Cyperaceae

Actinoschoenus Benth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Actinoschoenus aphyllus (Vahl) ined.; --Schoenus aphyllus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 209. --Actinoschoenus thouarsii (Kunth) Benth., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 14 (1881) 33; --Fimbristylis thouarsii (Kunth) Merr., EPFPi. (1923) 127; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 591; --Arthrostylis thouarsii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 284. Africa, Indian Ocean, China, Indochina to Malesia, Australia, Philippines. BUSUANGA, CULION.

Actinoscirpus (Ohwi) R.W.Haines & Lye

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014

No Photos
  1. Actinoscirpus grossus (L.f.) Goetgh. & D.A.Simpson, Kew Bull. 46 (1991) 171; --Scirpus grossus L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 104; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 498.

Bolboschoenus Palla

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 November 2020

Photos
  1. Bolboschoenus planiculmis (F.Schmidt) T.V.Egorova, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3 (1967) 20; --Scirpus planiculmis F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot. (1868) 190. --Scirpus maritimus auct. non L., --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 499; --Caton et al. (2010) 84. Eurasia. LUZON: Laguna.

Bulbostylis Kunth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 November 2021

Photos
  1. Bulbostylis barbata (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 651; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 539; --Scirpus barbatus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 52. Photos
  2. Bulbostylis densa (Wall.) Hand.-Mazz., Vegetationsbilder 20(7) (1930) 16; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 538; --Scirpus densus Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 231.
  3. Bulbostylis hispidula (Vahl) R.W.Haines in Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3 (1983) 1; --Fimbristylis hispidula (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. 2 (1837) 227; --Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 95; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 560; --Scirpus hispidulus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 276. --Fimbristylis preslii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 228.

Carex L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 January 2020

Photos
  1. Carex alopecuroides D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160. India, China, Japan, Java, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines.
  2. Carex ascotreta C.B.Clarke ex Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 9 (1897) 182. --Carex formosensis Lev. & Van., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 35 (1905) 216; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152; --Carex ligata Boott var. formosensis (Lev. & Van.) Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 474; --Carex formosensis H.Lév. & Vaniot, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 35 (1905) 216. China, Japan, Korea, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte.
  3. Carex baccans Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 137. India, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON.
  4. Carex blinii H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53 (1906) 316. Korea, China, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  5. Carex breviculmis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 242; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150. Photos
  6. Carex breviscapa C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 736; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Sri Lanka to Ryukyu Isl and Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, PALAWAN.
  7. Carex brunnea Thunb. in Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 844; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 173. Madagascar, Indian Ocean, Pacific, India to Australia, Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  8. Carex capillacea Boott, Ill. Carex 1 (1858) 44; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 158; --Carex rara Boott ssp. capillacea (Boott) Kük. ex Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2(1) (1905) 130.
  9. Carex cirrhulosa Nees, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 117; --Carex fuirenoides Gaudich. var. cirrhulosa (Nees) Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 287; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte. Endemic to Philippines. CEBU. Only known from type.
  10. Carex cryptostachys Brongn. in Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan. (1833) 152; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Thailand to China and Australia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO.
  11. Carex dolichostachya Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 10 (1921) 61; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 151. --Carex ligata Boott var. nexa Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 474; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 139, quoad specim. cit., non Carex nexa Boott. --Carex sociata Boott, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6 (1859) 420; --Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 59.
  12. Carex doniana Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 825. --Carex alopecuroides var. chlorostachys (D.Don) C.B.Clarke, Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1903) 271; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160; --Carex japonica var. chlorostachys Kük. ex Matsum., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(38) (1909) 620. Nepal, India, Korea, China, Japan, New Guinea, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON.
  13. Carex filicina Nees. in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 123; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. India, China, Indochina, throughout Malesia, Philippines. 
  14. Carex graeffeana Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 123; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 169. Polynesia and Malesia, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  15. Carex hattoriana Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49 (1935) 508. Taiwan, Pacific Ocean, Philippines.
  16. Carex indica L., Mant. Pl. Altera (1771) 574; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 126. --Carex fuirenoides auct. non Gaudich.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte.
  17. Carex lateralis Kük., Pflanzenr. (Engler) Cyperac.-Caricoid. (1909) 639; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. --Carex elmeri Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 326. India, Sri Lanka, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, NEGROS.
  18. Carex lenta D.Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14 (1824) 327. Borneo, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam, Philippines.
  19. Carex myosurus Nees in Wight., Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 138. India, Myanmar, China, Indochina, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province.
  20. Carex nodiflora Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5 (1884) 516; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 128. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Agusan.
  21. Carex nubigena D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 178.
  22. Carex oligostachya Nees in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 144. --Carex rhizomatosa Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 206. India, China, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS.
  23. Carex oxyphylla Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 10 (1898) 57. --Carex loheri C.B.Clarke., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 14; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. India to Japan and Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales.
  24. Carex palawanensis Kük., LPB 4 (1911) 1169; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 149. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Known from Mt Pulgar.
  25. Carex phacota Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 826; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 170. Himalaya, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Malesia, Philippines. LUZON.
  26. Carex pseudocyperus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 978. Europe, N Africa, Canary Isls, China, N America, Japan, E Asia, Middle East, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, Philippines.
  27. Carex rafflesiana Boott, Proc. Linn. Soc. i. (1845) 285; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 140; --Carex cruciata var. rafflesiana (Boott) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. --Carex rafflesiana var. scaberrima (Boeckeler) Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 283; --Carex bengalensis var. scaberrima Boeckeler, Linnaea 40 (1876) 347. --Carex rafflesiana var. continua (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59 (1924) 59; --Carex continua C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 717. --Carex pycnothyrsos Kük., PJS C 6 (1911) 60. Nicobar Isls., Thailand, Taiwan, throughout Malesia, Philippines.
  28. Carex ramosii Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 8; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 155. Endemic to Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Photos
  29. Carex rhynchachaenium C.B.Clarke., Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 35 (1906) 5; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150. Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Kalinga, Laguna, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Zambianga.
  30. Carex satsumensis Franch. & Savat., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 132. --Carex nikoensis Franch & Savat., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 140, as 'nikkoensis'. Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  31. Carex subtransversa C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 108. China, Japan to Philippines.
  32. Carex subtrigona (Nelmes) K.L.Wilson, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179 (2015) 37; --Uncinia subtrigona Nelmes, Kew Bull. 4 (1949) 144. --Uncinia riparia var. stolonifera Kuk. & Steen., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 13 (1934) 213. --Uncinia compacta auct. non R.Br.; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 184. Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao.
  33. Carex tristachya Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 845; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152.
  34. Carex truncatigluma C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1904) 315. China to Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines.
  35. Carex turrita C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 13; --Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 142.

