Loganiaceae

Geniostoma J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2020
  1. Geniostoma rupestre J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. (1776) 12; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 371; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 11. = Geniostoma batanense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. = Geniostoma brevipes Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 309. = Geniostoma cumingianum Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 97; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma fasciculatum Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 190, as 'fasciculata'. = Geniostoma laxum Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2746; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma lancilimbum Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma longipes Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 296; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma mindanaense Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2747. = Geniostoma nigrescens (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 310; ≡ Tayotum nigrescens Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 105. = Geniostoma pachyphyllum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 448; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma philippinense Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 259. = Geniostoma pulgarense Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1808; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma ramosii Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 304; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. = Geniostoma stenophyllum Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 310. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. BATAN, BATANES, BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, CEBU (photos), HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines, Cavite, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao Oriental (photos), Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIARGAO, SIBUYAN. Native.

Mitrasacme Labill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2022
  1. Mitrasacme indica Wight, Icon. 4, 4 (1850) 15; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 384. = Oldenlandia brachyphylla Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 448; Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 705 (US, poss. iso; not cited in the original publication). ≠ Mitrasacme alsinoides auct. non R.Br.; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (28-Sep-19): See Gibbons et al. 2015 for notes about the name Mitrasacme prolifera R.Br. Native.
  2. Mitrasacme micrantha Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (1928) 517; Gibbons et al., Telopea 18 (2015) 499; Type: from Australia. ≠ Mitrasacme pygmaea auct. non R.Br.; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 382. Distribution: Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan. Native.
  3. Mitrasacme pygmaea R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 453; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 382. = Mitrasacme nudicaulis Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 849; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. ≠ Mitrasacme alsinoides auct. non R.Br.; Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 116. Distribution: LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Rizal, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. pygmaea. Distribution: Australia, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Rizal. Native.
    • var. malaccensis (Wight) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 30 (1955) 23; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 383; ≡ Mitrasacme malaccensis Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. (1849) pl. 1601. ≠ Mitrasacme polymorpha auct. non R.Br.; C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4 (1883) 80; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Rizal. Native.

Mitreola L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 November 2017
  1. Mitreola petiolata (J.F.Gmel.) Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. North Am. 2 (1846) 45; Merr., PJS 11 (1917) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 311; ≡ Cynoctonum petiolatum J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. (1791) 443. = Cynoctonum mitreola (L.) Britton, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5 (1894) 258; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 375; ≡ Ophiorrhiza mitreola L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 150. Distribution: America, Australia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BOHOL, LUZON: Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDORO. Notes: Bound to areas subject to a dry season. Fl. at the end of the rainy season. Native.

Neuburgia Blume

  1. Neuburgia celebica (Koord.) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 367; ≡ Couthovia celebica Koord., Meded Lands. Plant. 19 (1898) 537; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, MINDORO. Notes: Lowlands up to 400m, in both dry and swampy sites, along riverbanks. Fl. mainly Jan-May; fr. Mar, Jul. Native.

Norrisia Gardner

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 May 2024
  1. Norrisia malaccensis Gardner in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 1 (1849) 327; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 341; Wong & Sugau, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 2 (1996) 221; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 11. = Norrisia philippinensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1482; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 311; Type: Elmer 12058, Sibuyan: Magallanes, Mt Giting-Giting, Mar-1910. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. DINAGAT (photos), HOMONHON, MINDANAO: Surigao, Surigao del Norte (photos), SIBUYAN. Native.

Spigelia L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 November 2020
  1. Spigelia anthelmia L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 149. Distribution: America. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos). Notes: Open to semi-open abandoned farmlands and along road leading to forest interiors (M.G.Q. Rule, pers. comm., 10-Nov-20). Naturalized.

Strychnos L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 May 2018
  1. Strychnos angustiflora Benth., J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1856) 102. ≠ Strychnos nux-vomica auct. non L.; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 349, only as to Philippine specimens. Distribution: China, Hong Kong, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDORO. Notes: Along the coast above tide level. Fr. Apr. Once collected in the Philippines in Puerto Galera Bay. Native.
  2. Strychnos axillaris Colebr., Trans, Linn. Soc. 12 (1819) 356; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 11. = Strychnos cenabrei Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 433; EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos impressinervis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 180; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos wenzelii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 202; EPFP 3 (1923) 313. = Strychnos tesseroidea A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 206; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, DINAGAT (photos), HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON, PALAWAN, SAMAR, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, TAWI-TAWI. Native.
  3. Strychnos ignatii P.J.Bergius, Mat. Med. 1 (1778) 146; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 347; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific biodiv. 17 (2024) 11. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Vietnam. BILIRAN, HOMONHON, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland dipterocarp or mixed forests, sometimes along riverbanks. Fl. Jan-Sep; fr. Jan-Dec. Fruits reportedly eaten by monkeys and civet cats. Native.
  4. Strychnos lanata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 299; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. Distribution: Cambodia, Philippines, Thailand. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Rainforest along river, 350-700m. Fl. Sep. Native.
  5. Strychnos luzonensis Elmer, LPB 1(1908) 332; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 358. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Known only from the type. Humid forest, 500m. Fl. May. Elmer 15571 cited by Elmer (1908) and Merrill (1923), and Elmer 8251 cited by Merrill (1923) are Strychnos minor. Native.
  6. Strychnos minor Dennst., Schloess. Hort. Malab. (1818) 33. = Strychnos dubia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 298; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos merrillii A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1911) 297; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos multiflora Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 1 (1857) 102; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 312. = Strychnos similis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1912) 38; Kew Bull. (1917) 153; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. ≠ Strychnos colubrina auct. non L.; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 355. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, India, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. APULIT, CULION, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Ilocos Norte (photos), Isabela, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PAMALICAN, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Fl. mainly Jul-Nov; fr. Jan-Dec. Native.
  7. Strychnos oleifolia A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 156; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 353. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, PALAWAN. Notes: Lowland forests. Fl. May. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  8. Strychnos ovata A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1909) 360; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1962) 351. = Strychnos panayensis A.W.Hill, Kew Bull. (1917) 148; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 313. Distribution: Borneo, China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. APULIT, BABUYAN ISLS, BICAWAYAN, CALAMIANES, DALUPIRI, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, TICAO. Notes: Lowland thickets and forests, along riverbanks, up to c. 250m. Fl. May-Jun; fr. Feb, May. Native.

References