Gesneriaceae

Aeschynanthus Jack

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 April 2022
  1. Aeschynanthus arctocalyx Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 52 (1995) 343. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  2. Aeschynanthus asclepioides (Elmer) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 480; ≡ Trichosporum asclepioides Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 952; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; Type: Elmer 10492. = Aeschynanthus stenocalyx Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 166. = Trichosporum dolichosepalum Merr, EPFP 3 (1923) 449, nom. nud. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Damp primary forests, low elevation to 1200m. Native.
  3. Aeschynanthus batakiorum Mendum & Madulid, Edinburgh J. Bot. 56 (1999) 269. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Aeschynanthus brachysepalus (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 97; ≡ Trichosporum brachysepalum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 449; Type: BS 16163 Reillo (US, lecto; K, PNH lost, isolecto), Basilan: Cumalarang, 25-Aug-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN. Native.
  5. Aeschynanthus breviflorus (S.Moore) K.Schum., Just. Bot. Jahresb. 271 (1901) 534; ≡ Trichosporum breviflorum S.Moore, J. Bot. 37 (1899) 173; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449. = Trichosporum mindorense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) 83. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forests, 1000-1500m. Native.
  6. Aeschynanthus cardinalis (Copel. ex Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum cardinale Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon (photos), Davao, Davao Oriental (photos), Lanao, Surigao. Notes: Primary forests at medium elevation, ascending to 1400m. Native.
  7. Aeschynanthus copelandii (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum copelandii Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; EPFP 3 (1923) 450. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Boulders and tree trunks in low elevation primary forests. Native.
  8. Aeschynanthus crassifolius (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum crassifolium Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 343; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450. = Trichosporum foxworthyi (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; ≡ Aeschynanthus foxworthyi Kraenzl., PJS Bot. 8 (1913) 163. = Aeschynanthus glomeriflorus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 312, as 'glomeriflora'. = Aeschynanthus polillensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (photos), Cagayan, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO (photos), ?NEGROS, POLILLO. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  9. Aeschynanthus cuernosensis (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum cuernosense Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 566; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; Type: Elmer 9522. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  10. Aeschynanthus curvicalyx Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 435; Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25434 (PNH, holo; E, iso), grown from seeds cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981826, Palawan: on path from Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, just above bamboo thicket, epiphyte closely appressed to tree trunk, 1500m, 22-Jan-1998. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  11. Aeschynanthus elmeri Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439; ≡ Trichosporum grandiflorum auct. non D.Don; Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451; Type: Elmer 14154. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Zamboanga (photos). Notes: Exposed peaks, c. 1500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  12. Aeschynanthus everettianus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; ≡ Trichosporum everettianum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; Type: FB 5585 Everett. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU (photos), NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Forests along streams at low elevation. Native.
  13. Aeschynanthus firmus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 311; ≡ Trichosporum firmum (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 450; Type: M.S. Clemens s.n., Mindanao: Lanao del Sur (Camp Keithley). Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Notes: Forests at or above 500m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  14. Aeschynanthus irigaensis (Merr.) B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; ≡ Trichosporum irigaense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 84; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. = Trichosporum bulusanense Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451, nom. inval., nom nud. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Forested ridges and peaks, 1000m or higher. Native.
  15. Aeschynanthus leucothamnos Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; ≡ Trichosporum leucothamnos (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451. = Trichosporum clementis Merr. ex Elmer, nom. nud. LPB 2 (1908) 567. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, Misamis, SAMAR. Notes: Low to medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  16. Aeschynanthus littoralis (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum littorale Merr., LPB 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; Type: Copeland 647. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: On trees overhanging the seashore. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  17. Aeschynanthus loheri Kraenzl., LPB 8 c (1913) Bot. 165; ≡ Trichosporum loheri (Kraenzl.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 341; EPFP 3 (1923) 451. = ?Trichosporum bakeri Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 449. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Camarines, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, SAMAR. Notes: Epiphyte in primary forests at medium elevation. Native.
  18. Aeschynanthus macgregorii (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 97; ≡ Trichosporum macgregorii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 81; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; BS 20075 McGregor (PNH, lost), Luzon: Nueva Vizcaya, near Imugan, Jan-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Ecija (photos), Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Probably from forests at or above 800m. Native.
  19. Aeschynanthus madulidii Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 436; Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25512 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19980282, Palawan: Thumb Peak, on path from base camp to peak, 850m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  20. Aeschynanthus malindangensis (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 97; ≡ Trichosporum malindangense Merr., PJS 10 (1915) 83; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; Type: FB 4660 Mearns & Hutchinson (K, lecto; PNH lost, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Misamis Occidental, Mt Malindang, May-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental. Notes: Primary forests, c. 900m. Native.
  21. Aeschynanthus mindanaensis (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 98; ≡ Trichosporum mindanaense Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 440; EPFP 3 (1923) 451; Type: BS 38869 Ramos & Edaño (US, lecto; K, PNH lost, isolecto), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Mt Candoon, Jun/Jul-1920. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Mossy forest, 1100-1800m. Native.
  22. Aeschynanthus miniaceus B.L.Burtt & P.Woods, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33 (1975) 486; ≡ Trichosporum miniatum Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2668, nom. illeg., non (Lindl.) Kuntze; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 451; Type: Elmer 13529. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 900m. According to Merrill (1923) very closely related to Aeschynanthus crassifolius. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  23. Aeschynanthus nervosus (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum nervosum Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 344; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Damp shaded ravines and in the mossy forest, 1400-2400m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  24. Aeschynanthus ovatus (Merr.) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum ovatum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 226; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: Clemens 316. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Notes: Forests, c. 600m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  25. Aeschynanthus panayensis (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 98; ≡ Trichosporum panayense Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 316; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: BS 35720 Martelino & Edaño (K, lecto; P, PNH lost, isolecto), Panay: Jun-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Forests along streams, ascending to 600m. Native.
  26. Aeschynanthus pergracilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; ≡ Trichosporum pergracile (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: Merrill 7047. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  27. Aeschynanthus philippinensis (Kuntze) C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 39; Akhil & Nampy, Rheedea 40 (2020) 476; ≡ Trichosporum philippinense Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1791) 478; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: H. Cuming 813 (K, lecto), Luzon: 1841. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Mossy forests, 1000-2200m. Erroneously reported from the Himalayas (Jayson Mansibang, pers. comm., 14-Mar-20). Native.
  28. Aeschynanthus rejieae Olimpos & Mansibang, Phytotaxa 487 (2021) 84; Type: Olimpos 88 (PNH, holo; CAHUP, CEBU, iso), Tawi-tawi: Panglima Sugala, Brgy Magsagaw, Busay, Upper Malum Watershed, c. 165m, 3-Feb-2020. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Olimpos & Mansibang 2021). Native.
  29. Aeschynanthus rizalensis (Merr.) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 98; ≡ Trichosporum rizalense Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 82; EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: BS 13775 Ramos (PNH lost), Luzon: Rizal, Mt Canumay, Oct-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Mossy forests at or above 1000m. Native.
  30. Aeschynanthus truncatus (Elmer) Schltr. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 58 (1923) 264; ≡ Trichosporum truncatum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 567; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452; Type: Elmer 9426. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Forested ravines, c. 800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  31. Aeschynanthus urdanetensis (Elmer) Mansibang & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 98; ≡ Trichosporum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2670; Type: Elmer 14115 (BM, lecto; BISH, E, G, L, NY, P, S, US, W, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Oct-1912. = Trichosporum sorsogonense Elmer, nom. nud., LPB 10 (1939) 3810. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur (photos), Misamis Oriental (photos). Notes: Primary forests, c. 1200m. Native.
  32. Aeschynanthus zamboangensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 313; ≡ Trichosporum zamboangense (Kraenzl.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 452. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Forests, c. 200m. According to Merrill (1923), closely allied to Aeschynanthus crassifolius. Native.

