Aristolochiaceae

Aristolochia L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 9 May 2021
  1. Aristolochia acuminata Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 254. = Aristolochia tagala Cham., Linnaea 7 (1832) 207; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 186; EPFP 2 (1923) 120; Ding Hou, Blumea 29 (1983) 232; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 94. = Aristolochia mindanaensis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 169; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Type: Warburg 14772. = Aristolochia subdigitata Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 283; Type: Untraced, illustrative specimen: Merrill Species Blancoanae 289 (US), Luzon: Between Manila and Pasig, Mar-1911. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. LUZON: Albay. Notes: Forests and thickets, low and medium elevation. Native.
  2. Aristolochia foveolata Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 9; EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Ding Hou, Blumea 29 (1983) 227; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 91; Type: BS 30370 Ramos. Distribution: Borneo, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Sumatra, Taiwan. CATANDUANES, PALAWAN. Notes: Moist lowland forest along small streams. Native.
  3. Aristolochia humilis Merr., PJS 13 c (1918) Bot. 280; EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 103; Type: BS 28480 Ramos & Edaño (US, iso), Luzon: Quezon, Mt Binuang. May-1917. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Quezon. Notes: Damp forests along streams at low elevation. Native.
  4. Aristolochia jackii Steud., Nom. Bot. ed. 2, 1 (1840) 132; Ding Hou, Blumea 29 (1983) 230; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 88. Distribution: Borneo, Java, Malay Peninsula, ?New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sumatra. PALAWAN. Native.
  5. Aristolochia leytensis Merr., PJS 10 c (1915) Bot. 4; EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 104; Type: BS 15201 Ramos (US, iso), Leyte: Leyte, near Dagami, in thickets along streams, Aug-1912. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Notes: Thickets and forests near or along streams at low elevation. Native.
  6. Aristolochia macgregorii Merr., PJS 5 c (1910) Bot. 174; EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 103; Type: BS 10656 McGregor (US, iso), Babuyan Island Group, Dalupiri, 20-Aug-1909. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. CALAYAN, DALUPIRI. Notes: Littoral thickets, up to 350m. Native.
  7. Aristolochia philippinensis Warb. in Perkins, Frag. Fl. Philipp. (1905) 170; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 102. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BANCALAN, CEBU, LUZON: Benguet, Cagayan, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Surigao del Norte, MINDORO, NEGROS, PALAWAN, SEMIRARA. Notes: Low and medium elevation thickets and forest, up to 900m. Native.
  8. Aristolochia samarensis Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 178; EPFP 2 (1923) 120; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 102; Type: BS 24410 Ramos (US, iso), Samar: Catubig River at Pinipisakan, 20-Mar-1916. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LEYTE, SAMAR. Notes: Damp forest near river at low elevation. Only known from the type collection. Native.
  9. Aristolochia sericea Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 283; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 120; Ding Hou, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 103. = Aristolochia membranacea Merr., PJS 14 (1919) 381; EPFP 2 (1923) 119; Type: BS 33338 Ramos (US, iso), Luzon: Ilocos Norte, Mt Palimlim, on dry slopes and ridges, c. 350m, 22-Aug-1918. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. LUZON: Albay, Batangas, Bulacan, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, La Union, MINDANAO: Lanao del Sur. Notes: Dry thickets at low and medium elevation up to 350m. Native.
  10. Aristolochia zollingeriana Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1858) 1066; Ding Hou, Blumea 29 (1983) 232; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 92. = Aristolochia ramosii Merr., PJS 29 (1926) 478; Type: BS 43375 Ramos, Bohol: Kalingohan, on rocky forested slopes, c. 300m, Aug-1923. Distribution: Java, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Sumatra, Taiwan. BOHOL, CEBU, DALUPIRI, LUZON, MINDORO. Notes: Forests or along forest edges, on limestone, up to 300m. Native.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Aristolochia elegans Mast., Gard. Chron. 2 (1885) 301; LPB 5 (1913) 1661; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 186; EPFP 2 (1923) 119. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Cultivated only. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Thottea Rottb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2020
  1. Thottea philippinensis Quisumb., PJS 41 (1930) 322; Ding Hou, Blumea 27 (1981) 306; Blumea 29 (1983) 242; Fl. Males. Ser. 1, 10 (1984) 75; Type: FB 30249 Roque, Mindanao: Lanao, Santo Cogon, dipterocarp forest, c. 150m, 22-Apr-1926. Distribution: Borneo, Philippines. MINDANAO: Lanao. Native.

Incertae sedis

  1. Thottea tomentosa (Blume) Ding Hou, Blumea 27 (1981) 328; Fl. Males. ser. 1, 10 (1984) 79; ≡ Apama tomentosa (Blume) Engl. in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(1) (1888) 272; ≡ Ceramium tomentosum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17 (1826-1827) 1135; Type: from Indonesia. = Bragantia affinis Planch. ex Rolfe, Kew Bull. (1913) 265; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 120; Type: Cuming 1689 (K, lecto), Panay; Merrill 6700 (BM, K, PNH, US, syn), Panay: Dumarao, Mar-1910; BS 13370 Ramos, Luzon: Tayabas, Tagcauayan, Mar-1911. = Bragantia brevipes Merr., PJS 17 (1920) 248; EPFP 2 (1923) 120; Type: BS 34811 Ramos & Pascasio (BM, BO, K, US, iso), Surigao, Apr-1919. Distribution: Philippines. ALABAT, LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO: Surigao, PANAY, SAMAR. Notes: Moist forests along small streams at low and medium elevation. J.V. LaFrankie (pers. comm. 27-Apr-2016) considers Philippine plants under the name Thottea tomentosa distinct at the species level. P.B. Pelser (10-May-2020): photos here by Tandang show a flower with eight stamens, but Thottea tomentosa is supposed to consistently have six. Because the protologues of Bragantia affinis and Bragantia brevipes also mention flowers with six stamens, this plant might represent a distinct species. Native.

References