Cyperaceae

Abildgaardia Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 May 2022
  1. Abildgaardia ovata (Burm.f.) Kral, Sida 4 (1971) 77; ≡ Fimbristylis ovata (Burm.f.) J.Kern, Blumea 15 (1967) 126; ≡ Carex ovata Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 194. = Fimbristylis monostachya (L.) Hassk., Pl. Jav. Rar. (1848) 61; ≡ Cyperus monostachyos L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 180. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Actinoschoenus Benth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 October 2017
  1. Actinoschoenus aphyllus (Vahl) Larridon, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 196 (2021) 182; ≡ Schoenus aphyllus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 209. = Actinoschoenus thouarsii (Kunth) Benth., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 14 (1881) 33; ≡ Fimbristylis thouarsii (Kunth) Merr., EPFPi. (1923) 127; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 591; ≡ Arthrostylis thouarsii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 284. Distribution: Africa, Australia, China, Indian Ocean, Indochina, Malesia, Philippines. BUSUANGA, CULION. Native.

Actinoscirpus (Ohwi) R.W.Haines & Lye

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 November 2014
  1. Actinoscirpus grossus (L.f.) Goetgh. & D.A.Simpson, Kew Bull. 46 (1991) 171; ≡ Scirpus grossus L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 104; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 498. Native.
    • var. grossus. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Bolboschoenus Palla

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 November 2020
  1. Bolboschoenus planiculmis (F.Schmidt) T.V.Egorova, Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3 (1967) 20; ≡ Scirpus planiculmis F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot. (1868) 190. = Scirpus maritimus auct. non L.; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 499; Caton et al. (2010) 84. Distribution: Eurasia. LUZON: Laguna. Native.

Bulbostylis Kunth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 November 2021
  1. Bulbostylis barbata (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 651; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 539; ≡ Scirpus barbatus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 52. Native.
    • ssp. barbata. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Bulbostylis densa (Wall.) Hand.-Mazz., Vegetationsbilder 20(7) (1930) 16; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 538; ≡ Scirpus densus Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 231. Distribution: LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Mountain Province, Pampanga, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. densa. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Mountain Province, Pampanga. Native.
  3. Bulbostylis hispidula (Vahl) R.W.Haines in Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3 (1983) 1; ≡ Fimbristylis hispidula (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. 2 (1837) 227; Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 95; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 560; ≡ Scirpus hispidulus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 276. = Fimbristylis preslii Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 228. Distribution: LUZON: Ilocos Norte, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. hispidula. Distribution: Africa, America, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Notes: Rare in Malesia. Native.

Carex L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2022
  1. Carex alopecuroides D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Java, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Carex ascotreta C.B.Clarke ex Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 9 (1897) 182. = Carex ligata var. formosensis (Lév. & Vaniot) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 474; ≡ Carex formosensis H.Lév. & Vaniot, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 35 (1905) 216; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152. Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte. Native.
  3. Carex baccans Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 137. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON. Native.
  4. Carex blinii H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53 (1906) 316. Distribution: China, Korea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  5. Carex breviculmis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 242; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150. Distribution: LUZON, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. breviculmis. = Carex royleana Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 127. Distribution: Afghanistan, Australia, Borneo, China, E Asia, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, New Zealand, Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON. Native.
  6. Carex breviscapa C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 736; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Distribution: Philippines, Sri Lanka to Ryukyu Isls and Australia. LUZON: Sorsogon, PALAWAN. Native.
  7. Carex brunnea Thunb. in Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 844; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 173. Distribution: India to Australia, Indian Ocean, Madagascar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS. Native.
  8. Carex capillacea Boott, Ill. Carex 1 (1858) 44; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 158; ≡ Carex rara ssp. capillacea (Boott) Kük. ex Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2(1) (1905) 130. Distribution: LUZON, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. capillacea. Distribution: Australia, India to Japan and New Guinea, New Zealand, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
    • var. sachalinensis (F.Schmidt) Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 11 (1936) 442; ≡ Carex uda var. sachalinensis F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot. 1 (1868) 353. Distribution: Philippines, Russia to New Guinea. Native.
  9. Carex cirrhulosa Nees, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 117; ≡ Carex fuirenoides var. cirrhulosa (Nees) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 287; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CEBU. Notes: Only known from type. Native.
  10. Carex cryptostachys Brongn. in Duperrey, Voy. Monde, Phan. (1833) 152; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 148. Distribution: Philippines, Thailand to China and Australia. LUZON, MINDANAO. Native.
  11. Carex dolichostachya Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 10 (1921) 61; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 151. = Carex ligata var. nexa (Boott ex Benth.) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 474; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 139; ≡ Carex nexa Boott ex Benth., Fl. Hongk. (1861) 402. = Carex sociata Boott, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n.s., 6 (1859) 420; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 59. Distribution: LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Rizal, MINDORO. Notes: P.B. Pelser (6-May-2022): This is a different species than Carex nexa Boott. Native.
    • var. dolichostachya. Distribution: China, Japan, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Kalinga, Mountain Province, Rizal. Native.
  12. Carex doniana Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 825. = Carex japonica var. chlorostachys (C.B.Clarke) Kük. ex Matsum., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(38) (1909) 620; ≡ Carex alopecuroides var. chlorostachys C.B.Clarke, Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1903) 271; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 160. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Korea, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON. Native.
  13. Carex filicina Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 123; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Malesia, Philippines. Native.
  14. Carex graeffeana Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 123; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 169. Distribution: Malesia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS. Native.
  15. Carex hattoriana Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49 (1935) 508. Distribution: Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Taiwan. Native.
  16. Carex indica L., Mant. Pl. Altera (1771) 574; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 126. = Carex fuirenoides auct. non Gaudich.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 138, pro parte. Distribution: LUZON, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
    • var. indica. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
  17. Carex lateralis Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyperac.-Caricoid. (1909) 639; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. = Carex elmeri Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 326. Distribution: India, Malesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka. LUZON, MINDORO, NEGROS. Native.
  18. Carex lenta D.Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14 (1824) 327. Distribution: Borneo, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. Native.
  19. Carex myosurus Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 122; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 138. Distribution: China, India, Indochina, Malesia, Myanmar, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Native.
  20. Carex nodiflora Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5 (1884) 516; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 128. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO: Agusan, NEGROS. Native.
  21. Carex nubigena D.Don, Philos. Mag. J. 62 (1823) 455; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 178. Native.
    • ssp. pseudoarenicola (Hayata) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan 5 (1978) 367; ≡ Carex pseudoarenicola Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6 (1916) 118. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. Native.
  22. Carex oligostachya Nees in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 144. = Carex rhizomatosa Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 206. Distribution: China, India, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO, NEGROS. Native.
  23. Carex oxyphylla Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 10 (1898) 57. = Carex loheri C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 14; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 147. Distribution: India to Japan and Malesia, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Native.
  24. Carex palawanensis Kük., LPB 4 (1911) 1169; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 149. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Known from Mt Pulgar. Native.
  25. Carex phacota Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 826; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 170. Distribution: China, Himalayas, Japan, Korea, Malesia, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON. Native.
  26. Carex pseudocyperus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 978. Distribution: Africa, Australia, China, E Asia, Europe, Japan, Middle East, N America, New Guinea, New Zealand, Philippines. Native.
    • var. haenkeana (J.Presl & C.Presl) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3 (1898) 332; ≡ Carex haenkeana J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 205. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
  27. Carex rafflesiana Boott, Proc. Linn. Soc. i. (1845) 285; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 140; ≡ Carex cruciata var. rafflesiana (Boott) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 122. = Carex rafflesiana var. scaberrima (Boeckeler) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38) (1909) 283; ≡ Carex bengalensis var. scaberrima Boeckeler, Linnaea 40 (1876) 347. = Carex rafflesiana var. continua (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59 (1924) 59; ≡ Carex continua C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 717. = Carex pycnothyrsos Kük., PJS C 6 (1911) 60. Distribution: Malesia, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand. Native.
  28. Carex ramosii Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 8; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 155. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Rizal, MINDANAO. Native.
  29. Carex rhynchachaenium C.B.Clarke, Publ. Bur. Sci. Gov. Lab. 35 (1906) 5; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 150. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Kalinga, Laguna, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Zamboanga. Native.
  30. Carex satsumensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 132. = Carex nikoensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 558; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 140, as 'nikkoensis'. Distribution: Japan, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  31. Carex subtransversa C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 108. Distribution: China, Japan to Philippines. Native.
  32. Carex subtrigona (Nelmes) K.L.Wilson, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179 (2015) 37; ≡ Uncinia subtrigona Nelmes, Kew Bull. 4 (1949) 144. = Uncinia riparia var. stolonifera Kük. & Steenis, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, III, 13 (1934) 213. = Uncinia compacta auct. non R.Br.; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 184. Distribution: Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Quezon, MINDANAO: Davao. Native.
  33. Carex tristachya Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 845; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 152. Distribution: LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. pocilliformis (Boott) Kük., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(38) (1909) 473; ≡ Carex pocilliformis Boott, Ill. Gen. Carex 4 (1867) 175. Distribution: Borneo, China, Japan, Korea, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  34. Carex truncatigluma C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36 (1904) 315. Distribution: China to Malay Peninsula, Philippines. Native.
  35. Carex turrita C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37 (1904) 13; Kern & Nooteboom, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 142. Distribution: LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. turrita. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Abra, Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.
    • var. merrillii (Kük.) Noot., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1979) 143. = Carex merrillii Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8 (1910) 7. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Native.