Agalmyla Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Agalmyla biflora (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 53; ≡ Dichrotrichum biflorum Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1785; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; Type: Elmer 13210 (lost?), Palawan: Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar), 3750ft, May-1911; Mendum et al. 25435 (E, neo), Palawan, near summit Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m, 10°07’N, 118°58’E, 22-Jan-1998. = Dichrotrichum pauciflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 80; Type: Merrill 9497 (US, iso), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Mt Capoas, c. 950m, 21-Apr-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Agalmyla bilirana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 122; Type: PNH 21614 Sulit (L, holo), Biliran: Mt Suiro, 5-May-1954. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, ?LEYTE. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Agalmyla calelanensis (Elmer) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 119; ≡ Dichrotrichum calelanense Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 955; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; Type: Elmer 11347 (E, holo; GH, K, L, NY, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Lake Linao, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, North Cotabato. Notes: In mossy forest, 1800–2600m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  4. Agalmyla chorisepala (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 116; ≡ Dichrotrichum chorisepalum C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 53; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; Type: Cuming 938 (K, lecto; L, isolecto), Luzon: Albay prov. = Dichrotrichum minus Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 314, nom. illeg., non K.Schum. & Lauterb. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Camarines Sur, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Epiphytic on tree trunks in forest, 550-1400m. Native.
  5. Agalmyla clarkei (Elmer) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 105; ≡ Tetradema clarkei (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 453; ≡ Dichrotrichum clarkei Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345; Type: Elmer 7499 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Lucban, epiphytic herb in woods, 1000m, May-1906. = Dichrotrichum praelongum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 170; ≡ Tetradema praelongum (Kraenzl.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7 (1920) 18; Type: Merrill 7518 (US, iso), Luzon: Laguna, Mt Banahaw, Feb-1911. = Dichrotrichum crassicaule Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 169. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, ?PANAY. Native.
  6. Agalmyla glabra (Copel. ex Merr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 123; ≡ Dichrotrichum glabrum Copel. ex Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; Type: Copeland 998 (K, lecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Apr-1904. = Dichrotrichum coriaceum Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 439; EPFP 3 (1923) 453; Type: BS 38924 Ramos & Edaño (A, K, US, iso), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Mt Candoon, mossy forest, c. 1600m, 3-Jul-1920. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ?CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, South Cotabato. Notes: Montane forests, 1160-2000m. Some specimens from Camiguin, BS 14483 Ramos, and Mt Matutum, viz. PPI 5190 Gaerlan et al. & PPI 5293 (PNH) and BS 85095 Ramos & Edaño (A) are probably referable to this species. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  7. Agalmyla montis-tomasii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 111; Type: Sands 3149 (K, holo; A, L, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Mt Sto Tomas, 16º20’N, 120º32’E, in stunted ridge forest with Ericaceae and ?oak spp., 1800m, 18-Feb-1976. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Stunted ridge forest, 1800m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  8. Agalmyla parvilimba Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 115; Type: Mendum et al. 99202 (E, holo), Leyte: near Dagami, Mt Lobi, 11º02’N, 124º48’E, submontane forest, 800m, 7-Nov-1999. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Notes: Submontane forest, 800m. Only known from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  9. Agalmyla persimilis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 120; Type: PNH 10767 Mendoza & Convocar (A, holo), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Hilong-hilong, steep slope in mossy forest, 1166 m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao Oriental (photos). Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  10. Agalmyla rotundiloba Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 125; Type: PNH 11551 Edaño (A, holo; L, iso), Mindanao: Davao Oriental, Mt Kampalili, summit, 750m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Summit, 750m. Thus far known only from three collections from the type locality. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  11. Agalmyla rubra (Merr.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28 (1968) 224; Hilliard & Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 108; ≡ Tetradema rubrum (Merr.) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 7 (1920) 17; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; ≡ Trichosporum rubrum Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 227; Type: Merrill 4581 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Mountain Province, Mt Data, Nov-1905. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  12. Agalmyla samarica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44 (1999) 388; Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 112; Type: PNH 117472 Gutierrez et al. (K, holo; L, iso), Samar: Eastern Samar, Wright mun., near summit of Mt Apoy, 11º24’N, 125º25’E, May-1969. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: In forest, 180-300m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  13. Agalmyla sibuyanensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 110; Type: Argent & Reynoso 8986 (E, holo), Sibuyan: Camp 3 above Magdiwang on ridge leading to Mayo’s Peak, on steep slope in submontane forest, 1300m, 24-Aug-1989. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Submontane forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  14. Agalmyla urdanetensis (Elmer) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59 (2002) 113; ≡ Tetradema urdanetense (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; ≡ Dichrotrichum urdanetense Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2667; Type: Elmer 13710, Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Notes: In mossy forest, 700-1800m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Chrysothemis Decne. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Chrysothemis pulchella Decne., Rev. Hort. Ser. 3, 3 (1849) 242. Distribution: C & S America. SAMAR. Notes: Naturalized in the Philippines (W. Suarez, pers. comm., 7-Nov-20). Naturalized.

