Amaranthaceae

Chenopodiaceae

Achyranthes L.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 19 November 2023
  1. Achyranthes aspera L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 204; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 195; EPFP 2 (1923) 131; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Bismarck Arch, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BALABAC, BUSUANGA, CULION, LUZON: Batangas (photos), Pampanga, MINDANAO: Bukidnon (photos). Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Weed in open waste places; probably introduced in the Philippines (Merrill 1923). Naturalized.
  2. Achyranthes bidentata Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 131; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 88. Distribution: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Java, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Davao del Sur. Native.

Allmania R.Br. ex Wight

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2018
  1. Allmania nodiflora (L.) R.Br. ex Wight in Hook., London J. Bot. 1 (1834) 226; R.Br. in Wall., Cat. (1832) 6890, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 74; ≡ Celosia nodiflora L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205. = Allmania albida R.Br. in Wall., Cat. (1832) No. 6981, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127. Distribution: Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDORO. Native.

Alternanthera Forssk.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 29 August 2022
  1. Alternanthera bettzickiana (Regel) G.Nicholson, Illust. Dict. Gard. 1 (1884) 59, as ‘bettzchiana’; Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 169; ≡ Alternanthera ficoidea var. bettzickiana (Regel) Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 93, as 'ficoides'; ≡ Telanthera bettzickiana Regel, Index Seminum (LE) 1862 (1862) 28. = Alternanthera ficoidea var. versicolor (Lem.) L.B.Sm. & Downs, Fl. Ilha Santa Catarina 1972 (1972) 63; ≡ Alternanthera ficoidea var. versicolor (Lem.) Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 93, as 'ficoides', nom. inval.?; ≡ Alternanthera versicolor (Lem.) Regel, Gartenfl. (1869) 101; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; ≡ Telanthera ficoidea var. versicolor Lem., Ill. Hort. 12 (1865) t.440. ≠ Alternanthera ficoidea auct. non R.Br. ex Griseb.; Moody, Weeds reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia (1989) 273. Distribution: S America. Naturalized.
  2. Alternanthera brasiliana (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 537; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 94; ≡ Gomphrena brasiliana L., Amoen. Acad. 4 (1759) 10. = Alternanthera dentata (Moench) Scheygr., Fl. Suriname 1 (1932) 39; ≡ Gomphrena dentata Moench, Suppl. Meth. (1802) 273. Distribution: Neotropics. Naturalized.
  3. Alternanthera paronychioides A.St.-Hil., Voy. Brésil 2, 2 (1833) 43; Veldk., Blumea 19 (1971) 167; Bakh.f. & Veldk., Addenda & Corr., Fl. Males. ser. 1, 6 (1972) 916. Distribution: America, Caribbean. GUIMARAS, LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO, MINDORO. Naturalized.
    • var. paronychioides. Distribution: America, Caribbean. GUIMARAS, LUZON: Quezon, MINDANAO. Notes: Naturalized. Naturalized.
  4. Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1813) 77; R.Br. ex Sweet, Hort. Suburb. Lond. (1818) 48; Roth in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. 5 (1819) 554; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 92. Distribution: America, Andaman Isls, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. HUNDRED ISLS (photos), LUZON: Benguet, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Rizal, Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Bukidnon, Maguindanao del Sur, MINDORO (photos), PANAY. Native.

Possibly present

  1. Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. in Goett, Abh. 24 (1879) 36; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1 (1949) 93; ≡ Bucholzia philoxeroides Mart., Beitr. Amarantac. (1825) 107. Distribution: S America. ?LUZON: ?Bulacan (photos). Notes: Note by P.B. Pelser (15-Jan-21): Reported from Java and Singapore, and listed for the Philippines in L.L. Co's original documents that formed the foundation for this checklist, but I have not seen any specimens.

Amaranthus L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 1 May 2024
  1. Amaranthus blitum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990. Distribution: Europe. Naturalized.
    • ssp. oleraceus (L.) Costea, Sida 19 (2001) 984; ≡ Amaranthus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1403. = Amaranthus lividus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 77. Naturalized.
  2. Amaranthus caudatus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 990; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 80. Distribution: Neotropics. MINDORO. Naturalized.
  3. Amaranthus cruentus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10 2 (1759) 1269; ≡ Amaranthus hybridus ssp. cruentus (L.) Thell., Fl. Adv. Montpellier (1912) 205. = Amaranthus hybridus ssp. incurvatus (Timeroy ex Gren. & Godr.) Brenan, Watsonia 4 (1961) 268; ≡ Amaranthus incurvatus Trimen ex Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Prosp. (1846) 8. = Amaranthus paniculatus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1406; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128; ≡ Amaranthus hybridus ssp. cruentus var. paniculatus (L.) Thell. in Asch. & Graebn., Syn. 5, 1 (1914) 247; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 79. ≠ Amaranthus caudatus auct. non L.; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193. Distribution: America. LUZON, MINDANAO. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao. Naturalized in open waste places. Naturalized.
  4. Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell., Fl. Adv. Montpellier (1912) 203. Distribution: America, Caribbean. Notes: Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.
  5. Amaranthus spinosus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 991; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 192; EPFP 2 (1923) 128; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 78. = Amaranthus spinosus var. circumscissus Thell., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5 (1914) 269. Distribution: America. PALAWAN. Notes: Weed in open waste lands, roadsides, fields, gardens, etc., gregarious and abundant along sand bars and margins of streams, 0-1400m. Naturalized.
  6. Amaranthus tricolor L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 989; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 128; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 77. Distribution: S America. LUZON, MINDANAO, PALAWAN. Notes: Luzon to Mindanao; naturalized in waste places. Naturalized.
  7. Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1405; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193; EPFP 2 (1923) 128. = Amaranthus gracilis Desf., Tabl. Enc. Bot. (1804) 43; Backer, Fl.Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 76. Distribution: C & S America. BALABAC, LUZON: Bataan (photos). Notes: Waste places and cultivated grounds (Merrill 1912). Naturalized.

