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Fabaceae 

= Leguminosae

Subfamily Mimosoideae

Acacia Mill.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 June 2020

Photos
  1. Acacia auriculiformis A.Cunn. ex Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 377; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 58; --Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973; --Racosperma auriculiformis (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 247. Australia, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea. Introduced elsewhere in SE Asia, including the Philippines where it is also now thoroughly naturalized. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Photos
  2. Acacia confusa Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 27; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 61; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 451; --Racosperma confusum (Merr.) Pedley, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 92 (1986) 215; --Type: Merrill 2114 (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Zambales prov., Subig (Subic) and vicinity, Apr-1903. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Zambales. On slopes and dry forest at low elevation. Very local. Native to Zambales (Maslin et al. 2019), but widely planted elsewhere in the Philippines. Photos
  3. Acacia mangium Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1053; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 59; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 248; --Racosperma mangium (Willd.) Pedley, Austrobaileya 2 (4) (1987) 152. Australia, New Guinea, Aru Isls, Moluccas, Sula Isls; introduced and naturalized in the Philippines as a reforestation crop. Throughout the Philippines. Photos

Acaciella Britton & Rose

Laast edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 August 2019

Photos
  1. Acaciella angustissima (Mill.) Britton & Rose, N. Amer. Fl. 23 (1928) 100; --Mimosa angustissima Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Mimosa no. 19 (1768).
  2. Acaciella glauca (L.) L.Rico, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 63 2006 210; --Acacia glauca (L.) Moench., Meth. Pl. (1794) 466; --Mimosa glauca L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 520. Americas. Not native to the Philippines. Naturalized (PNH 7014)?

Adenanthera L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 August 2019

Photos
  1. Adenanthera intermedia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 228; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Nielsen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 102; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 169. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. Lowland primary forests, ascending to 700m. Fl. & fr. probably throughout the year. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Adenanthera pavonina L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 384. Throughout tropical Asia from Sri Lanka to Melanesia. Not native to the Philippines. Only known from cultivation in the Philippines (Nielsen 1992).

Possibly present:

  1. Adenanthera kostermansii I.C.Nielsen, Nordic J. Bot. 12 (1992) 100. Borneo, ?Philippines. ?LEYTE, ?MINDANAO: Surigao.

Albizia Durazz.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 January 2020

Photos
  1. Albizia acle (Blanco) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 25; EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 46; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 71; --Pithecellobium acle (Blanco) S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 121; --Serialbizzia acle (Blanco) Kosterm., Bull. Org. Sci. Res. Indonesia No. 20 (1954) 16; --Mimosa acle Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 1 (1837) 738; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 509; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 140. Philippines, SE Sulawesi. N LUZON to PALAWAN and NEGROS. Lowland forests, humid forests, 0-150m. Fl. Mar-Apr; fr. Sep-Oct, Jan-Feb.
  2. Albizia corniculata (Lour.) Druce, Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 4 (1917) 603; --Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 140; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 45; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 73; --Mimosa corniculata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 651; --Type: from S China. --Albizia scandens Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 265; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 21; PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 87; EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 185. S China (Guangdong), Indochina, Thailand, Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah), Philippines. PALAWAN. Lowland forests.
  3. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 87; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 75; --Mimosa lebbeck L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 516. Probably native of E Africa and mainland Asia; cultivated and naturalized throughout Malesia including the Philippines.
  4. Albizia lebbekoides (DC.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 76; --Acacia lebbekoides DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 467. Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi (Sumbawa; Kisar; Sumba; Komodo; Flores, Bali; Timor), Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. LUZON to MINDANAO. In dry thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Fl. Mar-Jun, Sep; fr. Oct-Dec, Mar, May. Photos
  5. Albizia pedicellata Baker ex Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 563; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 78. --Albizia magallanensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 693; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: Elmer 12089. --Albizia myriantha Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 8. Sumatra, Bangka, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN. Lowland forests.
  6. Albizia philippinensis Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 42; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79. --Albizia marginata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 23. --Albizia julibrissin Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 5. --Albizia chinensis auct. non (Osbeck) Merr.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 246. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Vizcaya, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO. Hill forest, 250(-?)m. Fl. Aug-Sep; fr. Apr, Jun. 
  7. Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 89; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 79; --Mimosa procera Roxb., Pl. Corom. 2 (1799) 12. India, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, Hainan, Taiwan, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Kai Isls, Tanimbar, New Guinea, Australia. LUZON: Cagayan to Batangas, MINDORO, BUSUANGA. Second-growth forests, thickets, parang vegetation at low and medium elevation in regions subject to a long dry season. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Photos
  8. Albizia retusa Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 90; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 80. Photos
  9. Albizia saman (Jacq.) F.Muell, Select Pl. ed. 2 (1876) 12; --Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6 (1916) 47; EPFP 2 (1923) 242; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 156; --Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain ex King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 662 (1897) 352; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225; --Mimosa saman Jacq., Fragm. Bot. (1800) 15. Native of N tropical South America, now naturalized pantropically. Introduced to the Philippines c. 1860, now widely planted as a shade tree. In many places spontaneous. Rain-tree; akasya. Photos
  10. Albizia saponaria (Lour.) Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 11 (1855) 19; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 32; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 11 (1992) 82; --Mimosa saponaria Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 653. Photos
  11. Albizia splendens Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2 (1861) 280; --De la Estrella et al., Nordic J. Bot. 25 (2007) 46. Borneo, Lesser Sunda Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Quezon, Rizal, PALAWAN.

