Capparaceae

Capparidaceae

Capparis L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 January 2022
  1. Capparis callophylla Blume, Bijdr. 2 (1825) 53; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 81. = Capparis tylophylla Spreng., Syst. Nat. 4 (1827) 204; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 213. = Capparis cumingii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 101. = Capparis turczaninowii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1755. = Capparis mucronata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1757. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Madura, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan. BOHOL, LUZON: Bataan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Rizal, MINDANAO, MINDORO, ?NEGROS (photos), PALAWAN. Notes: Low elevation dry thickets, secondary forests, sometimes on limestone-derived soil, to about 700m. Native.
  2. Capparis cantoniensis Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 331; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 76. Distribution: Andaman Isls, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO. Notes: Forest and forest edges, frequently in shade, seems to prefer moist places. Native.
  3. Capparis floribunda Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1 (1840) 35; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 78. Native.
    • forma floribunda. = Capparis luzonensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 272 (1854) 324. = Capparis luzonensis var. ampla Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 212. = Crateva octandra Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 400; Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 280; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 2 (1878) 155. Distribution: Andaman Isls, India, Java Sea, Moluccas, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BABUYAN ISLS, DEBANGAN, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, Quezon, Rizal. Notes: Low and medium elevation dry thickets and forests, on rocky sites, sometimes on coastal vegetation.
  4. Capparis lanceolaris DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 248; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 77. = Capparis copelandii Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 680; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. = Capparis oblongata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 15; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. = Capparis viridis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3076. Distribution: Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madura, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. Notes: Throughout the Philippines except Palawan. Native.
  5. Capparis lobbiana Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79; Type: Lobb 467 (L, MO, iso), Philippines; locality in isotype sheets labeled (erroneously) as from Java. = Capparis ilocana Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 13; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; Type: BS 27120 Ramos. = Capparis littoralis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; Type: FB 11111 Curran. = Capparis loheri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. = Capparis palawanensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 304; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Quezon, Rizal, PALAWAN. Notes: Dry rocky sites, coastal and bamboo thickets, also in primary forests, up to 600m. Native.
  6. Capparis micracantha DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 247; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 85. = Capparis venosa Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 305; EPFP 2 (1923) 213. Native.
    • var. micracantha. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, China, Indochina, Java, Java Sea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madura, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON, MINDANAO. Notes: N Luzon to Mindanao. Thickets, second-growth forests, etc. at low and medium elevation; common.
  7. Capparis pubiflora DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 246; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 82. = Capparis cerasifolia A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 71; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. = Capparis lasiopoda Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323. Distribution: Borneo, China, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madura, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, La Union, MINDANAO: Agusan, Davao, Lanao, Surigao, Zamboanga, PALAWAN, PUJADA, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Low elevation thickets. Native.
  8. Capparis sepiaria L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1071; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79. = Capparis affinis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 303; EPFP 2 (1923) 210. = Capparis emarginata C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 85; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Borneo, China, India, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Throughout the Philippines; dry lowland or coastal thickets, bound to seasonal climatic conditions. Deciduous when fruiting. Native.
  9. Capparis spinosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 503. Naturalized.
    • ssp. cordifolia (Lam.) Fici, Phytotaxa 203 (2015) 28; ≡ Capparis cordifolia Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 609; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 216; EPFP 2 (1923) 210. = Capparis spinosa var. mariana (Jacq.) K.Schum., Bot. Jahrb. 9 (1888) 201; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 89; ≡ Capparis mariana Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 1 (1797) 57. = Capparis sandwichiana DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 245. Distribution: Indian Ocean. BOHOL, LUZON. Notes: Occasionally cultivated in Manila, found spontaneous along the seashore in Bohol.
  10. Capparis tagbanuorum Fici, Phytotaxa 267 (2016) 146; Type: Ridsdale SMHI 1792 (L, holo), Palawan: Narra, Victoria Peaks, Trident Mining Company concession area, 21-May-1984. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable D2 (Fici 2016). Native.
  11. Capparis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 720; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 87; Maurya & Choudhary, Phytotaxa 528 (2021) 263. = Capparis horrida L.f., Suppl. (1781) 264; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. BATANES, LUZON: Bataan, La Union, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAUI, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Notes: Low and medium elevation dry thickets, up to 700m. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Capparis longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; Type: BS 26980 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Abra, Mt Posuey, Feb-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Notes: Holotype destroyed in 1945, and extant isotypes are sterile. Possibly a deviant Capparis pubiflora according to Jacobs. Native.

Crateva L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 July 2021
  1. Crateva adansonii DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 243. Native.
    • ssp. axillaris (C.Presl) Jacobs, Blumea 12 (1964) 200; ≡ Crateva odora forma axillaris (C.Presl) Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 66; ≡ Crateva axillaris C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2 (1835) 85; Type: Haenke ?41 (A, PR, W), Luzon: 1792. = Crateva religiosa auct. non G.Forst; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210; Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 399; Fl. Filip. ed. 3, 2 (1878) 154. Distribution: India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka. GUIMARAS, LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: In most provinces in Luzon.
  2. Crateva religiosa G.Forst., Prodr. Fl. Austr. (1786) 35; Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 65; Zhang & Tucker, Fl. China 7 (2008) 435; Type: from ?India. Distribution: Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN, SULU. Native.

Literature