Connaraceae

Agelaea Sol. ex Planch.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 October 2021
  1. Agelaea borneensis (Hook.f.) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 127; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 504; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific Biodiv. 17 (2024) 10; ≡ Hemiandrina borneensis Hook.f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 23 (1860) 171. = Agelaea everettii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 127; EPFP 2 (1923) 239. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, ?Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. BASILAN, BILIRAN, HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Apayao, Aurora (photos), Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Isabela (photos), Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Lanao, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary and secondary rainforests. Native.
  2. Agelaea trinervis (Llanos) Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 164; EPFP 2 (1923) 239; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 502; ≡ Castanola trinervis Llanos, Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid 2 (1859) 503. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Zamboanga del Norte (photos), SAMAR. Native.

Cnestis Juss.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 July 2022
  1. Cnestis palala (Lour.) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. As. Soc. no. 85 (1922) 201; EPFP 2 (1923) 240; ≡ Thysanus palala Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1 (1790) 284. Distribution: BURIAS, CEBU, HUNDRED ISLS (photos), LUBANG, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Camarines Sur, Cavite, La Union, Laguna, Pangasinan, Rizal, MINDORO, PANAY, SEMIRARA. Native.
    • ssp. diffusa (Blanco) Andreas, Blumea 7 (1954) 613; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 499; ≡ Cnestis diffusa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 386. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. BURIAS, CEBU, LUBANG, LUZON: Bataan, Rizal, SEMIRARA. Notes: Rainforests and thickets, along streams, up to 200m. Fl. (Oct-)Jan-Mar(-Apr); fr. May-Jul. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Cnestis volubilis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 385; ≡ Santaloides volubilis (Blanco) G.Schellenb., Mitt. Bot. Mus. Univ. Zürich I. (1910) 51. Native.

Connarus L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 May 2018
  1. Connarus culionensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 120; EPFP 2 (1923) 237; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 531. = Connarus erianthus Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1762; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 237. Distribution: BALABAC, BUSUANGA, CALAMIANES, CULION, LUZON: Isabela, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
    • var. culionensis. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam. BALABAC, BUSUANGA, CALAMIANES, PALAWAN. Notes: Dry open slopes, dry thickets and forests at low elevation. Native.
    • var. stellatus (Merr.) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 533; ≡ Connarus stellatus Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 119; EPFP 2 (1923) 238. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Vietnam. BALABAC, CALAMIANES, PALAWAN. Notes: Distribution as the preceding. Native.
  2. Connarus grandis Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 no. 7 (1822) 40; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 529. = Connarus trifoliatus (Turcz.) Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 212, as ‘trifoliolatus’; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 238; ≡ Anisostemon trifoliatus Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 20(1) (1847) 152; Type: Cuming 851, Luzon: Albay. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, ?Talaud Isls. BASILAN, BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Camarines Norte, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.
  3. Connarus monocarpos L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675. Distribution: LUZON: Cagayan, PALAWAN. Native.
    • ssp. malayensis Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 538. = Connarus hallieri Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 122; EPFP 2 (1923) 237. = Connarus palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1763; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 238. Distribution: Nicobar Isls, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Connarus semidecandrus Jack, Mal. Misc. 2 no. 7 (1822) 39; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 534. = Connarus balsahanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1764; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 237; Type: Elmer 13083, Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Balsahan River, Apr-1911. = Connarus neurocalyx Planch., Linnaea 23 (1850) 428; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 220; EPFP 2 (1923) 238. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, BOHOL, CEBU, LAGEN, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Cavite, Isabela, Laguna, NCR, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Native.
  5. Connarus subfoveolatus Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 15; EPFP 2 (1923) 238; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 541; Type: BS 28240 Fenix (NY, US, iso), Luzon: Apayao, May-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao. Notes: Damp forests at medium elevation. Fl. May. Native.
  6. Connarus subinaequifolius Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 297; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 238; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 530. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, DINAGAT, LUZON: Camarines Norte, Quezon, MINDORO, POLILLO. Native.
    • var. subinaequifolius. = Connarus bracteatus Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 120; EPFP 2 (1923) 237. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. DINAGAT, LUZON. Notes: Forests up to 850m. Fl. Apr-May; fr. Mar-May. Native.
    • var. sericeus Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 530. = Connarus castaneus Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 403; EPFP 2 (1923) 237. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BATAN, LUZON: Camarines Norte, POLILLO. Notes: Low elevation forests, Fr. Nov-Dec. Native.
  7. Connarus whitfordii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 123; EPFP 2 (1923) 238; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 536; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific Biodiv. 17 (2024) 10. = Connarus caudatus Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 261; EPFP 2 (1923) 237. = Connarus mindanaensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 122; EPFP 2 (1923) 237. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, BUCAS GRANDE, DINAGAT (photos), HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUZON: Isabela, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: In and along primary and secondary forests, up to c. 750m. Fl. Jan-Apr (Jul, Sep); fr. Oct-Jan (Apr, Jun). Native.
  8. Connarus winkleri G.Schellenb., Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 131 (1924) 38. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. philippinensis Leenh., Blumea Suppl. 4 (1958) 106; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 540. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte. Native.