Codonoboea Ridl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Codonoboea corrugata (Mendum) D.J.Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 389; ≡ Henckelia corrugata Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 439; Type: Mendum, Argent, Cronk, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25558 (PNH, holo; E, iso), specimen cultivated at Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, accession no. 19981788, Palawan: side of ravine above Camp 3 towards Cleopatra’s Needle, 940m, 22-Jan-1998. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Codonoboea woodii (Merr.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 393; ≡ Henckelia woodii (Merr.) Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70 (1998) 359; ≡ Didymocarpus woodii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 489; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; Type: Merrill 11587 (G, K, L, P, PNH, US, W), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, 8-Oct-1922. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: On cliffs in primary forest at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Cyrtandra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 May 2022
  1. Cyrtandra aclada Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 443; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 36616 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tubuan, Oct/Nov-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  2. Cyrtandra aeruginosa Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 345; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 47320 Ramos & Edaño (PNH, holo, lost; NY, lecto; K, ?UC, isolecto), Luzon: Isabela, Mt Moises, on forested slopes, c. 1200m, 1-Mar-1926. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Forests, c. 1200m. Known only from the type collection. Native.
  3. Cyrtandra agusanensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2658; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13497 (NY, lecto; BO, E, HBG, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan, Mt Urdaneta, Aug-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Surigao del Norte. Notes: Low elevation forests along streams, ascending to 225m. Native.
  4. Cyrtandra alvarezii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 456; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: FB 25214 Alvarez (A, lecto), Mindanao: Lanao, Mar-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao. Notes: Primary forests, c. 1000m. Native.
  5. Cyrtandra angularis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 960; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 10698 (K, lecto; A, BISH, BM, BO, E, GH, HBG, MO, NY, US, WRSL, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Todaya, Mt Apo, 3500ft, May-1909. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1100m. Native.
  6. Cyrtandra antoniana Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 561; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 9542 (NY, lecto; BM, BO, E, HBG, MO, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mts, Mar-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1800m. Native.
  7. Cyrtandra apoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 962; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 11557 (A, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, E, GH, HBG, K, MO, NY, U, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: On cliffs along small streams, 1700m and above. Native.
  8. Cyrtandra argentii Olivar, H.J.Atkins & Muellner, Eur. J. Taxon. 676 (2020) 4; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Mendum, Argent, Pennington, Wilkie, Reynoso & Gaerlan 29053 (E, holo; PNH, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Mt Halcon, 13-Mar-1997. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDORO. Conservation status: Near Threatened (Olivar et al. 2020). Native.
  9. Cyrtandra atropurpurea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 19852 McGregor (not located), Luzon: Ifugao, Mt Polis, 2-Feb-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Notes: Probably from the mossy forest above 2000m. Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  10. Cyrtandra attenuata Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 558; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 9623 (BM, lecto; E, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, WRSL, Z), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mts, Mar-1908. = Cyrtandra stenophylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325; Type: Merrill 7008 (B, syn, ?lost), Negros: Canlaon Volcano; FB 4259 Everett (B, syn, ?lost), Negros: Canlaon Volcano; FB Curran (B, syn, ?lost), Luzon: Tayabas, Paete-Piapi; BS 32491 McGregor (K, neo; P, isoneo), Panay: May-Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: On wet cliffs along streams, and in the mossy forests, 50-1200m. Closely allied to Cyrtandra humilis. Native.
  11. Cyrtandra auriculata C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 252; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cuming 1328 (K, lecto; FI, K, isolecto), Luzon: Albay. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Primary forests along small streams. Native.
  12. Cyrtandra bacanii Olivar & Muellner-Riehl, Phytotaxa 418 (2019) 117; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; ≡ Cyrtandra umbellata Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330, nom. illeg., non de Vriese; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Type: Bacani 15900 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, Dec-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  13. Cyrtandra barnesii Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 444; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: FB 920 Barnes (BM, lecto; L, NY, US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, Mt Tonglon (Mt Sto Tomas), very damp shaded ravines in the mossy forest, c. 2000m, May-Jun-1904. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Kalinga, Mountain Province. Notes: Damp shaded ravines, c. 2000m. Native.
  14. Cyrtandra bataanensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 330; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 20035 Topacio (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Bataan, in forests, 100m; BS 39707 Ramos (US, neo; US, isoneo), Mindoro: Paluan, Apr-1921. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, MINDORO. Notes: Low elevation primary forests along streams, c. 100m. Native.
  15. Cyrtandra benguetiana Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 281; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Loher 4237 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, NEGROS. Notes: Damp shaded ravines, 900-1700m. Native.
  16. Cyrtandra callicarpifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 966; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 11497 (BM, lecto; A, BISH, BO, E, GH, HBG, K, MO, NY, P, US, WRSL, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, dense woods on a steep ravine along the Cati Creek, 5750ft, Aug-1909. = Cyrtandra miserrima Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; Type: De Vore & Hoover 317 (US, lecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, in forests, May-1903. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Forested banks of streams, c. 1750m. Native.
  17. Cyrtandra castanea Merr., PJS 13 (1918) Bot. 326; EPFP 3 (1923) 457; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 26606 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Aurora, Mt Dingalan (Mt Dalingdingan, according to protologue), on forested slopes, c. 120m, 25-Aug-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  18. Cyrtandra cauliflora Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 315; EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 35342 Martelino & Edaño (A, lecto; K, P, US, isolecto), Panay: Aklan, Libacao, along streams at low elevation, 3-Jun-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Notes: Low elevation primary forest along streams. Native.
  19. Cyrtandra chiritoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 10257 McGregor (not located), Polillo. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. POLILLO. Notes: Low elevation forest. Known only from the type. Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  20. Cyrtandra cleopatrae H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 451; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cronk, Mendum, Argent, Middleton, Wilkie, Fuentes & Chavez 25437A (PNH, holo; K, L, E, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m, 22-Jan-1998. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  21. Cyrtandra constricta Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2660; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 14196 (GH, lecto; A, BISH, BO, CAS, CP, E, HBG, K, MO, NA, NY, P, U, US, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, humid forest of a stony soil along the Masay Ridge at 6000ft, Oct-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Mossy forest, c. 1800m. Native.
  22. Cyrtandra cumingii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 263; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Nishii et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 76 (2019) 340; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cuming 757 (K, lecto; B, BM, K, L, MO, P, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas, 1841. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Tayabas, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Medium elevation primary forests along streams. Especially common on Mt Banahaw. Native.
