Dombeyaceae

Alternative classification: Malvaceae s.l. - subfam. Dombeyoideae

Pentapetaceae

Pentapetes L. [Not native]

No Photos
  1. Pentapetes phoenicea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 698; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 46. India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: La Union, Cagayan, Tayabas, Bataan, Pampanga, Laguna, NEGROS, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Probably an introduced plant in the Philippines, but now thoroughly naturalized. Open, rather damp grasslands and lake shore vegetation.

Pterospermum Schreb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 July 2020

Photos
  1. Pterospermum cumingii Merr. & Rolfe, PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 113; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 49; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 195; --Type: Cuming 1860 (K, holo; A, iso), Philippines: 1841. --Pterospermum rubiginosum auct. non Heyne ex G.Don.; --Fernandez-Villar, Nov. App. (1880)28. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Pangasinan, Zambales. Dry slopes in secondary forests. Conservation status: Endangered B1ab(iii,iv,v)+2ab(iii,iv,v) (Ganesan et al. 2020). Photos
  2. Pterospermum diversifolium Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 88; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330; EPFP 3 (1923) 49; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 197; --Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973; --Type: from Java (lecto). --Pterospermum hastatum Blanco, Fl. Filip.  (1837) 528; --Merrill, Sp. Blancoan. (1918) 260; --Type: Ramos s.n. (Merrill Species Blancoanae 533) (US, neo; NY, isoneo), Luzon: Batangas, Mt Apayang, 25-Jul-1914. --Pterospermum acerifolium auct. non. Willd.; --Vidal, Revis. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 67. Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Quezon, Rizal, Cagayan, Camarines, LEYTE, MINDORO, PALAWAN, TICAO, MASBATE, GUIMARAS, NEGROS, MINDANAO: Davao, BASILAN. Throughout Luzon. Forests at low and medium elevation. Common. Conservation status: Least Concern (Ganesan et al. 2020). Photos
  3. Pterospermum elmeri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 304; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 200; --Type: Elmer 11928 (NY, lecto; A, E, GH, K, US, isolecto). Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao (Mt Apo, Todaya), SAMAR. Light forests, c. 750m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) (Ganesan et al. 2020).
  4. Pterospermum elongatum Korth., Nederl. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1848) 312; --Kosterm., Reinwardtia 7 (1959) 441; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 202; --Type: from Borneo (lecto). --Pterospermum perrinii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1840; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Type: Elmer 12841 (K, lecto; A, BISH, E, HBG, L, NY, U, US, isolecto), Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Mar-1911. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Densely forested stream depressions, c. 450m. Conservation status: Least Concern (Ganesan et al. 2020).
  5. Pterospermum longipes Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 304; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 215; --Type: Ramos 14632 (PNH, holo, lost; K, lecto; US, isolecto), Camiguin: Mt Mahinog, 9-Apr-1912. Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE MINDANAO, MINDANAO: Davao, Surigao. Forests at low and medium elevation. Conservation status: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) (Ganesan et al. 2020).
  6. Pterospermum megalanthum Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 420; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 216; --Type: Ramos & Edaño 31269 (PNH, holo, lost; A, lecto; K, US, isolecto), Panay: Capiz, Jamidan, 28-Apr-1918. Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY. Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) (Ganesan et al. 2020).
  7. Pterospermum merrillianum S.K.Ganesan, Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 217; --Type: BS 19106 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; BO, iso), Mindanao: Davao, Mati, Mar/Apr-1927. Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao. Conservation status: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) (Ganesan et al. 2020).
  8. Pterospermum niveum S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 67; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 219; --Type: Vidal 1185 (MA, lecto), Luzon: Rizal, San Mateo. Taiwan, Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Tayabas, Zambales, CATANDUANES, MINDORO, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga del Norte, Misamis, Cotabato. Open or secondary forests, stream gallery forests, primary forest gaps, also on limestone at low elevation. Conservation status: Least Concern (Ganesan et al. 2020). Photos
  9. Pterospermum obliquum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 529; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 50; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 221; --Type: Andes s.n. (Merrill Species Blancoanae 286) (US, neo; A, K, NY, isoneo), Luzon: Rizal, Sep-1912. --Pterospermum semisagittatum auct. non Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2 (1848) 368. --Pterospermum blumeanum auct. non. Korth.; --Merrill, Bull. Bur. Forest. Philipp. Islands 1 (1903) 37. --Pterospermum sczegleewia (Turcz.) Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 36 (1863) 573; --Sczegleewia involucrata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 31 (1858) 233; --Type: Cuming 1022 (NY, lecto; A, KW, LECB, M, MW, OXF, isolecto), Luzon: 1841. Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, BURIAS, GUIMARAS, LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Mountain Province, La Union, Cagayan, Nueva Ecija, Zambales, Pampanga, Rizal, Quezon, MARINDUQUE, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, SEMIRARA, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Often common. Conservation status: Least Concern (Ganesan et al. 2020). Photos
  10. Pterospermum subpeltatum Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 204; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 51; --Ganesan et al., Edinburgh J. Bot. 77 (2020) 228; --Type: Williams 2350 (NY, lecto; NY, isolecto), Mindanao: Zamboanga, Sax River, 18-Feb-1905. ?Borneo, Philippines. SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga (Sax River), Lanao, BASILAN. Not listed for Borneo by Ganesan et al. (2020). Forested slopes, at low and medium elevation. Conservation status: Endangered B2ab(ii,iii) (Ganesan et al. 2020).
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Dombeya wallichii (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook. ex Hook.f. & Jacks., Gen. 1 (1862) 221; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 405; --Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 427; --Astrapaea wallichii Lindl., Coll. Bot. (1821) t. 14. Native of Madagascar. Introduced in the Philippines as an ornamental tree.

Literature

Ganesan, SK, DJ Middleton & P Wilkie. 2020. A revision of Pterospermum (Malvaceae: Dombeyoideae) in Malesia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 77: 161-241. 

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 January 2022