Casuarinaceae

Casuarina L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 11 November 2016
  1. Casuarina equisetifolia L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 143; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 169; EPFP 2 (1923) 1; Romeroso et al., Asian J. Biol. Life Sc. 10 (2021) 437. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. ALABAT, CEBU, HOMONHON, LUMBUCAN, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Aurora, Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Tarlac, Zambales, MANGSEE, MINASAWA, MINDANAO: Misamis, Surigao, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, PALAUI, PALAWAN, POLILLO, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: Also referred to as Casuarina litorea L. Pantropic in cultivation. Native.
    • ssp. equisetifolia. Distribution: LUMBUCAN, LUZON: Abra, Albay, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tarlac, Zambales, MINDANAO: Surigao, PALAUI. Notes: Throughout the Philippines along sandy seashores, extending inland in open sandy valleys along streams, sometimes ascending to 800m. Usually gregarious. Native.

Ceuthostoma L.A.S.Johnson

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 August 2017
  1. Ceuthostoma palawanense L.A.S.Johnson, Telopea 3 (1988) 137; Type: Merrill 785 (A, holo), Palawan: Ewiig (Iwahig) River. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Ceuthostoma terminale L.A.S.Johnson, Telopea 3, 2 (1988) 135. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary and secondary forest on ultramafic soils, 100-1500m. Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.

Gymnostoma L.A.S.Johnson

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 January 2023
  1. Gymnostoma nobile (Whitmore) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6 (1982) 84; ≡ Casuarina nobilis Whitmore, Trop. Rain Forests of the Far East (1975) 134. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. PALAWAN. Notes: Ultramafic sites, to 1000m. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Gymnostoma rumphianum (Miq.) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6 (1982) 85; Coritico et al., PJS 151 (2022) 2438; Villanueva et al., Biodiversitas 23 (2022) 6496; ≡ Casuarina rumphiana Miq., Flora 48 (1865) 23; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 1. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. BILIRAN, BUCAS GRANDE, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Aurora, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Sorsogon, Tarlac, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao del Sur, Lanao, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Occidental, Zamboanga, MINDORO, PALAWAN, PANAY, SAMAR, SIBUYAN. Notes: N Luzon to Palawan and Mindanao. In montane forests, often gregarious, 100-1000m. Conservation status: Other Threatened Species (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Gymnostoma sumatranum (Jungh. ex de Vriese) L.A.S.Johnson, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6 (1982) 86; ≡ Casuarina sumatrana Jungh. ex de Vriese in Hoeven & de Vriese, Tijdschr. 11 (1844) 115; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 1. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Myanmar to Sumatra, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. BOHOL, LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, PANAY. Notes: In forests behind mangrove swamps. Native.

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