Convolvulaceae

Aniseia Choisy [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) Choisy, Conv. Rar. (1838) 144; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 435; --Convolvulus martinicensis Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. (1763) 26. Native to tropical and subtropical America.

 Argyreia Lour. = Ipomoea

 Bonamia Thouars

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Bonamia semidigyna (Roxb.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 528; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 398; --Convolvulus semidigynus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 47.

 Calonyction Choisy = Ipomoea

Camonea Raf. 

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 March 2021

Photos
  1. Camonea pilosa (Houtt.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 583; --Ipomoea pilosa Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2 (1777) 573. --Merremia umbellata subsp. orientalis (Hallier f.) Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 449; --Merremia umbellata var. orientalis Hallier f., Verslag Staat 's Lands Plantentuin Buitenzorg 1895 (1896) 132; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 362. Tropical E Africa, Seychelles, India, Sri Lanka eastwards to China, Indochina, Thailand, throughout Malesia to Queensland. Throughout the Philippines. Thickets, forest edges, grasslands, along fields, trails, etc. at low and medium elevation. Photos
  2. Camonea umbellata (L.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 583; --Convolvulus umbellatus L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 155. W Africa, C & S America. Not native to the Philippines. MINDANAO (photos). Naturalized along roads and in farms (K.M.B. Lugtu, pers. comm. 20-Mar-21). Photos
  3. Camonea vitifolia (Burm.f.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183(4) (2017) 583; --Merremia vitifolia (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 448; --Convolvulus vitifolius Burm.f. -- Fl. Ind. (N. L. Burman) (1768) 45; --Type: from Indonesia. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls to Indochina, throughout Malesia. In regions with rather pronounced dry season. LUZON: Laguna, PALAWAN, BALABAC, NEGROS. Open grasslands, abandoned clearings, thickets at low elevation. Photos

Decalobanthus Ooststr. 

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 July 2020

Photos
  1. Decalobanthus peltatus (L.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 571; --Merremia peltata (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 441; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 362; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 452; --Convolvulus peltatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1194. Madagascar, Mascarene Isls, Seychelles, Thailand, throughout Malesia, N & E tropical Australia, Polynesia. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BALABAC, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO. Often common in secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Philippine forms are apparently uniformly yellow flowered. Photos
  2. Decalobanthus pulchrus (Ooststr.) Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 571; --Merremia pulchra Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 348; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 451. Borneo (N Sarawak), a specimen collected in the Philippines by G.T. Lay without exact locality (BM) seems to be conspecific (Oostroom 1953).
  3. Decalobanthus similis (Elmer) Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 571; --Merremia similis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 335; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454; --Type: A.D.E. Elmer 7341 (PNH, holo, lost; E, G, K, NY, iso), Leyte; Palo. --?Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 325; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Convolvulus distillatorius Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 95. Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, Albay, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Misamis, Surigao, NEGROS, PANAY, ROMBLON (photos), SIBUYAN. Thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Merrill assumes this species to be conspecific with Convolvulus distillatorius Blanco. If this is accepted, the correct name for the species would be Merremia distillatoria (Blanco) Merr. However, in Ooststroom’s opinion, this identity is not quite certain. Note by P.B. Pelser (17-Jul-20): there was a small population of D. similis present in Taiwan in the 1970s and the species is included in the Flora of Taiwan, but that population appears to be extirpated, thus making this species (probably) endemic to the Philippines (G. Staples, pers. comm. 17-Jul-2020). Photos

Possibly present:

  1. Decalobanthus mammosus (Lour.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 571; --Merremia mammosa (Lour.) Hallier f., Teysmannia 7 (1897) 164; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 450; --Convolvulus mammosus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 108. Vietnam, Thailand, India, Andamans, Myanmar, ?Philippines. Ascribed to the Philippines by Rumphius.

Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. 

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2016

Photos
  1. Dichondra micrantha Urb., Symb. Antill. 9 (1924) 243. --Dichondra repens auct. non J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395. Ubiquitous in the warmer regions of the world, everywhere local. Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Dry slopes, c. 1300m.

