Cyatheaceae

Alsophila R.Br.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 14 August 2021
  1. Alsophila acuminata (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 32; ≡ Cyathea acuminata Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 15. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PANAY, SAMAR. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea acuminata). Native.
  2. Alsophila apoensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 32; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea apoensis Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 802. = Cyathea lobata Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 15. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, NEGROS. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea apoensis). Native.
  3. Alsophila atropurpurea (Copel.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 1 (1913) 4; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Gymnosphaera atropurpurea (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 98; ≡ Cyathea atropurpurea Copel., PJS 3 (1909) 354. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea atropurpurea). Native.
  4. Alsophila callosa (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 33; ≡ Cyathea callosa Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 6 (1906) 1008. = Cyathea foxworthyi Copel., PJS 3 c (1909) 355. = Cyathea camiguinensis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 16, as 'camaguinensis'. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CAMIGUIN, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea callosa). Native.
  5. Alsophila cinerea (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 290 (1970) 33; ≡ Cyathea cinerea Copel., LPB 5 (1913) 1681. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Misamis Occidental. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea cinerea). Native.
  6. Alsophila commutata Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1 (1863) 53; ≡ Cyathea recommutata Copel., PJS 4 (1909) 36; Type: from Malaysia. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Montane forests c. 1600-1700m. Native.
  7. Alsophila edanoi (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 33; ≡ Cyathea edanoi Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 211. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea edanoi). Native.
  8. Alsophila fenicis (Copel.) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. 1 (1913) 5; ≡ Cyathea fenicis Copel., PJS 3 c (1909) 354. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea fenicis). Native.
  9. Alsophila ferruginea (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 33; ≡ Cyathea ferruginea Christ, PJS C 2 (1907) 181. = Cyathea ferrugineoides Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 15. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BALABAC, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea ferruginea). Native.
  10. Alsophila fuliginosa Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier 6 (1898) 138; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea fuliginosa (Christ) Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 43. = Cyathea biliranensis Copel., PJS 84 (1955) 162. = Cyathea bicolor Copel., LPB 3 (1910) 804. = Cyathea dura Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 13. = Cyathea lanaensis Christ, PJS 3 (1908) 271. = Cyathea lepidigera Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 16. = Cyathea mindanensis (Christ ex Diels) Copel., PJS 4 (1909) 34, as 'mindanaensis'; ≡ Alsophila mindanensis Christ ex Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1 (1899) 136. = Cyathea squamicosta Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 212. = Cyathea sulitii Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 18. = Cyathea warihon Copel., LPB 5 (1913) 1680. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, NEGROS. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea fuliginosa). Native.
  11. Alsophila halconensis (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 34; ≡ Cyathea halconensis Christ, PJS 3 c (1908) 270. = Cyathea mearnsii Copel., PJS 3 (1909) 356. = Cyathea melanophlebia Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 131. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDORO. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea halconensis). Native.
  12. Alsophila hermannii R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 290 (1970) 34; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea christii Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 144. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, NEGROS. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea christii). Native.
