Clusiaceae

Garcinia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 2 July 2022
  1. Garcinia bicolorata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1790; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83; Type: Elmer 12950 (A, BISH, BRIT, E, HBG, K, MICH, MO, NY, U, US) Palawan: Puerto Princesa, Mt Pulgar, Apr-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Forests along streams, c. 600m. Native.
  2. Garcinia binucao (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 28; Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1049; Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 366, EPFP 3 (1923) 83; ≡ Cambogia binucao Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 434. = Garcinia duodecandra Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 28; Type: Cuming 1509 (K, P), Luzon: Batangas. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BURIAS, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Batangas, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Sorsogon. Low elevation primary forests, often common. Native.
  3. Garcinia brevirostris Scheff., Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind. 31 (1870) 353; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. = Garcinia eugeniifolia Wall. ex T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. India 1 (1874) 268. = Garcinia gitingensis Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1053; Type: Elmer 12213 (HBG, K, syn), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Apr-1910; Elmer 12482 (BISH, E, HBG, MO, NY, US, syn), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, May-1910; Elmer 12526 (A, BISH, GH, HBG, K, L, MO, NY, U, US, syn), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, May-1910. = Garcinia microphylla Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 20; EPFP 3 (1923) 85; Type: BS 23633 Ramos (A, K, US), Luzon: Sorsogon, Lake Polog, 26-Aug-1915. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra. BASILAN, CEBU, LEYTE, LUZON: Aurora, Camarines, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation up to c. 1000m. Native.
  4. Garcinia busuangaensis Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 472; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; Type: BS 41243 Ramos (A, K, NY, P, US, iso), Busuanga: 12-Sep-1922. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN (photos). Notes: Dry forests at low elevation. Native.
  5. Garcinia celebica L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 7; Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 17. = Garcinia cornea L., Syst. Veg., ed. 13 (1774) 368. = Garcinia benthamii Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 1 (1889) t. 55; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 83. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, MINDANAO: Zamboanga del Norte, PALAWAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  6. Garcinia cordata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 199; EPFP 3 (1923) 83; Type: FB 17236 Curran (US), LUZON: Cagayan, San Vicente, 8-Mar-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Low elevation forests along streams. Native.
  7. Garcinia dives Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 35; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. = Garcinia palawanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1791. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, Pampanga, Rizal, Zambales, MINDANAO: Lanao, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  8. Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 43(2) (1874) 88; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Distribution: Malay Peninsula to Moluccas. BALABAC, LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Throughout Luzon; primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  9. Garcinia garciae Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1048; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Forested ridges, c. 750m. Native.
  10. Garcinia ituman Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. AMBIL, BOHOL, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: On rocky forested slopes in limestone regions. Native.
  11. Garcinia lateriflora Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 214; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Java, Philippines. BABUYAN ISLS, BASILAN, LUZON: Abra, Aurora, Bataan, Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  12. Garcinia linearifolia Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1051; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Forests along streams, c. 225m. Native.
  13. Garcinia loheri Merr., PJS 27 (1925) 37; Type: Loher 12339 (K), Luzon. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  14. Garcinia luzoniensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  15. Garcinia macgregorii Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 198; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  16. Garcinia mindanaensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 367; EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Davao, Lanao, Zamboanga. Notes: Forests at medium elevation. Native.
  17. Garcinia moseleyana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 10; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86; Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 47; Type: Moseley s.n. (K, lecto), Basilan, Jan-1875. = Garcinia sorsogonensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1487. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, LEYTE, LUZON: Sorsogon, MALAMAWI, MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  18. Garcinia multibracteolata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot. 284; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Surigao. Notes: Primary forests, c. 150m. Native.
  19. Garcinia murdochii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82 (1920) 169. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  20. Garcinia nervosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1864) 208; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra. LUZON: Camarines, Tayabas, PALAWAN, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  21. Garcinia pacifica Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 473; EPFP 4 (1925) 249; Type: BS 28649 Ramos & Edaño (A, iso), Luzon: Quezon prov. (Mt Binuang), 300m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Primary lowland forest, 300m. Native.
  22. Garcinia ramosii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 307; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  23. Garcinia rhizophoroides Elmer, LPB 3 (1911) 1049; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests, 150-500m. Native.
  24. Garcinia rubra Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 366; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; Type: R.C. McGregor 192 (NY, US, iso), Mindoro: Mindoro Oriental, Baco River, Apr-1905. = Garcinia oligophlebia Merr., PJS 9 c (1914) Bot. 378; EPFP 3 (1923) 86; Type: C.A. Wenzel 632 (A, US, iso), Leyte: Leyte, Jaro, in forest, c. 500m, 15-Mar-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BASILAN, CAMIGUIN, CATANDUANES, LEYTE, LUZON: Apayao, Cagayan, Camarines, Isabela, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  25. Garcinia samarensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 197; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SAMAR. Notes: Damp primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  26. Garcinia subelliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 361; EPFP 3 (1923) 86. Distribution: Java, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls. LUZON: Cagayan, Camarines, Quezon, POLILLO. Notes: Forests immediately behind sandy beaches. Native.
  27. Garcinia sulphurea Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1789; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BUSUANGA, PALAWAN. Notes: Forests at low elevation. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  28. Garcinia tetrandra Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 20; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Camarines, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan, Bukidnon, Lanao, Misamis, Zamboanga, SAMAR. Notes: Primary forests at low elevation. Native.
  29. Garcinia venulosa (Blanco) Choisy, Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 12 (1850) 414; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 87; Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 44; ≡ Cambogia venulosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 435; Type: Cuming 1124 (male specimen) (K, neo; BM, isoneo), Luzon: Albay, 1841. = Garcinia cumingiana Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochin. 5 (1883) 11; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 84; Type: Cuming 1124 (female specimen) (K, lecto; BM, isolecto), Luzon: Albay, 1841. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: In most or all provinces in Luzon. Primary forests at low elevation, often abunda. Native.
  30. Garcinia vidalii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 360; EPFP 3 (1923) 87. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PANAY, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Primary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.
  31. Garcinia whitfordii Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 474; EPFP 4 (1925) 250; Type: FB 9142 Whitford & Hutchinson, Mindanao: Zamboanga. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Zamboanga. Notes: In lowland rainforest. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Garcinia blancoi Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 5 (1883) 15; Nazre et al., Phytotaxa 373 (2018) 45; Type: Gaudichaud-Beaupré 226 (P, lecto; P isolecto), Manila, 1836. = Garcinia calleryi Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. fasc. v. (1883) 15; Type: Callery 56 (P, lecto; P, isolecto), Palawan. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON, PALAWAN. Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Garcinia brasiliensis Mart., Flora 24 (2, Beibl.) (1841) 34; ≡ Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310.
  2. Garcinia intermedia (Pittier) Hammel, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76(3) (1989) 927. = Rheedia edulis (Seem.) Planch. & Triana, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 4, 14 (1860) 310; ≡ Calophyllum edule Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1853) 89.
  3. Garcinia mangostana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 635; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 85. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula. Notes: Planted in some parts of the Philippines, particularly Mindanao and Sulu. Mangosteen.

Literature