Distimake Raf.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 January 2021

Photos
  1. Distimake dissectus (Jacq.) A.R.Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 574; --Merremia dissecta (Jacq.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16 (1893) 552; --Convolvulus dissectus Jacq., Observ. Bot. 2 (1767) 4; --Type: Jacquin’s plate 28. Tropical and subtropical America. Not native to Philippines. Photos
  2. Distimake quinatus (R.Br.) Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 574; --Merremia quinata (R.Br.) Ooststr., J. Arnold Arb. 29 (1948) 417; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447. --Ipomoea quinata R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 486; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Type: from Australia. N Australia, Queensland, NE New Guinea, Philippines. Also mentioned from Myanmar & S China, but not certainly conspecific. LUZON: Benguet. Grasslands or thickets.
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Distimake tuberosus (L.) Simões & Staples, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 183 (2017) 577; --Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle, Fl. Trop. Afr. 4, 2 (1905) 104; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 447; --Operculina tuberosa (L.) Meissn. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 7 (1869) 212; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Ipomoea tuberosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 160; --Type: from Jamaica. Probably of tropical American origin; distributed through tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, India, Sri Lanka; in Malesia cultivated and rarely escaped. Note by P.B. Pelser (17-Jan-21), it is not clear to me if this species is naturalized in the Philippines.

Erycibe Roxb.

Photos
  1. Erycibe forbesii Prain, J. As. Soc. Beng. 73, 2 (1904) 15; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 420. Sumatra (Lampongs), Java (W & E), Kangean Isls, Borneo (Balikpapan), Philippines.
  2. Erycibe malaccensis C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4 (1883) 182; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 428. --Erycibe dubia Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 589; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358. Peninsular Malaysia, ?W Java, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, NEGROS. Low and medium elevation forests.
  3. Erycibe micrantha Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 524; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 412. --Erycibe griffithii auct. non C.B.Clarke; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358. --Erycibe lateraliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1767. Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Moluccas (local in all these islands). PALAWAN, LEYTE. Low elevation forests.
  4. Erycibe ramosii Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 316; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 419. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, LEYTE.
  5. Erycibe sargentii Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 56; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 413. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Pangasinan, Zambales, Bataan, PANAY, MINDANAO. Forested slopes at low elevation. Fl. Feb-May.
  6. Erycibe sericea Hoogl., Blumea 7 (1953) 317; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 416. Endemic to the Philippines. MALAMUI (island close to N BASILAN). Known only from the type collection.
  7. Erycibe terminaliflora Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1768; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 418. --Erycibe rheedii auct. non Blume; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358, pro parte. --Erycibe hallieriana Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe pararan Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2603. --Erycibe copelandii Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3077. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: La Union, Apayao, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, MASBATE, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Davao, Cotabato. Low and medium elevation forests, ascending to 1200m. Photos
  8. Erycibe tomentosa Blume, Bijdr. 16 (1826) 1048; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 426. --Erycibe princii Wall. ex Choisy in DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 464; --Wall, Cat. (1829) No. 1335, as ‘princei’, nom. nud.;  --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358.

 Evolvulus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Evolvulus alsinoides L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 392; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 357; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 395. --Evolvulus var. hirsutus (Lam.) Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 29; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Evolvulus hirsutus Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 538. --Evolvulus var. philippinensis Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 30; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Type: BS 27435 Ramos (SING, ?holo), Luzon: Ilocos Norte prov., Bangui, Feb/Mar-1917. --Evolvulus var. decumbens (R.Br.) Ooststr., Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14 (1934) 38; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 396; --Evolvulus decumbens R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810) 489. Pantropic. Throughout the Philippines. Open dry grasslands at low and medium elevation. Often common. The four varieties in the Philippines distinguished by Ooststroom intergrade to a high degree, hence the recognition here of just one highly variable species. Photos

Hewittia Wight & Arn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 December 2020

Photos
  1. Hewittia malabarica (L.) Suresh, Interpret. Rheede’s Hort. Malab. (1988) 88; --Staples & Yang in Huang (ed.) Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 4 (1998) 353; --Convolvulus malabaricus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. --Hewittia sublobata (L.f.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. (1891) 441; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 382; EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 438; --Convolvulus sublobatus L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 135. --Hewittia scandens (Milne) Mabb. in K.S.Manilal, Bot. Hist. Hort. Malabaricus (1980) 84. Tropical Africa and Asia, across Malesia to Polynesia. Throughout the Philippines in open grasslands and waste places, low and medium elevation, often common. Photos

