Capparaceae

= Capparidaceae

Capparis L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 January 2022

Photos
  1. Capparis callophylla Blume, Bijdr. 2 (1825) 53; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 81. --Capparis tylophylla Spreng., Syst. Nat. 4 (1827) 204; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 213. --Capparis cumingii Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 101. --Capparis turczaninowii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1755. --Capparis mucronata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1757. Taiwan (a distinct variety there), Sumatra, Java, Madura, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Nueva Ecija, Bataan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN, BOHOL, MINDANAO, ?NEGROS (photos). Low elevation dry thickets, secondary forests, sometimes on limestone-derived soil, to about 700m. Photos
  2. Capparis cantoniensis Lour., Fl. Cochin. (1790) 331; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 76. India, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, China, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas. MINDANAO. Forest and forest edges, frequently in shade, seems to prefer moist places.
  3. Capparis floribunda Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1 (1840) 35; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 78.
  4. Capparis lanceolaris DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 248; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 77. --Capparis copelandii Elmer, LPB 2 (1910) 680; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis oblongata Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 35 (1906) 15; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. --Capparis viridis Elmer, LPB 8 (1919) 3076. Java, Madura, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Ireland. Throughout the Philippines except Palawan. Photos
  5. Capparis lobbiana Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211;  --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79; --Type: Lobb 467 (L, MO, iso), Philippines; locality in isotype sheets labeled (erroneously) as from Java. --Capparis ilocana Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 13; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: BS 27120 Ramos. --Capparis littoralis Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: FB 11111 Curran. --Capparis loheri Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 270; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. --Capparis palawanensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 304; EPFP 2 (1923) 212. Endemic to the Philippine. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Rizal, Quezon, PALAWAN. Dry rocky sites, coastal and bamboo thickets, also in primary forests, up to 600m. Photos
  6. Capparis micracantha DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 247; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 85. --Capparis venosa Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 305; EPFP 2 (1923) 213.
  7. Capparis pubiflora DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 246; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 82. --Capparis cerasifolia A.Gray, Bot. Wilkes US Explor. Exped. (1854) 71; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis lasiopoda Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 27, 2 (1854) 323. Thailand, Indochina, China, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Madura, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, La Union, Cagayan, PALAWAN, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO: Zamboanga, Lanao, Davao, Agusan, Surigao, PUJADA. Low elevation thickets.
  8. Capparis sepiaria L., Syst. ed. 10 (1759) 1071; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 212; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 79. --Capparis affinis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 303; EPFP 2 (1923) 210. --Capparis emarginata C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2 (1835) 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Indochina, China, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia. BABUYAN ISLS, LUZON, PALAWAN, MINDANAO, SULU ARCHIPELAGO. Throughout the Philippines; dry lowland or coastal thickets, bound to seasonal climatic conditions. Deciduous when fruiting. Photos
  9. Capparis spinosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 503.
  10. Capparis tagbanuorum Fici, Phytotaxa 267 (2016) 146; --Type: Ridsdale SMHI 1792 (L, holo), Palawan: Narra, Victoria Peaks, Trident Mining Company concession area, 21-May-1984. Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable D2 (Fici 2016). Photos
  11. Capparis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 720; --Jacobs, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 87; --Maurya & Choudhary, Phytotaxa 528 (2021) 263. --Capparis horrida L.f., Suppl. (1781) 264; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 215; EPFP 2 (1923) 211. Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Andaman Isls, Thailand, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Philippines. BATANES, LUZON: Bataan, La Union, MINDORO, PALAUI, SULU ARCHIPELAGO, MINDANAO. Low and medium elevation dry thickets, up to 700m. Photos

Incertae sedis:
  1. Capparis longipes Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 12; EPFP 2 (1923) 211; --Type: BS 26980 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Abra, Mt Posuey, Feb-1917. Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON. Holotype destroyed in 1945, and extant isotypes are sterile. Possibly a deviant Capparis pubiflora according to Jacobs.

Crateva L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 4 July 2021

Photos

  1. Crateva adansonii DC., Prodr. 1 (1824) 243.
  2. Crateva religiosa G.Forst., Prodr. Fl. Austr. (1786) 35; --Jacobs, Fl.  Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 65; --Zhang & Tucker, Fl. China 7 (2008) 435; --Type: from ?India. Bhutan, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific, Peninsular Malaysia, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines. PALAWAN, SULU. Photos

Literature

Fici, S. 2016. A new narrow-leaved species of Capparis (Capparaceae) from central Palawan, Philippines. Phytotaxa 267: 146-150.

Fici, S. 2017. A taxonomic revision of the genus Capparis (Capparaceae) in New Caledonia, New Zealand Journal of Botany 55: 407-423

Jacobs, M. 1960. Capparidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 6: 61-105

Jacobs, M. 1964. The genus Crateva (Capparaceae). Blumea 12: 177-208


Jacobs, M. 1964. The genus Capparis (Capparaceae) from the Indus to the Pacific. Blumea 12: 385-541


Maurya, S & RK Coudhary. 2021. Bringing Capparis zeylanica (Capparaceae) out of chaos: nomenclatural updates and amended description. Phytotaxa 528 (2021) 263-268.

Su, J-X, W Wang, L-B Zhang & Z-D Chen. 2012. Phylogenetic placement of two enigmatic genera, Borthwickia and Stixis, based on molecular and pollen data, and the description of a new family of Brassicales, Borthwickiaceae. Taxon 61: 601-611

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 4 January 2022