Ebenaceae

Diospyros L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 August 2020

Photos
  1. Diospyros brideliifolia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 507; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 464; --Type: Elmer 9722 (A, BISH, NY, US, iso), Negros: Negros Oriental prov., Cuernos Mtns, in moist dense woods at 4000ft, Apr-1908. --Diospyros hypoleuca Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2623; --Type: Elmer 14203 (BISH, L, NA, NY, US, iso), Mindanao: Agusan del Norte prov., Mt Urdaneta, Oct-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Laguna, Nueva Ecija (photos), Quezon, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Mossy forests, 1250-2000m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  2. Diospyros buxifolia (Blume) Hiern, Trans. Cambr. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 218; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 97; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 47; --Leucoxylum buxifolium Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 1169; --Type: from Java. India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Bali, Borneo (Sarawak; Brunei; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation forests, 0-1000m. Photos
  3. Diospyros calcicola Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 487; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 99; --Type: BS 41167 Ramos (A, L, US, iso), Coron: Abundant along small streams in dry forests on limestone formation, 17-Sep-1922. Endemic to the Philippines. CORON. Low elevation dry forest on limestone. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  4. Diospyros cauliflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 668; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 134; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 48. --Diospyros fasciculiflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Type: BS 16101 Reillo (US, iso), Basilan: Aug-1912. --Diospyros pulgarensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 286; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Rinorea pulgarensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1849. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON: Aurora, Cagayan, Isabela, Laguna, ?Nueva Ecija (Photos), MINDORO, PALAWAN, NEGROS, CEBU (Asturias), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Agusan del Norte, Surigao. Lowland to medium elevation dipterocarp and limestone forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  5. Diospyros curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) ) Bot. 306; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 136; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 52. Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  6. Diospyros diepenhorstii Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. Sum. (1860) 250; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 142; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 55; --Type: from Sumatra. --Diospyros copelandii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 45; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: Copeland 246 (US, syn), Luzon: Bataan prov., Lamao River, Jan-1904. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna. Lowland and hill dipterocarp forests.
  7. Diospyros discolor Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 1108; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 364; EPFP 3 (1923) 291; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 145. --Diospyros blancoi A.DC, Prodr. 8 (1844) 237; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 42. --Diospyros philippensis (Desr.) Guerke in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 41 (1890) 164, nom. illeg. (Barrie 2006); --Cavanillea philippensis Desr., Encycl. 3 (1792) 663. --Diospyros merrillii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1775; --Type: Elmer 12895 (L, NY, US, iso), Palawan: Palawan prov., Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar (Thumb Peak), in deep soil of densely forested flat at 250ft, Mar-1911. Borneo, Philippines. BATAN, N LUZON to PALAWAN. In most or all islands and provinces. Introduced in other tropical countries. Primary and secondary forests at low and medium elevation, including limestone. Also commonly planted in and about towns for its large and edible fruits, called mabolo. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  8. Diospyros elliptifolia Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 421; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 232; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 57; --Type: BS 44020 Ramos & Edaño (NY, SING, US, iso), Tawi-tawi: damp forests along small streams at low elevation, Jul/Aug-1924.
  9. Diospyros eriantha Champ. ex Benth., Kew J. Bot. 4 (1852) 302; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 183; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 58; --Type: from Hong Kong. --Diospyros eriantha var. velascoi (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 183; --Diospyros velascoi Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 46; EPFP 3 (1923) 296; --Type: FB 23278 Velasco, Luzon: Cagayan prov., Camalaniugan, Patlao, on slopes, elevation c. 100m, 18-Oct-1914. China, Indochina, Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah; Kalimantan), N Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Rizal. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  10. Diospyros everettii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 307; --EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 167; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 60; --Type: FB 7261 Everett (US, iso), Negros: Negros Occidental prov., Mt Silay, in ridge forests, c. 650m. Borneo (Sabah; Kalimantan), Philippines. NEGROS, BASILAN. Low and medium elevation primary forests to 650m.
  11. Diospyros ferrea (Willd.) Bakh., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7 (1933) 162; --Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 50; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 61; --Ehretia ferrea Willd., Phytogr. 1 (1794) 4. --Diospyros ferrea var. buxifolia (Rottb.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 50; --Maba buxifolia (Rottb.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 5 (1804) 418; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Pisonia buxifolia Rottb., Nov. Act. Hafn. 2 (1783) 536. --Maba cumingiana A.DC., Prodr. 8 (1844) 241; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Type: Cuming 1694 (L, iso), Samar. W Africa to India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, across Malesia to Australia, Melanesia and Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Lowland forests and thickets. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  12. Diospyros hebecarpa Cunn. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 4 (1869) 286; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 221; --Jessup, Austrobaileya 9 (2014) 161; --Type: from Australia. --Diospyros alvarezii Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: FB 21417 Alvarez (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte prov., Lanot, forested slopes at about sea-level, 12-May-1914. --Diospyros pellucida Hiern., Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 209; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 294. Australia, Fiji, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines. BASILAN, LUZON: Camarines Sur, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Lowland primary forests.
