Balanophoraceae

Balanophora J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 May 2024
  1. Balanophora abbreviata Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1827) 87; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 801. = Balanophora micrantha Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 169; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. = Balanophora subglobosa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1660; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. = Balanophora fawcettii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1659. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CEBU (photos), LEYTE, LUZON: Benguet, Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur, MINDORO. Notes: Low to medium elevation forests. Native.
  2. Balanophora coralliformis Barcelona, Tandang & Pelser, Phytotaxa 170 (2014) 291; Type: Barcelona 3895 with Pelser & Tandang (PNH, holo; CHR, K, PUH, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora, San Luis, Mt Mingan, 23-Feb-2014. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet (photo), MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental (photos), ?MINDORO (photos). Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl., ed. 1 (1775) 50; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 794. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. CEBU (photos), LUZON: Bataan (photos), Bulacan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
    • ssp. fungosa. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Vietnam. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, PALAWAN. Notes: Medium elevation forests. Native.
    • ssp. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen, Dansk. Bot. Ark. 28 (1972) 100; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 794. = Balanophora decurrens Fawc., Trans. Linn. Soc. Bot. 2 (1886) 234; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON, MINDORO (photos), PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Balanophora papuana Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. 50 (1913) 68; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 798. = Balanophora incarnata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1661; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines. CAMIGUIN, CEBU (photos), LUZON: Aurora (photos), Bataan, Benguet, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Cotabato (photos), Davao del Sur, Lanao del Sur, Misamis Oriental (photos), MINDORO, PANAY (photos). Notes: Tree root parasite at medium and higher elevation, ascending to 2100m. Native.

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