Ellipanthus Hook.f.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 14 May 2024
  1. Ellipanthus tomentosus Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 41, 2 (1872) 305. Distribution: CAMIGUIN DE BABUYANES, DINAGAT, LUZON: Aurora (photos), Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Norte (photos), Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Surigao del Norte (photos), Zamboanga, Zamboanga Sibugay, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos). Native.
    • ssp. tomentosus. Native.
      • var. luzoniensis (S.Vidal) Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 524; Soejarto et al., Prelim. Checklist Fl. Pl. Palawan (1995); ≡ Ellipanthus luzoniensis S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 104; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 241; Type: Vidal 236 (MA, syn); Vidal 1241 (MA, syn), Luzon: Morong, Bosoboso. = Ellipanthus longifolius Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 262; EPFP 2 (1923) 241. = Ellipanthus mindanaensis Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 124; EPFP 2 (1923) 241. = Ellipanthus urdanetensis (Elmer) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 241. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. DINAGAT, LUZON: Bataan, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Zamboanga, PALAWAN. Notes: Rainforests, from lowlands to c. 1100m. Native.

Rourea Aubl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 September 2023
  1. Rourea minor (Gaertn.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 413; Leenh., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 5 (1958) 514; Romeroso et al., J. Asia-Pacific Biodiv. 17 (2024) 10; ≡ Aegiceras minus Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. i. (1788) 216. = Santaloides erecta (Blanco) G.Schellenb., Mitt. Bot. Mus. Univ. Zürich 50 (1910) 52; ≡ Rourea erecta (Blanco) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 125; Fl. Manila (1912) 220; EPFP 2 (1923) 239; ≡ Cnestis erecta Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 387. = Rourea imbricata Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2597; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 240; Type: Elmer 14309 (NA, iso; but replicates also distributed as ‘13951’ in L, MO, NY, US). = Rourea luzoniensis Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 404; EPFP 2 (1923) 240. = Rourea unifoliolata Merr., PJS 8 c (1913) Bot. 372; EPFP 2 (1923) 240. = Rourea volubilis Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 27 (1905) 36; EPFP 2 (1923) 240. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, BANTAYAN, BASILAN, BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, CATANDUANES, CULION, CUYO, CUYO ARCHIPELAGO, DINAGAT, HOMONHON, LEYTE, LUBANG, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, La Union, Laguna, NCR, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan, Agusan del Norte, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Surigao, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PAMALICAN, PANAY, POLILLO, SAMAR. Notes: Widespread throughout the Philippines ; in primary and secondary forests, dry thickets, also more open places and along riverbanks. Usually a large liana, rarely shrub or treelet, from the lowlands to c. 950m. P.B. Pelser (6-May-2022): this appears to be a different species than Cnestis volubilis Blanco, but I don't know what species the latter name refers to. Native.

References