Ipomoea L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2021

Photos
  1. Ipomoea aculeata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 715; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 486.
  2. Ipomoea alba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 547; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 480; --Calonyction album (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 591; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369. --Calonyction aculeatum (L.) House, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 31 (1904) 590; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 384; EPFP 3 (1923) 369; --Convolvulus aculeatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155. --Ipomoea grandiflora Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1793) 467; --Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 285. Originally from the Neotropics, now pantropic. JOLO, LUZON: La Union, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, MINDANAO, PALMAS. Settled areas, thickets, hedges, along trails at low and medium elevation. Also often near the sea. Photos
  3. Ipomoea apoensis (Elmer) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 25; --Argyreia apoensis (Elmer) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 344; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 449; --Rivea apoensis Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2604; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370; --Type: Elmer 11231 (A, BISH, BO, E, G, GH, K, L, NY, P, US, syn), Mindanao: Davao Distr., Todaya (Mt Apo), Jul-1909. Endemic to the Philppines. MINDANAO: Mt Apo. In forests, c. 450m, forming dense tangled masses. Possibly only a variety of Ipomoea barnesii (Merr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland.
  4. Ipomoea aquatica Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. (1775) 44; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 528; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 473. Pantropic.
  5. Ipomoea barnesii (Merr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 25; --Argyreia barnesii (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 343; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Rivea barnesii Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 17 (1904) 40; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Type: Barnes FB 68 (BO, K, NY, SING, US), Luzon: Bataan Prov, Lamao River, Nov-1903. Endemic to the Philippines.
  6. Ipomoea biflora (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1 (1805) 183; --Convolvulus biflorus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1668. --Ipomoea plebeia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 492; Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 463; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. Australia, Java, Kangean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province, only known from one collection, Vanoverbergh 1410.
  7. Ipomoea binectarifera (Wall.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 33; --Lepistemon binectarifer (Wall.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. (1891) 446; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 489; --Convolvulus binectariferus Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 47. --Polemonium obtusum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 103; --Lepistemon obscurum (Blanco) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 364. Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Moluccas, Myanmar, ?New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Laguna, La Union, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Rizal, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Lanao. Low and medium elevation thickets, often common. Conservation status: Least Concern (Staples 2007). Photos
  8. Ipomoea boholensis (Merr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 25; --Argyreia boholensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 345; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 509; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 451; --Lettsonia boholensis Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 485; --Type: Ramos BS 42772 (A, BO, G, K, P, US, syn), Bohol: Aug/Sep-1923. Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, CEBU (photos), ?NEGROS (photos), PANAY (photos). Forest clearings and along streams, 300-600m. Photos
  9. Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. (1827) 287; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 542; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478. Not native to the Philippines. Photos
  10. Ipomoea campanulata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 160; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558; --Stictocardia campanulata (L.) Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) 133; EPFP 3 (1923) 372. --Ipomoea illustris (C.B.Clarke) Prain, Beng. Pl. 2 (1903) 735; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 566; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 485; --Ipomoea campanulata var. illustris C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4 (1883) 211. India, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON, PANAY. Seashores and along coastal thickets and forest edges near the sea. Photos
  11. Ipomoea corymbosa (L.) Roth in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4 (1819) 232; --Turbina corymbosa (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4, 1836 (1838)81; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 493; --Legendrea corymbosa (L.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 355; --Rivea corymbosa (L.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 157; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 387; EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Convolvulus corymbosus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 923. Native of tropical America, introduced here and there in the Old World. Naturalized in the Philippines. LUZON: Bulacan, Laguna, Rizal. In some places now spontaneous in thickets and secondary forests.
  12. Ipomoea diversifolia R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 487; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 545; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 479. India to NE Australia, Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Dry open places at low elevation.
  13. Ipomoea eriocarpa R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 484; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 462; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 490. --Ipomoea hispida (Vahl) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 238, nom. illeg., auct. non Zuccagni; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Convolvulus hispidus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 29. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, and tropical Asia to N Australia, Sumatra, Java, Madura, Philippines, SW Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Sumba, Timor, Wetar, Moa), Papua New Guinea.
  14. Ipomoea hederifolia L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 (1759) 925; --Ooststr., Nova Guinea n.s. 6 (1955) 28; --Addenda, corrigenda et emendanda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 563. --Ipomoea angulata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1791) 464; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 553; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481. --Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Choisy, Conv. Or. (1834) 51; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370; --Quamoclit phoenicea (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 433. Native of tropical America, now pantropic. In Malesia cultivated for ornamental purposes but has run wild in waste places, fields, grasslands, thickets and thin forests. Photos
  15. Ipomoea imperati (Vahl) Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. (1866) 203; --Convolvulus imperati Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1 (1790) 17. --Ipomoea stolonifera (Cyrillo) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13, 2 (1791) 345; --Merr., EPFP 3(1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 540; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 478, nom. superfl.; --Convolvulus stolonifer Cirillo, Pl. Rar. Neapol. 1 (1788) 14, nom. superfl. Tropical and subtropical countries of both hemispheres. Apparently rare in Malesia. Peninsular Malaysia, Madura, Philippines. CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, LUZON: Cagayan. On sandybeach along seashore. Photos
  16. Ipomoea indica (Burm.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 445; --Convolvulus indicus Burm., Auctuarium (1755) 2 verso. --Ipomoea acuminata (Vahl) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 228; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 939; Convolvulus acuminatus Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 26. --Ipomoea congesta R.Br., Prodr. (1810) 885; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 500; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465. Pantropical. Throughout Malesia but yet to be found in Borneo. Photos
  17. Ipomoea littoralis Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 713; --Ooststr., addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 940. --Ipomoea gracilis auct. non R.Br.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 516; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 470. Madagascar and adjacent islands, India, Sri Lanka, Indochina, throughout Malesia, eastwards to Australia and the Pacific islands. Sandy beaches and coastal thickets.
