Loganiaceae

Geniostoma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2020
  1. Geniostoma rupestre J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. (1776) 12; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 371. = Geniostoma batanense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. = Geniostoma brevipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. = Geniostoma cumingianum Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 97; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma fasciculata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 190. = Geniostoma laxum Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2746; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma lancilimbum Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma longipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma mindanaense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2747. = Geniostoma nigrescens (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 310; ≡ Tayotum nigrescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 105. = Geniostoma pachyphyllum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 448; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma philippinensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 259. = Geniostoma pulgarense Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1808; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma stenophyllum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. BATAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIARGAO, SIBUYAN. Native.

Mitrasacme Labill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 September 2019
  1. Mitrasacme indica Wight, Icon. 4, 4 (1850) 15; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 384. = Mitrasacme alsinoides auct. non R.Br.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. = Oldenlandia brachyphylla Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 448; Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 705 (US, poss. iso; not cited in the original publication). Distribution: Australia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (28-Sep-19): See Gibbons et al. 2015 for notes about the name Mitrasacme prolifera R.Br. Native.
  2. Mitrasacme pygmaea R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 453; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 382. = Mitrasacme nudicaulis Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 849; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. = Mitrasacme alsinoides Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 116, nom. illeg., non R.Br. Native.
    • var. pygmaea. Distribution: Australia, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON.
    • var. malaccensis (Wight) Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 30 (1955) 23; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 383; ≡ Mitrasacme malaccensis Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. (1849) pl. 1601. = Mitrasacme polymorpha auct. non R.Br.; C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4 (1883) 80; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON.

Mitreola L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2017
  1. Mitreola petiolata (J.F.Gmel.) Torr. & Gray, Fl. North Am. 2 (1846) 45; Merr., PJS 11 (1917) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 311; ≡ Cynoctonum petiolatum J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. (1791) 443. = Cynoctonum mitreola (L.) Britt., Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5 (1894) 258; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 375; ≡ Ophiorrhiza mitreola L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 150. Distribution: America, Australia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, LUZON, MINDORO. Notes: Bound to areas subject to a dry season. Fl. at the end of the rainy season. Native.

Neuburgia Blume

  1. Neuburgia celebica (Koord.) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 367; ≡ Couthovia celebica Koord., Meded Lands. Plant. 19 (1898) 537; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Notes: Lowlands up to 400m, in both dry and swampy sites, along riverbanks. Fl. mainly Jan-May; fr. Mar, Jul. Native.

Norrisia Gardner

  1. Norrisia malaccensis Gardn. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 1 (1849) 327; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 341; Wong & Sugau, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 2 (1996) 221. = Norrisia philippinensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1482; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. MINDANAO, SIBUYAN. Native.

Spigelia L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 November 2020
  1. Spigelia anthelmia L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 149. Distribution: America. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos). Notes: Open to semi-open abandoned farmlands and along road leading to forest interiors (M.G.Q. Rule, pers. comm., 10-Nov-20). Naturalized.

Strychnos L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018
  1. Strychnos angustiflora Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1856) 102. = Strychnos nux-vomica auct. non L.; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 349, only as to Philippine specimens. Distribution: China, Hong Kong, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDORO. Notes: Along the coast above tide level. Fr. Apr. Once collected in the Philippines in Puerto Galera Bay. Native.
  2. Strychnos axillaris Colebr., Trans, Linn. Soc. 12 (1819) 356; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. = Strychnos cenabrei Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 433; EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos impressinervis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 180; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos wenzelii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 202; EPFP 3 (1923) 313. = Strychnos tesseroidea A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 206; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Strychnos ignatii Berg., Mat. Med. 1 (1778) 146; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 347. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Vietnam. BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland dipterocarp or mixed forests, sometimes along riverbanks. Fl. Jan-Sep; fr. Jan-Dec. Fruits reportedly eaten by monkeys and civet cats. Native.
  4. Strychnos lanata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 299; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. Distribution: Cambodia, Philippines, Thailand. MINDANAO. Notes: Rainforest along river, 350-700m. Fl. Sep. Native.
  5. Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332 (excl. Elmer 15571, which is Strychnos minor); Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312 (excl. Elmer 8251 & 15571); Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Known only from the type. Humid forest, 500m. Fl. May. Native.
  6. Strychnos minor Dennst., Schloess. Hort. Malab. (1818) 33. = Strychnos dubia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 298; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332 (only Elmer 15571); EPFP 3 (1923) 312 (Elmer 8251 & 15571). = Strychnos merrillii A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 297; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos multiflora Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 102; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos colubrina auct. non L.; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. = Strychnos similis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 38; Kew Bull. (1917) 153; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, India, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. Notes: Fl. mainly Jul-Nov; fr. Jan-Dec. Native.
  7. Strychnos oleifolia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 156; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 353. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?LUZON, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland forests. Fl. May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  8. Strychnos ovata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1909) 360; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 351. = Strychnos panayensis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 148; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Borneo, China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BABUYAN ISLS, CALAMIANES, LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, TICAO. Notes: Lowland thickets and forests, along riverbanks, up to c. 250m. Fl. May-Jun; fr. Feb, May. Native.

Literature