  13. Diospyros heishi Govaerts, Skvortsovia 4 (2018) 79; --Diospyros nitida Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1905) 57, nom. illeg., auct. non J.W.Dawson; EPFP 3 (1923) 294; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 176; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 93; --Type: Merrill 1737 (NY, US, syn), Luzon: Rizal prov., Antipolo, Mar-1903; Merrill 2976 (US, syn), Luzon: Zambales prov., Botolan, Jun-1903; FB 230 Gamill (NY, US, syn), Guimaras, Jan-1904; Elmer 6713 (NY, syn), Luzon: Bataan prov., Mt Mariveles, Nov-1904. --?Diospyros kurzii auct. non Hiern; --Umali et al., Ecosystems & Development Journal 8 (2018) 11; --Malabrigo et al., Ecosystems & Development Journal 8 (2018) 14; --De Castro et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3773. China, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Benguet, Pangasinan, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Camarines, POLILLO, CATANDUANES, GUIMARAS, MINDANAO: Misamis, Davao, ?PALAWAN. Secondary and primary lowland and hill forests, sometimes on limestone. Photos
  14. Diospyros korthalsiana Hiern, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 168; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 356; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 67. --Diospyros korthalsiana Hiern var. mirandae (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 356; --Diospyros mirandae Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Type: FB 18752 Miranda (US, iso), Mindanao: South Cotabato prov., SE ridge of Mt Glan, 90-125m, 6-Jun-1912. --Diospyros triflora Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Soejarto et al. (1995) Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan; --Type: BS 15652 Fenix (US, iso), Balabac: Cape Melville, along trails at low elevation, 18-Jul-1912. --Diospyros myrmecocalyx (Hiern) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 359; --Maba myrmecocalyx Hiern, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12 (1873) 139. --Diospyros inclusa Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 292, excl. syn. Diospyros mirandae Merr; --Type: Whitford 1682, Masbate: Masbate prov., Aroroy, on hillsides, c. 240m, Oct-1906. Borneo, Philippines. BALABAC, LUZON: Rizal, Quezon, MASBATE, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, PALAWAN (Brooke’s Point), TAWI-TAWI.
  15. Diospyros lanceifolia Roxb., Fl. India (Carey ed.) 2 (1832) 537; Hort. Beng. (1814) 93; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 70. Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sumatra, Thailand, Philippines.
  16. Diospyros longiciliata Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 303; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 463; --Type: BS 35189 Ramos & Pascasio (A, US, iso), Dinagat, in forests at low elevation, 11-May-1919. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao, DINAGAT. Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  17. Diospyros macrophylla Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 670; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 242; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 73; --Type: from Java. --Diospyros suluensis Merr., PJS 30 (1926) 422; --Type: BS 44068 (NY, US, iso), Tawi-tawi, in forests along small streams at low elevation, Aug-1924. Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak; Sabah; Kalimantan), Java, Sulawesi, Philippines. TAWI-TAWI, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland forests.
  18. Diospyros maritima Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 669; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 265; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 76; --Jessup, Austrobaileya 9 (2014) 167; --Type: from Java. --Diospyros camarinensis Merr, PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: FB 21443 Alvarez (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Norte prov., Mt Calinigan, May-1914. Australia, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Philippines. BATAN ISLS, N LUZON to PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO and MINDANAO, in most or all islands and provinces. Often common in coastal thickets and forests, also occurring inland to medium elevation. Photos
  19. Diospyros mindanaensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 309; EPFP 3 (1923) 293; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 349; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 76; --Type: FB 9453 Whitford & Hutchinson (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, Feb-1908. Borneo (Sarawak, Brunei, Sabah, Kalimantan), Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Guinayangan), Laguna, Camarines, SIBUYAN, PANAY, NEGROS: Gimagaan River; Negros Occidental (Cadiz), BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, Lanao, Agusan. Lowland primary forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  20. Diospyros montana Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1 (1795) 37; --Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 310; EPFP 3 (1923) 293; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 200.
  21. Diospyros multibracteata (Merr.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 76; --Maba multibracteata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 295; EPFP 3 (1923) 289. --Maba euphlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Type: BS 13335 Ramos (K, US, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov., Tagcawayan. Forests, c. 90m. Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, PANAY. Lowland forests.
  22. Diospyros multiflora Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 303; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 271. Endemic to the Philippines.
  23. Diospyros nigra (J.F.Gmel.) Perr., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 3 (1825) 113; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 316; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 93; --Sapota nigra J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2 (1791) 750. --Diospyros nigra Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1945) 211; --Exemplary specimen: Species Blancoanae 618, Manila. --Diospyros revoluta Poir., Encycl. (Lamarck) 5 (1804) 435. --Diospyros digyna Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 3 (1798) 35; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 89. --Diospyros ebenaster Retz., Obs. 4 (1789) 31; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 291. A Mexican species introduced in the Philippines and escaped from cultivation and became wild. LUZON, PALAWAN. Widely cultivated in the Philippines in and about towns for its large edible fruits.