  23. Cyrtandra cyclopum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Banks s.n. (not located), Negros: Mt Kanlaon. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests, probably at medium elevation. Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  24. Cyrtandra davaoensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 968; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 10595 (NY, lecto; A, BISH, BM, BO, E, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, trunk epiphyte at dense woods, S of Mt Calelan, c. 4000ft, May-1909. = Cyrtandra scandens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; Type: Bolster 326 (US, lecto), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte, 120m, Apr-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Surigao del Norte. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests, ascending to 1200m. Native.
  25. Cyrtandra decussata Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 961; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 11704 (GH, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, E, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, Z, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya, densely wooded flats at 4000ft, Sep-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao, Lanao del Sur. Notes: Wet mossy forests, c. 1200m. Native.
  26. Cyrtandra disparifolia Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 34; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 46751 Ramos & Edaño (NY, lecto; ?UC, isolecto), Luzon: Isabela, San Mariano, along forested streams, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1926. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Forested stream, c. 500m. Known only from the type collection. Native.
  27. Cyrtandra edanoi Olivar & Pelser, Taxon 71 (2022); ≡ Didymocarpus pallida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 167; ≡ Cyrtandra copelandii Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458, nom. illeg., non Elmer; Type: Merrill 8224 (B, holo, lost), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River; BS 37337 Ramos & Edaño (K, neo), Mindanao: Zamboanga. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte. Notes: On damp banks in shaded ravines, 400-800m. The name Cyrtandra pallida is occupied by Cyrtandra pallida Elmer. Native.
  28. Cyrtandra elatostemoides Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1781; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 458, as ‘elatostemmoides’; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13207 (P, lecto; BO, E, L, isolecto), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), May-1911. = Cyrtandra kraenzlinii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 76; Type: Merrill 7247 (K, lecto; BM, L, NY, P, US, isolecto), Palawan: Malampaya Bay, Binaloan, in forest at sea level, on damp shaded banks, Sep-1910. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests from sea level to c. 750m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  29. Cyrtandra ferruginea Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 75; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 1548 Ramos (GH, lecto; BM, BO, L, NY, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Camarines, Mt Cauayan, 9-Dec-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Albay, Camarines Sur, Sorsogon. Notes: In very damp forests, probably at medium elevation. Native.
  30. Cyrtandra fusconervia Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Wenzel 88 (GH, lecto; US, iso), Leyte: Leyte, Dagami, on forested foothills, c. 60m, 31-Mar-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, PANAY. Notes: Low elevation primary forests, chiefly along small streams. Native.
  31. Cyrtandra geantha Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: M.S. Clemens s.n. (B, holo, lost), Mindanao: Lanao del Sur, along Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley; BS 39111 Ramos & Edaño (P, neo; K, US, isoneo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Jun/Jul-1920. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga. Notes: Forests, c. 650m. Native.
  32. Cyrtandra gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 956; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 12369 (E, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Magallanes (Magdiwang), España side, moist earth banks near densely wooded streamlets, at 1750ft, Apr-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (photos), SIBUYAN. Notes: Forested banks along streams, c. 525m. Native.
  33. Cyrtandra glabrifolia Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; ≡ Cyrtandra glabra Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 317, nom. illeg., non Jack; Type: Merrill 5770 (US, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Mt Halcon, undershrub in forest, c. 1500m, Nov-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1300-1500m. Native.
  34. Cyrtandra glabrilimba Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 349; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 47263 Ramos & Edaño (A, lecto; B, BO, K, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Isabela, Mt Moises, forested slopes, 1250m, 2-Mar-1926. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Notes: Forested slopes, 1250m. Known from two specimens from the type collection. Native.
  35. Cyrtandra grandifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2663; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13711 (E, lecto; A, BISH, BM, GH, HBG, K, L, MICH, MO, NY, P, U, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, Mt Urdaneta, Cabadbaran, in very damp, more or less stony soil of steep wooded slopes, 3500ft between Duros and Cawilanan, Sep-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Notes: Damp primary forest, c. 1050m. Native.
  36. Cyrtandra hirtigera H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cronk et al. 25433 (PNH, holo; E, K, L, iso), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 21-Jan-1998. = Cyrtandra woodii Merr. in Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 452, nom. inval., nom. nud. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
    • var. hirtigera. Distribution: PALAWAN. Notes: 30-900m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
    • var. chlorina H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 453; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cronk et al. 25518 (PNH, holo; K, L, E, iso), Palawan: Thumb Peak, 29-Jan-1998. Distribution: PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  37. Cyrtandra hypochrysea Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 276; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Loher 4233 (K, holo; US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, 1905. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Kalinga, Mountain Province. Notes: Damp forested ravines, c. 1400m. Native.
  38. Cyrtandra hypochrysoides Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 319; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 2543 Foxworthy (US, lecto; NY, P, US), Luzon: Mt Pinatubo, Mar/Apr-1907. = Cyrtandra quisumbingii Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3193; Type: Elmer 22130 (NY, lecto; BO, C, GH, K, L, MICH, MO, P, US, Z, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Pinatubo, May-1927. = Cyrtandra quisumbingii var. minor Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3194; Type: Elmer 22192 (MICH, lecto; GH, HBG, K, MO, NY, P, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Pinatubo, May-1927. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Zambales, PALAWAN. Notes: Mossy forests, 1000-1700m. Native.
  39. Cyrtandra hypoleuca Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 8107 (US, lecto; K, P, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, Nov/Dec-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1000m. Native.
  40. Cyrtandra ilicifolia Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 282; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Loher 4236 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, 1905. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Montane thickets in damp ravines, c. 1500m. Native.
  41. Cyrtandra ilocana Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 33370 Ramos (BM, lecto; K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Palimlim, Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: Mossy forest, c. 1000m. Native.
  42. Cyrtandra inaequifolia Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1782; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13092 (NY, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, E, HBG, L, MO, US, V, isolecto), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, Apr-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Seepage slopes in forests along streams, c. 225m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  43. Cyrtandra incisa C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 250; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Cuming 492 (K, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon. = Cyrtandra philippinensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 250; Type: Perrottet s.n. (P, lecto; G, P, isolecto), Luzon: 1823. = Cyrtandra florulenta Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 173; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459, as ‘florentula’; Type: Vanoverbergh 855 (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Mountain Province, Bontoc, Bauco; BS 12603 Fenix (US, neo), Luzon: Benguet, Nov/Dec-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines, Laguna, Mountain Province, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDORO. Native.
  44. Cyrtandra infantae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 327; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 9320 Robinson (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Tayabas; BS 28809 Ramos & Edaño (US, neo), Luzon: Mt Binuang, May-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Ledges along rivers. Native.
  45. Cyrtandra lagunae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 125; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 7499 (BM, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Banahaw, Feb-1911. = Cyrtandra maquilingensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3083; Type: Elmer 17813 (A, lecto; BISH, BM, BO, CAS, GH, HBG, L, NY, P, S, US, Z, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Makiling, Jul-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forests, elevation 900-1800m. Native.