  18. Ipomoea luzonensis (Hallier f.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, PhytoKeys 143 (2020) 823; Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 28, nom. inval.; --Argyreia luzonensis (Hallier f.) Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 505; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 459; --Rivea luzonensis Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6 (1898) 714; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Type: Cuming 692 (E, G, GOET, K, L, TCD, W, syn), Luzon: Batangas Prov, Calawang, 1841; Vidal 1622 (K, syn), Luzon: Manila, San Mateo, Nov-1884; Meyen s.n. (B, syn, lost), Luzon: Manila, 1831. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Lanao. Common in thickets and forests, especially along mountain streams at low and medium elevation, ascending to 1500m.
  19. Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq., Collect. 4 (1791) 216; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea digitata auct. non L.; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 558; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 483. Pantropic; throughout Malesia. LUZON: La Union, Pangasinan, Bataan, Bulacan, Rizal, CULION, CORON, MINDANAO. Along coastal thickets and along streams at low elevation. Photos
  20. Ipomoea merrillii J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, PhytoKeys 143 (2020) 823; --Ipomoea philippinensis (Merr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 30, nom. illeg., auct. non Choisy; --Argyreia philippinensis (Merr.) Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 341; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 463; --Lettsomia philippinensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 488; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; --Type: BS 10964 Ramos (L), Luzon: Laguna Prov, San Antonio, Aug-1910. Endemic to the Philippines. CATANDUANES, LUZON: Laguna. Damp forests at low elevation.
  21. Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth, Cat. Bot. 1 (1797) 36; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 497; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465; --Convolvulus nil L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 219. --?Ipomoea hederacea Jacq., Icon. Pl. Rar. 1 (1781) t. 36; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365. Native to Americas. Not native to the Philippines. Cultivated as an ornamental. Naturalized in thickets and waste places (Merrill 1923).
  22. Ipomoea obscura (L.) Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3 (1817) t. 239; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 519; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 471; --Convolvulus obscurus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 220. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia, throughout Malesia to N Australia and Fiji. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste areas, etc. Photos
  23. Ipomoea paucinervia (Ooststr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 29; --Argyreia paucinervia Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 463; --Type: BS 47260 Ramos & Edaño (NY, holo; B, BM, US, iso), Luzon: Isabela Prov, Mt Moises, Mar-1926. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela. Forest slopes, c. 1000m. Only known from the type (Staples & Traiperm 2017).
  24. Ipomoea pedicellata (Ooststr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 29; --Argyreia pedicellata Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 379; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 500; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 463; --Type: Elmer 8439 (L, holo; A, BO, G, K, NY, US), Luzon: Benguet Prov, Baguio, Mar-1907. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet.
  25. Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br. in Tuckey, Narr. Exp. Zaire (1818) 477; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 538; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 475; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941; --Convolvulus pes-caprae L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159. Photos
  26. Ipomoea pes-tigridis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 162; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 504; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467. Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia, throughout Malesia. Grasslands, waste places, thickets, fields, sea level to 1000m. Photos
  27. Ipomoea pileata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 94; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 507; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 467. --Ipomoea involucrata auct. non P. Beauv.; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 366. E tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, continental tropical Asia from India to China, Indochina and Hainan, Peninsular Malaysia (Perlis), Banka, Java, Borneo, Philippines. CULION. Photos
  28. Ipomoea polymorpha Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4 (1819) 254; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 493; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 464. Ethiopia, ?India, Indochina, and Taiwan to Australia, Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea and Thursday Is, Philippines. Regions with marked dry season.
  29. Ipomoea purpuricarpa (Elmer) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 29; --Argyreia purpuricarpa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1766; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 372; --Type: Elmer 12777 (BISH, BO, E, L, NY, syn), Palawan: Puerto Princesa (Mt Pulgar), Mar-1911. --Argyreia nitida (Desr.) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 6 (1833) 424; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 339; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 498; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 461; --Convolvulus nitidus Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 544; --Type: Commerson 24 (P, P-JU, syn), Luzon: Manila; Anonymous s.n. (P-JU). --Argyreia mollis auct. non (Burm.f.) Choisy; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386. Endemic to the Philippines. CULION, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac, Rizal, PALAWAN, PANAY. In thickets and secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  30. Ipomoea quamoclit L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 555; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 482. --Quamoclit pinnata (Desr.) Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 224; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 383; EPFP 3 (1923) 370, as ‘pennata’; --Quamoclit pinnata Bojer, Hortus Maurit. (1837) 224, as ‘pennata’, nom. superfl. Pantropic. Cultivated and runs wild all over Malesia. Thickets (Merrill 1923). Photos
  31. Ipomoea rubens Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 463; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941. --Ipomoea riparia G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 265; --Ooststr.; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 484. --Ipomoea fragrans Bojer ex Choisy in DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 393; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 365; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 564. Guianas, tropical Africa, Madagascar and adjacent islands, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Bali). LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Lanao, Cotabato. Thickets in and bordering freshwater swamps.
  32. Ipomoea samarensis (Ooststr.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 30; --Argyreia samarensis Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 347; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 510; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 465; --Type: BS 17489 Ramos (L, holo; BM, K, P, US, iso), Samar: Mar/Apr-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Only known from the type (Staples & Traiperm 2017).
  33. Ipomoea sorsogonensis (Ooststr. ex Staples & Traiperm) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 31; --Argyreia sorsogonensis Ooststr. ex Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 466; --Ooststr., Blumea 6 (1950) 340; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 503, nom. inval.; --Rivea sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3721, nom. inval.; --Type: Elmer 16992 (P, holo; A, BM, BO, G, GH, K, L, NY, U, US, iso), Luzon: Sorsogon Prov, Irosin (Mt Bulusan), Aug-1916. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon. In light woods among shrubberies at 300m.
  34. Ipomoea triloba L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 391; EPFP 3 (1923) 368; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 509; Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 468. Native of tropical America, now a pantropic weed. Throughout Malesia. Grasslands, thickets, along trails, waste places, etc. Sea level to 300m elevation. Photos
  35. Ipomoea violacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 161. --Ipomoea macrantha Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4 (1819) 451, nom. superfl.; --addenda & corrigenda, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 9 (1982) 558. --Ipomoea tuba (Schltdl.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 271; --Ooststr., Fl. Males.ser. 1, 4 (1953) 487. Africa, America, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. LUZON: Batangas (photos). Photos