  24. Diospyros philippinensis A.DC., Prodr. Syst. Nat. 8 (1844) 231; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 112; --Type: Cuming 1142 (L 2 sheets, MO, NY 2 sheets, WU, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., 1841. --Diospyros bulusanensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3807, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; --Voucher: Elmer 15893 (L, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon prov., Mt Bulusan, Apr-1916. N Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, MINDORO, MINDANAO. Lowland primary forests to 100m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Photos
  25. Diospyros pilosanthera Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 304; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 294; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 243; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 83; --Type: Not extant; illustrative specimen: Merrill Sp. Blancoanae 820 leg. M Ramos (US), Luzon: Batangas prov., Punta Santiago, in dry forest, 5m, 11-Feb-1915. --Diospyros polyalthioides Korth. ex Hiern, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12 (1873) 198; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 241. --Diospyros plicata Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Type: FB 13281 Foxworthy, de Mesa & Villamil (US, iso), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., near Margosatubig, 11-May-1912. Andaman Isls, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  26. Diospyros poncei Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 131; --Type: BS 22842 Ponce (A 2 sheets, NY, US), Mindanao: Surigao prov., Combot, on semi-open slopes, c. 15m, 28-Aug-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11).
  27. Diospyros pyrrhocarpa Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. (1860) 250, 583; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 305; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 87; --Type: from Sumatra. --Diospyros ahernii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 305; EPFP 3 (1923) 289; --Type: FB 3071 Ahern’s Collector (NY, US, syn), May-1905; BS 3298 Ramos (syn), Jun-1907, the above from Luzon: Rizal prov., Bosoboso); Elmer 9110 (syn), Luzon: Quezon prov., Lucban, May-1907. India (Assam), Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo (Sarawak), Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Rizal, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, NEGROS, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR, BASILAN, MINDANAO: Agusan. Lowland and medium elevation mixed dipterocarp forests. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  28. Diospyros rigida Hiern, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12 (1873) 257; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 88. --Diospyros pauciflora C.B.Rob., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 213; EPFP 3 (1923) 294, nom. illeg., auct. non King & Gamble; --Type: Williams 2317, Mindanao: Zamboanga Distr, Sax River, 28-Feb-1905. Borneo, India, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Lowland primary forests up to 300m.
  29. Diospyros streptosepala Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 322; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 261; --Type: BS 30481 Ramos (US, iso), Catanduanes: Mt Mariguidon, forest near summit, c. 400m. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Medium elevation primary forests.
  30. Diospyros tenuipes Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 483; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 261; --Type: FB 29432 Salazar (PNH, holo, possibly lost; UC, iso), Luzon: Cagayan prov., Gonzaga, Bawa Barrio. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Lowland primary forest. Known only from the type collection.
  31. Diospyros toposia Ham.-Buch., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15 (1827) 115; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 291; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 95. --Diospyros foveo-reticulata Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 308; EPFP 3 (1923) 292; --Type: Ahern 278 (US, iso), Luzon: Camarines Sur prov., Pasacao, Jan/Jun-1902. India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Isabela (Palanan), Camarines Sur (Pasacao; Lupi), BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga (San Ramon), Zamboanga del Sur (Port Banga), Cotabato, Davao. Lowland primary forests. Photos
  32. Diospyros transita (Bakh.) Kosterm., Blumea 23 (1977) 473; --Diospyros maritima Blume var. transita Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1941) 416; --Type: Elmer 12951 (A, F, GH, L, iso), Palawan: Mt Pulgar. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
  33. Diospyros ulo Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 30; EPFP 3 (1923) 295; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 312; --Ng, Tree Fl. Sabah & Sarawak 4 (2002) 97. Moluccas, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon. Lowland and medium elevation primary forests.
  34. Diospyros whitfordii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 311; EPFP 3 (1923) 296; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 466; --Type: FB 9019 Whitford (syn), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Port Banga, Nov-1907; FB 4811 Hutchinson (syn), Mindanao: Zamboanga del Sur prov., Ayala, on forested ridges, c. 30m, Jul-1906. Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Sur, Surigao. Lowland primary forests.
  35. Diospyros wrayi King & Gamble, Mat. Fl. Mal. Pen. In J. As. Soc. Beng. 74 (1906) 209; --Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 3, 15 (1936) 174. --Diospyros alata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1774; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 290; --Type: Elmer 13128, Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Apr-1911. Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN (Mt Pulgar, Bacungan, Aborlan). Lowland thickets and secondary forests. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11).
Possibly present:
  1. Diospyros littorea (R.Br.) Kosterm., Blumea 23 (1977) 461; --Jessup, Austrobaileya 9 (2014) 172; --Diospyros ferrea var. littorea (R.Br.) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 50; --Maba littorea R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 527; --Type: from Australia. Australia, Indochina, Java, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, ?Philippines. PALAWAN, PAMALICAN (CUYO ISL GROUP), SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Littoral thickets and forests. Note by P.B. Pelser (17-Jan-20): It is unclear to me if this name is misapplied in the Philippines to plants of Diospyros ferrea. Photos