Cladium P.Browne (Not native)

Possibly present

  1. Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl, Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1 (1810) 32; ≡ Schoenus mariscus L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 42. Distribution: Africa, America, Continental Asia. Notes: Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited. Naturalized.

Cyperus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 September 2022
  1. Cyperus albescens (Steud.) Larridon & Govaerts, Kew Bulletin 71 (2016) 30; ≡ Kyllinga albescens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 68; Type: Cuming 1418 (P, holo; BM, CN, G, K, L, LE, MO, P, UPS, iso), Philippines: 1841. = Lipocarpha chinensis (Osbeck) J.Kern, Blumea, Suppl. 4 (1958) 167; ≡ Scirpus chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa (1757) 220; Type: from China. = Lipocarpha argentea (Kunth) R.Br. in Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire (1818) 477, nom. illeg., nom. superfl.; ≡ Hypolytrum argenteum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (1816) 218; Type: from Senegal. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Cyperus alternifolius L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 28. Naturalized.
    • ssp. flabelliformis Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1936) 193. = Cyperus involucratus Rottb., Descr. Pl. Rar. (1772) 22. = Cyperus flabelliformis Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 42, nom. illeg.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 105. Distribution: Africa, Indian Ocean, Middle East. Notes: Cultivated ornamental, occasional in waste places (Merrill 1923). Naturalized.
  3. Cyperus babakan Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2(7) (1854) 6. Distribution: Philippines, Tibet to New Guinea. Native.
  4. Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Endl. ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. (1844) 24; ≡ Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 13; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 107. Native.
    • var. brevifolius. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Nepal, New Guinea, New Zealand, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. stellulatus (Valck.Sur.) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1936) 603; ≡ Cyperus brevifolius forma stellulatus Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch. (1898) 48. = Kyllinga intermedia auct. non R.Br.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 115. Distribution: India to China, Malesia, New Guinea, Philippines. Native.
  5. Cyperus compactus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 10. = Mariscus dilutus Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 90. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  6. Cyperus compressus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 46. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  7. Cyperus cuspidatus Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1 (1817) 204. = Cyperus uncinatus auct. non Poir.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 108. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  8. Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch. (1898) 154; ≡ Mariscus cyperinus (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 377; ≡ Kyllinga cyperina Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 21. = Cyperus cyperinus var. maximus (C.B.Clarke) Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1936) 520; ≡ Mariscus cyperinus var. maximus C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34 (1898) 43. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  9. Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2) (1898) 333; ≡ Scirpus cyperoides L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 181. = Mariscus sieberianus Nees ex C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 622. Distribution: Africa to Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  10. Cyperus diaphanus Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 477; ≡ Pycreus diaphanus (Schrad. ex Schult.) S.S.Hooper & T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 51 (1976) 316. = Cyperus diaphanus ssp. latespicatus (Boeckeler) J.Kern, Fl. Males. 7(3) (1974) 653; ≡ Cyperus latespicatus Boeckeler, Flora 42 (1859) 441. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Nepal, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  11. Cyperus difformis L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 6; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 110. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  12. Cyperus diffusus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 321. = Cyperus diffusus var. macrostachyus Boeckeler, Linnaea 35 (1868) 534. = Cyperus diffusus var. pubisquama (Steud.) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59 (1924) 43. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  13. Cyperus digitatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 209. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malaysia, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
    • ssp. digitatus. Native.
  14. Cyperus distans L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 103. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  15. Cyperus dubius Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 20. Native.
    • var. dubius. = Mariscus merrillii C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 87. = Mariscus niveus Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 369; EPFP 1 (1923) 113. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: P.B. Pelser (6-May-2022): this is a different taxon than Schoenus niveus Murr. Native.
  16. Cyperus elatus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 5. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  17. Cyperus flavidus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 13; ≡ Pycreus flavidus (Retz.) T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 51 (1976) 316. = Pycreus globosus (All.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. (1883) 140; ≡ Cyperus globosus All., Auct. Fl. Pedem. (1789) 49. Distribution: Africa, Asia, Australia, Eurasia, Philippines. Native.
  18. Cyperus haspan L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45. = Cyperus haspan ssp. juncoides (Lam.) Kük., Pflanzenr. IV, 20 (1936) 249; ≡ Cyperus juncoides Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 147. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  19. Cyperus imbricatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 12. = Cyperus radiatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 369, nom. illeg. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Bangladesh, Borneo, C & S America, Caribbean, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  20. Cyperus iria L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45; ≡ Chlorocyperus iria (L.) Rikli, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27 (1895) 564. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, E Asia, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  21. Cyperus javanicus Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2(13) (1782) 67. = Mariscus stuppeus (G.Forst.) Merr., PJS C 3 (1909) 398; ≡ Cyperus stuppeus G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr. (1786) 89. = Mariscus pennatus (Lam.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85 (1915) 440; ≡ Cyperus pennatus Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 144. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  22. Cyperus leptocarpus (F.Muell.) Bauters, Phytotaxa 166 (2014) 20; ≡ Scirpus leptocarpus F.Muell., Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1 (1855) 109. = Lipocarpha microcephala (R.Br.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 268; ≡ Hypaelyptum microcephalum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 220. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Cambodia, China, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  23. Cyperus malaccensis Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 146; ≡ Chlorocyperus malaccensis (Lam.) Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beibl.) (1911) 6. Native.
    • ssp. malaccensis. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  24. Cyperus melanospermus (Nees) Valck.Sur., Cyperus Mal. Arch. (1898) 50; ≡ Kyllinga melanosperma Nees, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 91. Native.