  13. Alsophila heterochlamydea (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 34; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea heterochlamydea Copel., LPB 2 (1908) 418. = Cyathea merrillii Copel., 46 (1931) 212. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO: Cotabato, NEGROS, PANAY. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea heterochlamydea). Native.
  14. Alsophila latebrosa Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 1 (1844) 37; ≡ Cyathea latebrosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 52. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  15. Alsophila latipinnula (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 34; ≡ Cyathea latipinnula Copel., LPB 4 (1911) 1149. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea latipinnula). Native.
  16. Alsophila loheri (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 32; ≡ Cyathea loheri Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2, 6 (1906) 1007. = Cyathea campbellii Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 132. = Cyathea fructuosa Copel., LPB 2 (1908) 419. = Cyathea indusiosa Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 14. = Cyathea matthewii (Christ) Domin, Pteridophyta (1929) 263; ≡ Alsophila matthewii Christ, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 39 (1909) 213. = Cyathea mitrata Copel., PJS 3 (1909) 354. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS. Native.
  17. Alsophila lurida (Blume) Hook., Sp. Fil. 1 (1844) 55; ≡ Cyathea lurida (Blume) Copel., PJS 4 (1901) 45; ≡ Chnoophora lurida Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 244. = Gymnosphaera melanorhachis (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 98; ≡ Alsophila melanorhachis Copel., PJS 2 (1907) 146. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, MINDORO. Native.
  18. Alsophila masapilidensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 34; ≡ Cyathea masapilidensis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 17. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, ?MINDANAO: ?Bukidnon. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea masapilidensis). Native.
  19. Alsophila microchlamys (Holttum) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 35; ≡ Cyathea microchlamys Holttum, Kew Bull. 16 (1962) 58. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea microchlamys). Native.
  20. Alsophila negrosiana (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 35; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea negrosiana Christ, PJS 2 (1907) 181. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Misamis Occidental, NEGROS. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea negrosiana). Native.
  21. Alsophila rufopannosa (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 36; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea rufopannosa Christ, PJS 2 (1907) 180. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea rufopannosa). Native.
  22. Alsophila setulosa (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 36; ≡ Cyathea setulosa Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 14. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Kalinga, Quezon. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, Cyathea setulosa). Native.
  23. Alsophila speciosa (Meyen) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 62; ≡ Polypodium speciosum Meyen, Reise Erde 1 (1834) 108. = Cyathea caudata (J.Sm. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 1 Suppl 2 (1906) 144; ≡ Hemitelia caudata (J.Sm. ex Hook.) Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2 (1859) 30; ≡ Alsophila caudata J.Sm. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 1 (1844) 52; J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 419, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Cyathea arborescens Copel., PJS 84 (1955) 162. = Cyathea brevipes Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 18. = Cyathea dupaxensis Copel., 46 (1931) 211. = Hemitelia extensa C.Presl, Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 5 (1848) 351. = Cyathea manilensis (C.Presl) Domin, Pteridophyta (1929) 264; ≡ Amphicosmia manilensis (C.Presl) T.Moore, Index Fil. (1857) 61; ≡ Hemitelia manilensis (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 5 (1848) 351; ≡ Alsophila manilensis C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 62. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea caudata). Native.