Ined. names:

  1. Albizia butarek Co & LaFrankie. LUZON: Isabela prov., Palanan Forest Dynamics Plot. Allied to Albizia kostermansii from Borneo, differing mainly in having a ferruginous inflorescence axis. Photos

Archidendron F.Muell.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Archidendron apoense (Elmer) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 46; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 95; --Zygia apoensis (Elmer) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 31; --Pithecellobium apoense Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 694; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo). Humid montane forest, 1100-1350m.
  2. Archidendron clypearia (Jack) Nielsen, Adansonia ser. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 15; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 97; --Abarema clypearia (Jack) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 42; --Inga clypearia Jack, Malayan Misc. ii. VII. (1822) 78. --Aberema angulata (Benth.) Kosterm. Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 47; --Albizia angulata (Benth.) Kurz, Rep. Pegu, App. B (1875) 47; --Pithecellobium angulatum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 208; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 242.
  3. Archidendron ellipticum (Blume) Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 19 (1) (1979) 21; Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 68; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 100; --Abarema elliptica (Blume) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 53; --Pithecellobium ellipticum (Blume) Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Inga elliptica Blume, Cat. (1823) 88. Photos
  4. Archidendron fagifolium (Blume ex Miq.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 38; --Pithecellobium fagifolium Miq., Fl. Bat. i. I. 35. Java, Sumatra, Philippines.
  5. Archidendron falcatum Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 44; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 104. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, TICAO, GUIMARAS. Level land at low elevation. Fl. Jun-Jul, Oct, fr. Jan, May-Jun.
  6. Archidendron merrillii (MacBr.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 48; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 108; --Pithecellobium merrillii MacBr., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Bot. 11 (1931) 26; --Type: Merrill Philip. Pl. 1779 (L, NY, SING, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., railroad grade W of Baguio, in ravines along small streams, c. 1300m, May-1914. --Abarema multiflora (Merr.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 62, comb. inval.?; --Pithecellobium multiflorum Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 11, nom. illeg., auct. non (Kunth) Benth.; EPFP 2 (1923) 243, pro parte (BS 31142). Philippines, ?Borneo (Sabah). LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO, PANAY. Forest, 800-1300m.
  7. Archidendron pauciflorum (Benth.) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 41; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 112; --Abarema pauciflora (Benth.) Kosterm., Bull. Organ. Natuurw. Onderz. Indon. 20 (1954) 60; --Pithecellobium pauciflorum Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 212; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244.
  8. Archidendron scutiferum (Blanco) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76 (1984) 43; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 113; --Pithecellobium scutiferum (Blanco) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 211; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 244; --Mimosa scutifera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 735; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 507; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 3 (1879) 138. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON to MINDANAO (widespread). Primary and secondary forests, 0-900m. Common. Photos

