Clusiaceae

= Guttiferae

Garcinia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 16 January 2022

Photos
  1. Garcinia bicolorata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1790; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Forests along streams, c. 600m.
  2. Garcinia binucao (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83; --Cambogia binucao Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 434. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, BURIAS, PANAY, GUIMARAS, NEGROS. In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Low elevation primary forests, often common. Photos
  3. Garcinia brevirostris Scheff., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 31 (1870) 353; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. --Garcinia eugeniifolia Wall. ex T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. India 1 (1874) 268. --Garcinia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1053. --Garcinia microphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 20; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Andaman Isls, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Penang, Banka, Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Quezon, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, CEBU, LEYTE, BASILAN. Primary forests at low and medium elevation up to c. 1000m.
  4. Garcinia busuangaensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 472; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 41243 Ramos (NY, iso). Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA. Dry forests at low elevation.
  5. Garcinia celebica L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 7; --Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 17. --Garcinia benthamii Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 1 (1889) t. 55; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Bangladesh, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Moluccas, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. BALABAC, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, Cagayan, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, PALAWAN. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  6. Garcinia cordata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 199; EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Low elevation forests along streams.
  7. Garcinia dives Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 35; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. --Garcinia palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1791. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Zambales, Pampanga, Bataan, Rizal, Laguna, Batangas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Lanao. Primary forests at low and medium elevation.
  8. Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43(2) (1874) 88; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Peninsular Malaysia to the Moluccas. LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon, PALAWAN, BALABAC, MINDANAO. Throughout Luzon; primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  9. Garcinia garciae Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1048; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN (Mt Giting-giting). Forested ridges, c. 750m.
  10. Garcinia ituman Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDORO, AMBIL, PANAY, BOHOL. On rocky forested slopes in limestone regions.
  11. Garcinia lateriflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 214; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Java, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON: Abra, Cagayan, Isabela, Aurora, Bataan, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  12. Garcinia linearifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1051; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Forests along streams, c. 225m.
  13. Garcinia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 37; --Type: Loher 12339 (K), Luzon. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON.
  14. Garcinia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Atimonan), SIBUYAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  15. Garcinia macgregorii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 198; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, BILIRAN, LEYTE, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  16. Garcinia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 367; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Bukidnon, Davao, Agusan del Norte. Forests at medium elevation.
  17. Garcinia moseleyana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 10; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 47; --Type: Moseley s.n. (K, lecto), Basilan, Jan-1875. --Garcinia sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1487. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Sorsogon, LEYTE, MINDANAO: Surigao, MALAMAUI, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation.
  18. Garcinia multibracteolata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Primary forests, c. 150m.
  19. Garcinia murdochii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82 (1920) 169. Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines. PALAWAN (Ridsdale 154, L).
  20. Garcinia nervosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 208; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines. LUZON: Tayabas, Camarines, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Primary forests at low elevation.
  21. Garcinia pacifica Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; --Type: BS 28649 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov. (Mt Binuang), 300m. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon (Mt Binuang). Primary lowland forest, 300m.
  22. Garcinia ramosii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  23. Garcinia rhizophoroides Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1049; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, SIBUYAN, LEYTE. Primary forests, 150-500m. Photos
  24. Garcinia rubra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 366; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: R.C. McGregor 192 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Baco River, Apr-1905. --Garcinia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; --Type: C.A. Wenzel 632 (A, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte, Jaro, in forest, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1914. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Isabela, Rizal, Quezon, Laguna, Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDORO, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, SAMAR, CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO, BASILAN. Primary forests at low elevation. Photos
  25. Garcinia samarensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 197; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Damp primary forests at low elevation.
  26. Garcinia subelliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Java, Ryukyu Isl, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Quezon (Mauban), Camarines, POLILLO. Forests immediately behind sandy beaches. Photos
  27. Garcinia sulphurea Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1789; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11).
  28. Garcinia tetrandra Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 20; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Misamis, Lanao, Bukidnon, Agusan. Primary forests at low elevation.
  29. Garcinia venulosa (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87; --Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 44; --Cambogia venulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 435; --Type: Cuming 1124 (male specimen) (K, neo; BM, isoneo), Luzon: Albay, 1841. --Garcinia cumingiana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 5 (1883) 11; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84; --Type: Cuming 1124 (female specimen) (K, lecto; BM, isolecto), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, MINDANAO. In most or all provinces in Luzon. Primary forests at low elevation, often abunda
  30. Garcinia vidalii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 360; EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Pangasinan, Rizal, Laguna, Sorsogon, SIBUYAN, PANAY, LEYTE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Photos
  31. Garcinia whitfordii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 474; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; --Type: FB 9142 Whitford & Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga. Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. In lowland rainforest.
Incertae sedis:
  1. Garcinia blancoi Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. fasc. v. (1883) 15; --Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 45; --Type: Gaudichaud-Beaupré 226 (P, lecto; P isolecto), Manila, 1836. --Garcinia calleryi Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. fasc. v. (1883) 15; --Type: Callery 56 (P, lecto; P, isolecto), Palawan. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN.
Cultivated, not naturalized:
  1. Garcinia brasiliensis Mart., Flora 24 (2, Beibl.) (1841) 34; --Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310. Photos
  2. Garcinia intermedia (Pittier) Hammel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76(3) (1989) 927. --Rheedia edulis (Seem.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310; --Calophyllum edule Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1853) 89. Photos
  3. Garcinia mangostana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 635; --Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Borneo, Malay Peninsula. Planted in some parts of the Philippines, particularly Mindanao and Sulu. Mangosteen. Photos

Literature

DENR Administrative Order. 2017. Updated national list of threatened Philippine plants and their categories. DAO 2017-11

Nazre, M, MF Newman, RT Pennington & DJ Middleton. 2018. Taxonomic revision of Garcinia section Garcinia (Clusiaceae). Phytotaxa 373: 1-52.


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 16 January 2022