Loganiaceae

Couthovia A.Gray = Neuburgia

Cynoctonum J.F.Gmel. = Mitreola

Geniostoma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2020

Photos
  1. Geniostoma rupestre J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. (1776) 12; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 371. --Geniostoma batanense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. --Geniostoma brevipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. --Geniostoma cumingianum Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 97; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma fasciculata Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 190. --Geniostoma laxum Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2746; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma lancilimbum Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma longipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma mindanaense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2747. --Geniostoma nigrescens (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 310; --Tayotum nigrescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 105. --Geniostoma pachyphyllum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 448; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma philippinensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 259. --Geniostoma pulgarense Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1808; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. --Geniostoma stenophyllum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. Bismarck Arch, Australia, Philippines, Borneo, Pacific Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. BATAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIARGAO, SIBUYAN. Photos

Mitrasacme Labill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 September 2019

No Photos
  1. Mitrasacme indica Wight, Icon. 4, 4 (1850) 15; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 384. --Mitrasacme alsinoides auct. non R.Br.; --Merr. EPFP 3 (1923) 311. --Oldenlandia brachyphylla Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 448; --Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 705 (US, poss. iso; not cited in the original publication). Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Vietnam, China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Australia. LUZON. Note by P.B. Pelser (28-Sep-19): See Gibbons et al. 2015 for notes about the name Mitrasacme prolifera R.Br.
  2. Mitrasacme pygmaea R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 453; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 382. --Mitrasacme nudicaulis Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 849; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. --Mitrasacme alsinoides Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 116, nom. illeg., auct. non R.Br.

Mitreola L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2017

Photos
  1. Mitreola petiolata (J.F.Gmel.) Torr. & Gray, Fl. North Am. 2 (1846) 45; --Merr., PJS 11 (1917) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 311; --Cynoctonum petiolatum J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. (1791) 443. --Cynoctonum mitreola (L.) Britt., Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5 (1894) 258; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 375; --Ophiorrhiza mitreola L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 150. America, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lessern Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Australia. LUZON, MINDORO, BOHOL. Bound to areas subject to a dry season. Fl. at the end of the rainy season. Photos

Neuburgia Blume

Photos
  1. Neuburgia celebica (Koord.) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 367; --Couthovia celebica Koord., Meded Lands. Plant. 19 (1898) 537; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Pacific. MINDORO, MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Lowlands up to 400m, in both dry and swampy sites, along riverbanks. Fl. mainly Jan-May; fr. Mar, Jul. Photos

Norrisia Gardner

Photos
  1. Norrisia malaccensis Gardn. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 1 (1849) 327; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 341; --Wong & Sugau, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 2 (1996) 221. --Norrisia philippinensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1482; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. SIBUYAN, MINDANAO. Photos

Spigelia L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 November 2020

Photos
  1. Spigelia anthelmia L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 149. Native Americas. Introduced to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos). Open to semi-open abandoned farmlands and along road leading to forest interiors (M.G.Q. Rule, pers. comm., 10-Nov-20). Photos

Strychnos L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018

Photos
  1. Strychnos angustiflora Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1856) 102. --Strychnos nux-vomica auct. non L.; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 349, only as to Philippine specimens. China, Hong Kong, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. MINDORO. Along the coast above tide level. Fr. Apr. Once collected in the Philippines in Puerto Galera Bay.
  2. Strychnos axillaris Colebr., Trans, Linn. Soc. 12 (1819) 356; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. --Strychnos cenabrei Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 433; EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos impressinervis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 180; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos wenzelii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 202; EPFP 3 (1923) 313. --Strychnos tesseroidea A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 206; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Philippines. Photos
  3. Strychnos ignatii Berg., Mat. Med. 1 (1778) 146; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 347. China, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland dipterocarp or mixed forests, sometimes along riverbanks. Fl. Jan-Sep; fr. Jan-Dec. Fruits reportedly eaten by monkeys and civet cats.
  4. Strychnos lanata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 299; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. Cambodia, Thailand, Philippines. MINDANAO. Rainforest along river, 350-700m. Fl. Sep.
  5. Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332 (excl.  Elmer 15571, which is Strychnos minor); --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312 (excl. Elmer 8251 & 15571); --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Known only from the type. Humid forest, 500m. Fl. May.
  6. Strychnos minor Dennst., Schloess. Hort. Malab. (1818) 33. --Strychnos dubia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 298; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332 (only Elmer 15571); EPFP 3 (1923) 312 (Elmer 8251 & 15571). --Strychnos merrillii A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 297; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos multiflora Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 102; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. --Strychnos colubrina auct. non L.; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. --Strychnos similis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 38; Kew Bull. (1917) 153; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Sri Lanka, India, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Solomon Isls, Australia. Fl. mainly Jul-Nov; fr. Jan-Dec. Photos
  7. Strychnos oleifolia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 156; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 353. Endemic to the Philippines. ?LUZON, PALAWAN. Lowland forests. Fl. May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Strychnos ovata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1909) 360; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; --Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 351. --Strychnos panayensis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 148; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. China, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON, MINDORO, CALAMIANES, PLAWAN, TICAO, PANAY. Lowland thickets and forests, along riverbanks, up to c. 250m. Fl. May-Jun; fr. Feb, May. 

Literature

Conn, BJ. 1980. A taxonomic revision of Geniostoma subgen. Geniostoma (Loganiaceae). Blumea 26: 245-264

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Gibbons KL, BJ Conn & MJ Henwood. 2015. Status of names of Mitrasacme species occurring outside Australia. Telopea 18: 495-502

Leenhouts, PW. 1962. Loganiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 293-387

Leenhouts, PW. 1982. Loganiaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 9: 567-568

Wong, KM and JB Sugau. 1996. Loganiaceae. Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak 2: 189-224.

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 14 December 2021