Balanophoraceae

Balanophora J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 2 November 2022
  1. Balanophora abbreviata Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 1 (1827) 87; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 801. = Balanophora micrantha Warb. in Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 169; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. = Balanophora subglobosa Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1660; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. = Balanophora fawcettii Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1659. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. LEYTE, LUZON: Laguna, Quezon, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Notes: Low to medium elevation forests. Native.
  2. Balanophora coralliformis Barcelona, Tandang & Pelser, Phytotaxa 170 (2014) 291; Type: Barcelona 3895 with Pelser & Tandang (PNH, holo; CHR, K, PUH, US, iso), Luzon: Aurora, San Luis, Mt Mingan, 23-Feb-2014. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Aurora, Benguet (photo). Conservation status: Critically Endangered (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  3. Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl., ed. 1 (1775) 50; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 794. Distribution: LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Native.
    • ssp. fungosa. Distribution: Australia, Java, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. LUZON: Bulacan, Rizal, PALAWAN. Notes: Medium elevation forests. Native.
    • ssp. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen, Dansk. Bot. Ark. 28 (1972) 100; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 794. = Balanophora decurrens Fawc., Trans. Linn. Soc. Bot. 2 (1886) 234; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. Distribution: Australia, China, India, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  4. Balanophora papuana Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. 50 (1913) 68; Hansen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 7 (1976) 798. = Balanophora incarnata Elmer, LPB 5 (1913) 1661; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 118. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines. CAMIGUIN, LUZON: Bataan, Benguet, Pampanga, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, MINDORO. Notes: Tree root parasite at medium and higher elevation, ascending to 2100m. Native.

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