  46. Cyrtandra lancifolia Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 454; EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 33078 Ramos (BM, lecto; A, K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Quezon. Notes: Along streams in lowland forests. Native.
  47. Cyrtandra limnophila Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 323; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 460; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 1988 Foxworthy (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Mt Abu; BS 30565 Ramos (US, neo), Catanduanes, Nov/Dec-1917. = Cyrtandra umbrina Elmer ex Merr., nom. inval., nom. nud.; Voucher: Elmer 16537 (BO, GH, HBG, L, MO, NY, P, S, U, US, Z), Luzon: Mt Bulusan, Jul-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Pampanga, Sorsogon. Notes: Mossy forests, c. 1400m in Pampanga. Native.
  48. Cyrtandra livida Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 781 Foxworthy (US, lecto; US, isolecto), Palawan: Mar/Apr-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: In ravines, c. 150m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  49. Cyrtandra lobbii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 282; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Lobb s.n. (K, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon. = Cyrtandra curranii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 176; Type: FB 13189 Curran (P, lecto; BM, K, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, Mar-1912. = Cyrtandra ramosii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 177; Type: BS 10976 Ramos (US, lecto; K, P, isolecto), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, Aug-1910. = Cyrtandra wenzelii Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 385; Type: Wenzel 665 (US, lecto), Leyte: Buenavista, May-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay (photos), Batangas, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, ?NEGROS. Notes: Primary forests, 300-1000m. Widespread species. Native.
  50. Cyrtandra loheri Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 351; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Loher 12939 (UC, lecto), Luzon: Rizal, Montalban, Mt Pamingtiñgan, Mar-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Known from two collections both by Loher from approximately the same locality. Native.
  51. Cyrtandra longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 30353 Ramos (K, lecto; P, US, isolecto), Catanduanes: Nov/Dec-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Notes: Low elevation primary forest. Native.
  52. Cyrtandra macrodiscus Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37 (1906) 279; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: FB 921 Barnes (K, holo; NY, P, US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, May/Jun-1904. = Cyrtandra grossedentata Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 346; Type: Elmer 8864 (Z, lecto; A, E, K, L, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, Mar-1907. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal. Notes: Thickets, damp ravines, and forests, 800-1500m. Native.
  53. Cyrtandra maesifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 556; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 10228 (E, lecto), Negros, Cuernos Mts, Jun-1908. = Cyrtandra chavis-insectorum Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 318; Type: Clemens 650 (US, lecto; US, isolecto), Mindanao: Lanao, Jul-1906. = Cyrtandra nervosa Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178; Type: Merrill 8126 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River Mts, Dec-1911. = Cyrtandra williamsii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 315; Type: Williams 2087 (US, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, Feb-1905. = Cyrtandra bulusanensis Elmer ex Merr., nom. inval., nom. nud.; EPFP 3 (1923) 457. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, BILIRAN, CEBU (photos), LEYTE, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photos), Lanao, Zamboanga, NEGROS, SAMAR. Native.
  54. Cyrtandra mcgregorii Kraenzl., PJS 8c (1913) 328; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 10576 McGregor (not located), Luzon: Cagayan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Lowland forests. Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  55. Cyrtandra membranifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 963; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 461; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 11273 (K, lecto; A, BISH, BM, BO, E, GH, HBG, L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  56. Cyrtandra microphylla Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 328; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 26250 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Umingan, Aug/Sep-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  57. Cyrtandra mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 958; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 11711 (E, lecto; BM, L, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo, Sep-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  58. Cyrtandra mucronatisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 352; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 49427 Ramos & Edaño (NY, lecto), Mindanao: Davao Oriental, Mt Mayo, Apr/May-1927. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental. Notes: Forested slopes and streams, 1000-1300m. Native.
  59. Cyrtandra multifolia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 327; EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 26459 Ramos & Edaño (US, lecto; K, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Umingan, Aug/Sep-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO (photos). Native.
  60. Cyrtandra nana Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 79; EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 21462 Escritor (not located), Mindanao: Bukidnon, 2-Aug-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  61. Cyrtandra oblongata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 78; EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 7515 (K, lecto; US, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Banahaw, Feb-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, MINDORO (photos). Native.
  62. Cyrtandra pachyneura Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 175; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 7800 (US, lecto; K, L, P, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Tonglon, May-1911. = Cyrtandra alnifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 329; Type: BS 8350 McGregor (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Benguet; Merrill 9662 (US, neo; K, isoneo), Luzon: Benguet, May-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  63. Cyrtandra pachyphylla Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 316; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 2928 Mearns (US, lecto), Luzon: Mt Mayon, Jun-1907. = Cyrtandra vulcanica Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3743, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Voucher: Elmer 17388 (BO, C, GH, HBG, MO, NY, P, S, U, US, Z), Luzon: Mt Bulusan, Sep-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Sorsogon. Native.
  64. Cyrtandra pallida Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 559; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 9518 (BM, lecto; A, BO, E, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Negros: Cuernos Mts, Mar-1908. = Cyrtandra laxa Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 967; Type: Elmer 11585 (GH, lecto; A, BISH, BM, E, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, P, U, US, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo, Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO, NEGROS. Native.
  65. Cyrtandra pallidifolia Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 172; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 13379 Ramos (B, holo, ?lost), Luzon: Quezon, Tagkawayan. = Cyrtandra coriaceifolia Olivar & Muellner-Riehl, Phytotaxa 418 (2019) 117, nom. superfl; ≡ Cyrtandra humilis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 345, nom. illeg., non Blume; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 459; Type: Elmer 8855 (A, lecto; BO, E, K, L, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, Baguio, Mar-1907. = Cyrtandra arbuscula Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 326; Type: BS 7428 Ramos (B, holo, ?lost), Luzon: Cagayan. = Cyrtandra glaucescens Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 328; Type: Merrill 6702 (K, lecto), Panay: Capiz, Dumarao, Mar-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, DINAGAT, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, MINDORO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Low and medium c. primary forests in damp shaded ravines along streams. Native.
  66. Cyrtandra panayensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 452; EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 32241 McGregor (K, lecto; A, US, isolecto), Panay: Antique, May-Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines Norte (photos), PANAY. Native.
  67. Cyrtandra pantothrix Kraenzl. in Fedde, Repert. 24 (1928) 221; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Wallis s.n. (W, holo), Luzon: Majayjay. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Native.
  68. Cyrtandra parva Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 446; EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 36844 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Malangas, Oct/Nov-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Native.
  69. Cyrtandra parviflora Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Callery s.n. (P, holo), Luzon: 1840. = Cyrtandra micrantha Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. 37 (1906) 280; Type: FB 923 Barnett (K, holo; US, iso), Luzon: Benguet, Jun-1904. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Camarines Norte. Native.