    • ssp. melanospermus. Distribution: Africa, Australia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  25. Cyperus michelianus (L.) Delile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 3 (1830) 50; ≡ Scirpus michelianus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 52. Native.
    • ssp. michelianus. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Eurasia, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
    • ssp. pygmaeus (Rottb.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2) (1904) 273; ≡ Cyperus pygmaeus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 20; ≡ Juncellus pygmaeus (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 596; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 109. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, C Asia, Cambodia, China, Europe, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Madagascar, Middle East, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  26. Cyperus mindorensis (Steud.) Huygh, Phytotaxa 166 (2014) 39; ≡ Kyllinga mindorensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 67. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, W Asia. MINDORO, ROMBLON. Native.
  27. Cyperus nutans Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 363. Native.
    • var. eleusinoides (Kunth) Haines, Bot. Bihar Orissa 5 (1924) 898; ≡ Cyperus eleusinoides Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 39; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 105, pro parte. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Laos, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. nutans. = Cyperus eleusinoides auct. non Kunth; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 105, pro parte. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. subprolixus (Kük.) Karthik., Fl. Ind. Enum., Monocot. (1989) 46; ≡ Cyperus eleusinoides var. subprolixus Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1935) 145. Distribution: E Asia, Himalayas, Malesia, New Guinea, Philippines. Native.
  28. Cyperus odoratus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 46. Native.
    • ssp. odoratus. = Torulinium ferax (Rich.) Ham., Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid. (1825) 15; ≡ Cyperus ferax Rich., Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1 (1792) 106. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  29. Cyperus pedunculatus (R.Br.) J.Kern, Acta Bot. Neerl. 7 (1958) 798; ≡ Remirea pedunculata R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 236. = Remirea maritima Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 1 (1775) 45. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  30. Cyperus pilosus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 354. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  31. Cyperus polystachyos Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 39; ≡ Pycreus polystachyos (Rottb.) P.Beauv., Fl. Oware 2 (1816) 48. Native.
    • var. holosericeus (Link) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21 (1884) 55; ≡ Cyperus holosericeus Link, Hort. Berol. 1 (1827) 317. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, Caribbean, India, Malay Peninsula, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • ssp. polystachyos. = Pycreus odoratus (L.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 2 (1900) 164; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108; ≡ Cyperus odoratus L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 46. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, E Asia, Europe, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  32. Cyperus procerus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 29. = Cyperus procerus var. lasiorrhachis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 610. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand. Native.
  33. Cyperus pulchellus R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 213. = Cyperus leucocephalus auct. non Retz.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 106. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Madagascar, Philippines. Native.
  34. Cyperus pulcherrimus Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 35. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, ?Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  35. Cyperus pumilus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 6; ≡ Pycreus pumilus (L.) Nees, Linnaea 9 (1834) 283. = Pycreus nitens (Retz.) Nees, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19 (Suppl. 1) (1843) 53; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108; ≡ Cyperus nitens Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 13. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  36. Cyperus rotundus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 45. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Europe, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, W Asia. Native.
  37. Cyperus sanguinolentus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 351, nom. cons.; ≡ Pycreus sanguinolentus (Vahl) Nees, Linnaea 9 (1834) 283. = Cyperus sanguinolentus ssp. cyrtostachys (Miq.) J.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 57; ≡ Cyperus eragrostis var. cyrtostachys Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 257. = Cyperus sanguinolentus ssp. melanocephalus (Miq.) J.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 55; ≡ Cyperus melanocephalus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 257. = Cyperus sanguinolentus ssp. teysmannii (Boeckeler) J.Kern., Reinwardtia 3 (1954) 57; ≡ Cyperus teysmannii Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 259. = Pycreus eragrostis Palla, Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 23 (1909) 204; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108. Distribution: Africa, Asia, Australia, Philippines. Native.
  38. Cyperus sesquiflorus (Torr.) Mattf. & Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101) (1935) 19; ≡ Kyllinga sesquiflora Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3 (1836) 287. Native.
    • ssp. cylindricus (Nees ex Wight) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 83 (1970) 187; ≡ Kyllinga odorata ssp. cylindrica (Nees ex Wight) T.Koyama, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30 (1977) 161; ≡ Kyllinga cylindrica Nees ex Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 91. = Cyperus sesquiflorus var. subtriceps (Nees ex Wight) T.Koyama, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 14 (1961) 191; ≡ Kyllinga cylindrica var. subtriceps Nees ex Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 91. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • ssp. sesquiflorus. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Middle East, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  39. Cyperus stenophyllus Valck.Sur., Nova Guinea 8 (1912) 701. = Mariscus tenuifolius auct. non Nees; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 114. Distribution: Malesia, Philippines, Solomon Isls. Native.
  40. Cyperus stolonifer Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 10. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  41. Cyperus sulcinux C.B.Clarke, Linn. Soc., Bot. 21 (1884) 56; ≡ Pycreus sulcinux (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 593. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  42. Cyperus tenuiculmis Boeckeler, Linnaea 36 (1870) 286. Native.
    • var. tenuiculmis. = Cyperus zollingeri auct. non Steud.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 108, excl. Ramos 7672. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  43. Cyperus tenuispica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 11. = Cyperus haspan auct. non L.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 105, pro parte. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, W Asia. Native.
  44. Cyperus unioloides R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 216; ≡ Pycreus unioloides (R.Br.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 2 (1900) 164. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Japan, Java, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  45. Cyperus zollingeri Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 17. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Cambodia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Vietnam. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Cyperus minutiflorus J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1830) 351. Distribution: Philippines. Native.
  2. Cyperus philippensis J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 174. Distribution: Philippines. Native.

