Cannabaceae

Celticidaceae

Aphananthe Planch.

  1. Aphananthe cuspidata (Blume) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 209; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 69; ≡ Cyclostemon cuspidatum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 599; ≡ Gironniera cuspidata (Blume) Kurz, Forest Fl. Brit. Burma 2 (1877) 470; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; Backer & Bakh.f. Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12. = Gironniera curranii Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 251. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, China, Hong Kong, India, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
  2. Aphananthe philippinensis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 337; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 34; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 67. Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON. Notes: Primary and secondary forest subject to rather strong seasonal climate. Native.

Cannabis L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Cannabis sativa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1027; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1948) 223. Distribution: C Asia. Notes: Cultivated either as a fiber plant or as a narcotic in many other countries.

Celtis L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 May 2018
  1. Celtis latifolia (Blume) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 186; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 63; ≡ Solenostigma latifolium Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 67. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls. PALAWAN. Notes: Primary and secondary forests on sandy clay soils, 0-400m. Native.
  2. Celtis luzonica Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 164; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 61. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. LUZON, MASBATE, MINDANAO, MINDORO, SAMAR. Notes: Lowland thickets and forests. Fl. & fr. Mar-Jul. Native.
  3. Celtis philippensis Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 197; S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 248; Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 42; Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 122; EPFP 2 (1923) 32; Soepadmo in Whitmore, Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 62. = Celtis mindanaensis Elmer, LPB 8 (1915) 2842. = Celtis multifolia Elmer, LPB 10 (1939) 3796, nom. inval., no Latin descr. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
    • var. philippensis. Distribution: LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: N Luzon to Mindanano and Palawan. Common in thickets and open forests at low elevation.
    • var. wightii (Planch.) Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 62; ≡ Celtis wightii Planch., Ann. Sc. Nat. 3, 10 (1848) 307.
  4. Celtis rigescens (Miq.) Planch. in DC., Prodr. 17 (1873) 182; Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 416; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 58; ≡ Solenostigma rigescens Miq., Sumatra (1861) 411. = Celtis asperifolia Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 246; EPFP 2 (1923) 32. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Riau Arch, Sulawesi, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Lowland thickets or forests. Native.
  5. Celtis rubrovenia Elmer, LPB 2 (1908) 464; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 33; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65. = Celtis rubrovenia Elmer var. integra Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 33. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province. Notes: Primary forests on hills and ridges, 500-1800m. Native.
  6. Celtis timorensis Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 343; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 65. = Celtis cinnamomea Lindl. ex Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 303; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 32. = Celtis crenato-serrata Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 174. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, India, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand. LUZON: Bataan, Cagayan. Notes: Open forests at low elevation. Common in areas with rather prominent seasonal climate, in open forests at low elevation. Fl. & fr. Nov-Apr. Native.

Gironniera Gaudich.

  1. Gironniera celtidifolia Gaudich., Bot. Freycinet’s Voy. (1844) t. 85; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 73. = Gironniera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1845; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines. Notes: Fl. & fr. Jan-Dec. Native.
  2. Gironniera subaequalis Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. 3, 10 (1848) 339; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 35; Corner, Wayside Trees Malaya (1940) 690; Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 419; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 75. Distribution: Andaman Isls, China, Indochina, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand. Notes: Throughout Malesia except Lesser Sunda Isls; lowland primary and secondary forests. Native.

Trema Lour.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 January 2020
  1. Trema cannabina Lour., Fl. Cochin. 2 (1790) 563; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50; Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12; Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 50. = Trema amboinensis (Willd.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 61, quoad syn., excl. descr.; ≡ Celtis amboinensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 4, 2 (1805) 997. Distribution: Australia, China, Indochina, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean, Solomon Isls, Taiwan, Thailand. Notes: Throughout Malesia; sea-level to 1200m, along roadsides, forest edges, thickets, early re-growth secondary forests, a common pioneer in newly opened sites. Native.
  2. Trema eurhynchum (Miq.) Byng & Christenh., Global Fl. 4 (2018) 127; De Castro et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3773; ≡ Parasponia eurhyncha Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3 (1861) 411. = Parasponia rugosa Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 66; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 44; ≡ Trema rugosa (Blume) Byng & Christenh., Global Fl. 4 (2018) 127, nom. illeg., non Blume. = Trema vulcanica Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 260. = Trema philippinensis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3218. Distribution: Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LEYTE, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Often dominant or co-dominant in seral vegetation on various soil types including volcanic ash, 50-1900m. Native.
  3. Trema orientalis (L.) Blume, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1856) 62; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 171; EPFP 2 (1923) 34; Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 12, pro parte, excl. syn. Trema amboinensis auct. non (Willd.) Blume; Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 421; Soepadmo, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 51; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973; ≡ Celtis orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1044. Distribution: ?Africa, Australia, Borneo, China, India, Indochina, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Ilocos Norte. Native.
  4. Trema tomentosa (Roxb.) Hara, Fl. E. Himal. 2 (1971) 19; Soepadmo in Whitmore (ed.), Tree Fl. Malaya 2 (1973) 423; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 53; ≡ Celtis tomentosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 2 (1832) 66. = Celtis lima auct. non Sw.; Blanco, Fl. Filip. 2 (1837) 139. = Trema orientalis auct. non (L.) Blume; Merr., Sp. Blancoanae (1918) 121. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, India, Indochina, Madagascar, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Taiwan, Thailand. Native.

Literature