Cladium P.Browne = Machaerina (for Philippines)

Cyperus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2020

Photos
  1. Cyperus albescens (Steud.) Larridon & Govaerts, Kew Bulletin 71 (2016) 30; --Kyllinga albescens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 68; --Type: Cuming 1418 (P, holo; BM, CN, G, K, L, LE, MO, P, UPS, iso), Philippines: 1841. --Lipocarpha chinensis (Osbeck) J.Kern, Blumea, Suppl. 4 (1958) 167; --Scirpus chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa (1757) 220; --Type: from China. --Lipocarpha argentea (Kunth) R.Br. in Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire (1818) 477, nom. superfl; --Hypolytrum argenteum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (1816) 218; --Type: from Senegal. Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Australia, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  2. Cyperus alternifolius L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 28. Photos
  3. Cyperus babakan Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2(7) (1854) 6. Tibet to New Guinea, Philippines.
  4. Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. (1844) 24; --Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 13; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 107. Photos
  5. Cyperus compactus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 10. --Mariscus dilutus Nees in Wight., Contr. Bot. India (1834) 90. Madagascar, Andaman Isls, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Australia, Philippines. Photos
  6. Cyperus compressus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 46. America, Africa, Madagascar, Afghanistan, Andaman Isls, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Australia, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  7. Cyperus cuspidatus Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (1817) 204. --Cyperus uncinatus auct. non Poir.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 108. America, Africa, Madagascar, Australia, Andaman Isls, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  8. Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch. (1898) 154; --Mariscus cyperinus (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 377; --Kyllinga cyperina Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 21. --Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck.Sur. var. maximus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1936) 520; --Mariscus cyperinus var. maximus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34 (1898) 43. Indian Ocean, Middle East, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  9. Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2) (1898) 333; --Scirpus cyperoides L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 181. --Mariscus sieberianus Nees ex C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 622. Africa to Pacific, Philippines. Photos
  10. Cyperus diaphanus Schrad. in Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 477; --Pycreus diaphanus (Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.) S.S.Hooper & T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 51 (1976) 316. --Cyperus diaphanus Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult. ssp. latespicatus (Boeckeler) J.Kern, Fl. Males. 7(3) (1974) 653; --Cyperus latespicatus Boeckeler, Flora 42 (1859) 441. India, Philippines, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Nepal, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
  11. Cyperus difformis L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 6; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 110. Europe, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Australia, Philippines, Continental Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Photos
  12. Cyperus diffusus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 321. --Cyperus diffusus Vahl var. macrostachyus Boeckeler, Linnaea 35 (1868) 534. --Cyperus diffusus var. pubisquama (Steud.) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59 (1924) 43. India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Andaman Isls, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Australia, Philippines. Photos
  13. Cyperus digitatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 209. Africa, Americas, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malaysia, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  14. Cyperus distans L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 103. America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Laos, Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  15. Cyperus dubius Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 20.
  16. Cyperus elatus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 5. China, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  17. Cyperus flavidus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 13; --Pycreus flavidus (Retz.) T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 51 (1976) 316. --Pycreus globosus Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. (1883) 140. Eurasia, Africa, Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  18. Cyperus haspan L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45. --Cyperus haspan ssp. juncoides (Lam.) Kük., Pflanzenr. IV, 20 (1936) 249; --Cyperus juncoides Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 147. America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  19. Cyperus imbricatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 12. --Cyperus radiatus Vahl., Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 369, nom. illeg. C & S America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos
  20. Cyperus iria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45. Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka, E Asia, Australia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Photos
  21. Cyperus javanicus Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2(13) (1782) 67. --Mariscus stuppeus (G.Forst.) Merr., PJS C 3 (1909) 398; --Cyperus stuppeus G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 89. --Mariscus pennatus (Lam.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85 (1915) 440; --Cyperus pennatus Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 144. Indian Ocean, Madagascar, Andaman Isls, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos
