Malvaceae s.l. - Byttnerioideae

Abroma Jacq.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Abroma augustum (L.) L.f., Suppl. (1781) 341, as 'Ambroma'; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48; ≡ Theobroma augustum L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12 2 (1767) 233. Distribution: India to China and Malaysia. BATANES, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Batanes and N Luzon to Mindanao. Thickets, waste places, and open secondary forests at low and medium elevation. Native.

Byttneria Loefl.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2017
  1. Byttneria crenulata Wall. ex Mast., Fl. Britt. India 1 (1874) 376. = Byttneria echinata Wall., Cat. (1829) No. 1149, nom. nud.; Gagnep. in Lecomte, Fl. Gén. Indo-Chine 1 (1911) 520; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 48. Distribution: Indochina, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines. MINDORO. Notes: Known from Mindoro from BS 21268 Escritor. Thickets and second growth forests at low elevation. Native.

Commersonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2017
  1. Commersonia bartramia (L.) Merr., Interpret. Herb. Amb. (1917) 362; EPFP 3 (1923) 48; ≡ Muntingia bartramia L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 124. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines in most islands and provinces. Common in thickets and second-growth forests at low and medium elevation. Native.

Guazuma Plum. ex Adans. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Guazuma ulmifolia Lam., Encycl. 3 (1789) 52; Pancho & Gruezo, Vasc. Fl. Mt Makiling 2 (2006) 427. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Introduced recently in the Philippines. Occasionally cultivated.

Kleinhovia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2022
  1. Kleinhovia hospita L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1365; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 329; EPFP 3 (1923) 52. Native.
    • var. hospita. Distribution: Bangladesh, Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Taiwan, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines, at low and medium elevation, a characteristic tree of thickets, second growth forests, and deserted clearings.
    • var. velutina Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantentuin 14 (1895) 179.

Leptonychia Turcz.

Last edited by John Paul Collantes & Pieter B. Pelser, 21 June 2020
  1. Leptonychia banahaensis (Elmer) Merr., PJS 4 c (1909) Bot. 298; EPFP 3 (1923) 48; Veldkamp & Filipphi, Blumea 32 (1987) 448; ≡ Grewia banahaensis Elmer, LPB 1 (1908) 319. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
    • var. banahaensis. Distribution: LUZON: Apayao, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Quezon, Rizal, SAMAR. Notes: In forests, 180-800m elevation. Possibly present:.

Possibly present

  1. Leptonychia caudata (Wall. ex G.Don) Burret, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9 (1926) 729; ≡ Grewia caudata Wall. & G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1 (1831) 547. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, ?Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (21-June-20): Reynoso & Majaducon PPI 21875 and Gaerlan & Romero PPI 23303 (L) from Quezon Prov possibly represents this species.

Melochia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2021
  1. Melochia corchorifolia L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330. = Melochia concatenata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 675; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 46. Distribution: Pantropic. Notes: Possibly not native to the Philippines. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation in the settled areas, occurring as a ruderal along waysides, waste places, open grasslands, rice paddies, etc. Note by P.B. Pelser (31-May-21): According to Merrill (1912), this species is "undoubtedly introduced". Naturalized.
  2. Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1913) 317; ≡ Visenia umbellata Houtt., Nat. Hist. 2(8) (1777) 309. Distribution: India, Indian Ocean, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Philippines. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. A common and characteristic shrub or treelet in old clearings, secondary forests, etc. at low and medium elevation. Native.

Theobroma L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Theobroma cacao L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 782; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 328; EPFP 3 (1923) 49. Distribution: C America. Notes: Widely cultivated at low and medium elevations but nowhere spontaneous. Cacao.

Waltheria L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 May 2021
  1. Waltheria indica L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 673. = Waltheria americana L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 673; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 330; EPFP 3 (1923) 47. Distribution: America. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Naturalized in dry open places in the settled areas at low and medium elevation. Naturalized.