Brassicaceae

= Cruciferae

Brassica L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 January 2021

Photos
  1. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. Pl. Chark. (1859) 8; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 214; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 545; --Sinapis juncea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 668. --Brassica integrifolia (H.West) O.E.Schulz in Urban, Symb. Antill. 3 (1903) 509; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 207; --Sinapis integrifolia H.West, Bidr. Beskr. Ste Croix (1793) 296. Origin not known, possibly E Europe or SW Asia. Widespread in cultivation in S Europe, Asia, Africa, and America. Cultivated in the Philippines: mostaza. Note by P.B. Pelser (8-Nov-20): "in towns, near houses, etc., planted and spontaneous" (Merrill 1923).

Cultivated, not naturalized:

  1. Brassica oleracea L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 667; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 207. --Brassica pekinensis Skeels, U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. No. 227 (1911) 51. Brussels sprouts, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, etc. Not naturalized (Merrill 1923). Photos
  2. Brassica rapa L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 666. Not naturalized. Photos

Capsella Med. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Capsella bursa-pastoris Med., Pflanzengatt. 1 (1792) 85; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 192; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 550. Cosmopolitan weed, probable native in Europe, introduced in Malesia and recorded from the highlands of E Java, Philippines, and E New Guinea. Probably more widespread. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province. A common weed in Bontoc.  Photos

Cardamine L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 May 2021

Photos
  1. Cardamine hirsuta L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 655; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 191; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 554. Native at least in Europe, and probably in some tropical mountains (Ethiopia, E Africa, Cameroon). Widespread weed and naturalized in many areas including the Philippines. Lowlands up to c. 2200m in the Cordillera Highlands of N Luzon. Photos
  2. Cardamine manshurica (Kom.) Nakai, Tyosen-Syokubutu (1914) 113; --Kim et al., Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 45 (2015) 141; --Cardamine parviflora var. manshurica Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 22 (1903) 370. --Cardamine flexuosa auct. non With.; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 554 (pro parte). --Cardamine regeliana auct. non Miq.; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208. China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Philippines. LUZON: Benguet, Mountain Province, MINDANAO. Occasional in open damp places, 1200-1800m. Photos

Lepidium L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Lepidium virginicum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 645; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 207; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 187; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 548. Native of North America. Widespread as a weed in all warm countries. In Malesia known from E Java and N Philippines. LUZON: Cagayan, Nueva Vizcaya. A weed in towns, in some regions occurring along sandy seashores. Photos

Nasturtium W.T.Aiton [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017

Photos
  1. Nasturtium officinale R.Br. in Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. 2, 4 (1812) 110; --Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 208; --Quisumb., Med. Pl. Philip. (1951) 335; --Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1963) 191. --Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek, Sched. Fl. Str. Exs. 3-4 (1905) 22; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 555; --Sisymbrium nasturtium-aquaticum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 657. Native in Europe and W Asia, perhaps also in Ethiopia. Widely cultivated and spread with European settlements to temperate and montane areas throughout the world. In the Philippines commonly cultivated in the Cordillera Highlands of N LUZON, where it also escapes from cultivation, following water courses, and establishing themselves as weeds. Photos

Raphanus L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 July 2017

Photos
  1. Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 669. Photos

Rorippa Scop.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017

Photos
  1. Rorippa dubia (Pers.) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 30 (1955) 196; --Sisymbrium dubium Pers., Syn. Pl. 2 (1806) 199. --Rorippa heterophylla (Blume) Williams, Fl. Trin. & Tobago (1929) 24; --Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 559; --Nasturtium heterophyllum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 50. --Nasturtium indicum auct. non (L.) DC.; --Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 27 (1905) 17; Fl. Manila (1912) 213; EPFP 2 (1923) 208. Native to E Asia, at least from Myanmar to Japan; Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Papua New Guinea, Philippines. LUZON, MINDANAO. Near sea-level to 2000m, in open moist ground in cultivated lands and water courses, 250-1500m.
  2. Rorippa hybosperma (O.E.Schulz) Jonsell, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1988) 559; --Nasturtium hybospermum O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. 55 (1918) 268. Philippines, New Guinea. MINDANAO: North Cotabato (Dulawan). Lowland streams and rivers in marshes.

Possibly present:

  1. Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 1 (1896) 26; --Sisymbrium indicum L., Mant. Pl. (1767) 93. Africa, Bangladesh, China, India, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Reported for the Philippines by Moody (1989) as a weed in rice, but no specimens cited.

Literature

Jonsell, B. 1988. Cruciferae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 10: 541-560

Kim, Y-Y, S-J Ji & B-U Oh. 2015. Taxonomic review of Cardamine manshurica (Kom.) Nakai (Brassicaceae). Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 45: 136-144

Moody, K. 1989. Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia. IRRI, Philippines


Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 31 May 2021