  22. Cyperus leptocarpus (F.Muell.) Bauters, Phytotaxa 166 (2014) 20; --Scirpus leptocarpus F.Muell., Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1 (1855) 109. --Lipocarpha microcephala (R.Br.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 268; --Hypaelyptum microcephalum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 220. Australia, Philippines, Bismarck Arch, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  23. Cyperus malaccensis Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 146.
  24. Cyperus melanospermus (Nees) Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch. (1898) 50; --Kyllinga melanosperma Nees, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 91.
  25. Cyperus michelianus (L.) Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 3 (1830) 50; --Scirpus michelianus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 52.
  26. Cyperus mindorensis (Steud.) Huygh, Phytotaxa 166 (2014) 39; --Kyllinga mindorensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 67. Africa. W Asia, Madagascar, Australia, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Indian Ocean, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. MINDORO, ROMBLON (Photos). Photos
  27. Cyperus nutans Vahl., Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 363.
  28. Cyperus odoratus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 46.
  29. Cyperus pedunculatus (R.Br.) J.Kern, Acta Bot. Neerl. 7 (1958) 798; --Remirea pedunculata R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 236. --Remirea maritima Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1 (1775) 45. America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Philippines, Andaman Isls, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Photos
  30. Cyperus pilosus Vahl., Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 354. Australia, Philippines, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
  31. Cyperus polystachyos Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 39. --Pycreus polystachyos (Rottb.) P.Beauv., Fl. Oware 2 (1816) 48.
  32. Cyperus procerus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 29. --Cyperus procerus Rottb. var. lasiorrhachis C.B.Clarke., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 610. Africa, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Philippines, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand.
  33. Cyperus pulchellus R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 213. --Cyperus leucocephalus auct. non Retz.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 106. Africa, Madagascar, Australia, Philippines.
  34. Cyperus pulcherrimus Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 35. ?Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Malay Peninsula,New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  35. Cyperus pumilus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 6; --Pycreus pumilus (L.) Nees, Linnaea 9 (1834) 283. --Pycreus nitens (Retz.) Nees, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19 (Suppl. 1) (1843) 53; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108; --Cyperus nitens Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 13. Philippines, Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  36. Cyperus rotundus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45. Philippines, Europe, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, W Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Photos
  37. Cyperus sanguinolentus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 351, nom. cons.; --Pycreus sanguinolentus (Vahl) Nees, Linnaea 9 (1834) 283. --Cyperus sanguinolentus ssp. cyrtostachys (Miq.) A.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 57; --Cyperus eragrostis var. cyrtostachys Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 257. --Cyperus sanguinolentus var. melanocephalus (Miq.) A.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 55; --Cyperus melanocephalus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 257. --Cyperus sanguinolentus var. teysmannii (Boeckeler) A.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 57; --Cyperus teysmannii Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 259. --Pycreus eragrostis Palla, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23 (1909) 204; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108. Africa, Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  38. Cyperus sesquiflorus (Torr.) Mattf. & Kük. in Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1935) 19; --Kyllinga sesquiflora Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3 (1836) 287.
  39. Cyperus stenophyllus Valck.Sur., Nova Guinea 8 (1912) 701. --Mariscus tenuifolius auct. non Nees; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 114. Malesia to Solomon Isls, Philippines.
  40. Cyperus stolonifer Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 10. Indian Ocean, Philippines, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  41. Cyperus sulcinux C.B.Clarke, Linn. Soc., Bot. 21 (1884) 56; --Pycreus sulcinux (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 593. Australia, Philippines, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
  42. Cyperus tenuiculmis Boeckeler, Linnaea 36 (1870) 286.
  43. Cyperus tenuispica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 11. --Cyperus haspan auct. non L.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 105, pro parte. Africa, W Asia, Australia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
  44. Cyperus unioloides R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 216; --Pycreus unioloides (R.Br.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 2 (1900) 164. Philippines, America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, India, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Japan, Java, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  45. Cyperus zollingeri Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 17. Africa, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Madagascar, Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Cambodia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Vietnam.