  70. Cyrtandra parvifolia Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 300; EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 5718 (K, lecto; NY, US, isolecto), Mindoro: Mt Halcon, Nov-1906. = Cyrtandra fragilis Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 557; Type: Elmer 9917 (MO, lecto; BISH, BM, E, GH, HBG, K, L, MICH, NY, P, U, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental, Cuernos Mts, Apr-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: Mossy forest, 1000-1800m. Native.
  71. Cyrtandra peninsula Elmer ex Olivar & H.J.Atkins, Taxon 71 (2022); Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3741, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; Type: Elmer 15699 (A, holo; MO, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Mt Bulusan, Apr-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Conservation status: Vulnerable (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  72. Cyrtandra pinatubensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3191; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 22076 (C, lecto; B, BM, BO, GH, HBG, K, L, MICH, MO, NY, P, Z, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Pinatubo, May-1927. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  73. Cyrtandra plectranthiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 332; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 5945 Ramos (US, lecto), Luzon: Lepanto, Mt Data, Jan-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Native.
  74. Cyrtandra pulgarensis Elmer ex H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 450; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13204 (E, holo; L, NY, WRSL, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, May-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: 1200m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  75. Cyrtandra ramiflora Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 964; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 10681 (NY, lecto; A, BISH, BM, E, GH, HBG, MO, K, US, WRSL, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo, May-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photos). Native.
  76. Cyrtandra roseoalba Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 178; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 463; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 10923 Ramos (US, lecto), Luzon: Laguna, San Antonio, Aug-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Laguna. Native.
  77. Cyrtandra rufotricha Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 442; EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 36655 Ramos & Edaño (US, lecto; K, P, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tubuan, Oct-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Native.
  78. Cyrtandra rupicola Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1784; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13213 (E, lecto; BO, isolecto), Palawan: Mt Pulgar, May-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  79. Cyrtandra saligna Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 324; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Merrill 5480 (L, lecto; NY, P, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, 10-Oct-1906. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Native.
  80. Cyrtandra santosii Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 453; EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 32071 Santos (K, lecto; A, P, US, isolecto), Luzon: Benguet, Pauai, Apr-Jun-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  81. Cyrtandra sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 969; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 12529 (NY, lecto; A, BISH, BM, BO, E, HBG, K, L, MO, US, WRSL, isolecto), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, May-1910. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Native.
  82. Cyrtandra similis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 354; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 45572 Ramos & Edaño (A, lecto; B, K, isolecto), Luzon: Quirino (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya), Mt Alzapan. Forested stream at low elevation. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino. Notes: Known only from the type collection. Native.
  83. Cyrtandra sorsogonensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 31; EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 23318 Ramos (US, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Kililibong, Jul/Aug-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. Native.
  84. Cyrtandra strongiana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 325; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Clemens 1094 (B, holo, lost), Mindanao: Lake Lanao; BS 15717 Fenix (K, neo; US, isoneo), Mindanao: Bukidnon, Aug-1912. = Cyrtandra mirabilis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 321; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 462, nom. illeg., non C.B.Clarke; Type: Williams 3012 (B, holo, lost), Mindanao: Davao; BS 39141 Ramos & Edaño (L, neo; K, P, US, isoneo), Mindanao: Tangculan, Jul-1920. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Lanao del Sur. Native.
  85. Cyrtandra subglabra Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 447; EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 36937 Ramos & Edaño (K, lecto; L, P, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Oct/Nov-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte. Native.
  86. Cyrtandra tagaleurium Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) 176; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 14462 Ramos (K, lecto; A, K, NY, P, US, isolecto), Camiguin: Mar/Apr-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: North Cotabato (photos). Native.
  87. Cyrtandra talonensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 959; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022); Type: Elmer 11899 (E, lecto; L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Apo, Sep 1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  88. Cyrtandra tayabensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 347; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 9238 (A, lecto; BO, E, K, L, MO, NY, US, WRSL, Z, isolecto), Luzno: Tayabas, Lucban, May-1907. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, ?NEGROS. Native.
  89. Cyrtandra tecomiflora Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 322; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: FB 9264 Whitford & Hutchinson (not located), Mindanao: Zamboanga. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: Insufficiently known (Olivar et al. 2022). Native.
  90. Cyrtandra tenuipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 330; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; ≡ Cyrtandra longipedunculata Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 77, nom. illeg., non Rech.; Type: BS 19664 McGregor (P, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Luzon: Mt Polis, Feb-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  91. Cyrtandra tenuisepala Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 356; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 45579 Ramos & Edaño (B, lecto; K, NY, isolecto), Luzon: Quirino (formerly part of Nueva Vizcaya), Mt Alzapan. Forested slope in mossy forest, 1300m, May/Jun-1925. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quirino. Notes: Mossy forest, 1300m. Known only from the type collection. Native.
  92. Cyrtandra trivialis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 331; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 464; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 8003 Ramos (B, holo, lost), Luzon: Isabela; BS 20008 McGregor (K, neo; US, isoneo), Luzon: Ifugao, Feb-1913. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao, Isabela. Native.
  93. Cyrtandra umbellifera Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 435; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 695; Nishii et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 76 (2019) 338; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Fenix 3785 (P, lecto; US, isolecto), Batan: Mt Iraya, 8-Jun-1907. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. BABUYAN ISLS, BATAN. Native.
  94. Cyrtandra urdanetensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2664; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Elmer 13882 (HBG, lecto; A, BISH, BM, BO, BRIT, CAS, E, GH, K, L, MO, NY, P, U, US, Z, isolecto), Mindanao: Mt Urdaneta, Sep-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  95. Cyrtandra vanoverberghii Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 174; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Vanoverbergh 512 (B, holo, lost), Luzon; Bontoc; Vanoverbergh 2641 (P, neo), Luzon: Bontoc, Dec-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Native.
  96. Cyrtandra villosissima Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: Clemens 51 (F, lecto; BO, US, isolecto), Mindanao: Lake Lanao, Camp Keithley, Jan-1906. = Slackia philippinensis Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 171; Type: Merrill 8295 (B, holo, ?lost), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, JOLO, LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  97. Cyrtandra yaeyamae Ohwi, J. Jap. Bot. 13 (1937) 339; Nishii et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 76 (2019) 340; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: from Japan. Distribution: Japan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls. BATAN. Native.
  98. Cyrtandra zamboangensis Merr., PJS 20 (1922) 445; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 465; Olivar et al., Taxon 71 (2022) Early View; Type: BS 37249 Ramos & Edaño (US,lecto; K, P, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Mt Tubuan, Nov-1919. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte. Native.

