Amaryllidaceae

Alliaceae

Allium L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 31 October 2023

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Allium ampeloprasum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 295; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 381. = Allium porrum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 295. Distribution: Africa, Europe, Middle East, W Asia. Notes: Cultivated. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Allium cepa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 300; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 381. ≠ Allium ascalonicum auct. non L.; Ochse & Bakh., Veget. Dutch East Indies (1931) 441. Distribution: Africa, Europe, Middle East. Notes: Onion, shallot. The common onion is not a wild species, but in its primary center of diversity, C Asia, several related wild species occur. A secondary center of diversity is the Near East and the Mediterranean, a rich diversity is also found in India. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  3. Allium chinense G.Don, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6 (1827) 83; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 381; Vera Cruz et al., Nordic J. Bot. e04054 (2023) 1. Distribution: China. Notes: Sibujing. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  4. Allium fistulosum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 301; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Distribution: China, E Asia. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  5. Allium sativum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 297; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Distribution: Middle East, W Asia. Notes: Garlic. Cultivated. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  6. Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng., Caroli Linnaei Syst. Veg. 2 (1825) 38; Buysen, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 383. Distribution: China, India, Nepal. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Amaryllis L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Amaryllis belladonna L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 293; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 136; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 371. Distribution: Africa. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Crinum L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 30 October 2023
  1. Crinum asiaticum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 292; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 147; EPFP 1 (1922) 210; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 359; Romeroso et al., Asian J. Biol. Life Sc. 10 (2021) 437; Type: from India, Malabar Coast and Sri Lanka in LINN. Distribution: Australia, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madura, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. CAGAYAN DE SULU, DINAGAT (photos), HOMONHON, HUNDRED ISLS (photos), LUZON: Aurora (photos), Bataan, Camarines Sur, Ifugao, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, NCR, Pangasinan, MINDANAO: Davao del Sur, Zamboanga, MINDORO, PALAWAN, SIARGAO. Native.
    • var. asiaticum. Distribution: LUZON, MINDANAO, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Along sandy seashores, sometimes planted inland. Native.
  2. Crinum gracile G.Mey. ex C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1 (1827) 120; Naves, Novis. App. (1880) 255; Baker, Handb. Amaryl. (1888) 81; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 210; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361; Type: Haenke, Luzon. = Crinum cumingii Baker, Gard. Chron. 2 (1881) 72; Handb. Amaryll. (1888) 81; Vidal, Phan. Cuming. Philip. (1885) 152; Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 275; Type: Cuming 1382. Distribution: New Guinea, Philippines, Sumatra. LUZON: Albay, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Rizal (photos), MINDANAO, MINDORO. Notes: Primary lowland forests. Native.
  3. Crinum latifolium L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 291; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 210; Steiner, Philip. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361. Distribution: Andaman Isls, Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Isls, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Cultivated as an ornamental and scarcely naturalized. Naturalized.
  4. Crinum zeylanicum (L.) L., Syst. ed. 12 (1767) 236; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 211; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 361; ≡ Amaryllis zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 293. Distribution: India, Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka. Notes: Cultivated as an ornamental and subnaturalized. Naturalized.

Eucharis Planch. & Linden (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 July 2022