Incertae sedis:

  1. Cyperus minutiflorus J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1830) 351. Philippines.
  2. Cyperus philippensis J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 174. Philippines.

Diplacrum R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 January 2022
  1. Diplacrum caricinum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 241; --Scleria caricina (R.Br.) Benth, Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 426. Philippines, Andaman Isls, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

Eleocharis R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 December 2020

Photos
  1. Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 154; --Scirpus acicularis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48.
  2. Eleocharis acutangula (Roxb.) Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 91; --Scirpus acutangulus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 216. --Eleocharis fistulosa Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 89.
  3. Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 196; --Scirpus atropurpureus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14. Philippines, Australia, America, Caribbean, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, W Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, China, Japan, Java, Nepal, New Guinea, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam.
  4. Eleocharis congesta D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 41. India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines.
  5. Eleocharis dulcis (Burm.f.) Trin. ex Hensch., Vita Rumphii (1833) 186; --Andropogon dulcis Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 219. Philippines, Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Indian Ocean, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  6. Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 150; --Scirpus geniculatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48. --Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 225; --Scirpus capitatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48. --Eleocharis caribaea (Rottb.) S.F.Blake, Rhodora 20 (1918) 24; --Scirpus caribaeus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 46. America, Caribbean, Philippines, Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, Pacific Ocean, China, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nicobar Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  7. Eleocharis ochrostachys Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 80. --Eleocharis variegata (Poir.) C.Presl var. laxiflora C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte. India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  8. Eleocharis pellucida J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 196. --Eleocharis afflata Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 76.
  9. Eleocharis philippinensis Svens., Rhodora 31 (1929) 155; --Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 94. --Eleocharis variegata var. laxiflora auct. non C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte. China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Quezon, Rizal.
  10. Eleocharis retroflexa (Poir.) Urban., Symb. Antill. 2 (1900) 165; --Scirpus retroflexus Poir., Encycl. 6 (1805) 753.
  11. Eleocharis setifolia (A.Rich.) J.Raynal, Adansonia, n.s., 7 (1967) 318; --Isolepis setifolia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2 (1850) 498. Tropics.
  12. Eleocharis spiralis (Rottb.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 155; --Scirpus spiralis Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 42. Indian Ocean to Southwest Pacific, Philippines.
  13. Eleocharis tetraquetra Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 113.
  14. Eleocharis yokoscensis (Franch. & Sav.) Tang & F.T.Wang, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11 (1961) 54; --Scirpus yokoscensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 543. Mongolia and Japan to Indonesia, Philippines.

Possibly present:

  1. Eleocharis attenuata (Franch. & Sav.) Palla, Monde Pl. 12 (1910) 40; --Scirpus attenuatus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 543. China, Japan, Korea, New Guinea, Vietnam. Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Fimbristylis Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 January 2020

