Aspleniaceae

Asplenium L.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 10 March 2022
  1. Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.f.) Bech., Candollea 6 (1935) 22; ≡ Trichomanes aethiopicum Burm.f., Fl. Indica (1768) 32 (err. 28). Native.
    • ssp. aethiopicum. Distribution: Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, ?Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  2. Asplenium affine Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800 (1801) 56. = Asplenium spathulinum J.Sm. ex Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6 (1848) 524; J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 408, nom. inval., nom. nud. = Asplenium gracilifolium Copel., PJS c 4 (1909) 113. Distribution: ?Africa, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Madagascar, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Asplenium amboinense Willd., Sp. Pl. 5 (1810) 303. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Asplenium anguineum Christ, J. Bot. (Morot) sér. 2, 1 (1908) 232. = Asplenium phyllitidis ssp. malesicum Holttum, Gard. Bull. Sing. 27 (1974) 153. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  5. Asplenium anisodontum C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 73; Salgado, Phytotaxa 524 (2021) 81; Type: Cuming 128 (PRC, holo; B, BM, E, L, MICH, MW, US, W, iso), Luzon. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. LUZON. Native.
  6. Asplenium apoense Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 185. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
  7. Asplenium callipteris Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1850) 193. = Asplenium epiphyticum Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 184. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
  8. Asplenium colubrinum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier II. 6 (1906) 999. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
  9. Asplenium crinicaule Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 5, 5 (1866) 254. Distribution: Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  10. Asplenium cuneatum Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 309. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Caribbean, Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. PALAWAN. Native.
  11. Asplenium cymbifolium Christ, Bull. Boiss. 2, 6 (1906) 999. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sumatra. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PALAWAN. Native.
  12. Asplenium elmeri Christ, PJS 2 c (1907) Bot. 164. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  13. Asplenium exiguum Bedd., Ferns S. India (1863) t.146. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Russia, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  14. Asplenium griseum Copel., Polyp. Philipp. (1905) 82. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. Native.
  15. Asplenium haenkei Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 165. = Diplora longifolia (C.Presl) C.Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. Tert. (1934) 78; ≡ Scolopendrium longifolium C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1 (1825) 48. = Triphlebia pinnata (J.Sm. ex Kunze) Baker, Malesia 3 (1886) 42; ≡ Scolopendrium pinnatum J.Sm. ex Kunze, Farnkräuter 1 (1843) 124. Distribution: Moluccas, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  16. Asplenium horridum Kaulf., Enum. Filic. (1824) 173. = ?Asplenium caudatum G.Forst., Prodr. (1786) 80. = ?Asplenium chamissonianum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. (1836) 107. Distribution: ?Bismarck Arch, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
  17. Asplenium insiticium Brack., U.S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16 (1854) 161. Distribution: Pacific Ocean, Philippines. LUZON. Native.
  18. Asplenium laciniatum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 8. Native.
    • ssp. fraser-jenkinsii Reichst. ex Pangtey & Khullar, Indian Fern J. 27 ((2011)) 185. = Asplenium semivarians Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium (2003) 78. Distribution: Africa, China, India, Philippines. Native.
  19. Asplenium laserpitiifolium Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 310. = Asplenium robustum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 189. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, ?Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. PALAWAN. Native.
  20. Asplenium lepturus J.Sm., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3 (1841) 408; Salgado, PJS 151 (2022) 292; Type: Cuming 211 (PRC, holo; B, BM, E, GH, K, MICH, P, US, W, iso), Luzon. = ?Asplenium contiguum Kaulf., Enum. Filic. (1824) 172. Distribution: China, Laos, ?Pacific Ocean, Philippines, ?Sulawesi, Vietnam. LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Kalinga, Mountain Province, Pampanga, Quezon, NEGROS. Native.
  21. Asplenium lobulatum Mett., Linnaea 36 (1869) 100. Distribution: Borneo, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. Native.
  22. Asplenium longissimum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 178. = Asplenium acutiusculum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 178. Distribution: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  23. Asplenium macrophyllum Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800 (1801) 52; Salgado, Edinburgh J. Bot. 74 (2017) 3; Paclibar & Tadiosa, Philippine J. Syst. Biol. 14 (2020) 9. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Native.
  24. Asplenium mantalingahanum P.M.Zamora & Co, Nat. Appl. Sc. Bull. Univ. Philipp. 32 (1980) 46. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. PALAWAN. Native.
  25. Asplenium militare Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 4) (1906) 254; Salgado, PJS 151 (2022) 294; Type: Copeland 1505 (MICH, holo; B, P, S, iso), Mindanao: Mt Apo, 1800m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. MINDANAO. Native.