Diplacrum R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 7 January 2022
  1. Diplacrum caricinum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 241; ≡ Scleria caricina (R.Br.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 426. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Eleocharis R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 September 2022
  1. Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 154; ≡ Scirpus acicularis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48. Native.
    • var. acicularis. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Europe, Middle East, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam, W & C Asia. Native.
  2. Eleocharis acutangula (Roxb.) Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 91; ≡ Scirpus acutangulus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 216. = Eleocharis fistulosa Schult., Mant. 2 (1824) 89. Native.
    • ssp. acutangula. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 196; ≡ Scirpus atropurpureus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Caribbean, China, India, Japan, Java, Madagascar, Middle East, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam, W Asia. Native.
  4. Eleocharis congesta D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 41. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  5. Eleocharis dulcis (Burm.f.) Trin. ex Hensch., Vita Rumphii (1833) 186; ≡ Andropogon dulcis Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 219. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  6. Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 150; ≡ Scirpus geniculatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48. = Eleocharis capitata (L.) R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 225; ≡ Scirpus capitatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 48. = Eleocharis caribaea (Rottb.) S.F.Blake, Rhodora 20 (1918) 24; ≡ Scirpus caribaeus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 46. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  7. Eleocharis ochrostachys Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 80. = Eleocharis variegata var. laxiflora (Thwaites) Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 23 (1891) 14; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte; ≡ Scirpus laxiflorus Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 435. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  8. Eleocharis pellucida J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 196. = Eleocharis afflata Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1854) 76. Native.
    • var. pellucida. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, E Asia, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. Native.
  9. Eleocharis philippinensis Svenson, Rhodora 31 (1929) 155; Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 94. = Eleocharis variegata var. laxiflora auct. non C.B.Clarke; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 121, pro parte. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Bulacan, Quezon, Rizal. Native.
  10. Eleocharis retroflexa (Poir.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 2 (1900) 165; ≡ Scirpus retroflexus Poir., Encycl. 6 (1805) 753. Native.
    • ssp. chaetaria (Roem. & Schult.) T.Koyama, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, n.s., 17 (1975) 68; ≡ Eleocharis chaetaria Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2 (1817) 154. Distribution: Africa to Australia, Philippines. Native.
  11. Eleocharis setifolia (A.Rich.) J.Raynal, Adansonia, n.s., 7 (1967) 318; ≡ Isolepis setifolia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2 (1850) 498. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Caribbean, Madagascar, Philippines, Thailand. Native.
    • ssp. setifolia. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Caribbean, Madagascar, Philippines, Thailand. Native.
  12. Eleocharis spiralis (Rottb.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 155; ≡ Scirpus spiralis Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 42. Distribution: Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  13. Eleocharis tetraquetra Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 113. Native.
    • forma tetraquetra. Distribution: Afghanistan to Australia, Philippines. Native.
  14. Eleocharis yokoscensis (Franch. & Sav.) Tang & F.T.Wang, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11 (1961) 54; ≡ Scirpus yokoscensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 543. Distribution: Mongolia and Japan to Java, Philippines. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Eleocharis attenuata (Franch. & Sav.) Palla, Monde Pl. 12 (1910) 40; ≡ Scirpus attenuatus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2 (1878) 543. Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, New Guinea, Vietnam. Notes: Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Fimbristylis Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 August 2022
  1. Fimbristylis acicularis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 226; Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 589. = Fimbristylis setacea Benth., London J. Bot. 2 (1843) 239. Distribution: Australia, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON. Native.
  2. Fimbristylis acuminata Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 285; Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 588. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  3. Fimbristylis aestivalis (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 288; ≡ Scirpus aestivalis Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 12. = Fimbristylis squarrosa auct. non Vahl; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 126, excl. BS 26093. Native.
    • var. aestivalis. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
    • var. macrostachya Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 310. Distribution: Australia, Philippines. Native.
  4. Fimbristylis alboviridis C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 638. Distribution: Africa, Asia, Philippines. Native.
  5. Fimbristylis aphylla Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 114. Distribution: Africa, China, Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  6. Fimbristylis bisumbellata (Forssk.) Bubani, Dodecanthea (1850) 30; ≡ Scirpus bisumbellatus Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 15. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, C Asia, Cambodia, China, Europe, India, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  7. Fimbristylis caesia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 315. Distribution: Java, Philippines, Vietnam. Native.
  8. Fimbristylis cinnamometorum (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 229; ≡ Scirpus cinnamometorum Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 278. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  9. Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link, Hort. Berol. 1 (1827) 292; ≡ Scirpus complanatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14. Native.
    • ssp. complanata. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  10. Fimbristylis cymosa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 228. Native.
    • ssp. cymosa. = Fimbristylis capitulifera Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 265. Distribution: Old World tropics & subtropics, Philippines. Native.
  11. Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 287; ≡ Scirpus dichotomus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50. Native.
    • ssp. dichotoma. = Fimbristylis diphylla (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 289; ≡ Scirpus diphyllus Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 15. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Madagascar, Middle East, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