Photos
  1. Fimbristylis acicularis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 226; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 589. --Fimbristylis setacea Benth., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 239. Australia, Moluccas, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON.
  2. Fimbristylis acuminata Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 285; --Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 588. Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Philippines. LUZON.
  3. Fimbristylis aestivalis Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 288. --Fimbristylis squarrosa auct. non Vahl; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 126, excl. BS 26093.
  4. Fimbristylis alboviridis C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 638. Tropical Africa and Asia, Philippines.
  5. Fimbristylis aphylla Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 114. Africa, China to tropical Asia, Philippines.
  6. Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bubani, Dodecanthea (1850) 30; --Scirpus bisumbellatus Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 15. Africa, Europe, Madagascar, Middle East, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka, C Asia, Australia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  7. Fimbristylis caesia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 315. Vietnam, Java, Philippines.
  8. Fimbristylis cinnamometorum (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 229; --Scirpus cinnamometorum Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 278. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  9. Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link, Hort. Berol. 1 (1827) 292; --Scirpus complanatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14.
  10. Fimbristylis cymosa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 228.
  11. Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 287; --Scirpus dichotomus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50.
  12. Fimbristylis dipsacea (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 635; --Scirpus dipsaceus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 56.
  13. Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 239; --Scirpus falcatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 275.
  14. Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 291; --Scirpus ferrugineus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50.
  15. Fimbristylis fusca (Nees) Benth. ex C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 649; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, excl. syn. Cladium cyperoides; --Abildgaardia fusca Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 95. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  16. Fimbristylis insignis Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 349. --Fimbristylis rigidula auct. non Nees; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 125, pro parte. China, India, Sri Lanka, Borneo, Cambodia, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Philippines.
  17. Fimbristylis leptoclada Benth., Fl. Hongk. (1861) 893.
  18. Fimbristylis lineatisquama Ohwi, Blumea 8 (1955) 109. Endemic to the Philippines.
  19. Fimbristylis littoralis Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1829) 413.
  20. Fimbristylis longispica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 118.
  21. Fimbristylis macassarensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 109. --Fimbristylis corniculata Merr., PJS C 7 (1912) 231. Java and Philippines to Australia.
  22. Fimbristylis merrillii J.Kern, Blumea 8 (1955) 135.
  23. Fimbristylis microcarya F.Muell., Fragm. 1 (1859) 200.
  24. Fimbristylis ovata (Burm.f.) J.Kern, Blumea 15 (1967) 126; --Carex ovata Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 194. --Fimbristylis monostachya (L.) Hassk., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1848) 61; --Cyperus monostachyos L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 180. Tropics and subtropics, Philippines.
  25. Fimbristylis pierotii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2 (1865) 145. --Fimbristylis pinetorum Merr., PJS C 9 (1914) 266. Himalaya to Japan, Philippines.
  26. Fimbristylis polytrichoides (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 248; --Scirpus polytrichoides Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 11. Africa, Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  27. Fimbristylis quinquangularis (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 229; --Scirpus quinquangularis Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 279.
  28. Fimbristylis rigidula Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 99. Pakistan to Philippines.
  29. Fimbristylis salbundia (Nees) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 230; --Trichelostylis salbundia Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 105. --Fimbristylis paludosa Merr., PJS C 9 (1914) 265. China to tropical Asia, Philippines.
  30. Fimbristylis schoenoides (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 286; --Scirpus schoenoides Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14. Africa, tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  31. Fimbristylis signata S.T.Blake, J. Arnold Arbor. 35 (1954) 214; --Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 96; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 564. Australia, New Guinea, Philippines. MINDANAO: South Cotabato.
  32. Fimbristylis squarrosa Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 289.
  33. Fimbristylis tenuinervia J.Kern, Blumea 8 (1955) 137. New Guinea, Philippines.
  34. Fimbristylis tetragona R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 226. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  35. Fimbristylis thomsonii Boeckeler, Linnaea 37 (1871) 37. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines.
  36. Fimbristylis tristachya R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 227.
  37. Fimbristylis umbellaris (Lam.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 291; --Scirpus umbellaris Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 141. --Fimbristylis globulosa (Retz.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 231; --Scirpus globulosus Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 19. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Pacific, Philippines.
  38. Fimbristylis vanoverberghii Kük., Pflanzenr., IV, 20 (1936) 631. --Fimbristylis fusca auct. non C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, pro parte. Malesia to New Guinea, Philippines.

Fuirena Rottb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Fuirena ciliaris (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 184; --Scirpus ciliaris L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 182.
  2. Fuirena umbellata Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 70. Tropics and subtropics, Philippines.

Gahnia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2016

Photos
  1. Gahnia javanica Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. (1846) 98. China, Java, Solomon Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam, Philippines. Photos

Hypolytrum Rich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Hypolytrum compactum Nees & Meyen ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 271. Andaman Isls, Philippines, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia, Sulawesi, Vietnam.
  2. Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1 (1825) 233; --Schoenus nemorum Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 8.

Isolepis R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Isolepis habra (Edgar) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148 (1980) 194; --Scirpus habrus Edgar, New Zealand J. Bot. 4 (1966) 199. N. Borneo, New Guinea, SE. Australia, New Zealand, Philippines.
  2. Isolepis subtilissima Boeckeler, Flora 41 (1858) 416; --Scirpus subtilissimus (Boeckeler) S.T.Blake, Contr. Queensland Herb. 8 (1969) 20. --Scirpus merrillii (Palla) Kük. ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 117; --Schoenoplectus merrillii Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beih.) (1911) 3. Borneo to New Zealand, Philippines.

