Cannabaceae

Including Celticidaceae

Aphananthe Planch.

Photos
  1. Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 209; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8  (1977) 69; --Cyclostemon cuspidatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 599; --Gironniera cuspidata (Blume) Kurz, Forest Fl. Brit. Burma 2 (1877) 470; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; --Backer & Bakh.f. Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12. --Gironniera curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 251. Sri Lanka, India, Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Hongkong, China, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi.
  2. Aphananthe philippinensis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 337; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 34; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 67. Philippines, New Guinea, Australia. LUZON. Primary and secondary forest subject to rather strong seasonal climate. Photos

Celtis L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 May 2018

Photos
  1. Celtis latifolia (Blume) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 186; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 63; --Solenostigma latifolium Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 67. Solomon Isls, New Guinea, Moluccas, Philippines. PALAWAN. Primary and secondary forests on sandy clay soils, 0-400m.
  2. Celtis luzonica Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 164; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 61. Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON, MINDORO, MASBATE, SAMAR, MINDANAO. Lowland thickets and forests. Fl. & fr. Mar-Jul.
  3. Celtis philippensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 197; --S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 248; --Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 42; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 122; EPFP 2 (1923) 32; --Soepadmo in Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 62. --Celtis mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2842. --Celtis multifolia Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3796, nom. inval., no Latin descr. India, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Australia, Andaman Isls, Bismarch Arch, Borneo, China, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
  4. Celtis rigescens (Miq.) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 182; --Soepadmo, in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 58; --Solenostigma rigescens Miq., Sumatra (1861) 411. --Celtis asperifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 32. C & S Sumatra, Anambas Isls, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java, E Borneo, S Philippines, NE Sulawesi, Moluccas (Seram; Buru; Sula; Morotai), New Guinea (incl. New Britain). MINDANAO: Davao. Lowland thickets or forests.
  5. Celtis rubrovenia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 464; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 33; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65. --Celtis rubrovenia Elmer var. integra Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 33. Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Benguet. Primary forests on hills and ridges, 500-1800m.
  6. Celtis timorensis Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 343; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65. --Celtis cinnamomea Lindl. ex Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 303; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32. --Celtis crenato-serrata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 174. Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Bataan. Open forests at low elevation. Common in areas with rather prominent seasonal climate, in open forests at low elevation. Fl. & fr. Nov-Apr.

Gironniera Gaudich.

Photos
  1. Gironniera celtidifolia Gaudich., Bot. Freycinet’s Voy. (1844) t. 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 73. --Gironniera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1845; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35. Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea. Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec. Photos
  2. Gironniera subaequalis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 339; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; --Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya (1940) 690; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 419; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 75. Andaman Isls, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, China, Philippines. Throughout Malesia except Lesser Sunda Isls; lowland primary and secondary forests. Photos

Parasponia Miq. = Trema

Trema Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 January 2020

Photos
  1. Trema cannabina Lour., Fl. Cochin. 2 (1790) 563; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50. --Trema amboinensis (Willd.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 61, quoad syn., excl. descr.; --Celtis amboinensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 4, 2 (1805) 997. Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, China, Taiwan, Australia, Solomon Isls, Pacific, New Caledonia. Throughout Malesia; sea-level to 1200m, along roadsides, forest edges, thickets, early re-growth secondary forests, a common pioneer in newly opened sites. Photos
  2. Trema eurhynchum (Miq.) Byng & Christenh., Global Fl. 4 (2018) 127; --De Castro et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3773; --Parasponia eurhyncha Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3 (1861) 411. --Parasponia rugosa Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 66; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 44; --Trema rugosa (Blume) Byng & Christenh., Global Fl. 4 (2018) 127, nom. inval., auct. non Blume. --Trema vulcanica Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 260. --Trema philippinensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3218. Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, New Britain, Sulawesi, Philippines. LUZON, LEYTE, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Often dominant or co-dominant in seral vegetation on various soil types including volcanic ash, 50-1900m. Photos
  3. Trema orientalis (L.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 62; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 171; EPFP 2 (1923) 34; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12, pro parte, excl. syn. Trema amboinensis auct. non (Willd.) Blume; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; --Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 51; --Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973; --Celtis orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1044. ?Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, China, Taiwan, Japan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia, Solomon Isls, Pacific. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Photos
  4. Trema tomentosa (Roxb.) Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2 (1971) 19; --Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 423; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 53; --Celtis tomentosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2 (1832) 66. --Celtis lima auct. non Sw.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1837) 139. --Trema orientalis auct. non (L.) Blume; --Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 121. Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, China, Hongkong, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isls, Australia, New Caledonia, Pacific, Philippines. Photos

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Cannabis sativa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1027; --Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1948) 223. C Asia. Cultivated either as a fiber plant or as a narcotic in many other countries. Photos

Literature

Backer, CA. 1951. Cannabinaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 4: 222-223

De Castro, ME, JS Carandang VI & EMG Agoo. 2020. Floristic study of an ultramafic formation in Sitio Magarwak, Sta. Lourdes, Puerto Princesa City, Palawan Island, Philippines. Biodiversitas 21: 3769-3779

Soepadmo, E. 1977. Ulmaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 8: 31-76

Yang, M-Q, R van Velzen, FT Bakker, A Sattarian, D-Z Li & T-S Yi. 2013. Molecular phylogenetics and character evolution of Cannabaceae. Taxon 62: 473-485

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 7 January 2022