Caryophyllaceae

Arenaria L.

  1. Arenaria serpyllifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 423; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, China, Continental Asia, Europe, India, Japan, Korea, Middle East, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, W Asia. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: On wet cliffs, open seepage slopes, etc., 1300-2400m. According to Merrill (1923), apparently indigenous in Benguet. Native.

Cerastium L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 January 2020
  1. Cerastium fontanum Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 1 (1816) 425. Native.
    • ssp. vulgare (Hartm.) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 12 (1982) 37; Larsen, Fl. Males., ser. 1, 16 (2002) 10; ≡ Cerastium vulgare Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl. (1820) 182. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, China, Continental Asia, Europe, Java, Korea, Middle East, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tibet. Native.
  2. Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris ed. 2 (1799) 226. = Cerastium vulgatum L., Fl. Suec. ed. 2 (1755) 158, nom. inval.; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, China, Europe, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Tibet, Vietnam, W Asia. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Weed in temperate vegetable gardens, c. 1400m. Native.

Dianthus L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Dianthus barbatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 409. Notes: Cultivated. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Dianthus caryophyllus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 410. Notes: Cultivated. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  3. Dianthus chinensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 411. Notes: Cultivated. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Drymaria Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Drymaria cordata (L.) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 5 (1819) 406; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139; ≡ Holosteum cordatum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 88. Naturalized.
    • var. diandra (Sw.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. (1859) 56; Duke, Ann. Miss. Bot. Gard. 48 (1961) 253; Hatusima, Mem. Fac. Agr. Kagoshima Univ. 5 (1966) 27; ≡ Holosteum diandrum Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. (1788) 27. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Widespread in the Philippines. Very common weed in rice paddies, open damp slopes, damp thickets, abaca plantations, etc., from the lowlands to 2000m. Naturalized.

Gypsophila L. (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Gypsophila elegans M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 1 (1808) 319. Distribution: Europe, Middle East. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Gypsophila paniculata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 407. Distribution: Continental Asia, Europe, W Asia. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Polycarpaea Lam.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2022
  1. Polycarpaea corymbosa (L.) Lam., Tab. Encycl. 2 (1797) 129; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139; Bakker, Acta Botanica Neerlandica 6 (1957) 51; ≡ Achyranthes corymbosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; Type: from Sri Lanka. Distribution: Pantropic. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Zambales, MINDANAO: Cotabato. Notes: In open, dry, sandy places, dry slopes, etc. from near sea-level to 1300m. Locally abundant. Native.
  2. Polycarpaea prostrata (Forssk.) Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 3 (1835) 263; ≡ Polycarpon prostratum (Forssk.) Asch. & Schweinf., Osterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 39 (1889) 128; Larsen, Fl. Males., ser. 1, 16 (2002) 31; ≡ Alsine prostrata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 207; Type: from Egypt. = Polycarpon indicum (Retz.) Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 302; EPFP 2 (1923) 139; ≡ Loeflingia indica Retz., Observ. Bot. 4 (1786) 8. = Polycarpon loeflingiae (Wall. ex Wight & Arn.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 1 (1862) 153; ≡ Hapalosia loeflingiae Wall. ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1 (1834) 358. = Polycarpon polyphyllum Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 53. Distribution: Africa, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Middle East, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand. LUZON: Pampanga. Notes: Known from Arayat (Merrill 1462, US). Apparently very rare and local in the Philippines. Native.

Sagina L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 24 September 2013
  1. Sagina papuana Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16 (1892) 14, 21; Type: from New Guinea. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON. Native.
  2. Sagina procumbens L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 128; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138. Distribution: Africa, Continental Asia, Europe, Middle East, W Asia. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Naturalized on wet cliffs, open seepage slopes, etc., 1300-2400m. Naturalized.

Spergula L. (Not native)

  1. Spergula arvensis L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 440; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 139. Distribution: Europe. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Native of Europe, now a cosmopolitan weed in the N temperate zone and montane parts of the tropics such as Java, Philippines and New Guinea. A thoroughly naturalized and very common weed in temperate vegetable farms, 1400-2400m. Naturalized.

Stellaria L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 3 (1789) 615; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 138; ≡ Alsine media L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 272. Distribution: Africa, Continental Asia, Europe, Middle East, W Asia. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: An introduced weed in the Philippines. Waste places, vegetable farms, etc., 1500-2300m. Naturalized.
  2. Stellaria vestita Kurz, J. Bot. 11 (1873) 194; Type: from China. = Stellaria laxa Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 138; Type: Elmer 6612 (NY, PNH), Luzon. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Montane thicket margins, banks, cliffs, 1600-2300m. Native.

References