Hernandiaceae

Gyrocarpus Jacq.

  1. Gyrocarpus americanus Jacq., Stirp. Am. (1763) 282; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 205; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 743. Distribution: Pantropic. HUNDRED ISLS (photos), LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MARINDUQUE, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Forests near the seashore, also inland on dry slopes in seasonal areas, 0-200m. Native.

Hernandia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 September 2023
  1. Hernandia nymphaeifolia (C.Presl) Kubitzki in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 90 (1970) 272; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 747; ≡ Biasolettia nymphaeifolia C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 141. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. BALABAC, BOAAN, BORACAY, CAGAYAN DE SULU, CAMIGUIN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, DANJUGAN (photos), DINAGAT, LUZON: Aurora, Batangas, Camarines Sur, Isabela, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINASAWA, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS (photos), PALAWAN, SEMIRARA. Notes: Coastline forests, occasionally extending inland at low elevation. Native.
  2. Hernandia ovigera L. in Stickm., Herb. Amboin. (1754) 14; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 749; Romeroso et al., Asian J. Biol. Life Sc. 10 (2021) 438. Distribution: Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BALABAC, HOMONHON, LUZON: Aurora, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur, OLANGO, PALAWAN (photos). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Illigera Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 July 2022
  1. Illigera celebica Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1866) 215; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 755; Type: from Sulawesi. = Illigera platyandra Dunn, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 38 (1908) 294; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 206; Type: from Vietnam. Distribution: Borneo, China, Hong Kong, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. CEBU, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Isabela, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, PALAWAN. Notes: BS 47166 Ramos & Edaño (K, P, US) is a paratype of Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. & Merr., but belongs to Illigera celebica Miq. (Duyfjes 1996). Native.
  2. Illigera luzonensis (C.Presl) Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 18; Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 27 (1905) 45; PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 58; PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 407; Fl. Manila (1912) 212; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 156; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 756; ≡ Henschelia luzonensis C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 81. = Illigera pubescens Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 446; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; Type: Vanoverbergh 2135, Luzon: Ilocos Sur, near Cervantes [in the label cited under the now defunct Lepanto subprov.], in thickets along streams, 12-Nov-1912. = Illigera reticulata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 291; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; Type: FB 7761 Curran & Merritt, Luzon: Laguna, Mt Makiling, on trees, open cogon slopes, 160m, 24-Oct-1907. = Illigera cardiophylla Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 292; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; Type: BS 4082 Fenix, Babuyan Isls (Calayan): thickets near old clearing, 28-Jun-1907. = Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. & Merr., PJS 37 (1928) 150; Type: BS 46712 (BM, NY), Luzon: Isabela, San Mariano. = Gronovia ternata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 187. Distribution: Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. CALAYAN, CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, CORON, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, La Union, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MARINDUQUE, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland and medium elevation thickets, second-growth forest, mountain ridges, ascending to c. 1300m. BS 47166 Ramos & Edaño (K, P, US) is a paratype of Illigera ovatifolia Quisumb. & Merr., but belongs to Illigera celebica Miq. (Duyfjes 1996). Native.
  3. Illigera megaptera Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 290; EPFP 2 (1923) 206; Duyfjes, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 12 (1996) 757; Type: BS 21511 Escritor (US 2 sheets, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Aug-1913. = Illigera diptera Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2687; Type: Elmer 11362 (MO, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, Jul-1912. = Illigera elliptifolia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 291; EPFP 2 (1923) 205; Type: FB 20571 Miranda (US 2 sheets, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, SE of Nasipit, in forests along streams, c. 20m, Sep-1913. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland and medium elevation forests (also disturbed), ridges and steep forested valleys. Native.

References