  26. Asplenium musifolium Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 3 (1859) 130; ≡ Neottopteris musifolia (Mett.) J.Sm., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 409. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Borneo, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. BALABAC, BATAN, BOHOL, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Camarines Sur, Kalinga, Laguna, Mountain Province, Quezon, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, NEGROS, PANAY, SIBUYAN. Native.
  27. Asplenium nidus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1079. = Neottopteris elliptica Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 203. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, China, Indian Ocean, Japan, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
    • var. nidus. Native.
    • var. curtisorum (Christ) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Sing. 27 (1974) 148; ≡ Asplenium curtisorum Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg II. 4 (1904) 39. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.
  28. Asplenium nigrescens Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 180; Salgado, PJS 151 (2022) 294; Type: from Moluccas. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra. CAMIGUIN, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao, South Cotabato. Native.
  29. Asplenium normale D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 7. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  30. Asplenium oxyphyllum J.Sm. ex Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (1846) 441. = Tarachia haenkeana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6 (1851) 76. = Asplenium falcatum auct. non Lam. Distribution: China, Hong Kong, Indian Ocean, Malesia, Philippines, SE Asia, Taiwan. Native.
  31. Asplenium pahlii Salgado, Phytotaxa 524 (2021) 73, as 'pahli'; Type: Wenzel 572 (P, holo; F, P, US, iso), Leyte: 500m, 5-Feb-1914. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE. Native.
  32. Asplenium pellucidum Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 305. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indian Ocean, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. PALAWAN. Native.
  33. Asplenium persicifolium J.Sm. ex Mett., Aspl. 97 (1859) no. 32; J.Sm., J. Bot. 8 (1841) 408, nom. inval. = Asplenium tripinnatifidum Copel., PJS 46 (1931) 215. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
  34. Asplenium phyllitidis D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 7; ≡ Asplenium nidus var. phyllitidis (D.Don) Alderw., Handb. Malayan Ferns Suppl. (1917) 282. = ?Asplenium colubrinum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier II. 6 (1906) 999. Distribution: Bangladesh, China, India, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  35. Asplenium scandens J.Sm. ex Mett., Mett. Aspl. 108 (1859) n. 57; J.Sm., J. Bot. 8 (1841) 408, nom. inval. Distribution: Borneo, Moluccas, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. PALAWAN. Native.
  36. Asplenium schizocarpum (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. (1947) 165; ≡ Scolopendrium schizocarpum Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 152. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi. Native.
  37. Asplenium scolopendrioides J.Sm. ex Hook., Icon. Pl. (1854) t. 930; J.Sm., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 408, nom. inval. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines. LEYTE. Native.
  38. Asplenium setisectum Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. (1828) 187. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi. LUZON. Native.
  39. Asplenium stantoni Copel., PJS 1 (Suppl. 2) (1906) 151; Type: Copeland s.n., Luzon: Bontoc, Batilao, 1600m. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Mountain Province. Native.
  40. Asplenium steerei Harr., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (1877) 28. Distribution: Moluccas, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Taiwan. LUZON. Native.
  41. Asplenium tenerum G.Forst., Prodr. (1786) 80. Distribution: Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Japan, Java, Korea, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, PALAWAN. Native.
  42. Asplenium tenuifolium D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. (1825) 8. Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Native.
  43. Asplenium thunbergii Kunze, Linnaea 10 (1836) 517. = Asplenium decorum Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6 (1848) 176. Distribution: India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Moluccas, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Native.
  44. Asplenium truncatilobum (C.Presl) Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. (1852) 191; ≡ Tarachia truncatiloba C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5(6) (1851) 437. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Camarines Norte, Cavite, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, Mountain Province, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Zambales. Native.
  45. Asplenium vittaeforme Cav., Descr. (1802) 255; Coritico & Amoroso, Nature Conservation Research 5 (2020) 81. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao Oriental, Misamis Occidental, PALAWAN. Conservation status: Vulnerable (DAO 2017-11). Native.
  46. Asplenium vulcanicum Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. (1828) 176. = ?Asplenium salignum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 175. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi. Native.
  47. Asplenium yoshinagae Makino, Phan. Pter. Jap. Icon. 1 (1900) t.64. Native.
    • ssp. austroindicum Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes (2008) 160. Distribution: India, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Asplenium polyodon G.Forst., Prodr. (1786) 80. Distribution: Australasia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, ?Philippines, Solomon Isls. ?PALAWAN.
  2. Asplenium powellii Baker, Syn. Fil. (1867) 224. Distribution: Moluccas, New Guinea, ?Philippines, Solomon Isls.
  3. Asplenium serricula Fée, Mém. Foug. 5 (1852) 196. Distribution: India, ?Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan.