Cultivated:
  1. Diospyros andamanica (Kurz) Bakh., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1937) 34; --Macreightia andamanica Kurz, Rep. Veg. Andaman Isl., ed. 2 (1870) 42. --Diospyros malayana (Hiern) Bakh., Gard. Bull. Str. Sett. 7 (1933) 163; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. ser. 3, 15 (1936) 75; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philip. Trees (1999) 91; --Maba punctata Hiern, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12 (1873) 136. Andamans, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Lombok, Timor. Cultivated in the Philippines.
  2. Diospyros ehretioides Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4 (1837) 40; --Wall., Numer. List n. 4137, nom. nud., --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 89.
  3. Diospyros kaki L.f., Sp. Pl. suppl. 2 (1781) 439; --Co, Common Med. Pl. Cordillera Region (1989) 214; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 90. Native of Japan and possibly China. Introduced in India, Indochina, Java, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, chiefly in the vicinity of Sagada and Bauko, where it is grown quite extensively. Fr. Jul-Nov. Photos
  4. Diospyros virginiana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1057; --Rojo, Rev. Lexicon Philipp. Trees (1999) 95. Introduced from North America. Persimmon. Photos

Maba J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. = Diospyros


Literature

Bakhuizen van den Brink, RC. 1936-55. Revisio Ebenacearum Malayensium. Contributions à Etude de la flore des Indes Nèerlandses XXXIII. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg ser. 3, 15: 1-515.

Barrie, FR. 2006. Report of the General Committee: 9. Taxon 55: 795-800

Brummitt, RK. 2002. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 53. Taxon 51: 795-699

Brummitt, RK. 2005. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 57. Taxon 54: 1093-1103

De Castro, ME, JS Carandang VI & EMG Agoo. 2020. Floristic study of an ultramafic formation in Sitio Magarwak, Sta. Lourdes, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan Island, Philippines. Biodiversitas 21: 3769-3779

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Jessup, LW. 2014. A taxonomic revision of Diospyros L. (Ebenaceae) in Australia. Austrobaileya 9: 155-197.

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Malabrigo Jr, PL, AB Tobias & JC Boncodin. 2018. Floristic composition, vegetation structure, and diversity pattern of Mt. Calavite Wildlife Sanctuary: basis for management and conservation planning. Ecosystems and Development Journal 8(2): 3-27

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Last updated 14 September 2020