Blutaparon Raf. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser & Rex Sadaba, 26 April 2018
  1. Blutaparon vermiculare (L.) Mears, Taxon 31 (1982) 113; ≡ Gomphrena vermicularis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 224. Distribution: Africa, America. CEBU (photos). Notes: Coastal saline and mangrove habitats. Naturalized.

Celosia L. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 18 November 2023
  1. Celosia argentea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190; EPFP 2 (1923) 127; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 73. = Celosia cristata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 205; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 127; ≡ Celosia argentea var. cristata (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1 (1891) 541. Distribution: Africa. CULION, MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental (photos), MINDORO (photos), PALAWAN. Notes: Pantropic ubiquitous weed, wild but non-native, possibly introduced from tropical Africa. Throughout the Philippines at low and medium elevation in the settled areas. Very common along sandy-gravelly river banks, open dry roadsides, fields, gardens, etc. Naturalized.

Chenopodium L.

Edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012
  1. Chenopodium acuminatum Willd., Ges. Nat. Fr. Neue Schr. 2 (1799) 124; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 125; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Distribution: China, Japan, Philippines, Russia, Taiwan. BATAN. Notes: In waste places. Native.
  2. Chenopodium album L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 103. Distribution: Africa, America, Australia, Continental Asia, Europe. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Introduced in Java and naturalized in the E part of the island, N Philippines. A casual weed in temperate vegetable gardens, c. 1300-1400m. Naturalized.

Cyathula Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 5 December 2021
  1. Cyathula prostrata (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 549; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 129; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 82. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, C & S America, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. BASILAN, BOHOL, BONGAO, CAMIGUIN, CEBU (photos), CULION, LEYTE, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Ilocos Norte, Laguna, NCR, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Davao Oriental, Davao de Oro, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur, MINDORO, NEGROS, PANAY, SAMAR. Native.
    • var. prostrata. Distribution: Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, C & S America, Cambodia, China, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Solomon Isls, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. Notes: Throughout the Philippines. In the settled areas, 1-1650m, common in shaded localities, along roadsides, waste places, thickets, plantation forests, forest-edges, secondary forests, often gregarious. Native.
    • var. lancifolia (Merr.) Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 83; ≡ Cyathula lancifolia Merr., PJS 11 c (1916) Bot. 179; EPFP 2 (1923) 129. Distribution: Endemic to the Philippines. BOHOL, LUZON: Sorsogon, MINDANAO: Davao Oriental, Zamboanga del Sur, SAMAR. Native.

Deeringia R.Br.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 15 April 2022
  1. Deeringia amaranthoides (Lam.) Merr., Interp. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 211; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 71; ≡ Achyranthes amaranthoides Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 548. = Deeringia baccata Moq. in DC., Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 190. Distribution: Australia, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Pakistan, Philippines, Ryukyu Isls, Solomon Isls, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam. BATAN, LUZON: Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Camarines Sur, Ilocos Sur, La Union, Laguna, Mountain Province, NCR, Pangasinan, Quezon, Rizal, PANAY (photos). Native.
  2. Deeringia polysperma (Roxb.) Moq. in DC., Prodr. 132 (1849) 236; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 72; ≡ Celosia polysperma Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 511. = Deeringia polysperma var. pubescens (Schinz) Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; ≡ Deeringia indica var. pubescens Schinz, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II 3 (1903) 3; Type: Warburg 11703, Nortern Luzon. Distribution: Java, Malay Peninsula, Moluccas, New Guinea, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra. BASILAN, BATANES, CAMIGUIN (photos), CEBU, CORON, GUIMARAS, LUZON: Albay, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Cavite (photos), Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Isabela, Laguna, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Quezon, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zambales, MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, Davao del Sur, Zamboanga del Norte, NARANJO ISLS, PALAWAN, PANAY, SIASI. Notes: Thickets, light forests, forest edges, low to medium elevation, ascending to 1800m in Benguet. Much rarer than Deeringia amaranthoides. Native.

