japan. Widely cultivated all over the world. Not naturalized. Photos
  3. Lagerstroemia loudonii Teysm. & Binn., Nat. Tijdschr. Ned.-Ind. 25 (1863) 425; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 303; --Type: from Thailand. Endemic to Thailand. Cultivated in Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java. LUZON: Laguna. Not naturalized.
  4. Lagerstroemia subcostata Koehne in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 4 (1883) 20; --Furtado & Montien, Gard. Bull. Sing. 24 (1969) 281; --Type: from Taiwan (lecto). China, Taiwan, Bonin Isls, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna (Los Baños, PNH 3408 Sulit & PNH 40084 M.L. Steiner). Not naturalized.

Lawsonia L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Lawsonia inermis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 349; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 138. Native of E Africa or India, introduced in most tropical countries. Cultivated as an ornamental in many parts of the Philippines. Scarcely naturalized. Henna. Photos

Pemphis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Pemphis acidula J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. (1776) 68; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 136; --Type: from French Polynesia (lecto). Tropical E Africa and Asia, to tropical Australia and Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines along seashores. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Rotala L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 November 2020

Photos
  1. Rotala hexandra Wall. ex Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1 (1880) 167; --De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Males. 1, 22 (2016) 57; --Type: from Myanmar. China, Java, Myanmar, Philippines. LUZON. Marshy places.
  2. Rotala indica (Willd.) Koehne in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 1 (1880) 172; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 134; --Leeuwen, Blumea 19 (1971) 54; --Peplis indica Willd., Sp. Pl. 2 (1799)  244; --Type: from India. SE and E Asia, C & N Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok), Philippines, Sulawesi. Photos
  3. Rotala mexicana Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 5 (1830) 567; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 134; --Leeuwen, Blumea 19 (1971) 54; --Type: from Mexico. Common in warmer countries. E Java, Madura, the Philippines, New Guinea.
  4. Rotala ramosior (L.) Koehne in Mart., Fl. Bras. 132 (1877) 194; --Ammannia ramosior L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 120; --Type: from N. America. --Ammannia catholica Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 2 (1827) 378; --Rotala catholica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Van Leeuwen, Blumea 19 (1971) 54; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 342; EPFP 3 (1923) 135; --Type: Chamisso s.n. (LE, hololecto; G, isolecto), Philippines: Luzon. --Ammannia monoflora Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 64; --Type: Merrill 426 (L, neo), Luzon: Manila. Native of the Neotropics, introduced in the Old World, only found as yet in Malesia in the Philippines. LUZON. Rice paddy weed (Merrill 1923). Photos
  5. Rotala rosea (Poir.) C.D.K.Cook ex H.Hara, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 2 (1979) 173; --Ammannia rosea Poir., Encycl. Suppl. 1 (1810) 329. --Rotala pentandra auct. non (Roxb.) Blatt. & Hallb.; --Leeuwen, Blumea 19 (1971) 55, pro parte, pro basion. et syn. R. leptopetala. --Rotala leptopetala (Blume) Koehne in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 1 (1880) 162, pro parte; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923)135; --Ammannia leptopetala Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 134; --Type: from Java. SE Asia; in Malesia in W Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, W & C Java, Madura, Sulawesi, the Philippines and New Guinea. LUZON, MINDANAO.

Sonneratia L.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 August 2020

Photos
  1. Sonneratia alba Sm. in Rees, Cycl. 33 (1819) No. 2; --Backer & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 285. --Sonneratia caseolaris auct. non Engl.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 139, pro parte. Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Shallow parts of calm seas, seashores, along the mouth of tidal crees. Prefers salt water and grows well on sandy or rocky as on a muddy soil, not rarely on coral terraces. Often gregarious and predominating, but usually not forming a dense growth, except sometimes where better fuel-trees have been destroyed. Photos
  2. Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. 1 (1897) 261; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 344; EPFP 3 (1923) 139; --Backer & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 283; --Rhizophora caseolaris L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 13. --Sonneratia acida L.f., Suppl. (1781) 252; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 139. --Sonneratia pagatpat Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 424; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 344; EPFP 3 (1923) 139. Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific, Pakistan, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Less salt parts of mangrove forests on a deeply muddy soil, never on coral bank, often along tidal creeks with slow moving water and ascending these as far as the flood mounts. Photos
  3. Sonneratia ovata Backer, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg ser. 3, 2 (1920) 329; --Backer & Steen., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 285; --Primavera et al. (2004) Handb. Mangrove Philip. Panay 76. Andaman Isls, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Landward side of tidal forests in the less salt part on a muddy soil, along tidal creeks, never on coral reefs. Locally numerous, but on the whole, rather rare. Photos

Woodfordia Salisb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 January 2020

No photos
  1. Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40 (1871) 56; --De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Males. 1, 22 (2016) 64; --Lythrum fruticosum L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2 (1759) 1045; --Type: from China (lecto). Bhutan, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Islands, Madagascar, Madura, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sulawesi, Thailand, Philippines.

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Punica granatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 472; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 344; EPFP 3 (1923) 141; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1951) 226. Probably originating from Iran and some adjoining countries, from there introduced into S Europe, N Africa, E and SE Asia. Pomegranate. Photos

Literature

Backer, CA. 1951. Punicaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 226-227

Backer, CA & CGGJ van Steenis. 1951. Sonneratiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 280-289


Backer, CA & CGGJ van Steenis. 1972. Sonneratiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 973-976


DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

De Wilde, WJJO & BEE Duyfjes. 2014. Ammannia (Lythraceae) in Malesia. Blumea 59: 11-18

De Wilde, WJJO & BEE Duyfjes. 2014. Lagerstroemia (Lythraceae) in Malesia. Blumea 59: 113-122


De Wilde, WJJO & BEE Duyfjes. 2016. Lythraceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 22: 1-66

Duke, NC & BR Jackes. 1987. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Sonneratia (Sonneratiaceae) in Australasia. Blumea 32: 277-302


Furtado, CX and Montien Srisuko. 1969. A revision of Lagerstroemia L. (Lythraceae). Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 24: 185-335.

Leeuwen, BLJ van . 1971. A preliminary revision of the genus Rotala (Lythraceae) in Malesia. Blumea 19: 53-56

Moody, K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. IRRI, Philippines


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 28 August 2021