Bignoniaceae

Catalpa Scop. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Catalpa longissima (Jacq.) Dum.-Cours., Bot. Cult. 2 (1802) 190; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182; ≡ Bignonia longissima Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 25.

Crescentia L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Crescentia alata Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3 (1818) 158; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182.
  2. Crescentia cujete L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 626; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 430; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182.

Dolichandra Cham. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017
  1. Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G.Lohmann, Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela (2008) 273; ≡ Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H.Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; ≡ Bignonia unguis-cati L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 623. Distribution: C & S America, Caribbean. LUZON. Notes: Introduced and invasive on Mt Banahaw and Mt Makiling. Naturalized.

Dolichandrone Fenzl

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017
  1. Dolichandrone spathacea (L.f.) K.Schum., Fl. Kaiser Wilhelms Land (1889) 123; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 444; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 142; ≡ Bignonia spathacea L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 283. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Widespread in the Philippines. Confined to back mangrove and banks of tidal streams and estuaries. Native.

Fridericia Mart. (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Fridericia mollissima (Kunth) L.G.Lohmann, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 99 (2014) 440; ≡ Arrabidaea mollissima (Kunth) Bureau & K.Schum., Fl. Bras. 8, 2 (1896) 46; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 182; ≡ Bignonia mollissima Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3 (1818) 133. Distribution: America.

Handroanthus Mattos (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Handroanthus chrysanthus (Jacq.) S.O.Grose, Syst. Bot. 32 (2007) 664; ≡ Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacq.) Nichols, Dict. Gard. 4 (1881) 1; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; ≡ Bignonia chrysantha Jacq., Pl. Hort. Schoenbr. 2 (1797) 45. Distribution: C & S America.

Jacaranda Juss. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don, Bot. Reg. 8 (1822) t. 631; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977). = Jacaranda ovalifolia R.Br., Curtis’ Bot. Mag. (1822) t. 2327; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 427; EPFP 3 (1923) 444.

Kigelia DC. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. (1849) 463; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; ≡ Bignonia africana Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 424.

Mansoa DC. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Mansoa hymenaea (DC.) A.H.Gentry, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 66 (1980) 782; ≡ Pachyptera hymenaea (DC.) A.H.Gentry, Brittonia 25 (1973) 236; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 183; ≡ Bignonia hymenaea DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 158.

Nyctocalos Teijsm. & Binn.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 May 2017
  1. Nyctocalos cuspidatum (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 249; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 443; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 123; ≡ Tecoma cuspidata Blume, Rumphia 4 (1849) 35. Distribution: India, Philippines, Sulawesi. BASILAN, BILIRAN, CEBU, LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN, POLILLO. Notes: Lowland rainforests. Native.

Oroxylum Vent.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2017
  1. Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent., Dec. Gen. Nov. (1808) 8; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 428; EPFP 3 (1923) 444; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 128; ≡ Bignonia indica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 625. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Cagayan, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Luzon (Cagayan) to Palawan and Mindanao, in most or all islands and provinces. A characteristic, short-lived nomad tree, nowhere gregarious, never in mature rainforest but always in openings, secondary growths and thickets, rather indifferent to climate and soils, at low to medium elevation below 1000m. Native.

Parmentiera DC. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Parmentiera aculeata Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald (1854) 183; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184. = Parmentiera cerifera Seem. in Hook., J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3 (1851) 302; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184.

Podranea Sprague (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Podranea ricasoliana (Tanfani) Sprague, Fl. Cap. 4, 2 (1904) 450; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184; ≡ Tecoma ricasoliana Tanfani, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 17 (1887) t. 1-2.

Pyrostegia C.Presl. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3 (1863) 188; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 184; ≡ Bignonia venusta Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3 (1801) t. 249.