Needs name

  1. Cyrtandra B; H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; Voucher: Cronk et al. 25389 (E, PNH), Palawan: Cleopatra’s Needle, 1550m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: 500m. Native.
  2. Cyrtandra C; H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 454; Voucher: Cronk et al. 25520 (E, PNH), Palawan: Thumb Peak. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: 1200m. Native.
  3. Cyrtandra D; H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 455; Voucher: PNH 77433 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Panalingajan River. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: 650-800m. Native.
  4. Cyrtandra E; H.J.Atkins & Cronk, Edinburgh J. Bot. 58 (2001) 456; Voucher: PNH 50 Edaño (GH), Palawan: Mt Mantalingahan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Cyrtandra F; ≡ Cyrtandra inaequifolia Merr. & Quisumb., ined., non Elmer; Voucher: PNH 7814 Celestino (L), Luzon: Ifugao, Mt Polis, on rocks along stream-summit, 2042m, 10-May-1948. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ifugao. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (27-Jun-20): If this specimen indeed represents an undescribed species, then the name Cyrtandra inaequifolia is not available for it and it would need a new name. Native.

Dorcoceras Bunge

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Dorcoceras philippense (C.B.Clarke) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58 (1923) 259, as 'philippinense'; Puglisi et al., Taxon 65 (2016) 286; ≡ Boea philippensis C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 146; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448, as ‘philippinensis’; Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 418. = Boea pseudoglandulosa Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 448, as ‘pseudoglandulosum’, nom. nud.; Voucher: Elmer 17398, Luzon. Distribution: China, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam. LUZON: Batangas, Benguet, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, MINDORO. Notes: Shaded places along small streams and on forested slopes at low and medium elevation. Native.

Episcia Mart. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Wally Suarez, 8 November 2020
  1. Episcia 'Fire ember'. Distribution: SAMAR (photo). Notes: Cultivar naturalized in Sohoton Natural Bridge National Park (W. Suarez, pers. comm., 7-Nov-20). Naturalized.