Juncellus C.B.Clarke = Cyperus

Kyllinga Rottb. = Cyperus

Lepironia Rich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Lepironia articulata (Retz.) Domin, Bibl. Bot. Heft 85 (1915) 486; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 460; --Restio articulatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 14. Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indochina, China, Sumatra, Banka, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia, Carolines, New Caledonia, Fiji. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur. Found in Agusan Marsh, Kaimpugan; Co 5990, PUH); open swampy site in peat dome sedgeland, c. 30m. Photos

Lipocarpha R.Br. = Cyperus

Machaerina Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Machaerina disticha (C.B.Clarke) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 63; --Cladium distichum C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 102. --Cladium philippinense Merr., PJD C 5 (1910) 171. Borneo to New Guinea, Philippines. Photos
  2. Machaerina falcata (Nees) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 65; --Baumea falcata Nees, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29. --Cladium latifolium Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 262; EPFP 1 (1923) 129, pro parte. Indochina to Pacific, Philippines. Photos
  3. Machaerina glomerata (Gaudich.) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 63; --Baumea glomerata Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1829) 416. --Cladium juncoides Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 854. Malesia and Pacific, Philippines. Photos
  4. Machaerina rubiginosa (Spreng.) T.Koyama, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 8 (1961) 123; --Fuirena rubiginosa Spreng., Mant. Prim. Fl. Hal. (1807) 29. --Cladium riparium Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128. Hong Kong, tropical Asia, New Zealand.
  5. Machaerina sinclairii (Hook.f.) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 65; --Cladium sinclairii Hook.f., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 1 (1864) 304. --Cladium crinitum (Stapf) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 129; --Vincentia crinita Stapf, PJS 19 (1921) 65. --Cladium latifolium Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 129, pro parte. Malesia, New Zealand. Photos

Mapania Aubl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Mapania cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien, J. Arnold Arb. 20 (1939) 213; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 473; --Lepironia cuspidata Miq., Sum. (1861) 263, 603. --Mapania humilis Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1882) 309; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132. --Mapania platyphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 54. Photos
  2. Mapania macrocephala (Gaudich.) K.Schum. in Warb., Bot. Jahrb. 13 (1891) 265; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte, excl. Elmer 11978; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 470; --Hypolytrum macrocephalum Gaudich. in Freycin. Voyage, Bot. (1829) 415.
  3. Mapania palustris (Hassk. ex Steud.) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1882) 309; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 477; --Pandanophyllum palustre Hassk. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 134 . --Mapania kurzii auct. non C.B.Clarke; --Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 422; --C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 194; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; --Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3537. Photos
  4. Mapania sumatrana (Miq.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 341; --Thoracostachyum sumatranum (Miq.) Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 38, ii (1869) 75; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 464; --Lepironia sumatrana Miq., Sum. (1861) 263. China, Malesia to Pacific, Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur. Known from the Kaimpugan peat dome.
  5. Mapania tenuiscapa C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 683. Indochina to Philippines.

Incertae sedis:

  1. Mapania alpina Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3535; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 479, 484; --Voucher: Elmer 14864, Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin, Mt Bulusan. Based on description, Kern suggests possible conspecificity with Mapania borneensis Merr.

Mariscus Vahl = Cyperus

Paramapania Uittien

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016

No Photos
  1. Paramapania gracillima (Kük. ex Merr.) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1935) 190; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; --Mapania gracillima Kük. ex Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 267; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Mt Dingalan), MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Forested ridges, c. 1100m.
  2. Paramapania parvibractea (C.B.Clarke) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 33 (1936) 143; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 486; --Hypolytrum parvibractea C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. (1899) 114. --Thoracostachyum lucbanense Kük. ex Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 258; EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Pacific Ocean. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, PANAY, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Low and medium elevation primary forests.
  3. Paramapania rostrata Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1936) 189; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; --Mapania rostrata Elmer, name in sched. on Philip. Isl. Pl. 16150. --Thoracostachyum lucbanense Kük. ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte, non Mapania lucbanense Elmer. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora (Sierra Madre Mtns NNE of Dingalan), Sorsogon (Mt Bulusan; Lake Polog), ALABAT. Primary dipterocarp forest at 300-400m in the Sierra Madre; on loose, humus-covered ground among shrubberies at 1750m on Mt Bulusan. 

