Cleomaceae

Arivela Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2021

Photos
  1. Arivela viscosa (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. (1838) 110; --Cleome viscosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 672; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103; --Polanisia viscosa (L.) DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 242; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. --Polanisia icosandra (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. (1834) 22; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome icosandra L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 672. --Cleome acutifolia Elmer, LPB 7 (1914) 2574; --Type: Elmer 12697 (US, lecto; B, BISH, BM, CAS, F, MO, NY, Z, isolecto), Palawan: Brooks Point (Addison Peak), Feb-1911. ?Australia. Possibly native to Australia (Barrett et al. 2017). Nearly pantropical. Assumed to be non-native to the Philippines. A very common naturalized weed along roadsides, wastelands, rice fields, etc. at low and medium elevation. Photos

Cleome L. = Sieruela (Philippines)

Cleoserrata Iltis [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 10 November 2020

Photos
  1. Cleoserrata serrata (Jacq.) Iltis, Novon 17 (2007) 448; --Cleome serrata Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 26. C & S America, Caribbean. MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte (photos). Introduced in the Philippines. Widespread in waste, open places and in gardens (M.G.Q. Rule, pers. comm., 10-Nov-20). Photos
  2. Cleoserrata speciosa (Raf.) Iltis, Novon 17 (2007) 448; --Cleome speciosa Raf., Fl. Ludovic. (1817) 86; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101. --Gynandropsis speciosa DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome speciosa Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 5 (1821) 84, nom. illeg., auct. non Raf. Neotropics. LUZON: La Union, Manila, Cavite, LEYTE. Cultivated as an ornamental in SE Asia. Occasionally escaping.

Gynandropsis DC.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

No Photos
  1. Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genève 17 (1914) 382; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 209; --Cleome gynandra L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 671; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 101. --Gynandropsis pentaphylla DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 238; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216. Africa, Madagascar, Middle East, Australia, India, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. Widely introduced in the Neotropics. A common roadside and rice field weed, from the lowlands up to c. 500m.

Sieruela Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 November 2019

Photos
  1. Sieruela rutidosperma (DC.) Roalson & J.C.Hall, Syst. Bot. 42 (2017) 938; --Cleome rutidosperma DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 241; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 103. Africa. First recorded in Malesia around 1920 (in Manila around 1948). Now a very common lowland weed along roadsides, waste places, etc. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Photos

Tarenaya Raf. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017

Photos
  1. Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. (1838) 111; --Cleome spinosa Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. (1760) 26; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 102. Neotropics. Occasionally cultivated in the tropical and temperate zones. In the Philippines thoroughly naturalized and very abundant along streams in Benguet. Photos

Literature

Barrett, RL, EH Roalson, K Ottewell, M Byrne, SP Govindwar, SR Yadav, AS Tamboli, & AR Gholave. 2017. Resolving generic boundaries in Indian–Australasian Cleomaceae: Circumscription of Areocleome, Arivela, and Corynandra as distinct genera. Systematic Botany 42: 694-708.

CABI Invasive Species Compendium

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 61-105 [Contains Cleome]

Patchell, MJ, EH Roalson & JC Hall. 2014. Resolved phylogeny of Cleomaceae based on all three genomes. Taxon 62: 315-328


Su, J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang & Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 6 December 2021