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir., in Lam., Encycl. 6 (1804) 14; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 364; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 512; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 469; --Convolvulus batatas L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 154. Cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.
  2. Ipomoea muricata (L.) Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 3 (1798) 40; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 551; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 481; --Calonyction muricatum (L.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1838) 264; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 370; --Convolvulus muricatus L., Mant. Pl. 1 (1767) 44. From Mexico to Colombia and Brazil, the West Indies, tropical Africa and adjacent islands to India, China, and Japan. Cultivated in the Philippines as an ornamental. Not naturalized.
  3. Ipomoea nervosa (Burm.f.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 29; --Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer, Hort. Maurit. (1837) 244; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 386; EPFP 3 (1923) 371; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 499; --Convolvulus nervosus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 48. Native in India from Assam and Bengal to Belgaum & Mysore. Cultivated in other tropical countries and occasionally escaped. In the Philippines cultivated as a garden plant but not naturalized. Photos
  4. Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, Bot. Abhandl. (1787) 27; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 390; EPFP 3 (1923) 367; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 496; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 465; --Convolvulus purpureus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 219. Native in the Americas from New Mexico and Virginia to as far S as Argentina and Uruguay. In Malesia occasionally cultivated in gardens for ornamental purposes, but showing no tendency to become naturalized. Photos
  5. Ipomoea setosa Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 4 (1819) t. 335. --Ipomoea campaniflora Hallier f., Meded. Rijksherb. Leiden no. 46 (1922) 20; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1940) 580; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 488. --Calonyction campanulatum Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5 (1897) 1050; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 369. Native of Mexico and Central America. Cultivated, not naturalized (Merrill 1923).
  6. Ipomoea tiliifolia (Desr.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 4 (1819) 229; --Stictocardia tiliifolia (Desr.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 159; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; --Ooststr., Blumea 5 (1943) 346; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 491; --Convolvulus tiliifolius Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 544. Pantropic. Throughout Malesia (except New Guinea). Not native to the Philippines. ALABAT, BATANES, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, La Union, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO, NEGROS, TICAO. Naturalized in thickets (Merrill 1912).