    • ssp. podocarpa (Nees) T.Koyama, Micronesica 1 (1964) 87; ≡ Fimbristylis podocarpa Nees, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 98. = Fimbristylis tomentosa Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 290. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, China, India, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  12. Fimbristylis dipsacea (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 635; ≡ Scirpus dipsaceus Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 56. Native.
    • var. dipsacea. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Philippines, Russia to SE Asia, S America. Native.
  13. Fimbristylis falcata (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 239; ≡ Scirpus falcatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 275. Native.
    • var. falcata. = Fimbristylis junciformis (Nees) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 239; ≡ Trichelostylis junciformis Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 106. Distribution: Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  14. Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 291; ≡ Scirpus ferrugineus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50. = Fimbristylis ferruginea ssp. sieberiana (Kunth) Lye, Nordic J. Bot. 2 (1982) 335; ≡ Fimbristylis sieberiana Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 237. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, C & S America, Caribbean, Europe, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam, W Asia. Native.
  15. Fimbristylis fusca (Nees) Benth. ex C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 649; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, excl. syn. Cladium cyperoides; ≡ Abildgaardia fusca Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 95. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  16. Fimbristylis insignis Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 349. = Fimbristylis rigidula auct. non Nees; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 125, pro parte. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  17. Fimbristylis leptoclada Benth., Fl. Hongk. (1861) 893. Native.
    • var. leptoclada. Distribution: China, Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  18. Fimbristylis lineatisquama Ohwi, Blumea 8 (1955) 109; Type: BS 11546 Merrill (BO, K), Jolo: Aug-1922. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. GOLO, JOLO. Native.
  19. Fimbristylis littoralis Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1829) 413. Native.
    • var. littoralis. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. macrostachya (J.Kern) J.Kern, Fl. Males. 7 (1974) 552; ≡ Fimbristylis miliacea var. macrostachya J.Kern, Blumea 8 (1955) 117. Distribution: Java, Philippines. Native.
  20. Fimbristylis longispica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 118. Distribution: BATAN, MINDORO. Native.
    • var. boninensis (Hayata) Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 18 (1944) 80; ≡ Fimbristylis dichotoma ssp. longispica var. boninensis (Hayata) Koyama, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, sect. 4, 83 (1961) 113; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 59; ≡ Fimbristylis boninensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6 (1916) 109. Distribution: Pacific Ocean, Philippines. BATAN. Notes: In Batan at E foot of Mt Iraya, on littoral cliff, locally frequent (Hatusima 28713). Native.
  21. Fimbristylis macassarensis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 109. = Fimbristylis corniculata Merr., PJS C 7 (1912) 231. Distribution: Java and Philippines to Australia. Native.
  22. Fimbristylis merrillii J.Kern, Blumea 8 (1955) 135. Native.
    • ssp. merrillii. = Fimbristylis squarrosa auct. non Vahl; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 126, pro parte, quoad BS 26093. Distribution: Indochina to Australia, Philippines. Native.
  23. Fimbristylis microcarya F.Muell., Fragm. 1 (1859) 200. Native.
    • var. microcarya. Distribution: Africa, Philippines, Taiwan to SE Asia. Native.
  24. Fimbristylis pierotii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2 (1865) 145. = Fimbristylis pinetorum Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 266. Distribution: Himalayas to Japan, Philippines. Native.
  25. Fimbristylis polytrichoides (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 248; ≡ Scirpus polytrichoides Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 11. Distribution: Africa, Madagascar, Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  26. Fimbristylis quinquangularis (Vahl) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 229; ≡ Scirpus quinquangularis Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 279. Native.
    • ssp. quinquangularis. = Fimbristylis miliacea (L.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 267; Caton et al. (2010) 95; ≡ Scirpus miliaceus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 868, nom. rej. Distribution: Africa, Middle East, Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  27. Fimbristylis rigidula Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 99. Distribution: Pakistan to Philippines. Native.
  28. Fimbristylis salbundia (Nees) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 230; ≡ Trichelostylis salbundia Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 105. = Fimbristylis paludosa Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 265. Distribution: China, Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  29. Fimbristylis schoenoides (Retz.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 286; ≡ Scirpus schoenoides Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 14. Distribution: Africa, Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  30. Fimbristylis signata S.T.Blake, J. Arnold Arbor. 35 (1954) 214; Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 96; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 564. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, Philippines. MINDANAO: South Cotabato. Native.
  31. Fimbristylis squarrosa Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 289. Native.
    • var. esquarrosa Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17 (1903) 47. Distribution: Indochina to Russia and Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
    • var. squarrosa. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Madagascar, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan, Tibet. Native.
  32. Fimbristylis tenuinervia J.Kern, Blumea 8 (1955) 137. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. Native.
  33. Fimbristylis tetragona R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 226. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Australia. Native.
  34. Fimbristylis thomsonii Boeckeler, Linnaea 37 (1871) 37. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. Native.
  35. Fimbristylis tristachya R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 227. Native.
    • var. tristachya. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  36. Fimbristylis umbellaris (Lam.) Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 291; ≡ Scirpus umbellaris Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 141. = Fimbristylis globulosa (Retz.) Wall. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 231; ≡ Scirpus globulosus Retz., Observ. Bot. 6 (1791) 19. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Pacific Ocean. Native.
  37. Fimbristylis vanoverberghii Kük., Pflanzenr., IV, 20 (1936) 631. = Fimbristylis fusca auct. non C.B.Clarke; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 123, pro parte. Distribution: Malesia, New Guinea, Philippines. Native.

