Eriocaulaceae

Eriocaulon L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 July 2023
  1. Eriocaulon alpestre Hook.f. & Thomson ex Körn. in Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 163; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 192. Distribution: LUZON: Benguet, MINDANAO: Davao, Davao del Sur, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. alpestre. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Open wet places, c. 1800m. Native.
    • var. ampullarium P.Royen, Blumea 10 (1960) 126; Type: BS 31747 J.K. Santos (L). Distribution: LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  2. Eriocaulon brevipedunculatum Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 265; EPFP 1 (1922) 192. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO. Native.
    • var. brevipedunculatum. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO. Notes: Seepage slopes in open heath, c. 2400m. Native.
  3. Eriocaulon cinereum R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 254; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 136; EPFP 1 (1922) 192. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Ifugao, Mountain Province, NCR, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Notes: Lowland rice paddy fallows. Native.
  4. Eriocaulon depauperatum Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 336; EPFP 1 (1922) 193. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Quezon. Notes: Pools and shallow ponds, 2200-2800m. Native.
  5. Eriocaulon echinulatum Mart. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3 (1832) 28; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 193. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. CULION. Notes: Low elevation open grassy places. Native.
  6. Eriocaulon nigriceps Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 290; EPFP 1 (1922) 193; Type: BS 5544 Ramos, Luzon: Benguet, Trinidad River, Dec-1908. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Open wet places, 1400-2300m. Native.
  7. Eriocaulon sexangulare L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 87. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  8. Eriocaulon truncatum Buch.-Ham. ex Mart. in Wall., Pl. As. Rar. 3 (1832) 29; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 193; Leach, Telopea 20 (2017) 251; Type: from India. Distribution: Africa, Australia, China, India, Japan, Java, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand. CULION, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Camarines, Ifugao, Mountain Province, NCR, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, Zambales, MINDANAO: Lanao, MINDORO, PALAWAN, POLILLO, SIBUYAN. Native.
    • var. truncatum. = Eriocaulon merrillii Ruhland in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Filip. (1904) 136; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912)136; EPFP 1 (1922) 193. Distribution: India to China and Malaysia. CULION, LUZON: Abra, Camarines, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, Zambales, MINDANAO: Lanao, POLILLO, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low and medium elevation, in open wet places, rice paddies, etc. Native.
  9. Eriocaulon willdenovianum Moldenke, Phytologia 18 (1968) 44. Distribution: Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  10. Eriocaulon zollingerianum Körn., Linnaea 27 (1856) 682; Leach, Telopea 20 (2017) 253; Type: from Java. = Eriocaulon alatum Lecomte, J. de Bot. 21 (1908) 104; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 136; EPFP 1 (1922) 192. Distribution: Australia, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Ifugao, NCR, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal. Notes: Low elevation open but wet grasslands. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Eriocaulon disepalum Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10 (1920) 155. Distribution: Malay Peninsula. Notes: Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.
  2. Eriocaulon infirmum Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. (1855) 271. = Eriocaulon infirmum var. puberulentum (Moldenke) P.Royen, Nova Guinea, Bot. 10 (1959) 36; ≡ Eriocaulon gracile var. puberulentum Moldenke, Phytologia 4 (1952) 128. Distribution: Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, New Guinea, ?Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. ?CULION. Notes: Possibly represented in the Philippines by BS 41340 Ramos (US).

References