Possibly present:

  1. Ipomoea capitiformis (Poir.) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 26; --Argyreia capitiformis (Poir.) Ooststr., Fl. Males., ser. 1, 6 (1972) 941; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 452; --Convolvulus capitiformis Poir., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1814) 469; --Type: from India. Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, ?Philippines (Staples & Traiperm 2017).
  2. Ipomoea carrii J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 26; --Argyreia discolor Ooststr., Blumea 7 (1952) 175; --Staples & Traiperm, Taxon 66 (2017) 454; --Type: from Borneo. Borneo, ?Sumatra, ?Philippines. ?LUZON (Staples & Traiperm 2017).

Excluded:

  1. Ipomoea nellygherya (Choisy) J.R.I.Wood & Scotland, Nat. Plants 5 1136-44  (2019) Suppl. 29; --Argyreia nellygherya Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6 (1834) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 372. Erroneously reported for the Philippines (Ooststroom 1953; Staples & Traiperm 2017).

 Jacquemontia Choisy

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 23 October 2017

Photos
  1. Jacquemontia paniculata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 95; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 359; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 432; --Ipomoea paniculata Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 50.

Lepistemon Blume = Ipomoea

 Lettsomia Roxb. = Ipomoea

Merremia Dennst. ex Endl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 May 2018

Photos
  1. Merremia emarginata (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 312; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 444; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 5 (1958) 560; --Evolvulus emarginatus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 77. Tropical Africa, tropical Asia, in Malesia: SE Java, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls (Timor; Sumbawa), New Guinea (Irian). LUZON. Confined to regions with strong to very strong dry season, on rather heavy soils, in open areas from sea-level to 200m. Photos
  2. Merremia gemella (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1892) 552; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 389; EPFP 3 (1923) 360; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441; --Convolvulus gemellus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 46. Photos
  3. Merremia hederacea (Burm.f.) Hallier f. in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1894) 168; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 302; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 441; --Evolvulus hederaceus Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 77. Tropical Africa, Mascarene Isls, tropical Asia from the Himalayas southwards to Sri Lanka and eastwards to Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, S China, throughout Malesia, to Queensland, and the Carolines (Yap). Also in Christmas Is. Photos
  4. Merremia hirta (L.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 244; Fl. Manila (1912) 388; EPFP 3 (1923) 361; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 307; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 442; --Convolvulus hirtus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 159. --Ipomoea reptans (L.) Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1814) 460; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 392; EPFP 3 (1923) 368; --Convolvulus reptans L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 158.