Fuirena Rottb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017
  1. Fuirena ciliaris (L.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 184; ≡ Scirpus ciliaris L., Mant. Pl. 2 (1771) 182. Native.
    • forma ciliaris. Distribution: Old World tropics & subtropics, Philippines. Native.
  2. Fuirena umbellata Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 70. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Gahnia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2016
  1. Gahnia javanica Zoll. & Moritzi ex Moritzi, Syst. Verz. (1846) 98. Distribution: Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. Native.

Hypolytrum Rich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017
  1. Hypolytrum compactum Nees & Meyen ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 271. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Hypolytrum nemorum (Vahl) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1 (1825) 233; ≡ Schoenus nemorum Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 8. Native.
    • var. nemorum. = Hypolytrum latifolium Rich. in Pers., Syn. Pl. 1 (1805) 70. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.

Isolepis R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017
  1. Isolepis habra (Edgar) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148 (1980) 194; ≡ Scirpus habrus Edgar, New Zealand J. Bot. 4 (1966) 199. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, New Guinea, New Zealand, Philippines. Native.
  2. Isolepis subtilissima Boeckeler, Flora 41 (1858) 416; ≡ Scirpus subtilissimus (Boeckeler) S.T.Blake, Contr. Queensland Herb. 8 (1969) 20. = Scirpus merrillii (Palla) Kük. ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 117; ≡ Schoenoplectus merrillii Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beih.) (1911) 3. Distribution: Borneo to New Zealand, Philippines. Native.

Lepironia Rich.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017
  1. Lepironia articulata (Retz.) Domin, Bibl. Bot. Heft 85 (1915) 486; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 460; ≡ Restio articulatus Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 14. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, Indochina, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur. Notes: Found in Agusan Marsh, Kaimpugan; Co 5990, PUH); open swampy site in peat dome sedgeland, c. 30m. Native.

Machaerina Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 July 2022
  1. Machaerina disticha (C.B.Clarke) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 63; ≡ Cladium distichum C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 102. = Cladium philippinense Merr., PJD C 5 (1910) 171. Distribution: Borneo to New Guinea, Philippines. Native.
  2. Machaerina falcata (Nees) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 65; ≡ Baumea falcata Nees, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6 (1854) 29. = Cladium latifolium Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 262, nom. illeg., non Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake; EPFP 1 (1923) 129, pro parte. Distribution: Indochina to Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  3. Machaerina glomerata (Gaudich.) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 63; ≡ Baumea glomerata Gaudich., Voy. Uranie (1829) 416. = Cladium juncoides Elmer, LPB 3 (1910) 854. Distribution: Malesia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  4. Machaerina rubiginosa (Biehler) T.Koyama, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 8 (1961) 123; ≡ Fuirena rubiginosa Biehler, Mant. Prim. Fl. Hal. (1807) 29. = Cladium riparium (Nees) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 405; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128; ≡ Chapelliera riparia Nees in Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 2 (1846) 76. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Vietnam. Native.
  5. Machaerina sinclairii (Hook.f.) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 69 (1956) 65; ≡ Cladium sinclairii Hook.f., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 1 (1864) 304. = Cladium crinitum (Stapf) Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 129; ≡ Vincentia crinita Stapf, PJS 19 (1921) 65. = Cladium latifolium auct. non Merr., nec Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 129, pro parte. Distribution: Malesia, New Zealand. Native.

Mapania Aubl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 September 2022
  1. Mapania cuspidata (Miq.) Uittien, J. Arnold Arb. 20 (1939) 213; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 473; ≡ Lepironia cuspidata Miq., Sum. (1861) 263, 603. = Mapania humilis (Hassk.) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1882) 309; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; ≡ Pandanophyllum humile Hassk., Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 10 (1843) 119. = Mapania platyphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 54. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Apayao, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Native.
    • var. cuspidata. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Apayao, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Low and medium elevation everwet primary forests, often on shaded stream embankments. Native.
    • var. angustifolia (Uittien) Uittien, J. Arnold Arb. 20 (1939) 214; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 475; ≡ Mapania petiolata var. angustifolia Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Neerl. 33 (1936) 282. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. Native.
  2. Mapania macrocephala (Gaudich.) K.Schum. in Warb., Bot. Jahrb. 13 (1891) 265; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte, excl. Elmer 11978; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 470; ≡ Hypolytrum macrocephalum Gaudich., Freycin. Voyage, Bot. (1829) 415. Distribution: BALUT, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Davao, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. macrocephala. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. BALUT, BOHOL, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Primary forest, c. 650m. Native.
  3. Mapania palustris (Hassk. ex Steud.) Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1882) 309; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser.1, 7 (1974) 477; ≡ Pandanophyllum palustre Hassk. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 134. = Mapania kurzii auct. non C.B.Clarke; Merr., PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 422; C.B.Rob., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 194; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132; Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3537. Distribution: ALABAT, CATANDUANES, JOLO, LUZON: Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO. Native.
    • var. palustris. = Mapania affinis Merr., J. Str. Br. R. As. Soc. no. 85 (1922) 157; EPFP 1 (1922) 131. = Mapania banahaensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 574. Distribution: Malay Peninsula to Pacific Ocean, Philippines. ALABAT, CATANDUANES, JOLO, LUZON: Camarines, Laguna, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO. Notes: Low and medium elevation (to c. 800m) primary forests, in wet or muddy places along streams, wet rocks. Native.
  4. Mapania sumatrana (Miq.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 341; ≡ Thoracostachyum sumatranum (Miq.) Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 38, ii (1869) 75; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 464; ≡ Lepironia sumatrana Miq., Sum. (1861) 263. Distribution: China, Malesia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Sur. Notes: Known from the Kaimpugan peat dome. Native.
  5. Mapania tenuiscapa C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 683. Distribution: Indochina to Philippines. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Mapania alpina Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 132, in obs., pro syn; Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3535, nom. inval., no Latin descr.; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 479, 484; Voucher: Elmer 14864, Luzon: Sorsogon, Irosin, Mt Bulusan. Notes: Based on description, Kern suggests possible conspecificity with Mapania borneensis Merr. Native.