Sphaeropteris Bernh.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona & Pieter B. Pelser, 4 July 2022
  1. Sphaeropteris binuangensis (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 21; ≡ Cyathea binuangensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 2 (1920) 136. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, TAWI-TAWI. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea binuangensis). Native.
  2. Sphaeropteris curranii (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 22; ≡ Cyathea curranii Copel., PJS 3 c (1909) 356. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea curranii). Native.
  3. Sphaeropteris elmeri (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 22; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea elmeri (Copel.) Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 54. = Cyathea argyrolepis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 17. = Cyathea dimorphotricha Copel., LPB 5: (1913) 1681. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. BILIRAN, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Misamis Occidental, NEGROS, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea elmeri). Native.
  4. Sphaeropteris glauca (Blume) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 21; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Chnoophora glauca Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 243. = Cyathea contaminans (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 60; ≡ Alsophila contaminans Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 1 (1844) 52; ≡ Polypodium contaminans Wall., Numer. List (1829) n. 320, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Cyathea clementis Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) 59. Distribution: New Guinea to India. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Misamis Occidental. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Usually common in open places and light forests from near sea-level to 1300m. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, Cyathea contaminans). Native.
  5. Sphaeropteris integra (J.Sm. ex Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 22; ≡ Cyathea integra J.Sm. ex Hook., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 7 (1844) t. 638; J.Sm. in Hook., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 419, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Cyathea arguta Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 133. = Cyathea breviloba Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 13. = Cyathea bulusanensis Copel., LPB 9 (1920) 3109. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. BILIRAN, CATANDUANES, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Native.
  6. Sphaeropteris lepifera (J.Sm. ex Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 21; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81; ≡ Cyathea lepifera (J.Sm. ex Hook.) Copel., PJS 4 (1909) 40; ≡ Alsophila lepifera J.Sm. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 1 (1844) 54; J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 419, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Cyathea calocoma (Christ) Copel., PJS 4 (1909) 53; ≡ Alsophila calocoma Christ, PJS 2 (1907) 182. = Cyathea pteridioides Copel., PJS 56 (1935) 98. Distribution: China, Hong Kong, New Guinea, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, PANAY. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea lepifera). Native.
  7. Sphaeropteris obliqua (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 22; ≡ Gymnosphaera obliqua (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 98; ≡ Cyathea obliqua Copel., LPB 4 (1911) 1150. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea obliqua). Native.
  8. Sphaeropteris philippinensis (Baker) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea philippinensis Baker, Ann. Bot. 5 (1891) 186; Copel., FFP 2 (1960) 205; Holttum, Fl. Males. ser. 2, 1 (1963) 149; Type: From a cultivated plant originating from the Philippines, ex Hort. Veitch., Feb-1878, cult. Kew (K). = Cyathea bicolana Copel., LPB 9 (1920) 3108; Copel., FFP 2 (1960) 204; Type: Elmer 16528 (L, U, US, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Mt Bulusan, Jul-1916. = Cyathea bontocensis Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 209; FFP 2 (1960) 205; Type: Vanoverbergh 813, Luzon: Mountain Province. = Cyathea heteroloba Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 134; FFP 2 (1960) 204; Type: BS 45633 Ramos & Edaño (NY, iso), Luzon: Quirino, Mt Alzapan, 1500m, May/Jun-1925. = Cyathea ramosiana Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg Ser. 2i, 2 (1920) 137; Copel., FFP 2 (1960) 206; Type: BS 23411 Ramos (L, US, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon, Jul/Aug-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Camarines Sur, Mountain Province, Quezon, Quirino, Sorsogon, MINDORO. Notes: Montane forests, 800-1500m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea philippinensis). Native.
  9. Sphaeropteris polypoda (Baker) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea polypoda Baker in Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. Bot. 4 (1894) 250. = Gymnosphaera dinagatensis Copel., PJS 81 (1952) 19. = Gymnosphaera glabra auct. non Blume; Copel., Fern Fl. Philip. 2 (1960) 235. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PANAY. Native.
  10. Sphaeropteris robinsonii (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea robinsonii Copel., PJS 6 (1911) 145. = Cyathea pseudalbizzia Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 135. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Quezon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, TAWI-TAWI. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea robinsonii). Native.
  11. Sphaeropteris sibuyanensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea sibuyanensis Copel., LPB 4 (1911) 1150. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea sibuyanensis). SIBUYAN. Native.
  12. Sphaeropteris suluensis (Baker) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea suluensis Baker, J. Bot. 17 (1879) 65. = Cyathea sessilipinnula Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 134. Distribution: ?Moluccas, Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO. Native.
  13. Sphaeropteris trichophora (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Gymnosphaera trichophora (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 99; ≡ Cyathea trichophora Copel., PJS 6 c (1911) Bot. 363. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Widespread, incl. Native.
  14. Sphaeropteris tripinnata (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea tripinnata Copel., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 251. = Cyathea densisora Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 2 (1920) 138. = Cyathea leucostegia Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 130. = Cyathea leytensis Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 131. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: Widespread. Native.
  15. Sphaeropteris zamboangana (Copel.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 24; ≡ Cyathea zamboangana Copel., PJS 30 (1926) 325. = Cyathea urdanetensis Copel., PJS 38 (1929) 132. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan, Zamboanga, NEGROS, ?SAMAR. Conservation status: Endangered (DAO 2017-11, as Cyathea zamboangana). Native.

Possibly present

  1. Sphaeropteris squamulata (Blume) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200 (1970) 23; ≡ Cyathea squamulata (Blume) Copel., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 37; ≡ Gymnosphaera squamulata Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae (1828) 243. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, ?Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra.

References