Calliandra Benth. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 July 2017

Photos

  1. Calliandra calothyrsus Meissn., Linnaea 21 (1848) 251; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Central America and Mexico. Cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized? Photos
  2. Calliandra haematocephala Hassk., Retzia 1 (1855) 216; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 555; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255. Tropical South America. Widely cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized? Photos


Entada Adans.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Entada parvifolia Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 229; PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; EPFP 2 (1923) 252, pro parte; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179. --Entada philippinensis Gagnep., Not. Syst. 2 (1911) 58. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Zambales, Bataan, GOLO, BUSUANGA, CUYO. Lowland thickets. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Dec. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  2. Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 86; EPFP 2 (1923) 252; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 179; --Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973; --Lens phaseoloides L. in Stickm., Herb. Amboin. (1754) 18. China, Vietnam, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Pacific area. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  3. Entada rheedii Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2 (1825) 325; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 180. Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, Australia and a small part of the Pacific; in Malesia: Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Isls (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor, Alor), Moluccas (Wetar), New Guinea. LUZON, MINDANAO. Primary and secondary forest, especially along rivers, behind mangroves and beach forests, lowlands to medium elevation. Closely related to Entada phaseoloides and mixed up with that species by Merrill. Distinct by 3 or 4 (or 5) pairs of leaflets per pinna, a woody tough endocarp and slightly less asymmetric terminal leaflets. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Enterolobium Mart. [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2017

Photos
  1. Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. West Indies (1860) 226; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 213; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255; --Mimosa cyclocarpa Jacq., Fragm. Bot. (1800) 30. C and N tropical South America. Widely cultivated in all tropics. Earpod. Photos

Falcataria (I.C.Nielsen) Barneby & J.W.Grimes [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2017

Photos
  1. Falcataria moluccana (Miq.) Barneby & J.W.Grimes, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 74 (1996) 255; --Albizia moluccana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1 (1855) 26. --Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) I.C.Nielsen, Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 4, 5, sect. B; Adansonia no. 3 & (1983) 327; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 151; --Albizia falcataria (L.) Fosb., Reinwardtia 7 (1965) 88; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 187; --Adenanthera falcataria L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 1 (1762) 550. Moluccas, New Guinea. Introduced and naturalized in the Philippines. Photos

Inga Mill. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Inga edulis Mart., Flora 20 (2, Beibl.) (1837) 113. Native to Africa. Not native to the Philippines. Photos
  2. Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1018; --Mimosa laurina Sw., Prodr. (1788) 85. Native to Central and South America. Not native to the Philippines.
  3. Inga spectabilis (Vahl) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1017; --Mimosa spectabilis Vahl in Skrift. Nat. Selsk. Kjoeb. ii. (1792) I. 219. Native to Africa. Not native to the Philippines.

Leucaena Benth. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 September 2019

Photos
  1. Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit, Taxon 10 (1961) 53; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 560; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 182; --Mimosa leucocephala Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 1 (1783) 12; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 256. --Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth. in Hook., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 416; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Mimosa glauca auct. non L. (1753); --Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 2 (1763) 1504. Native of tropical America; introduced and naturalized in most tropical areas of the World. Throughout the Philippines. Ipil-ipil. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos
  2. Leucaena × spontanea C.E.Hughes & S.A.Harris, Pl. Syst. Evol. 212 (1998) 70. Caribbean, Mexico, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas. Hybrid between Leucaena leucocephala and Leucaena diversifolia. Not native to the Philippines.

Mimosa L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 July 2017

Photos
  1. Mimosa diplotricha C.Wight ex Sauvalle, Anal. Real Acad. ci. Habana 5 (1868) 405; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 184. --Mimosa invisa auct. non Mart. ex Colla; --Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 436.
  2. Mimosa pudica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 518; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. Photos
  3. Mimosa quadrivalvis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 522; --Schrankia quadrivalvis (L.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 30; EPFP 2 (1923) 250; --Hopkins, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 205. Introduced from Mexico. LUZON (Batangas), MINDANAO (Misamis). In open grassland and waste places. “Apparently introduced to the Philippines by the Spanish from Mexico (Merrill 1910, 1918). I have seen only the specimens cited by Merrill (1923) and doubt that the species ever established in Malesia, though it has shown some persistence at Bauan, Batangas prov., LUZON, where it was recollected in 1915 by Merrill, the first collection from that place being that of Blanco before 1837 (Merrill 1918)” (Hopkins 1992). Photos