Paramapania Uittien

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 September 2022
  1. Paramapania gracillima (Kük. & Merr.) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1935) 190; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; ≡ Mapania gracillima Kük. & Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 267; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Zamboanga del Sur. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 1100m. Native.
  2. Paramapania parvibractea (C.B.Clarke) Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 33 (1936) 143; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 486; ≡ Hypolytrum parvibracteum C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. (1899) 114. = Thoracostachyum lucbanense (Elmer) Kük. ex Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 258; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte; ≡ Mapania lucbanensis Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 573. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Low and medium elevation primary forests. Native.
  3. Paramapania rostrata Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1936) 189; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 488; ≡ Mapania rostrata Elmer ex Uittien, Rec. Trav. Bot. Néerl. 32 (1936) 189, nom. inval., in syn.; Elmer, nom. inval., in sched. = Thoracostachyum lucbanense auct. non (Elmer) Kük. ex Merr.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 132, pro parte. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. ALABAT, LUZON: Aurora, Sorsogon. Notes: Primary dipterocarp forest at 300-400m in the Sierra Madre; on loose, humus-covered ground among shrubberies at 1750m on Mt Bulusan. Native.

Rhynchospora Vahl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2020
  1. Rhynchospora colorata (L.) H.Pfeiff., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38 (1935) 89; ≡ Schoenus coloratus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 43. = Kyllinga monocephala Rottb., Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl. (1773) 13; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 108. = Cyperus kyllingia Endl., Cat. Horti Vindob. 1 (1842) 94. Distribution: America. Notes: Open waste places, grasslands, lawns (Merrill 1912). Naturalized.
  2. Rhynchospora corymbosa (L.) Britton, Trans. New York Acad. Sci. 11 (1892) 84; ≡ Scirpus corymbosus L., Cent. Pl. II (1756) 7. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Caribbean, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Rhynchospora heterochaeta S.T.Blake, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 51 (1940) 47. = Rhynchospora wightiana auct. non (Nees) Steud.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 131. Distribution: Philippines, Vietnam to Australia. Native.
  4. Rhynchospora hirticeps (Kük.) T.Koyama, Brittonia 31 (1979) 288; ≡ Rhynchospora rubra var. hirticeps Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74 (1949) 495. Distribution: Thailand to New Guinea. Native.
  5. Rhynchospora rubra (Lour.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17 (1903) 180; ≡ Schoenus ruber Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 52. Native.
    • ssp. rubra. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to Pacific Ocean. Native.
  6. Rhynchospora rugosa (Vahl) Gale, Rhodora 46 (1944) 275; ≡ Schoenus rugosus Vahl, Eclog. Amer. 2 (1798) 5. Native.
    • ssp. brownii (Roem. & Schult.) T.Koyama, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1 (1978) 118; ≡ Rhynchospora brownii Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2 (1817) 86. = Rhynchospora glauca var. chinensis C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1893) 672. Distribution: Old World tropics & subtropics, Philippines. Native.

Schoenoplectiella Lye

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 12 November 2020
  1. Schoenoplectiella articulata (L.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 20; ≡ Scirpus articulatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 47. Distribution: Old World tropics & subtropics, Philippines. Native.
  2. Schoenoplectiella juncoides (Roxb.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 25; ≡ Scirpus juncoides Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1 (1820) 218. Distribution: Asia, Indian Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  3. Schoenoplectiella lateriflora (J.F.Gmel.) Lye, Lidia 6: 25 (2003); ≡ Scirpus lateriflorus J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13 bis (1791) 127. Distribution: Australia, Old World tropics & subtropics, Philippines. Native.
  4. Schoenoplectiella mucronata (L.) J.Jung & H.K.Choi, J. Pl. Biol. 53 (2010) 230; ≡ Scirpus mucronatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 50. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. SAMAR. Native.
  5. Schoenoplectiella praelongata (Poir.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 26; ≡ Scirpus praelongatus Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1805) 764. Distribution: Australia, Philippines, SE Asia. Native.
  6. Schoenoplectiella wallichii (Nees) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 27; ≡ Scirpus wallichii Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 112. Distribution: India to Japan and Philippines. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Schoenoplectiella supina (L.) Lye, Lidia 6 (2003) 27; ≡ Scirpus supinus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 49; Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 294. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Madagascar, Mongolia, Pakistan, S America, Vietnam. Notes: Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Schoenoplectus (Rchb.) Palla

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 25 October 2017
  1. Schoenoplectus subulatus (Vahl) Lye, Bot. Not. 124 (1971) 290; ≡ Scirpus subulatus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 268. Distribution: Africa to Pacific Ocean, Philippines. Native.
  2. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (C.C.Gmel.) Palla, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10 (1888) 299; ≡ Scirpus tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel., Fl. Bad. 1 (1805) 101. = Scirpus lacustris var. validus (Vahl) Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23 (1926) 200; ≡ Scirpus validus Vahl, Enum. Pl. Obs. 2 (1805) 268. = Scirpus lacustris auct. non L.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 117, pro parte. Notes: Cosmopolitan. Native.

Schoenus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2021
  1. Schoenus delicatulus (Fernald) J.Kern, Blumea, Suppl. 4 (1958) 167; ≡ Mariscus delicatulus Fernald, Rhodora 25 (1923) 53. = Schoenus falcatus auct. non L.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128, pro parte. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  2. Schoenus maschalinus Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2 (1817) 77. = Schoenus axillaris (R.Br.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 2 (1811) 251; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128; ≡ Chaetospora axillaris R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 233. = Schoenus philippinensis (Palla) Kük. ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 128; ≡ Helothrix philippinensis Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beil.) (1911) 1. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sumatra. Native.
  3. Schoenus melanostachys R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 231. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Philippines. MINDORO. Native.