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Eucharis amazonica Linden ex Planch., Illustr. Hortic. 28 (1881) 30; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 371. ≠ Eucharis × grandiflora auct. non Planch. & Linden; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 149; EPFP 1 (1922) 211. Distribution: S America. Notes: Occurs in the Philippines only as a cultivated ornamental. Amazon lily. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Eucharis × grandiflora Planch. & Linden, Fl. des Serres 1, 9 (1854) 255; Steiner, Philip. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137. = Eucharis mastersii Baker, Bot. Mag. (1885) pl. 6831; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372. Distribution: S America. Notes: Cultivated, not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Hippeastrum Herb. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 28 August 2022
  1. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 31; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; ≡ Amaryllis reginae L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 977. = Amaryllis atamasco Blanco; Fl. Filip. (1837) 254, nom. illeg., non L. ≠ Hippeastrum miniatum auct. non (Ruiz & Pav.) Herb.; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 212. Distribution: Neotropics. LUZON: La Union, Laguna, Quezon, Rizal, MINDANAO, PANAY, SIASI. Notes: Cultivated for ornamental purposes, but apparently naturalized under coconut groves, etc. Naturalized.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3 1 (1895) 1033; ≡ Hippeastrum puniceum (Lam.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 703; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; ≡ Amaryllis punicea Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 122. = Hippeastrum equestre (Aiton) Herb., Appendix (1821) 31, nom. illeg.; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; ≡ Amaryllis equestris Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1 (1789) 417, nom. illeg. Distribution: C America, Caribbean. Notes: Not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Hippeastrum reticulatum (L'Hér.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 51 (1824) t. 2475; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 372; ≡ Amaryllis reticulata L'Hér., Sert. Angl. (1789) 12. Distribution: S America. Notes: Not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Hymenocallis Salisb. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017
  1. Hymenocallis littoralis (Jacq.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1 (1812) 338; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 211; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 362; ≡ Pancratium littorale Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. (1763) 99; Type: from West Indies. Distribution: America. LUZON, PALAWAN. Notes: Cultivated and naturalized in the Philippines. Cultivated around towns, occasional in waste places, along seashores and in moist sandy places at low elevation. Naturalized.

Pancratium L. (Not native)

  1. Pancratium zeylanicum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 290; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 212; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 363; Type: Probably from Sri Lanka, but perhaps of garden origin. Distribution: India, Sri Lanka. BILIRAN, JOLO (photos), LUZON: Camarines, La Union, PALAWAN. Notes: Coconut and abaca plantations, grasslands, thickets, also cultivated in gardens, up to 600m. Naturalized.

Polianthes L. (Not native)

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Polianthes tuberosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 316; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 148; EPFP 1 (1922) 212. Distribution: Neotropics. Notes: Cultivated for its fragrant flowers but nowhere naturalized in the Philippines. Tuberose or azucena. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Proiphys Herb.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 13 October 2017
  1. Proiphys amboinensis (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 42; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 366; ≡ Eurycles amboinensis (L.) Lindl. in Loud. Encycl. Pl. (1829) 242; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 149; EPFP 1 (1922) 211; ≡ Pancratium amboinense L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 291. Distribution: Bismarck Arch, Lesser Sunda Isls, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Thailand. CAGAYAN DE SULU, LUZON: Cavite, Laguna, Rizal, MINDORO, PALAWAN. Notes: Seashores and rocky places, lowland secondary forests, often cultivated as an ornamental, apparently never far from human settlements and hence possibly introduced. Native.

Scadoxus Raf. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2020

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Scadoxus multiflorus (Martyn) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4 (1838) 19; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; ≡ Haemanthus multiflorus Martyn, Monogr. s.p., t. (1795); Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 137. Distribution: Africa. Notes: Cultivated, not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

Zephyranthes Herb. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 22 October 2020
  1. Zephyranthes rosea Lindl., Bot. Reg. 10 (1824) t. 821; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 147; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; ≡ Atamasco rosea (Lindl.) Greene, Pittonia 3 (1897) 188; Merr., EPFP 1 (1922) 210. Distribution: Caribbean. CEBU (photos). Notes: Widely cultivated as an ornamental in and about towns, sometimes persisting from previous cultivation but hardly naturalized. Naturalized.

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Zephyranthes atamasco (L.) Herb., Appendix (1821) 36; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; ≡ Amaryllis atamasco L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 292. Distribution: N America. Notes: Cultivated, not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  2. Zephyranthes candida (Lindl.) Herb., Bot. Mag. 53 (1826) t. 2607; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373; ≡ Amaryllis candida Lindl., Bot. Reg. 9 (1823) t. 724. Distribution: S America. Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (28-Aug-20): Conklin & Del Rosario 116 (PNH 72636), L, ?PNH (cultivated in Mountain Province) represents this species in the Philippines. Cultivated, not naturalized.
  3. Zephyranthes carinata Herb., Bot. Mag. 52 (1825) t. 2594; Steiner, Philipp. Ornam. Pl. (1960) 138; Geerinck, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 11 (1993) 373. Distribution: S America. Notes: Cultivated, not naturalized. Cultivated, not naturalized.

References