Pycreus P.Beauv. = Cyperus

Remirea Aubl. = Cyperus

Rhynchospora Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2020

Photos
  1. Rhynchospora colorata (L.) H.Pfeiff., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38 (1935) 89; --Schoenus coloratus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 43. --Kyllinga monocephala Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 13; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108. --Cyperus kyllingia Endl., Cat. Horti Vindob. 1 (1842) 94. Americas. Not native to the Philippines. Open waste places, grasslands, lawns (Merrill 1912).
  2. Rhynchospora corymbosa (L.) Britton, Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11 (1892) 84; --Scirpus corymbosus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 7. Tropics and subtropics, Philippines.
  3. Rhynchospora heterochaeta S.T.Blake, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 51 (1940) 47. --Rhynchospora wightiana auct. non (Nees) Steud.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 131. Vietnam to Australia, Philippines.
  4. Rhynchospora hirticeps (Kük.) T.Koyama, Brittonia 31 (1979) 288; --Rhynchospora rubra var. hirticeps Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74 (1949) 495. Thailand to New Guinea.
  5. Rhynchospora rubra (Lour.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17 (1903) 180; --Schoenus ruber Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 52.
  6. Rhynchospora rugosa (Vahl) Gale, Rhodora 46 (1944) 275; --Schoenus rugosus Vahl, Eclog. Amer. 2 (1798) 5.

Schoenoplectiella Lye

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 December 2020

No Photos
  1. Schoenoplectiella articulata (L.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 20; --Scirpus articulatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 47. Old World tropics and subtropics, Philippines.
  2. Schoenoplectiella juncoides (Roxb.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 25; --Scirpus juncoides Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 218. West Indian Ocean, Asia, Pacific, Philippines.
  3. Schoenoplectiella lateriflora (J.F.Gmel.) Lye, Lidia 6: 25 (2003); --Scirpus lateriflorus J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13 bis (1791) 127. Old World tropics and subtropics, Australia, Philippines.
  4. Schoenoplectiella mucronata (L.) J.Jung & H.K.Choi, J. Pl. Biol. 53 (2010) 230; --Scirpus mucronatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50. Australia, Philippines, Africa, Europe, Madagascar, Middle East, Continental Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam.
  5. Schoenoplectiella praelongata (Poir.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 26; --Scirpus praelongatus Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1805) 764. Tropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  6. Schoenoplectiella wallichii (Nees) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 27; --Scirpus wallichii Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 112. India to Japan and Philippines.

Possibly present:

  1. Schoenoplectiella supina (L.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 27; --Scirpus supinus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 49; --Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 294. Africa, S America, Continental Asia, Bangladesh, China, Europe, India, Madagascar, Mongolia, Pakistan, Vietnam. Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017

Photos
  1. Schoenoplectus subulatus (Vahl) Lye, Bot. Not. 124 (1971) 290; --Scirpus subulatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 268. Africa to Pacific, Philippines.
  2. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10 (1888) 299; --Scirpus tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel., Fl. Bad. 1 (1805) 101. --Scirpus lacustris var. validus (Vahl) Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23 (1926) 200; --Scirpus validus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 268. --Scirpus lacustris auct. non L.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 117, pro parte. Cosmopolitan. Photos

Schoenus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2021

Photos
  1. Schoenus delicatulus (Fernald) J.Kern, Blumea, Suppl. 4 (1958) 167; --Mariscus delicatulus Fernald, Rhodora 25 (1923) 53. --Schoenus falcatus auct. non L.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128, pro parte. Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN.
  2. Schoenus maschalinus Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 77. --Schoenus axillaris (R.Br.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 2 (1811) 251; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128; --Chaetospora axillaris R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 233. --Schoenus philippinensis (Palla) Kük. ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128; --Helothrix philippinensis Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beil.) (1911) 1. Australia, New Guinea, Pacific, Sumatra, Philippines. Photos
  3. Schoenus melanostachys R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 231. Borneo, Australia, Philippines. MINDORO.

Scirpodendron Zipp. ex Kurz

No Photos
  1. Scirpodendron ghaeri (Gaertn.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 268; --W.H.Brown, Min. Prod. Philip. For. 1 (1920) 352; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 131; --J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 456; --Chionanthus ghaeri Gaertn., Fruct. 1 (1788) 190. --Mapania macrocephala auct. non K.Schum.; --Merr., EPFP1 (1923) 132, pro parte, quoad Elmer 11978. Sri Lanka, Peninsular Thailand, Sumatra (and adjacent islands), Peninsular Malaysia (also in Penang), W & C Java, Borneo (Sarawak, N & E Borneo), Philippines, SE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Halmahera, Ternate, Sula Isls, Buru, Seram, Ambon), New Guinea (Sorong), Vanuatu, Australia (N Queensland), Polynesia (Fiji; Samoa). LUZON, POLILLO, PALAWAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO.

Scirpus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2016

Photos
  1. Scirpus ternatanus Reinw. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 307. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines.