Operculina Silva Manso

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 May 2020

Photos
  1. Operculina riedeliana (Oliv.) Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1939) 366; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 457; --Staples et al., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 105 (2020) 111; --Ipomoea riedeliana Oliv., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 15 (1883) t. 1424; --Type: from Indonesia. Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, China, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Thailand, Philippines. CEBU, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, La Union, Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN,. Low elevation thickets and secondary forests. Photos
  2. Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso, Enum. Subst. Braz. (1836) 16; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 385; EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 454; --Staples et al., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 105 (2020) 115; --Convolvulus turpethum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 155; --Type: from Sri Lanka (lecto). Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Mascarene Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Seychelles, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. BALABAC, BATANES, LUZON: Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, La Union, Pangasinam, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Photos

Excluded:

  1. Operculina bufalina (Lour.) Hallier f., Meded. Risjks Herb. 1 (1910) 26; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 363; --Convolvulus bufalinus Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 109. Proposed for rejection (Staples et al. 2017).

Porana Burm.f. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2020

No Photos
  1. Porana volubilis Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 51; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 358; --Ooststr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 402; --Staples, Blumea 51 (2006) 456. Probably native in Thailand, S Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi; seemingly introduced and naturalized in S India, Myanmar, Philippines. LUZON, NEGROS. Disturbed forests and thickets.

Porania = Porana

Quamoclit Moench = Ipomoea

 Rivea Choisy = Ipomoea

Stictocardia Hall.f. = Ipomoea

 Turbina Raf. = Ipomoea

Xenostegia D.F.Austin & Staples

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 October 2016

Photos
  1. Xenostegia tridentata (L.) D.F.Austin & Staples, Brittonia 32 (1981) 533; --Merremia tridentata (L.) Hallier f., Bot. Jahrb. 16 (1893) 552; --Convolvulus tridentatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 157. Tropical E Africa, tropical Asia from India (Khasya Hills) and Bangladesh southwards to Sri Lanka, eastwards and southwards to China, Hong Kong,Taiwan, throughout Malesia, and tropical Australia. Open grasslands including cogonals, thickets, along trails, etc. Photos
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Poranopsis paniculata (Roxb.) Roberty, Candollea 14 (1952) 26; --Porana paniculata Roxb., Pl. Corom. 3 (1819) 31; --Ooststr., Blumea 3 (1938) 87; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1953) 404. Native of India and Myanmar. Cultivated as an ornamental elsewhere in the tropics, occasionally escaping. Not reported to be naturalized in the Philippines.

Literature

Moody, K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. IRRI, Philippines

Muñoz-Rodríguez, P, T Carruthers, JRI Wood, BRM Williams, K Weitemier, B Kronmiller, Z Goodwin, A Sumadijaya, NL Anglin, D Filer, D Harris, MD Rausher, S Kelly, A Liston & RW Scotland. 2019. A taxonomic monograph of Ipomoea integrated across phylogenetic scales. Nature Plants 5: 1136-1144.

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1934. A monograph of the genus Evolvulus. Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 14: 1-267

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1953. Convolvulaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 388-512

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1958. Flora Malesiana series 1, 5: 558-564

Ooststroom, SJ van. 1972. Flora Malesiana series 1, 7: 936-941.

Simões, AR & GW Staples. 2017. Dissolution of Convolvulaceae tribe Merremieae and a new classification of the constituent genera. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 183: 561-586.

Staples, GW. 2006. Revision of Asiatic Poraneae (Convolvulaceae) – Cordisepalum, Dinetus, Duperreya, Porana, Poranopsis, and Tridynamia. Blumea 51: 403-491

Staples, GW. 2007. A synopsis of Lepistemon (Convolvulaceae) in Australasia. Kew Bulletin 62: 223-232.

Staples, GW & P Traiperm. 2017. A nomenclatural review of Argyreia (Convolvulaceae). Taxon 66: 445-477

Staples, GW, J Prado & AR Simões. 2017. (2557) Proposal to reject the name Convolvulus bufalinus (Convolvulaceae). Taxon 66: 1228-1229

Staples, GW, AR Simões & DF Austin. 2020. A monograph of Operculina (Convolvulaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 105: 64-138.

Wood, JRI, P Muñoz-Rodríguez, BRM Williams & RW Scotland. 2020. A foundation monograph of Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae) in the New World. PhytoKeys 143: 1-823

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 13 July 2021