Epithema Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 June 2021
  1. Epithema benthamii C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456, as ‘benthami’; Bransgrove & Middleton, Gard. Bull. Singapore 67 (2015) 170; Type: Cuming 1265 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao Oriental, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Native.
  2. Epithema ceylanicum Gardner, Calcutta J. Nat. Hist 6 (1846) 492; Bransgrove & Middleton, Gard. Bull. Singapore 67 (2015) 177; Type: from Sri Lanka. = Epithema brunonis var. fasciculatum C.B.Clarke in A.DC. & DC., Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 180; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456; ≡ Epithema taiwanense var. fasciculatum (C.B.Clarke) Z.Y.Li & M.T.Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 697, as ‘fasciculata’; Type: Cuming 823 (K, lecto; BM, G-DC, K, L, P, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas, 1841. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Cambodia, India, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Apayao, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Native.
  3. Epithema dolichopodum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; Bransgrove & Middleton, Gard. Bull. Singapore 67 (2015) 183; Type: from Borneo. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Least Concern (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Native.
  4. Epithema madulidii B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 112; Bransgrove & Middleton, Gard. Bull. Singapore 67 (2015) 194; Type: PPI 11563 Madulid, Agoo, Reynoso & Fuentes (PNH, holo; E, iso), Coron: Bariol. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CORON. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Native.
  5. Epithema philippinum (Hilliard & B.L.Burtt) Bransgrove, Garden's Bulletin Singapore 67 (2015) 200; ≡ Epithema strigosum ssp. philippinum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54 (1997) 113; Type: PNH 10434 Mendoza & Convocar (PNH, holo; A, iso), Mindanao: Surigao del Norte, Mt Kabatuan, 83m, 18-Mar-1949. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao del Norte. Conservation status: Data Deficient (Bransgrove & Middleton 2015). Native.

Gloxinia L'Hér. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Gloxinia perennis (L.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles 1913, iii (1914) 418; ≡ Martynia perennis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 618. Distribution: C & S America. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Naturalized in secondary forest. Naturalized.

Monophyllaea R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 January 2020
  1. Monophyllaea longipes Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela. Notes: On cliff in damp shaded ravines at low elevation, on damp limestone ledge along a stream, 40m in Palanan (Co 5178, PUH). Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Monophyllaea merrilliana Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 456. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BOHOL, MINDANAO: Agusan, Surigao, Zamboanga, SAMAR. Notes: On damp cliff along small streams in forested ravines at low and medium elevation, ascending to 800m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Paraboea (C.B.Clarke) Ridl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 December 2021
  1. Paraboea luzoniensis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 225; EPFP 3 (1923) 449; Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 432; Xu et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 65 (2008) 259; Type: Merrill 4178 (L, NY, US, iso), Luzon: Cavite, Maragongdon (Maragondon), 100-400m, Jul-1905. = Paraboea ridleyi Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 949; Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 435; Type: Elmer 11145 (NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mt Apo, Todaya. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cavite, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, Zamboanga, PANAY, SAMAR, SULU, TAWI-TAWI. Notes: On cliffs in ravines, 100-400m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Xu et al. 2008). Native.
  2. Paraboea swinhoei (Hance) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41 (1984) 439; Xu et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 65 (2008) 317; ≡ Boea swinhoei Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. v, 5 (1866) 231; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 449; Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 702, as ‘swinhoii’; Type: from Taiwan. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, ?Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Rizal. Notes: Boulders and ledges on forested slopes, 300-1400m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Xu et al. 2008). Native.

Rhynchoglossum Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Rhynchoglossum klugioides C.B.Clarke in DC., Monog. Phan. 5 (1883) 163; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; Type: Cuming 824 (K, lecto; BM, K, isolecto), Luzon: Tayabas. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines Sur, Laguna, MINDANAO, MINDORO, SAMAR. Native.
  2. Rhynchoglossum obliquum Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 741; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 432; EPFP 3 (1923) 454; Type: from Java (lecto). Distribution: India to China, Malesia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, ?MINDANAO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  3. Rhynchoglossum spumosum Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 564; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; Type: Elmer 9929 (BO, lecto; A, E, L, NY, PNH, US, isolecto), Negros: Negros Oriental, Dumaguete (Cuernos Mts.). = Rhynchoglossum merrilliae Kraenzl., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 168; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 454; Type: Merrill 8187 (B, holo, lost; K, lecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, NEGROS, PANAY. Native.

Rhynchotechum Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 January 2020
  1. Rhynchotechum discolor (Maxim.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24 (1962) 37; Anderson & Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 137; ≡ Isanthera discolor Maxim., Bull. Acad. Sci. St. Petersbourg 19 (1874) 538; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; Li & Kao in Huang, Fl. Taiwan ed. 2 (1998) 706. = Rhynchotechum tenue C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. 5 (1883) 199; Type: Perrottet 197 (L, holo), Manila. Distribution: ?Bismarck Arch, China, Japan, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. ALABAT, BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, South Cotabato, Surigao, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR, SULU. Conservation status: Least Concern (Anderson & Middleton 2013). Native.
  2. Rhynchotechum parviflorum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14 (1826) 775; Anderson & Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70 (2013) 160; Type: from Java. = Rhynchotechum copelandii (Elmer) Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; ≡ Cyrtandra copelandii Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2661; Type: Elmer 13716 (BM, lecto; E, L, isolecto), Mindanao: Agusan, Cabadbaran (Mt Urdaneta), Sep-1912. Distribution: Borneo, China, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDANAO. Conservation status: Least Concern (Anderson & Middleton 2013). Native.

Seemannia Regel (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter. B. Pelser, 16 October 2021
  1. Seemannia sylvatica (Kunth) Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1 (1887) 708; ≡ Gloxinia sylvatica (Kunth) Wiehler, Selbyana 1 (1) (1975) 33; ≡ Gesneria sylvatica Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2 (1818) 393 [ed. quarto], 316 [ed folio]. Distribution: S America. LUZON: Mountain Province. Notes: Naturalized in rocky places near settlements. Naturalized.

Stauranthera Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 January 2020
  1. Stauranthera coerulea (Blume) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 455; ≡ Miquelia coerulea Blume, Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Neerl. 1 (1838) 94, as 'caerulea'. = Stauranthera philippinensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 950, as 'philippinense'. Distribution: Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam. MINDANAO. Native.

Literature