Amaryllidaceae

Including Alliaceae

Allium L. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 October 2020

Photos 
  1. Allium ampeloprasum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 295; --Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 381. --Allium porrum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 295. Cultivated. Photos
  2. Allium cepa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 300; --Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 381. --Allium ascalonicum auct. non L., --Ochse & Bakh., Veget. Dutch East Indies (1931) 441. Cultivated. Onion. Photos 
  3. Allium fistulosum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 301; --Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Center of origin in Siberia and China. Cultivated in the Philippines. Photos
  4. Allium sativum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 297; --Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Garlic. Cultivated. Photos .
  5. Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng., Caroli Linnaei Syst. Veg. 2 (1825) 38; --Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Cultivated in the Philippines.

Amaryllis L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos

  1. Amaryllis belladonna L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 293; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 136; --Geerinck, Fl.  Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 371. Native of South Africa. Cultivated in the Philippines.

Crinum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 January 2021

Photos 
  1. Crinum asiaticum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 292; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 147; EPFP 1 (1922) 210; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 359. --Type: from India, Malabar Coast and Sri Lanka in LINN. Indian Ocean Isls (Cocos Is, Mascarenes), India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam), Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo (Brunei, Sarawak), Philippines, N Sulawesi, Java, Madura, Timor, Moluccas (Ambon, Seram), New Guinea (Merauke, Sepik, Milne Bay), Bismarck Arch., Solomon Isls, NW Australia, New Caledonia, Pacific Isls (Guam, Carolines, Marshalls, Fiji, Samoa).
  2. Crinum gracile G.Mey. ex C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 120; --Naves, Novis. App. (1880) 255; --Baker, Handb. Amaryl. (1888) 81; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 210; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361; --Type: Haenke, Luzon. --Crinum cumingii Baker, Gard. Chron. 2 (1881) 72; Handb. Amaryll. (1888) 81; --Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 152; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 275; --Type: Cuming 1382. Sumatra (Palembang), Philippines, New Guinea. LUZON: Nueva Ecija, Laguna, MINDORO, MINDANAO. Primary lowland forests. Photos
  3. Crinum latifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 291; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 210; --Steiner, Philip. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361. Native to tropical Asia. Cultivated as an ornamental and scarcely naturalized. 
  4. Crinum zeylanicum (L.) L., Syst. ed. 12 (1767) 236; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 211; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361; --Amaryllis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 293. Native to tropical Africa and Asia. Cultivated as an ornamental and subnaturalized. Photos

Eucharis Planch. & Linden [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 21 October 2020

Photos

  1. Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planch., Illustr. Hortic. 28 (1881) 30; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 371. --Eucharis grandiflora auct. non Planch. & Linden; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 149; EPFP 1 (1922) 211. Native of South America. Occurs in the Philippines only as a cultivated ornamental. Amazon lily. Photos
  2. Eucharis grandiflora Planch. & Linden, Fl. des Serres 1, 9 (1854) 255; --Steiner, Philip. Ornam.  Pl. (1960) 137. --Eucharis mastersii Baker, Bot. Mag. (1885) pl. 6831; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372. Native of Colombia. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Eurycles Salisb. = Proiphys 

Hippeastrum Herb. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2020

Photos

  1. Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3 1 (1895) 1033; --Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 703; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; --Amaryllis punicea Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 122. --Hippeastrum equestre (Aiton) Herb., Appendix (1821) 31, nom. illeg.; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; --Amaryllis equestris Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1 (1789) 417, nom. illeg. Native of C America and West Indies. Not naturalized.
  2. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 31; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; --Amaryllis reginae L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 977. --Hippeastrum miniatum auct. non Herb.; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 212. --Amaryllis atamasco auct. non L.; --Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 254. Native of the neotropics. LUZON: La Union, Rizal, Laguna, Quezon, PANAY, SIASI, MINDANAO. Cultivated for ornamental purposes, but apparently naturalized under coconut groves, etc.
  3. Hippeastrum reticulatum (L'Hér.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 51 (1824) t. 2475; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; --Amaryllis reticulata L'Hér., Sert. Angl. (1789) 12. Native of Brazil. Not naturalized.


Hymenocallis Salisb. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017

Photos 
  1. Hymenocallis littoralis (Jacq.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1 (1812) 338; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 211; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 362; --Pancratium littorale Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. (1763) 99; --Type from West Indies. S to C America. Cultivated and naturalized in tropical Africa, tropical Asia and the Pacific Islands. Bismarck Archipelago, Java, Philippines. LUZON. Cultivated around towns, occasional in waste places, along seashores and in moist sandy places at low elevation. Photos

Pancratium L. [Not native]

Photos
  1. Pancratium zeylanicum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 290; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 212; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 363; --Type: Probably from Sri Lanka, but perhaps of garden origin. India, Sri Lanka, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (Pandaran), Java, Philippines (introduced), Sulawesi and Moluccas (Ambon, Gorontala). LUZON: La Union, Camarines, PALAWAN, BILIRAN. Coconut and abaca plantations, grasslands, thickets, also cultivated in gardens, up to 600m. Photos

Polianthes L. [Not native, not naturalized]

Photos

  1. Polianthes tuberosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 316; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 212. Native of the Neotropics. Cultivated for its fragrant flowers but nowhere naturalized in the Philippines. Tuberose or azucena. Photos .
Proiphys Herb. [Possibly not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017

Photos
  1. Proiphys amboinensis (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 42; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 366; --Eurycles amboinensis (L.) Lindl. in Loud. Encycl. Pl. (1829) 242; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 149; EPFP 1 (1922) 211; --Pancratium amboinense L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 291. Thailand, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Bismarck Arch. LUZON: Cavite, Rizal, Laguna, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Seashores and rocky places, lowland secondary forests, often cultivated as an ornamental, apparently never far from human settlements and hence possibly introduced. Photos

Scadoxus Raf. [Not native, not naturalized]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2020

Photos

  1. Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4 (1838) 19; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; --Haemanthus multiflorus Martyn, Monogr. s.p., t. (1795); --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137. Native of tropical Africa. Cultivated, not naturalized. Photos

Zephyranthes Herb. [Not native]

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2020

Photos

  1. Zephyranthes rosea Lindl., Bot. Reg. 10 (1824) t. 821; --Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 147; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; --Atamasco rosea (Lindl.) Greene, Pittonia 3 (1897) 188; --Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 210. Native of Cuba. Widely cultivated as an ornamental in and about towns, sometimes persisting from previous cultivation but hardly naturalized. Photos.

Not naturalized, only cultivated:

  1. Zephyranthes atamasco (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 36; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; --Amaryllis atamasco L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 292. Native of N America. Cultivated, not naturalized. Photos
  2. Zephyranthes candida (Lindl.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 53 (1826) t. 2607; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; --Amaryllis candida Lindl., Bot. Reg. 9 (1823) t. 724. Native of S America. Note by P.B. Pelser (28-Aug-20): Conklin & Del Rosario 116 (PNH 72636), L, ?PNH (cultivated in Mountain Province) represents this species in the Philippines.
  3. Zephyranthes carinata Herb., Bot. Mag. 52 (1825) t. 2594; --Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; --Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373. Native of S America. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Literature

Buysen, JRM. 1993. Alliaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 11: 375-384

Geerinck, DJL. 1993. Amaryllidaceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 11: 353-373

Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. www.philippineplants.org

Copyright © 2011, Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines

Last updated 15 January 2021