Chloranthaceae

Ascarina J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

  1. Ascarina philippinensis C.B.Rob., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 70; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 22; Verdc., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1986) 139. = Ascarina reticulata Merr., PJS 12 c (1917) Bot 70; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 22. Distribution: Borneo, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, MINDORO, PANAY. Notes: Montane forest understorey, 450-2850m. Native.

Chloranthus Sw.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 March 2024
  1. Chloranthus officinalis Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. (1827) 79; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 21; Middleton et al., Taxon 69 (2020) 201. = Chloranthus elatior Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1 (1821) 140. = Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) Verdc., Kew Bull. 40 (1985) 217; Wall., Numer. List 230 (1832) no. 6881, nom. illeg.; Verdc., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1986) 131; ≡ Cryphaea erecta Buch.-Ham., Edinburgh J. Sci. 2 (1825) 11. Distribution: Andaman Isls, China, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines. BASILAN, BILIRAN, CEBU (photos), LUZON: Apayao (photos), Batangas, Cagayan (photos), Camarines Sur, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photos), MINDORO (photos), NEGROS (photos), PALAWAN, PANAY (photos), SAMAR. Notes: Throughout Malesia; throughout the Philippines; low and medium elevation forests. Native.
  2. Chloranthus oldhamii Solms, Prodr. 16 (1869) 476; Kong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38 (2000) 355; Yang et al., Taiwania 51 (2006) 283. = Chloranthus philippinensis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 259; EPFP 2 (1923) 22. = Chloranthus verticillatus Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 3; EPFP 2 (1923) 22. ≠ Chloranthus henryi auct. non Hemsl.; Verdc., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1986) 133. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Cagayan, Ifugao. Notes: Along irrigation canals, 250-1200m, to montane forests up to c. 1900m. Native.

Hedyosmum Sw.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 July 2022

Possibly present

  1. Hedyosmum orientale Merr. & Chun, Sunyatsenia 5 (1940) 36. Distribution: Borneo, China, ?Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Vietnam. ?MINDANAO: ?Misamis Occidental. Notes: Pelser (31-Jul-22): Gaerlan, Sagcal & Romero PPI 10812 (L) from Mt Malindang possibly represents this species in the Philippines.

Sarcandra Gardn.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 May 2024
  1. Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Koreana 18 (1930) 17; ≡ Chloranthus glaber (Thunb.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26 (1912) 386; ≡ Bladhia glabra Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2 (1794) 331. Distribution: BASILAN, BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN (photos), CEBU, LEYTE (photos), LUZON: Albay, Aurora (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan (photos), Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis, Misamis Occidental, South Cotabato, Zamboanga del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, PANAY (photos). Native.
    • ssp. brachystachys (Blume) Verdc., Kew Bull. 40 (1985) 216; Verdc., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1986) 134; ≡ Chloranthus brachystachys Blume, Fl. Jav. Chlor. (1828) 13; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 21. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CEBU, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Benguet, La Union, Pampanga, Rizal, MINDANAO: Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Misamis, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga del Norte, NEGROS. Notes: Widely distributed throughout the Philippines in medium to high elevation primary forests. Native.

References