Neptunia Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Neptunia gracilis Benth., J. Bot. 4 (1842) 355; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 414; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 188. --Neptunia depauperata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Australia, Taiwan, Philippines.
  2. Neptunia oleracea Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 654; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 251; --Windler, Amer. J. Bot. 14 (1966) 401; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 189. Mexico to northern S America, Brazil (Bahia), Africa (Sudan, Angola and Zimbabwe), Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, N Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Kalimantan), S Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas (Buru). MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur (Bunawan). Shallow lakes and swamps at low elevation.

Paraserianthes I.C.Nielsen = Falcataria

Parkia R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 March 2019

Photos
  1. Parkia speciosa Hassk., Flora 25 (1842) 55, 105; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 198. --Parkia harbesonii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1804; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 253. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN: Taytay; Lake Manguao; Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar = Thumb Peak; Mt Beaufort; Mt Iraan; Irawan, Impapan), Aborlan (Sagpangan). Lowland forests, 0-150m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Parkia sumatrana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat., Suppl. 1, Sumatra (1861) 284; --Hopkins, Blumea 37 (1992) 77; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 199.
  3. Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 33; Fl. Manila (1912) 229; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 201; --Inga timoriana DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 442. --Parkia roxburghii G.Don, Gen. Syst. 2 (1832) 397; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 564. --Parkia javanica auct. non (Lam.) Merr.; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 168; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Corner, Wayside Trees 1 (1940) 415; Wayside Trees ed. 3 (1988) 458; --Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 1 (1972) 281; --Cockburn, Trees Sabah 1 (1976) 191. NE India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls (W Sumbawa; Timor), Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (W Irian). LUZON: La Union, Pampanga to Laguna, PALAWAN. Low and medium elevation forest, especially in the more seasonal parts of W Philippines. Briefly deciduous. Photos

Insufficiently known:

  1. Parkia sherfeseei Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 9; EPFP 2 (1923) 253; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 204; --Type: FB 21962 Sherfesee, Cenabre & Ponce (US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte, May-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Tidal streams and Nipa swamp at sea-level. “Described from incomplete material, but some collections cited by Merrill (1923) have not been traced. The leaves resemble Parkia sumatrana, but the habitat suggests a different ecology. Pods are needed to assess whether it is morphologically distinct or not” (Hopkins 1992).

Pithecellobium Mart.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

Photos
  1. Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 199; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 225; EPFP 2 (1923) 243; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 155; --Mimosa dulcis Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1(4) (1798) 67. Native of Mexico, now cultivated and naturalized in most of the tropics. Throughout the Philippines in the lowlands to medium elevation, particularly common in the more seasonal regions. Wastelands, dry river beds, brushwoods, etc. Photos
  2. Pithecellobium platycarpum Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 17; EPFP 2 (1923) 244. Endemic to the Philippines. “Topotypic material needed from Twin Peaks, prov. of Benguet, Luzon before the identity of this taxon can be known” (Nielsen 1992).

Prosopis L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 447; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 215; --Mimosa juliflora Sw., Prodr. (1788) 85. --Prosopis vidaliana Naves, Ephem. “Oriente” (1877) fide Fern.-Vill.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 228; EPFP 2 (1923) 251. SW United States to Central and South America. Widely cultivated and naturalized in the tropics. Widespread and thoroughly naturalized in the Philippines, often forming dense thornbushes behind the beach. Photos

Samanea (Benth.) Merr. = Albizia

Schleinitzia Warb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 May 2018

No Photos
  1. Schleinitzia megaladenia (Merr.) Guinet & Nielsen, Adansonia sér. 2, 20 (2) (1980) 166; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 191; --Albizia megaladenia Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 16; EPFP 2 (1923) 247; --Type: BS 29023 Ramos & Edaño (US, holo; NY, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Umiray, in forest along the Umiray River, Jun-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Umiray). Lowland damp forest along rivers.

