Campanulaceae

Cyclocodon Griff.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 27 November 2021
  1. Cyclocodon axillaris (Oliv.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 40 (2012) 22; ≡ Campanumoea axillaris Oliv., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 18 (1888) t. 1775. Distribution: China to Japan and Sumatra, Philippines. Native.
  2. Cyclocodon lancifolius (Roxb.) Kurz, Flora 55 (1872) 303; ≡ Codonopsis lancifolia (Roxb.) Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 120; ≡ Campanumoea lancifolia (Roxb.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 587; ≡ Campanula lancifolia Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 96. Distribution: LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.
    • ssp. lancifolius. Distribution: China, India, Moluccas, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan. LUZON: Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya. Notes: Wet places at medium elevation, ascending to 1400m. Native.
    • ssp. celebicus (Blume) K.E.Morris & Lammers, Novon 9 (1999) 387; ≡ Cyclocodon celebicus (Blume) D.Y.Hong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 36 (1998) 109; ≡ Codonopsis lancifolia ssp. celebica (Blume) Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 121; ≡ Campanumoea celebica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 727; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 587. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, PANAY. Notes: Forests and shaded ravines, 600-1100m. Native.

Hippobroma G.Don (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3 (1834) 717; ≡ Laurentia longiflora (L.) Peterm. in Engl., Pflanzenreich (1845) 444; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 140; ≡ Isotoma longiflora (L.) C.Presl, Prodr. Monogr. Lobel. (1836) 42; ≡ Lobelia longiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 930. Distribution: Caribbean. Notes: Almost throughout Malesia and throughout the Philippines. Damp places, along ditches and streams, against walls, low elevation. Naturalized.

Lobelia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Lobelia eryliae C.E.C.Fisch., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1928) 141; Type: Smith 0012 (K, holo), Indonesia. Distribution: LUZON: Benguet, MINDORO. Native.
    • ssp. luzonica (E.Wimm.) Lammers, Blumea 56 (2011) 223; ≡ Lobelia epilobioides var. luzonica E.Wimm., Pflanzenr. IV. 276c (1968) 882; Type: Clemens 9170 (L, holo; B, iso), Philippines, Luzon, Benquet Subprov., ‘Pauai’ [Paoay], Jan-1915. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Mossy forest among shrubs at 2100m. Fl. Jan-Jul (Lammers 2011). Native.
  2. Lobelia heyneana Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 5 (1819) 50; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 129. = Lobelia bialata (A.DC.) Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 105; EPFP 3 (1923) 588. Distribution: Africa, China, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra. LUZON: Mountain Province. Notes: Open wet places, c. 1350m. Native.
  3. Lobelia luzoniensis (Pers.) Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 588; ≡ Lobelia filiformis var. luzoniensis Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1806) 214. = Lobelia alsinoides auct. non Lam.; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 126. Distribution: China, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan. LUZON: Laguna, MINDANAO: Davao. Notes: Open damp places at low elevation. Native.
  4. Lobelia nummularia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1792) 589; ≡ Pratia nummularia (Lam.) Benth. ex Kurz, J. As. Soc. Beng. 462 (1877) 210; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 589. = Lobelia angulata auct. non G.Forst.; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6(1960) 133. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Indochina, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, S America, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, NEGROS. Notes: Moist open or shaded places, in montane forests, along stream banks and forest trails, 1000-1800m. Native.
  5. Lobelia philippinensis Skottsb., Acta Horti Gothob. iv. (1928) 13; Type: Vanoverbergh 38 (S, lecto; B, FI, GB, L, MO, isolecto), Luzon: Bontoc, 14-Feb-1914. = Lobelia nicotianifolia auct. non B.Heyne; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 588; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 123. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Aurora, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Mountain Province, Zambales, NEGROS. Notes: In Luzon from Ilocos Norte to Aurora to Zambales. Open spots on ridges in the mossy forest, often on grassy mountain slopes and hillsides, 500-2300m. Native.
    • ssp. biliranensis Lammers, Blumea 56 (2011) 221; Type: Sulit 5578 (L), Philippines, Biliran, Mt Suiro, northern slope, open ridge, 1230 m, 13-May-1954. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BILIRAN. Notes: Endemic, only known from type (Lammers 2011). Native.
    • ssp. negrosensis Lammers, Blumea 56 (2011) 221; Type: Philippine Plant Inventory 6380 (BRIT, holo), Negros: Negros Occidental, Mt Dumalabdab, Talisay mun., 10°40'N, 123°16'E, hill forest, rocky clay, 1160m, 25-Mar-1992. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. NEGROS. Notes: Evergreen rainforest and grassland, 1160-1200 m. Fl. & fr. Mar-Jun (Lammers 2011). Native.
    • ssp. philippinensis. = Lobelia nicotianifolia var. mollis Elmer, LPB 9 (1934) 3180; Type: Elmer 22181 (PNH, holo, lost; MO, iso), Luzon: Pampanga, Camp Stotsenburg, Mt Pinatubo, May-1927. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet, Ilocos Norte, Zambales. Notes: Forest openings, 500-1600 m. Fl. & fr. Oct-Apr (Lammers 2011). Native.
  6. Lobelia proctorii Argent & P.Wilkie, Pl. Ecol. 192(2) (2007) 158; Type: Argent & Reynoso 8998 (PNH, holo; E, K, L, iso), Sibuyan: Mt Giting-giting, Camp 3 above Magdiwang, on ridge leading to Mayo’s Peak, c. 1400m, 24-Aug-1989. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. SIBUYAN. Notes: Open grassland and elfin forest on ultramafic soils atop a ridge crest. Fl. May-Aug (Lammers 2011). Native.
  7. Lobelia zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 932; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 128. = Pratia ovata Elmer, LPB 2 (1909) 593; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 589. Distribution: China, India, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan. LUZON: Cagayan, Laguna, Sorsogon, MINDANAO, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Open spots in primary forests, along streams and shady grassy grounds under everwet climatic conditions. Usually at medium elevation, ascending to 1000m. Fl. & fr. throughout the year. Native.

Peracarpa Hook.f. & Thomson

  1. Peracarpa carnosa Hook.f. & Thomson, J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 2 (1857) 26; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 110. = Peracarpa luzonica Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1906) 201; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 586. Distribution: China, India, Japan, New Guinea, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand. LUZON: Benguet, PANAY. Notes: Montane (oak) forests, 2200-2400m. Native.

Wahlenbergia Schrad. ex Roth

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Wahlenbergia marginata (Thunb.) A.DC., Mon. Camp. (1830) 143; Moeliono, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1960) 115; ≡ Campanula marginata Thunb., Syst. Veg. ed. 14 (1784) 211. = Wahlenbergia bivalvis Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 242; EPFP 3 (1923) 587. Distribution: Australia, China, Japan, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. Notes: Montane grasslands, 1500-2700m. Native.

References