Scleria P.J.Bergius

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 September 2021

Photos
  1. Scleria benthamii C.B.Clarke, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8 (1908) 58. Tropical Asia, Australia, Philippines.
  2. Scleria biflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 573. Tropical and subtropical Asia, Philippines.
  3. Scleria ciliaris Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117. --Scleria bancana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 602. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Caroline Isls, Philippines.
  4. Scleria corymbosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 574. China to tropical Asia, Philippines.
  5. Scleria densispicata (C.B.Clarke) J.Kern, Blumea 11 (1961) 159; --Scleria motleyi C.B.Clarke var. densispicata C.B.Clarke, PJS 1 (1923) 134. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  6. Scleria laxa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 240. China, Nicobar Isls., Philippines to Australia.
  7. Scleria levis Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 13. --Scleria hebecarpa Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. --Scleria hebecarpa var. pubescens (Steud.) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 689; --Scleria pubescens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 168. Andaman Isls, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Pacific Ocean, China, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Ryukyu Isls, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, Philippines.
  8. Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. (1788) 18; --Scirpus lithospermus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 51; --Type: from India.
  9. Scleria motleyi C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 104. Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, New Guinea, Philippines.
  10. Scleria novae-hollandiae Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 120. --Scleria annularis auct. non Steud.; --C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907). --Scleria merrillii Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beibl.) (1911) 8. China, Indochina, Philippines to Pacific and Australia.
  11. Scleria oblata S.T.Blake ex J.Kern, Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 73. --Scleria levis auct. non Retz.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. China to tropical Asia, Philippines. MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN.
  12. Scleria parvula Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 174. --Scleria tessellata auct. non Willd.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135, pro parte; --?Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 294. Old World tropics and subtropics, Philippines.
  13. Scleria pergracilis (Nees) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 354; --Hypoporum pergracile Nees, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1834 (1834) 267. Old World tropics and subtropics, Philippines.
  14. Scleria poiformis Retz, Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 13. --Scleria oryzoides J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 201. Africa, Madagascar, tropical and subtropical Asia, Australia, Philippines.
  15. Scleria psilorrhiza C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 691. China, Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Java, New Guinea, Thailand, Australia, Philippines.
  16. Scleria purpurascens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 169.
  17. Scleria rugosa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 240. Tropical and subtropical Asia to Australia, Philippines.
  18. Scleria scrobiculata Nees & Meyen in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117. Photos
  19. Scleria sumatrensis Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 19; --Liu et al., Taiwania 66 (2021) 405. Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Isls, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. NEGROS.
  20. Scleria terrestris (L.) Fassett, Rhodora 26 (1924) 159; --Zizania terrestris L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 991.

Thoracostachyum Kurz = Mapania and Paramapania

Torulinum Desv. = Cyperus sect. Diclidium (Nees) Benth.

Trichophorum Pers.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2016

Photos
  1. Trichophorum subcapitatum (Thwaites & Hook.) D.A.Simpson, Kew Bull. 53 (1998) 227; --Scirpus subcapitatus Thwaites & Hook., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 351.

 Uncinia Pers. = Carex

Possibly present:

  1. Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl, Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1 (1810) 32; --Schoenus mariscus L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 42. Africa, Americas, Continental Asia. Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Literature

Caton, BP, M Mortimer, JE Hill & DE Johnson. 2010. A practical field guide to weeds of rice in Asia. Second Edition. IRRI, Philippines.

Cen, JM, SH Jin & XF Jin. 2016. Notes on Carex (Cyperaceae) from China (IV). The identity and revision of sect. Infossae. Guihaia 36: 30-43.

Global Carex Group. 2015. Making Carex monophyletic (Cyperaceae, tribe Cariceae): a new broader circumscription. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 179: 1-42

Hinchliff, CE & EH Roalson. 2013. Using supermatrices for phylogenetic inquiry: an example using the sedges. Systematic Biology 62: 205-219.

Kern,  JH. 1974. Cyperaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 435-753.

Kern, JH. & HP Nooteboom. 1979. Cyperaceae II. Flora Malesiana series 1, 9: 107-187


Larridon, I, R Govaerts, K Bauters & P Goetghebeur. 2016. Cyperus albescens, a new combination in Cyperus (Cyperaceae) for the common (sub)tropical African and Asian species Lipocarpha chinensis. Kew Bulletin 71: 30.

Liu, S-H, C-C Huang & C-K Liao. 2021. Rediscovery of an ‘Extinct’ species Scleria sumatrensis Retz. in Taiwan using both morphological and molecular authentications. Taiwania 66: 398-407

Moody, K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. IRRI, Philippines

Muasya, AM, DA Simpson, GA Verboom, P Goetghebeur, R Naczi, MW Chase, E Smets. 2009. Phylogeny of cyperaceae based on DNA sequence data: current progress and future prospects. Bot. Rev. 75: 2–21.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 9 January 2022