Schrankia Willd. = Mimosa

Senegalia Raf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 June 2020

Photos
  1. Senegalia merrillii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia merrillii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 9; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 51; --Type: PNH 18680 Conklin (P, holo; A, L, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental prov., Mt Yagaw, SE slopes, 330m, 27-Jul-1953. --Acacia philippinarum auct. non Benth.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte (BS 1431, 4578, 26291; Elmer 18159, FB 5267; Merrill 2812, 3796; Williams 478). --Acacia caesia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1904) 6; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 397. --Acacia intsia auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 74; --S.Vidal, Sinopsis Atlas (1883) t. 45; Phan. Cuming. Philipp. (1885) 111; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 120; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 62. --Acacia concinna auct. non DC.; --Fern.-Vill. in Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3 (1877-83) t. 374. Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. MINDORO. Hill forest, lowland rainforests, secondary forest; at riverbanks, in clearings and cultivated areas; also on limestone, up to 330m. Fl. mainly Jun-Sep; fr. Nov-Jan(-May).
  2. Senegalia palawanensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia palawanensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 16; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 52; --Type: PNH 12528 MD Sulit (L, holo; A, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Aborlan, Mt Iraan, SE slopes, vicinity of Ibato River, forest edge, 100m, 5-Jun-1950. --Acacia pennata var. arrophula auct. non (D.Don) Baker; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29; EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Endemic to Philippines. PALAWAN. Forest along rivers, forest margins, c. 100m. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Apr.
  3. Senegalia pluriglandulosa (Verdc.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Acacia pluriglandulosa Verdc., Kew Bull. 32 (1978) 472; --Type: from New Guinea. New Guinea, Philippines.
  4. Senegalia rugata (Lam.) Britton & Rose, North American Flora. Mimosaceae 23 (1928) 120; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 438; --Mimosa rugata Lam., Encycl. 1(1) )1783) 20; --Type: from India. --Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2 (1825) 464; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 248; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 48; --Mimosa concinna Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1039; --Type: from Ind. Or. --Acacia philippinarum Benth., London J. Bot. 1 (1842) 514; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249, pro parte. --Acacia quisumbingii Merr., PJS 82 (1953) 316; --Type: PNH 6572 Quisumbing (L, iso), Luzon: Batangas prov., Calatagan, 16-Jan-1949. --Acacia pennata auct. non (L.) Willd.; --Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 29, pro parte; EPFP 2 (1923) 249. --Mimosa tenuifolia auct. non L.; --Blanco. Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Sur, La Union, Benguet, Batangas. Low and medium elevation thickets.
  5. Senegalia sulitii (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 363; --Acacia sulitii I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 24; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 55; --Type: PNH 8082 MD Sulit (L, holo), Samar: Western Samar prov., Wright, Loquilocon, Apr/May-1948. Philippines, Sulawesi. Forests, thickets, roadsides, creek banks, sea-level to 550m. Fl. May-Aug.
  6. Senegalia tawitawiensis (I.C.Nielsen) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 42; --Acacia tawitawiensis I.C.Nielsen, Opera Bot. 81 (1985) 22; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 56; --Type: BS 44167 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; SING, iso), Tawi-tawi, Jul/Aug-1924. Endemic to the Philippines. TAWI-TAWI.

Non-naturalized cultivated species:

  1. Senegalia catechu (L.f.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb., Mabberley's Pl.-Book (2008) 1021; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 460; --Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1079; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 206; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 247; --Mimosa catechu L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 439. Native in Pakistan to Myanmar. Introduced in the Philippines (Maslin et al. 2019).

Possibly present:

  1. Senegalia pluricapitata (Steud. ex Benth.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 41; --Maslin et al., Plant Diversity 41 (2019) 443; --Acacia pluricapitata Steud. ex Benth., Nomencl. ed. 2, 1 (1840) 7; --Benth., Trans. Linn. Soc. 30 (1875) 531; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 53; --Type: G. Porter in Wallich Cat. no. 5255A (K-WALL, holo). --Acacia pennata var. arrophula (D.Don) Baker in Hook.f, Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1878) 298; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 249. Borneo, Java, ?Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, ?Vietnam, ?Philippines. ?LUZON: ?Laguna, Quezon, SAMAR. In forest. Fl. fr. throughout the year.

