Cactaceae

Acanthocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 October 2020

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Acanthocereus tetragonus (L.) Hummelinck, Succulenta (Netherlands) 20 (1938) 165; ≡ Cactus tetragonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 466. = Acanthocereus pentagonus (L.) Britton & Rose, Contr. US Nat. Herb. 12 (1909) 432; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; ≡ Cactus pentagonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 467. Distribution: Neotropics. LUZON: Laguna. Notes: Occasional in hedges where planted.

Cereus Mill. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Cereus hexagonus (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) No. 1; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; ≡ Cactus hexagonus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 466. = Cereus lepidotus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. 2 (1850) 207; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 339. Distribution: America. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Occasionally planted for ornamental purposes, and in a few localities in regions subject to a long dry season, persistent in thickets, etc. Naturalized.

Epiphyllum Haw. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 January 2021
  1. Epiphyllum oxypetalum (DC.) Haw., Phil. Mag. (1829) 109; ≡ Cactus oxypetalus Moc. & Sessé ex DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 470. Distribution: C America. TAWI-TAWI. Notes: Possibly naturalized in forest in Tawi-Tawi (Kady Tahil, pers. comm., 22-Aug-2020). Naturalized.

Hylocereus (A.Berger) Britton & Rose (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 28 June 2022

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britton & Rose in Britton, Fl. Bermuda (1918) 256; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 129; ≡ Cereus undatus Haw., Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 9 (1830) 110. = Cereus triangularis Fern.-Vill., Novis. App. (1880) 99; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 339. Distribution: America. Notes: Cultivated very extensively in some provinces for its fruit and ornamental purposes. Not spontaneous. Dragon fruit, pitaya.

Leuenbergeria Lodé (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 28 June 2022

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Leuenbergeria bleo (Kunth) Lodé, Cact.-Avent. Int. 97 (2012) 26; ≡ Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 475; ≡ Cactus bleo Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 6 (1823) 69 [quarto], 56 [folio]. Distribution: C & S America. Notes: Cultivated.

Opuntia Mill. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 February 2020
  1. Opuntia cochenillifera (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768) n. 6; ≡ Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. 2 (1850) 64; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 340; EPFP 3 (1923) 129; ≡ Cactus cochenillifer L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 468. Distribution: America. LUZON: Rizal. Notes: Planted here and there for ornamental purposes, in some regions subject to a long dry season. Naturalized. The cochineal cactus - dried bodies of mealy bugs yields carmine, a scarlet dye. Naturalized.
  2. Opuntia monacantha (Willd.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ. (1819) 81; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 130; ≡ Cactus monacanthos Willd., Enum. Pl. Suppl. 33 (1814). Distribution: America. SIBUTU. Notes: Now more or less distributed in the Old World tropics. Sandy soil near the beach. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.

Pereskia Mill. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Jayson Mansibang, 28 June 2022

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Pereskia aculeata Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1768). Distribution: S America. MINDORO. Notes: Cultivated. At risk of becoming invasive (CABI 2020).

Literature