Incertae sedis

  1. Asplenium unilaterale auct. non Lam., Encycl. 2 (1786) 305. Distribution: MINDANAO: Bukidnon. Notes: The name Asplenium unilaterale Lam. has been misapplied to some SE Asian plants (Lin & Viane 2013) and it is presently unclear to which species some of the Philippine plants belong.

Hymenasplenium Hayata.

Last edited by Julie F. Barcelona, 4 June 2021
  1. Hymenasplenium adiantifrons (Hayata) Viane & S.Y.Dong, Fl. China 2-3 (2013) 312; ≡ Asplenium resectum forma adiantifrons Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4 (1914) 226. = ?Asplenium filipes Copel., PJS 3 c (1908) Bot. 304. Distribution: Philippines, Taiwan. Native.
  2. Hymenasplenium cheilosorum (Kunze ex Mett.) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7 (1938) 84; ≡ Asplenium cheilosorum Kunze ex Mett., Aspl. (1859) 133. Distribution: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Borneo, China, India, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. Native.
  3. Hymenasplenium excisum (C.Presl) S.Linds., Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 37 (2009) 69; ≡ Asplenium excisum C.Presl, Epimel. Bot. (1851) 74; Type: Cuming 110 (BM, K, PRC, syn), Luzon. = Asplenium subresectum Copel., PJS 83 (1954) 97. Distribution: Australia, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  4. Hymenasplenium obscurum (Blume) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7 (1938) 83; ≡ Asplenium obscurum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2 (1828) 181. Distribution: Africa, Bhutan, Borneo, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Hymenasplenium ofeliae (Salgado) Barcelona & Pelser, Blumea 66 (2021) 96; ≡ Asplenium ofeliae Salgado, Amer. Fern J. 93 (2003) 193; Type: Merrill 700 (US, holo; PRC, iso), Luzon: Benguet, May-1911. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Benguet. Native.
  6. Hymenasplenium subnormale (Copel.) Nakaike, New Fl. Jap. Pterid. (1992) 841; ≡ Asplenium subnormale Copel., Fragm. Fl. Philip. (1905) 183. Distribution: Borneo, China, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sulawesi, Taiwan. LUZON, PALAWAN. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Hymenasplenium obliquissimum (Hayata) Sugim., Keys Herb. Pl. Jap. Pterid. 356 (1966) 406. Distribution: China, India, Japan, Myanmar, Nepal, ?Philippines, Vietnam.
  2. Hymenasplenium pubirhizoma (Ching & Z.Y.Liu) K.W.Xu & Li Bing Zhang, Phytotaxa 351 (2018) 186; ≡ Asplenium pubirhizoma Ching & Z.Y.Liu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 3 (1983) 7. Distribution: Borneo, China, India, Japan, Myanmar, ?Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Vietnam.

References