Radermachera Zoll. & Moritzi

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2019
  1. Radermachera coriacea Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 333; EPFP 3 (1923) 445; Batuyong et al., Biodiversitas 21 (2020) 3973. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Ilocos Norte, Isabela. Notes: Ultramafic forests, usually near the coast. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  2. Radermachera gigantea (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 3 (1867) 250; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 155; ≡ Spathodea gigantea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 761. = Radermachera biternata Merr., PJS 1 (1906) Suppl. 238; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. = Radermachera elliptica Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 334; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. = Radermachera elmeri Merr., Govt. Lab. Publ. (Philipp.) 29 (1905) 48; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. = Radermachera fragrans Elmer, LPB 7 (1915) 2561; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446. = Radermachera palawanensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 336; EPFP 3 (1923) 446. = Radermachera sibuyanensis Elmer, LPB 4 (1912) 1485; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 447. Distribution: Borneo, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra. Notes: Primary and secondary forests, in various soil types including ultramafic-derived, also in areas subject to a dry monsoon, from the lowland up to c. 1600m. Not rarely a pioneer in secondary forest, cuttings sometimes used for strengthening terracing on unstable slopes. Early flowering and fruiting as a shrub. Native.
  3. Radermachera glandulosa (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3 (1867) 250; ≡ Spathodea glandulosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 762. Distribution: China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. Native.
  4. Radermachera quadripinnata (Blanco) Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147, as ‘quadripinna’; Turner, Phytotaxa 71 (2012) 34; ≡ Millingtonia quadripinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501; Type: Cuming 1182 (K, neo; CGE, K, MO, P, iso), Luzon: Albay. = Millingtonia pinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 501, nom. illeg., non Roxb.; ≡ Radermachera pinnata Seem., J. Bot. 8 (1870) 147; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 446; Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 337; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 153; Type: Merrill Species Blancoanae 834 (leg. M. Ramos) (A, neo; BO, GH, K, L, MO, US, iso), Luzon: Rizal, Bosoboso, 9-Mar-1915. = Radermachera pinnata var. glabra (Seem.) Blanco, PJS 3 (1908) 337. Native.
    • ssp. quadripinnata. = Radermachera acuminata Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 445. = Radermachera brachybotrys Merr., PJS 26 (1925) 489; EPFP 4 (1925) 251; Type: BS 41688 Edaño, Leyte. = Radermachera fenicis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 335; EPFP 3 (1923) 446. = Radermachera mindorensis Merr., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 338; EPFP 3 (1923) 446. = Radermachera whitfordii Merr., PJS 7 c (1912) Bot. 352; EPFP 3 (1923) 447. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi. BILIRAN, CAMIGUIN, LEYTE, LUZON: Cagayan, MINDANAO, MINDORO, NEGROS, SAMAR. Notes: In Luzon from Cagayan to Bicol Peninsula. Lowland secondary and primary forests, along streams, up to 600m. Common.
    • ssp. lobbii (Teijsm. & Binn.) I.M.Turner, Reinwardtia 16 (2017) 47; ≡ Spathodea lobbii Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 25 (1863) 413; Type: from Singapore. = Radermachera quadripinnata ssp. acuminata (Steenis) I.M.Turner, Phytotaxa 71 (2012) 34; ≡ Radermachera pinnata ssp. acuminata (Steenis) Steenis, Blumea 23 (1976) 129; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 154; ≡ Radermachera lobbii ssp. acuminata Steenis, Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg. III, 10 (1928) 247; Type: from Indonesia. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Thailand. CULION, PALAWAN. Notes: Low elevation open grasslands in Palawan and Culion.

Spathodea P.Beauv. (Not native)

  1. Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv., Fl. Oware Benin 1 (1804) 47; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 429; EPFP 3 (1923) 447; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185. Distribution: Africa. Naturalized.

Tabebuia Gomes ex DC. (Not native)

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 July 2017

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Tabebuia rosea (Bertol.) Bertero ex A.DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 215; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; ≡ Tecoma rosea Bertol., Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 4 (1840) 425. Distribution: America.

Tecoma Juss. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 16 January 2021
  1. Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 3 (1819) 144; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 428; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 135; ≡ Stenolobium stans (L.) D.Don, Edinburgh Philos. J. (1823) 88; Merr., EPFP 3 (1923) 444; ≡ Bignonia stans L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 871. Distribution: America. Notes: Cultivated as an ornamental, scarcely naturalized. Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl., Bot. Reg. 13 (1828) t. 1117; Steenis, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 8 (1977) 185; ≡ Bignonia capensis Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. (1794) 105. Distribution: Africa. Notes: Not naturalized.

Literature