Scirpodendron Zipp. ex Kurz

  1. Scirpodendron ghaeri (Gaertn.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 268; W.H.Brown, Min. Prod. Philip. For. 1 (1920) 352; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 131; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 456; ≡ Chionanthus ghaeri Gaertn., Fruct. 1 (1788) 190. = Mapania macrocephala auct. non K.Schum.; Merr., EPFP1 (1923) 132, pro parte, quoad Elmer 11978. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, POLILLO. Native.

Scirpus L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 May 2016
  1. Scirpus ternatanus Reinw. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3 (1856) 307. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. Native.

Scleria P.J.Bergius

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2022
  1. Scleria benthamii C.B.Clarke, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8 (1908) 58; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 732. Distribution: Australia, Cambodia, India, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  2. Scleria biflora Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 573; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 743. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Scleria ciliaris Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 734. = Scleria bancana Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 602; C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 693; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Notes: In the Philippines only known from Busuanga and Palawan (Kern 1974). Native.
  4. Scleria corymbosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3 (1832) 574; C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 104; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 740. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CULION, PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Scleria densispicata (C.B.Clarke) J.Kern, Blumea 11 (1961) 159; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 730; ≡ Scleria motleyi var. densispicata C.B.Clarke, PJS 1 (1923) 134; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga. Native.
  6. Scleria laxa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 240; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 748. Distribution: Australia, China, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  7. Scleria levis Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 13; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 732. = Scleria hebecarpa Nees in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. = Scleria hebecarpa var. pubescens (Steud.) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 689; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133; ≡ Scleria pubescens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 168. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Rizal, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Lanao, Zamboanga, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  8. Scleria lithosperma (L.) Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. (1788) 18; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 740; ≡ Scirpus lithospermus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 51; Type: from India. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Notes: In most islands and provinces in the Philippines (Merrill 1923). Native.
    • var. linearis Benth., Fl. Austral. 7 (1878) 430; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 741. = Scleria lithosperma var. roxburghii C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 686; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDANAO. Native.
    • var. lithosperma; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 741. = Scleria glaucescens J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 202; Type: Haenke T.P.X. s.n. (PRC, holo), Philippines. Distribution: Africa, America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  9. Scleria motleyi C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907) 104; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 729. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra. BABUYAN ISLS, BILIRAN, BUSUANGA, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Bulacan, Camarines, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
    • ssp. motleyi; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 730. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra. BUSUANGA, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Bulacan, Camarines, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tayabas, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
    • ssp. rostrata J.Kern, Blumea 11 (1961) 158; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 730. = Scleria sorsogonensis Elmer ex Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134, in obs., pro syn.; Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3541, nom. inval., no Latin descr. = Scleria subrostrata Elmer, LPB 10 (1938) 3542, nom. inval., no Latin descr. = Scleria trigona Merr., PJS C 8 (1913) 363. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LUZON. Native.
  10. Scleria novae-hollandiae Boeckeler, Flora 58 (1875) 120; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 746. = Scleria annularis auct. non Steud.; C.B.Clarke, PJS C 2 (1907); Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. = Scleria merrillii Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beibl.) (1911) 8; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134. Distribution: Australia, China, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Vietnam. LUZON: Rizal. Native.
  11. Scleria oblata S.T.Blake ex J.Kern, Reinwardtia 6 (1961) 73; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 733. = Scleria levis auct. non Retz.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 133. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  12. Scleria parvula Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 174; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 746. = Scleria tessellata auct. non Willd.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135, pro parte; ?Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 294. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON. Native.
  13. Scleria pergracilis (Nees) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2 (1837) 354; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 743; ≡ Hypoporum pergracile Nees, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1834 (1834) 267. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Laos, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Native.
  14. Scleria poiformis Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 13; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 736. = Scleria oryzoides J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 201; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, PALAWAN. Native.
  15. Scleria psilorrhiza C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6 (1894) 691; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 735. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand. LUZON: Laguna, Rizal. Native.
  16. Scleria purpurascens Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855) 169; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 739. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CULION, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
    • var. purpurascens. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, China, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CULION, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
  17. Scleria rugosa R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 240; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 749. = Scleria zeylanica auct. non Poir.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 136. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON. Native.
  18. Scleria scrobiculata Nees & Meyen in Wight, Contr. Bot. India (1834) 117; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 738. = Scleria foveolata Llanos, Fragm. Pl. Filip. (1851) 103, nom. illeg., non Cav. = Scleria purpureovaginata Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5 (1884) 513; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BATAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Cagayan, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO. Notes: Throughout the Philippines (Merrill 1923). Native.
    • ssp. scrobiculata. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BATAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Abra, Bataan, Cagayan, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO. Native.
  19. Scleria sumatrensis Retz., Observ. Bot. 5 (1788) 19; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 135; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 736; Liu et al., Taiwania 66 (2021) 405. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Native.
  20. Scleria terrestris (L.) Fassett, Rhodora 26 (1924) 159; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 733; ≡ Zizania terrestris L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 991. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Rizal, Tayabas, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
    • var. terrestris. = Scleria luzonensis Palla, Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 13 (1907) 49; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 134. Distribution: Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Rizal, Tayabas, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.

Excluded

  1. Scleria macrophylla J.Presl & C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1828) 200; Merr., EPFP 1 (1923) 136; J.Kern, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1974) 751. Distribution: America. Notes: Type incorrectly listed as coming from Luzon (Merrill 1923; Kern 1974).

Trichophorum Pers.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 Septembet 2022
  1. Trichophorum subcapitatum (Thwaites) D.A.Simpson, Kew Bull. 53 (1998) 227; ≡ Scirpus subcapitatus Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. (1864) 351. Native.
    • ssp. pulogensis (Merr.) J.Kern, Reinwardtia 4 (1956) 90; ≡ Scirpus pulogensis Merr., PJS C 5 (1910) 333. Distribution: Philippines, Tropical & Subtropical Asia. Native.

References