Excluded species:

  1. Senegalia caesia (L.) Maslin, Seigler & Ebinger, Blumea 58 (2013) 40; --Maslin et al. 41 (2019) 376; --Acacia caesia (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 1090; --Nielsen, Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-nam (1981); --Mimosa caesia L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 522. According to Maslin et al. (2019) erroneously reported for the Philippines by Nielsen (1981).

Serialbizzia Kosterm. = Albizia

Serianthes Benth.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 November 2017

Photos
  1. Serianthes grandiflora Benth. in Hook., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 225; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 241; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 160. S Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo (Sabah), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea (West Irian), and Manus Is. PALAWAN, PANAY, NEGROS, MINDANAO. Beach forests and behind mangroves. Photos

Vachellia Wight & Arn. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 June 2015

Photos
  1. Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1 (1834) 272; --Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 1083; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 227; EPFP 2 (1923) 249; --Pedley, Austrobaileya 1 (1979) 102; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 44; --Mimosa farnesiana L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 521; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. 1 (1837) 729. Pantropical, probably originating in the N part of tropical America, where the closest related species are found; now introduced to all tropical and subtropical regions. Introduced to the Philippines from Mexico. Naturalized, scattered in open grasslands, thickets, waste grounds, etc., sea-level to 400m. Especially common in regions with long dry season. Fl. throughout the year. Photos

Wallaceodendron Koord.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017

Photos
  1. Wallaceodendron celebicum Koord., Meded. Lands Plantent. 19 (1898) 446; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 245; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 164. --Pithecellobium williamsii Elmer, LPB 1 (1907) 223; --Type: Elmer 8833 (L, NY, iso), Luzon: Benguet prov., Baguio, on a ridge of the Sablan canyon, Mar-1907. N Sulawesi, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS (CAMIGUIN), LUZON: Benguet (Baguio), Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, BURIAS, MASBATE, NEGROS, CEBU, SAMAR. Lowland forests, especially near the seashore, but also inland to a considerable elevation, 0-850m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos

Zapoteca H.M.Hern. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 July 2017

No Photos

  1. Zapoteca portoricensis (Jacq.) H.M.Hern., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 73(4) (1987) 758; --Calliandra portoricensis (Jacq.) Benth., London J. Bot. 3 (1844) 99; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 554; --Nielsen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1992) 212; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 255; --Mimosa portoricensis Jacq., Collectanea 4 (1791) 143. Central America, Caribbean and tropical South America. Cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized?


Acknowledgements

Liezel Molina-Magtoto and Greg Rule kindly provided some of the photographs on this webpage. Bruce Maslin provided taxonomic advice for the treatment of Senegalia.


Literature

Arce, MLR & S Bachman. 2006. A taxonomic revision of Acaciella (Leguminosae, Mimosoidae). Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 63: 189-244

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

De La Estrella, M, GM Calabrese, B Cámara & M Velayos. 2007. Leguminosae of Philippines in the Vidal herbarium at Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. Nordic Journal of Botany 25: 41-52

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Maslin, BR. 2015. Synoptic overview of Acacia sensu lato (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in East and Southeast Asia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 67: 231-250


Maslin, BR, DS Seigler & J Ebinger. 2013. New combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for Southeast Asia and China. Blumea 58: 39-44.

Maslin, BR, BC Ho, H Sun & L Bai. 2019. Revision of Senegalia in China, and notes on introduced species of Acacia, Acaciella, Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). Plant Diversity 41: 353-466

Nielsen, IC. 1985. The Malesian species of Acacia and Albizia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). Opera Botanica 81: 5-52.

Nielsen, IC. 1992. Mimosaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 11: 1-126

Nielsen, IC. 1981. Legumineuses - Mimosoidees. In: Aubreville, A, & J-F Leroy (eds.), Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-nam. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, p. 159.

Nielsen, JC & P Guinet. 1992. Synopsis of Adenanthera (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). Nordic Journal of Botany 12: 85-114.

Seigler, DS & JE Ebinger. 2018. New combinations in Parasenegallia and Mariosousa (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae). Phytologia 100: 256-259

Windler, DR. 1966. A revision of the genus Neptunia (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 14: 379-420.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 September 2020