Digera Forssk. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 3 April 2023
  1. Digera muricata (L.) Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 77; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 80; ≡ Achyranthes muricata L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 295. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, India, Indian Ocean, Indochina, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Middle East, Moluccas, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi. CEBU (photos). Naturalized.

Dysphania R.Br. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 6 July 2017
  1. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants, Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59 (2002) 382; Fuentes-Bazan et al. 2012; ≡ Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 219; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 189; EPFP 2 (1923) 125; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Distribution: Neotropics. LUZON: Benguet. Notes: Native of the neotropics, introduced in many other regions, as well as ‘throughout’ the Philippines (although now seem to be common only in Benguet at c. 1400m). Invasive species (CABI 2017). Naturalized.

Gomphrena L. (Not native)

  1. Gomphrena celosioides Mart., Beitr. Amar. (1825) 93. Distribution: Neotropics. ROMBLON (photos). Notes: Throughout the Philippines. Now widespread in Malesia. Gregarious mat-forming weed along roadsides, abandoned fields, wastelands, and other similar hot, dry and dusty sites at low elevation. Naturalized.
  2. Gomphrena globosa L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 224; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 191; EPFP 2 (1923) 132; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 95. Distribution: Neotropics. PALAWAN. Notes: Introduced long ago in Malesia, either cultivated or semi-naturalized. Throughout the settled areas of the Philippines in cultivation, often occurring as an escape. Lowlands to c.1300m. Naturalized.

Iresine P.Browne (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 8 September 2019

Cultivated, not naturalized

  1. Iresine diffusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd., Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 4 (1806) 765. Distribution: America, Caribbean. Cultivated, not naturalized.
    • forma herbstii (Hook.) Pedersen, Bonplandia (Corrientes) 10 (2000) 104; ≡ Iresine herbstii Hook., Gard. Chron. (1864) 654, 1206; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 132; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 97. Distribution: S America. Notes: Not native to the Philippines, not naturalized. Only known from cultivated plants (Pedersen 2000). Cultivated, not naturalized.

Lipandra Moq. (Not native)

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 26 June 2012
  1. Lipandra polysperma (L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch, Willdenowia 42 (2012) 14; ≡ Chenopodium polyspermum L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 220; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 126; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 101. Distribution: Continental Asia, Europe. Notes: Merrill (1923) records the plant as a casual weed in the Philippines. Naturalized.

Ouret Adans.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 17 April 2024
  1. Ouret lanata (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 544; ≡ Aerva lanata (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 11 (1808) 131; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 194; EPFP 2 (1923) 130; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 84; ≡ Achyranthes lanata L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 204. Distribution: Africa, Australia, India, Indian Ocean, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Madagascar, Middle East, Moluccas, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Isls, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sumatra, Vietnam. BALABAC, MINDANAO: Misamis Oriental (photos), PALAUI (photos), PALAWAN (photos). Native.
  2. Ouret sanguinolenta (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2 (1891) 544; ≡ Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 547; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 85; ≡ Achyranthes sanguinolenta L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 294. = Aerva scandens (Roxb.) Wall., Icon. Pl. Orient. 2 (1840) t.724; Cat. (1829) 6911, nom. inval., nom. nud.; Moq. in DC., Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 302; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130; ≡ Achyranthes scandens Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 509. = Aerva velutina Moq. in DC., Prodr. 13 (1849) 301; Type: Cuming 1635 (K, syn), Panay: Mar-1837. Distribution: Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Lesser Sunda Isls, Malaysia, Moluccas, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam. PALAWAN, PANAY. Native.

Psilotrichum Blume

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2018
  1. Psilotrichum ferrugineum (Roxb.) Moq. in DC., Prodr. 13, 2 (1849) 279; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 90; ≡ Achyranthes ferruginea Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2 (1824) 502. = Psilotrichum trichotomum Blume, Bijdr. (1825) 545; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 130. Distribution: Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Java, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Pacific Ocean, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam. MINDANAO: Agusan del Norte, South Cotabato, Zamboanga Sibugay, SAMAR. Native.

Pupalia Juss.

Last edited by Pieter B. Pelser, 20 May 2018
  1. Pupalia lappacea (L.) Juss., Ann. Mus. Paris 2 (1803) 132; Merr., EPFP 2 (1923) 129; Backer, Fl. Males. ser. 1, 4 (1949) 83; ≡ Achyranthes lappacea L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 204. = Pupalia atropurpurea (Lam.) Moq. in DC., Prodr. 132 (1849) 331; Merr., Fl. Manila (1912) 193; ≡ Achyranthes atropurpurea Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 546. Distribution: Afghanistan, Africa, India, Java, Lesser Sunda Isls, Middle East, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi. GUIMARAS, LUZON: Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Laguna, MINDORO, PANAY. Native.

References